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Full text of "List of New Guinea birds : a systematic and faunal list of the birds of New Guinea and adjacent islands"

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FOR THE PEOPLE 

FOR EDVCATION 

FOR SCIENCE 






LIBRARY 

OF 

THE AMERICAN MUSEUM 

OF 

NATURAL HISTORY 









LIST 

OF 

NEW GUINEA BIRDS 



A SYSTEMATIC AND FAUNAL LIST 

OF THE BIRDS OF NEW GUINEA 

AND ADJACENT ISLANDS 



By 
ERNST MAYR 



ASSOCIATE CURATOR, WHITNEY-ROTHSCHILD COLLECTIONS 



THE AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY 
NEW YORK, N. Y. 

1941 






12483 

JUN 2 9 1956 






C.SL 



LANCASTER PRESS, INC., LANCASTER, PA. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 









Introduction 








Xox-Passeres 




ARIIDAE 


. . . Cassowaries 


1 


Podicipipai: 


. . . Grebes 


4 


Procellariidak 


. . . Petrels and Shearwaters 


4 


Hydrobatidae 


. . Storm-Petrels 


5 


Phaetoxtidae 


. . Tropic-birds 


.... 5 


Pelecaxidae 




.... 5 


Sulidae 


. . Boobies 


.... 6 


Phalacrocoracidae 


. . Cormorants 


6 


AxiIIXGIDAE 


. . Snake-birds 


7 


Fregatidae 


. . Frigate-birds 


.... 7 


Ardeidae 


. . Herons and Bitterns 


7 


ClCOXIIDAE 


. . Storks 


. ... 10 


Threskiorxithidae 


. . Ibises 


. . . . 10 


AXATIDAE 


. . Geese and Ducks 


. .. . 11 


ACCIPITRIDAE 


. . Harriers, Hawks and Eagles .... 


. ... 13 


Falcoxidae 


. . Falcons 


. ... 18 


Megapodiidae 


. . Megapodes 


. ... 19 


Phasiaxidae 


. . Quails and Pheasants 


.... 21 


TURXICIDAE 


. . Bustard-quails 


. ... 22 


Gruidae 


. . Cranes 


. . . . 23 


Rallidae 


. . Rails and Coots 


. . . . 23 


Otidae 


. . Bustards 


. ... 27 


Jacaxidae 


. . Jacanas 


. ... 27 


H ae m atopodidae 


. . Oyster-Catchers 


. ... 28 


Charadriidae 


. . Plovers 


. ... 28 


SCOLOPACIDAE 


. . Sandpipers, Curlew and Snipe . . . 


. . . . 30 


Recurvirostridae 


. . Stilts and Avocets 


... 33 


Phalaropodidae 


. . Phalaropes 


.... 34 


BURHIXIDAE 


. . Thick-knees 


. . . . 34 


Glareolidae 


. . Coursers 


... 34 


Laridae 


. . Gulls and Terns 


... 35 


COLUMBIDAE 


. . Pigeons and Doves 


... 37 


PSITTACIDAK 


. . Lories, Parrots and Cockatoos . . . 


... 52 


CuCULIDAE 


. . Cuckoos 


... 70 


Tvtoxid 


. . Barn Owls 


... 77 


Strigidae 


. . Owls 


... 78 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Page 

. Frog-mouths 79 

. Little Frog-mouths 80 

. Goatsuckers 82 

. Swifts 83 

. Crested Swifts 85 

. Kingfishers 86 

. Bee-eaters 93 

. Rollers 94 

. Hornbills 94 

Passeres 

. Pittas 95 

. Larks 96 

. Swallows 97 

. Cuckoo-shrikes 98 

. Wagtails and Pipits 104 

. Thrushes 106 

. Babblers 108 

. Wren Warblers 114 

. Warblers 116 

. Flycatchers 127 

. Whistlers or Thickheads 146 

. Shrike-Tits 160 

. Shrikes 160 

. Wood-swallows 161 

. Starlings 161 

. Orioles 163 

. Magpie-Larks 164 

. Bell Magpies 164 

. Drongos 166 

. Crows 167 

. Birds of Paradise 167 

. Bower Birds 183 

. Australian Nuthatches 187 

. Tree Creepers 188 

. Sunbirds 188 

. Honey-eaters 190 

. Flower-peckers 212 

. White-eyes 217 



IV 

podargidae 

Aegothelidae 

Caprimulgidae 

Apodidae 

Hemiprocnidae 

Alcedinidae 

Meropidae 

coraciidae 

bucerotidae 

PlTTIDAE 

Alaudidae 

Hirundinidae 

Campephagidae 

Motacillidae 

Turdinae 

Tim ALII NAE 

Malurinae 

Sylviinae 

Muscicapinae 

Pachycephalinae 

Falcunculinae 

Laniidae 

Artamidae 

Sturnidae 

Oriolidae 

Grallinidae 

Cracticidae 

Dicruridae 

Corvidae 

Paradisaeidae 

Ptilonorhynchidae 

Neosittidae 

Certhiidae 

Nectariniidae 

Meliphagidae 

DlCAEIDAE 
ZOSTEROPIDAE 

Ploceidae . . . Weaver Finches 219 

Index of Geographical Names 223 

Index of Scientific Names 230 



INTRODUCTION 

In 1930, on my return from New Guinea, I planned to write an 
ornithogeography of the Papuan Region. It soon became apparent to 
me that no such work was possible without a reliable list of the birds of 
the New Guinea region and that it would be my first task to prepare 
such a list. The last complete list (Salvadori, 1880-1882, Ornit. Pap. 
Mol.) was fifty years old and quite out-of-date. The manuscript of 
the first draft of my New Guinea list was completed in 1931, but it was 
nothing better than a compilation of information found in the literature 
and its shortcomings and inaccuracies were quite apparent to me. I, 
therefore, decided to undertake a critical revision of every genus of 
New Guinea birds so that my check-list would be a lasting and reliable 
basis for all future work. In connection with this program visits were 
made in the years 1930, 1932, 1934 and 1938 to the museums in London, 
Paris, Leiden, Hamburg, Berlin, Munich, Dresden, Frankfurt and 
Genoa, and the majority of the doubtful types were examined. The 
acquisition of the Rothschild Collection by the American Museum, with 
its beautiful series of New Guinea birds, much facilitated my work. I 
believe it can be stated truthfully that I have examined nearly all the 
type specimens of birds described from the New Guinea area, in par- 
ticular all those about which there was any question. The most impor- 
tant exceptions to this are the De Vis types in the Queensland Museum, 
Brisbane. 

An effort also has been made to cover the literature as completely as 
possible. Every paper on New Guinea birds that was published between 
1880 and 1940 has been checked against the manuscript of the present 
list in order to cover all the published locality records. The number 
of papers studied, arranged in ten year periods, is as follows : 42 ( 1880- 
1889), 109 (1890-1899), 57 (1900-1909), 44 (1910-1919), 42 (1920- 
1929) and 126 (1930-1940), a total of 420 publications. 

The last twelve years has seen an ornithological activity in the New 
Guinea area which has been unequalled in the history of that island ex- 
cept during the seventies of the last century. I collected in Dutch New 
Guinea, in the Huon Peninsula and the Herzog Mountains ; G. Stein 
collected on Waigeu, Japen, Numfor and in the Weyland Mountains ; 
Stevens worked in the Herzog Mountains ; Nevermann in the Merauke 
district ; Shaw Mayer in various districts, the Dennison-Crocket Expc- 



VI INTRODUCTION 

dition on Biak, the Vogelkop and the western Papuan Islands ; R. H. 
Beck in the Huon Peninsula and on Astrolabe Bay, and H. Hamlin 
(Whitney South Sea Expedition) in the Louisiade and D'Entrecasteaux 
Archipelagoes and in southeastern New Guinea. Junge reported on the 
important collection made some 25 years ago in the Snow Mountains of 
Dutch New Guinea, and a score of other workers studied and published 
on previously collected material. More important than all this is the 
systematic ornithological exploration of New Guinea inaugurated by 
Mr. Richard Archbold, with the cooperation of Dr. A. L. Rand (co- 
leader and ornithologist). In three expeditions, to southeastern, south- 
ern, central and northern New Guinea, an unexpectedly large number 
of new forms (including one new genus and about five new species) 
was discovered and a wealth of new data was collected on the ecology 
and geographical distribution of New Guinea species. In the present 
list only such of this information is utilized as has already been published. 

December 31, 1940 is to be considered as the closing date of the 
manuscript. The only exception is made in regard to a paper by Dr. 
Rand which contained the descriptions of new birds from New Guinea 
and which was published in February, 1941 (Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 
1102). 

In all, four different drafts of this list have been made during the 
last ten years, each necessitated by the increased collecting and museum 
work of this period. But even though no effort has been spared to 
secure the utmost accuracy and reliability, I realize better than any one 
else that the list will soon again be out of date. No faunal list is ever 
final, but it will be useful until replaced by a better and more up-to-date 
list. 

GEOGRAPHY 

Borders. — The New Guinea Region is part of the Papuan Region, 
but it is such a natural unit that there is but little doubt where to draw 
its borders (see map). It includes the Western Papuan Islands (Ko- 
fiau, Misol, Waigeu, etc.) in the west; in the north the islands of Geel- 
vink Bay (Numfor, Biak, Japen, etc.) and also Vulcan (Manam) and 
Dampier (Karkar) Islands, but excludes Long and Rook Islands; in 
the east it includes the entire D'Entrecasteaux, Woodlark and Louisiade 
Archipelagoes as far east as Rossel Island ; in the south the border goes 
through Torres Straits and includes the Aru Islands but not the Kei 
Islands nor any of the outlying islands of the southern Moluccas. 



INTRODUCTION Vll 

The Papuan Region is, so far as its bird life is concerned, as dis- 
tinctive a zoogeographical region as, for example, the Palearctic or the 
Oriental Regions. It is the exclusive home of entire families and the 
number and percentage of endemic genera are not reached anywhere else 
in the world within an area of similar size. As it is, the bird life of 
the small New Guinea area is, in many respects, richer than that of all 
of North America and almost as rich as that of the entire Australian 
continent. 

The total number of birds recorded from the New Guinea area is 
as follows : 

Genera 

Breeding land and freshwater birds 260 

Seabirds 12 

Palearctic migrants 23 

Australian and New Zealand migrants 8 

303 genera 
Species 

Breeding land and freshwater birds 568 

Seabirds 22 

Palearctic migrants 37 

Australian and New Zealand migrants 22 

649 species 
Forms (Species and Subspecies) 

Breeding land and freshwater birds 1400 

Seabirds 22 

Palearctic migrants 42 

Australian and New Zealand migrants 37 

1501 forms 

This compares with 400 genera, about 800 species and 1420 forms 
listed for North America in the 1930 edition of the A. O. U. Check-List. 
A more detailed analysis of the bird life of New Guinea is reserved for 
a future paper. 

Geographical Names. — There is considerable uncertainty concern- 
ing many of the geographical names of the New Guinea area, and it is 
inevitable that some of the names accepted by me will be criticized by 
one or another student of the area. What was once known as the Arfak 
Peninsula was later changed to Berau Peninsula and is now known as 
the Vogelkop. The more westerly of the central ranges (west of the 
Fly River) were once known as Snow Mountains, but arc now generally 
divided into a western part, the Nassau Mountains, and an eastern part, 
the Oranje Mountains. Misori Island is now called Biak, Join has been 



Vlll INTRODUCTION 

changed to Japen. The English names of many islands off eastern New 
Guinea have recently been replaced by native names, e.g., St. Aignan by 
Misima, Sudest by Tagula, but in other cases (Woodlark, Rossel, Fer- 
gusson, etc.) the English name is still preferred to the native one. In 
many cases it is impossible for one who is not a government official or 
professional geographer to say what the best name is for a certain geo- 
graphical feature. I must, therefore, ask indulgence from those who 
might find inaccuracies or inconsistencies in the geographical terms em- 
ployed in the description of the ranges of the species. 

Range Description. — An effort has been made to describe the 
ranges of each subspecies as accurately as the available information per- 
mits. Thorough collections, however, have only been made in few places 
and it is, therefore, not always clear whether apparent gaps in the dis- 
tribution are real. In many cases where I have indicated the range as 
" all New Guinea," or " all of northern New Guinea," future research 
may show that these statements are too general. Many widespread spe- 
cies are curiously absent in parts of New Guinea, such as, for example, 
Pitohui kirhocephalus, Ptilinopus aurantiifrons, Goura victoria, and 
Melanopyrrhus anais in northeastern New Guinea. Many similar ex- 
amples could be added. 

The extralimital range of all the New Guinea subspecies is indicated 
but with considerably less detail. Migrants are, so far as known, charac- 
terized as such and their winter and breeding ranges are listed separately. 

Outlying parts of mountain ranges are generally included with the 
main range except when inhabited by a separate race. Thus the Ge- 
broeders Mountains are not separately listed from the Weyland, nor 
the Rawlinson and Finisterre from the Saruwaged, the Kuper from 
the Herzog, or Mt. Goliath from the Oranje Mountains. The spelling 
follows, in doubtful cases, the map of the East Indies, Sheet 2, prepared 
by the British War Office (1:4,000,000) and published by E. Stanford 
Ltd., 12 Long Acre, London, W., England. 

Ecology. — A novel feature has been adopted in this faunal list, 
namely a short indication of the habitat of at least one subspecies of 
each species. I am better aware of the shortcomings of this attempt than 
most of my probable critics. Not only has it been impossible to get 
accurate information for all the species but, what is worse, it is well 
known that the habitat requirements of many species are subject to a 
great deal of geographical variation. The New Guinea Woodcock 
(Scolopax saturata rosenbergi) descends to 1400 meters in the Tamrau 
Mountains (Vogelkop), while in southeastern New Guinea it is only 



INTRODUCTION IX 

found above 2400 meters. Some species are lowland birds in western 
New Guinea which are only found in the mountains in eastern New 
Guinea and vice versa. Trcgellasia Icucops, Sericornis beccarii, Ailu- 
rocdus viridis and other species have been found by Archbold and Rand 
near the mouth of the Oriomo River (south New Guinea) at sea level, 
while in other parts of New Guinea these species are rarely found below 
800 meters. Still I believe that the habitat indications, as given by me, 
convey at least a rough picture of the ecology of New Guinea birds. 

TAXONOMY 

Classification. — There is no generally accepted classification of 
birds. Each author, each country and each ornithological journal seems 
to have its own system. In the present list the sequence of orders and 
families proposed by Wetmore (1940, Smithson. Misc. Coll., 99, no. 7, 
p. 1-11) has been followed so far as the non-Passerine species are con- 
cerned. In the Passerine birds the system published by Stresemann 
(1927-1934, Kiikenthal Handbuch, VII (Aves), p. 851) has been used 
because it seems to me definitely more natural than that of Wetmore, 
and furthermore because it is closer to the accepted systems of the Cam- 
bridge Natural History and other standard texts. Any system of Pas- 
serine classification seems unsatisfactory to me that starts with the highly 
specialized groups of Corvidae, Paradisaeidae, Dicruridae, Oriolidae, etc., 
to be followed by that generalized and badly defined Thrush-Babbler- 
Warbler-Flycatcher group. To segregate this assemblage of genera into 
definite families is even more difficult in New Guinea than in the Palae- 
arctic Region. It seems wisest to follow Hartert's proposal and unite 
all these families until anatomical characters have been found by which 
they can be characterized. 

Species and Subspecies. — The species and not the subspecies should 
be the basic unit of every good check-list. The first draft of the present 
list was prepared in accordance with this principle, but so many diffi- 
culties were encountered during the preparation of the species ranges 
that this arrangement was finally abandoned. The greatest difficulty was 
provided by the fact that New Guinea is situated in the middle of a 
cluster of islands running from the Andamans in the west to the Mar- 
quesas Islands in the east and from the Marianas in the north to New 
Zealand and Tasmania in the south. Many of the New Guinea genera 
are widely distributed over these islands but the representative forms are 
often so different that no two authors agree which forms to include with 



X INTRODUCTION 

the New Guinea species. Furthermore, no reliable recent lists are avail- 
able either from Australia or from the islands to the east and west of 
New Guinea. The accurate working out of the extralimital ranges of 
all the New Guinea species would have doubled my task. 

Synonymy. — The present list is intended to bring Salvadori (Joe. 
cit.) up-to-date. Only those synonyms have, therefore, been quoted 
which have been proposed since 1880 or which were incorrectly placed 
in Salvadori's work. A few older synonyms have been quoted in cases 
when there is a possibility that they may represent valid races. Extra- 
limital synonyms have been quoted only in those cases where their pos- 
sible validity might affect the nomenclature of the New Guinea form. 
For example, if a widespread Australian species just reaches south New 
Guinea a Queensland synonym will be quoted, but not a Tasmanian or 
southwest Australian one. 

In order to avoid duplication of effort I have, in general, refrained 
from listing the original quotations of the genera. A fairly complete 
and reliable generic synonymy can be found in G. M. Mathews, Syst. 
Av. Austral., 1 (1927), and 2 (1930). Exceptions have been made 
only in the few cases (Uroglaux, Androphobus, Rhagologns, Archboldia, 
etc.) of recently proposed or discovered genera. 

Vernacular Names. — Laymen using the present list will unques- 
tionably criticize the lack of vernacular names. I had, at one time, 
planned to supply English names together with the Latin names, but I 
soon found out that less than a dozen of the New Guinea species had 
well known English names. This means that I would have had to create 
artificially the names of maybe 500 or more species. These names in 
turn would have had only a limited usefulness in Dutch New Guinea 
and in the German mandate. I have, therefore, decided to refrain from 
the usage of vernacular names. 

Acknowledgments. — The completion of this check-list would have 
been quite impossible without the endless and most generous assistance I 
have received everywhere. My sincere thanks are due to the govern- 
ment officials of Netherlands Nieuw Guinee and of the Mandated Terri- 
tory of New Guinea for assisting me in my collecting activities and, in 
particular, to Dr. Dammerman and Mr. Franck of the Buitenzorg 
Zoolog. Museum. In working on New Guinea material I was assisted 
by N. B. Kinnear (London), J. Berlioz (Paris), the late E. van Oort 
and G. C. A. Junge (Leiden), E. Stresemann (Berlin), A. Laubmann 
(Munich), H. Kummerlowe and W. Meise (Dresden), M. Sassi and 



INTRODUCTION XI 

Ch, Hellmayr (Vienna), dc Beaux (Genoa), W. R. Boulton (Chicago), 
J. L. Peters (Cambridge), R. M. de Schauensee (Philadelphia) and H. 
Friedmann (Washington), who permitted me to work on their collec- 
tions and freely gave me their advice. Additional information was re- 
ceived from Prof. O. Neumann, Mr. Charles M. N. White and others. 
My colleagues at the American Museum, F. M. Chapman, J. T. Zimmer, 
J. P. Chapin and R. C. Murphy, facilitated my work and helped me in 
numerous ways. Dr. A. L. Rand had the great kindness to read the 
entire manuscript and to suggest many improvements. He also per- 
mitted generously the publication of considerable unpublished informa- 
tion. As far as my knowledge of New Guinea birds is concerned, I 
owe most of it to the late Dr. E. Hartert and to Prof. E. Stresemann, 
my teacher in ornithology. This list of acknowledgments would not be 
complete without reference to the secretaries at the Department of Birds 
in the American Museum wdio have done many clerical tasks in connec- 
tion with the preparation of the manuscript and in particular Miss L. 
Sordillo, who has painstakingly typed the final draft of the manuscript. 

February, 1941 
The American Museum of Natural History 
Central Park West at 79th Street 
New York, N. Y. 



LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 



Family CASUARIIDAE 

Cassowaries 

Genus CASUARIUS Brisson 

Casuarius bennetti papuanus Schlegel 

Casuarius papuanus Schlegel, 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 4, p. 54. — Andai, 
Vogelkop. 

Casuarius westermanni Sclater, 1874, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 248. — Mansi- 
nam, near Manokwari. 

Casuarius edwardsi Oustalet, 1878, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 389, pi. 21. — 
Dorey (= Manokwari), Vogelkop. 

? Casuarius jamrachi Rothschild, 1904, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 14, p. 40. — Locality 
unknown. 

? Casuarius roscigularis Rothschild, 1905, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 15, p. 32. — Type 
locality unknown. 

? Casuarius rogersi Rothschild, 1928, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 48, p. 87.— Type 
locality unknown. 

Range. — Vogelkop, northwest New Guinea. 

Casuarius bennetti goodfellowi Rothschild 

Casuarius papuanus goodfellowi Rothschild, 1914, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 35, 
p. 7. — Jobi Island. 
Range. — Japen Island. 

Casuarius bennetti claudii Ogilvie-Grant 

Casuarius claudii Ogilvie-Grant, 1911, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 29, p. 25. — Iwaka 
River, 4000-5000 feet, Nassau Range. 
Range. — Known only from the southern slopes of the Nassau Mountains. 

Casuarius bennetti picticollis Sclater 

Casuarius picticollis Sclater, 1874, Rep. Brit. Assoc, p. 138. — Discovery Bay, 
southeastern New Guinea. 
Casuarius loriae Rothschild, 1898, Novit. Zool., 5, p. 513. — Aroa River. 
Range. — Southeastern New Guinea. 
Lowlands and mountains up to 2800 m. 

1 



4 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Family PODICIPIDAE 

Grebes 

Genus PODICEPS Latham 

Podiceps ruficollis tricolor Gray 

Podiceps (Sylbeocyclus) tricolor G. R. Gray, 1861, Proc. Zool. Soc. London 
(1860), p. 366. — Ternate, northern Moluccas. 

Range. — Celebes, Moluccas, Misol, northwest New Guinea (Arfak), north New 
Guinea between Humboldt Bay and Astrolabe Bay and mountains of the Huon 
Peninsula in northeast New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago (New Ireland) and 
Solomon Islands (Bougainville Island). 

Lowland rivers and lakes up to 1500 m. 

Podiceps ruficollis novaehollandiae Stephens 

Podiceps novaehollandiae Stephens, 1826, in Shaw, Gen. Zool., 13, pt. 1, p. 18. — 
New South Wales. 

Range. — Breeding in Tasmania, Australia and apparently also in southern New 
Guinea (Merauke district). On migration in southern, eastern and northern New 
Guinea, north to the Admiralty Islands. 

Lakes and rivers. 

Family PROCELLARIIDAE 

Petrels and Shearwaters 

Genus PACHYPTILA Illiger 

Pachyptila turtur turtur (Kuhl) 

Procellaria turtur Kuhl, 1820, Beitr. Zool., p. 143. — Bass Straits. 

Range. — Breeds on the islands of Bass Straits and in the New Zealand region. 
Occurs throughout the seas east of Australia. One record from the Papuan Re- 
gion (Kiwai Island, mouth of the Fly River, July, 1876, D'Albertis coll.). This 
specimen should be re-examined in the light of our present knowledge of the 
genus (Falla, 1940, Emu, 40, pp. 218-236). 

Genus PUFFINUS Brisson 

Puffinus leucomelas (Temminck) 

Procellaria leucomelas Temminck, 1835, Planch. Col. d'Ois., livr. 99, pi. 587. — 
Seas of Japan and Nagasaki Bay. 

Range. — Breeds at the Bonin Island and other islands of the Japanese and China 
seas (Pescadores Is., etc.). Ranges south to the Indo-Australian Archipelago. 
Several records off the north coast of New Guinea from the Vogelkop eastward 
as far as Huon Gulf (Finschhafen). 

Puffinus pacificus chlororhynchus Lesson 

Puffinus chlororhynchus Lesson, 1831, Traite d'Orn., livr. 8, p. 613.— Sharks Bay, 
western Australia. 

Puffinus sphenurus auctorum. 



IIYDROBATIDAK-PHAETONTIDAE-PELECANIDAK S 

Range.— Breeds from the Indian Ocean (Seychelles) to western Polynesia. 
One record from the Papuan Region (mouth of the Katau River, south New 
Guinea, September, 1876, D'Albertis coll.). 

Family HYDROBATIDAE 
Storm-Petrels 

Genus FREGETTA Bonaparte 

Fregetta grallaria subspecies 

Range. — Lord Howe Island. One New Guinea sight record (Orangerie Bay, 
southeast New Guinea. MacgilHvray). The specific and subspecific determinations 
of this record are doubtful. 

The following species of Tubinares, which were recorded from the seas adjoin- 
ing the Papuan Region, have not yet been found in our area : 

Puffimis assimilis subsp. 

Puffinus Vherminieri subsp. 

Puffimis heiurothi Reichenow 

Puffinus tcnuirostris (Temminck) 

Ptcrodroma becki Murphy 

Pterodroma mclanopus Gmelin (= phillipii Gray) 

Ptcrodroma leucoptcra subsp. 

Buhvcria bulwerii (Jardine and Selby) 

Oceanites occanicus subsp. 

Family PHAETONTIDAE 
Tropic-birds 

Genus PHAETON Linnaeus 

Phaeton lepturus subspecies 

Range. — Western Pacific. Once recorded from the New Guinea region (Wood- 
lark Island, Meek coll.). The subspecific identification of birds from this area is 
still uncertain. 

No definite records (supported by specimens) of either Phaeton adherens or 
rubricauda seem to exist for the Papuan Region. 

Family PELECANIDAE 
Pelicans 

Gems PELECANUS Linnaeus 

Pelecanus conspicillatus Temminck 

Pelecanus conspicillatus Temminck, 1824, Planch. Col. d'Ois., livr. 47, pi. 276. — 
New South Wales. 

Range. — Australia, Tenimber Islands ; also sooth New Guinea, from Port 
Moresby to the Merauke district, and Astrolabe Bay. 

River deltas, marshes and lakes. In the Papuan Region apparently only as 
migrant from Australia, except possibly in some parts of south New Guinea. 



6 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Family SULIDAE 
Boobies 

Genus SULA Brisson 

Sula dactylatra personata Gould 

Sula personata Gould, 1846, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 21. — North and north- 
east coasts of Australia — Raine Island, Queensland. 

Range. — Breeds in central and western Polynesia and along northern Australia, 
probably also in the Indian Ocean. Recorded in the Papuan Region from Torres 
Straits and East Cape. No breeding records. 

Sula sula rubripes Gould 

Sula rubripes Gould, 1838, Synops. Birds Austr., pt. 4, app., p. 7. — New South 
Wales, restricted to Raine Island, Queensland. 

Range. — Indian and tropical western and central Pacific Oceans. In the Papuan 
Region recorded from the Aru Islands, from the north and south coasts of New 
Guinea, and from the vicinity of Woodlark Island. 

Sula leucogaster plotus (Forster) 

Pelecanus Plotus Forster, 1844, Descr. Anim., ed. Licht., p. 278. — Near New 
Caledonia. 

Range. — Tropical western Pacific. Recorded in the Papuan Region from Aru 
Islands, Misol, Salawati, Japen, the south and north coasts of New Guinea. Is 
the most common Sula in the New Guinea waters. 

Family PHALACROCORACIDAE 

Cormorants 

Genus PHALACROCORAX Brisson 

Phalacrocorax sulcirostris (Brandt) 

Carbo sulcirostris Brandt, 1837, Bull. Sci. Imp. Acad. Sci. St. Petersb., 3, col. 
56. — New South Wales. 

Range. — From Borneo and Java through the Moluccas and the Papuan Region 
to Australia. In the New Guinea region recorded from the Aru Islands, Fergus- 
son Island and southern and northern New Guinea. 

Sea shore, lowland rivers and lakes. 

Phalacrocorax carbo novae-hollandiae Stephens 
Phalacrocorax Novae-Hollandiae Stephens, 1826, in Shaw's Gen. Zool., 13, pt. 1, 
p. 93. — New South Wales. 

Range. — Tasmania, Australia and south New Guinea (Alkmaar, Noord River). 

Phalacrocorax melanoleucos melanoleucos (Vieillot) 
Hydrocorax melanoleucos Vieillot, 1817, Nouv. Diet. d'Hist. Nat., nouv. ed., 8, 

p. 88.— New South Wales. 

Range. — Australia, Tasmania, Solomon Islands, New Guinea, Moluccas, Palau 

Islands, Lesser Sunda Islands, westward to Bali. In the New Guinea region 



AN H I NGIDAE-FR 1 < ! A T IDA E-A R 1 >K IDA I . / 

reported from Aru Islands, Misol, Salawati, Waigeu, Numfor, and from numerous 
localities in northern and southern New Guinea. 
Rivers and lakes. 

Family ANHINGIDAE 
Snake-birds 

Genus ANHINGA Brisson 

Anhinga rufa papua Rand 

Anhmga rufa papua Rand, 1938, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 990, p. 1. — Lake Davi- 
umbu, middle Fly River, south New Guinea. 

Range. — New Guinea (Sepik River, Astrolabe Bay, Port Moresby district to 
Hall Sound, Fly River) and Fergusson Island. 

Lowland rivers and lakes. 

Family FREGATIDAE 
Frigate-birds 

Genus FREGATA Lacepede 

Fregata minor subspecies 

Range. — Indian Ocean and western Pacific. 

The geographical variation within this area has not yet been worked out satis- 
factorily. Some of the old records seem to refer to this species, but the specimens 
in Leiden, Genoa and various Australian museums should be re-examined. Prob- 
ably referable to this species are specimens recorded under aquila from Fir Tree 
Point (De Vis 1892) and the Aru Islands (v. Rosenberg). 

Fregata ariel ariel (Gray) 

Atagcn Ariel G. R. Gray, 1845, Genera Birds, 3, col. pi. [185].— Raine Island. 

Range. — From China and the Philippines to northern Australia and the western 
Pacific. In the Papuan Region reported from Biak, Woodlark Island and the 
Aru Islands (Pulu Karang). 

Family ARDEIDAE 
Herons and Bitterns 

Genus ARDEA Linnaeus 

Ardea sumatrana sumatrana Raffles 

Ardea Sumatrana Raffles, 1822, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 13, pt. 2, p. 325. — 
Sumatra. 

Range. — Burma and the Malay Peninsula to Borneo, the Philippines, Sunda 
Islands, Moluccas, Aru Islands, Waigeu, Biak, and New Guinea (Faur, Sorong, 
Huon Gulf, Astrolabe Bay, Merauke, etc.). 

Lowlands. 



5 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Genus NOTOPHOYX Sharpe 

Notophoyx novaehollandiae novaehollandiae (Latham) 

Ardea novae Hollandiae Latham, 1790, Ind. Orn., 2, p. 701. — New South Wales. 

Range. — Celebes, Lesser Sunda Islands from Lombok to Timor, Aru Islands, 

Australia, Tasmania, New Zealand, south New Guinea (recorded from Wamal 

(Princess Marianne Straits), Mabaduan and Daru) and southeastern New Guinea 

(foot of the Hydrographer Mountains) ; Rossel Island. 

Lowlands, up to 1600 meters. 

Notophoyx picata (Gould) 

Ardea (Herodias) picata Gould, 1845, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 62. — Port 
Essington, Northern Territory. 
Ardea aruensis G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 188. — Aru Islands. 

Range. — Celebes, Timorlaut, southern Moluccas, New Guinea, Aru Islands and 
northern Australia. Recorded in New Guinea from the Sepik, Ramu and Fly 
Rivers and from Merauke. 

Lowland rivers. 

Genus BUTORIDES Blyth 

Butorides striatus papuensis Mayr 

Butorides striatus papuensis Mayr, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1056, p. 6. — 
Numfor Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Range. — Misol, Waigeu, Numfor, Biak, Japen, Onin Peninsula and the coast of 
Geelvink Bay; (subsp. ?) Aru Islands. 

Mangrove and lowland swamps. 

Butorides striatus idenburgi Rand 
Butorides striatus idenburgi Rand, 1941, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1102, p. 1 — 
Bernhard Camp, Idenburg River, central New Guinea. 
Range. — Known only from the type locality. 

Butorides striatus littleri Mathews 

Butorides javanica littleri Mathews, 1912, Novit. Zool., 18, p. 233. — Cooktown, 
north Queensland. 

Range.— Northern Queensland from Cooktown to Cape York and (subsp.?) 
south New Guinea from the Setekwa River to the Port Moresby district (Port 
Moresby, Laloki River, Kapa-kapa). 

Genus BUBULCUS Bonaparte 

Bubulcus ibis coromandus (Boddaert) 

Cancroma Coromanda Boddaert, 1783, Tabl. Planch. Enlum., p. 54.— Coromandel 
Coast. 

Range.— India, southeastern Asia to Japan, Philippines, Sunda Islands, Moluc- 
cas; twice recorded from the Papuan Region: Waigeu (Stein) and Yamna 
(Doherty) ; both probably winter visitors from China or Japan. 



ARDEIDAK 9 

Genus COSMERODIUS l Gloger 

Cosmerodius albus modestus (Gray) 
Ardca tnodesta J. E. Gray, 1831, Zool. Misc., p. 19. — India. 
Herodias torro, of Salvadori. 

Range. — India, southeastern Asia northward to central China and Japan, 
throughout the Indo-Australian Archipelago east to New Guinea and Australia. 

Lowlands. 

Genus EGRETTA Forster 

Egretta intermedia plumifera (Gould) 

Herodias plumifcrus Gould, 1848, Proc. Zool. Soc. London (1847), p. 221. — New 
South Wales. 

Range. — Bum, Seran, Australia, islands of Torres Straits, Salawati, Numfor, 
Aru Islands, and New Guinea (Merauke, Lake Daviumbu at the middle Fly River, 
I far, Sentani Lake, and Marienberg, Sepik River). 

Lowland rivers and swamps. 

Egretta garzetta nigripes (Temminck) 

Ardca nigripes Temminck, 1840, Man. d'Orn., ed. 2, 4, p. 376. — Sunda Islands. 

Range. — Sunda Islands, Philippines, Celebes, Moluccas, Aru Islands, northern 
and southern New Guinea. 

Some of the older records, particularly those listed under the name E. immacu- 
lata, may refer either to nigripes or to plumifera. 

Genus DEMIGRETTA Blyth 

Demigretta sacra sacra (Gmelin) 
Ardea sacra Gmelin, 1789, Syst. Nat., 1, pt. 2, p. 640.— Tahiti. 
Range. — From the coasts of Asia to Australia, New Zealand, and eastern Poly- 
nesia. Everywhere along the coast of the Papuan Region. 
On reefs and along sandy and muddy shores, prefers smaller islands. 

Genus NYCTICORAX Forster 

Nycticorax caledonicus hilli Mathews 
sticorax caledonicus hilli Mathews, 1912, Novit. Zool., 18, p. 233. — Parry's 
Creek, northwestern Australia. 

Range. — Moluccas, Australia and New Guinea region (including Aru Islands, 
Waigeu, Salawati and Biak). 
Lowlands. 

Genus ZONERODIUS Salvadori 

Zonerodius heliosylus (Lesson) 
Ardea Heliosyla Lesson, 1828, Voy. Coquille, Zool., 1, livr. 7, pi. 44; livr. 16. 
1830, p. 722. — Dorey, northwestern New Guinea. 



1 The original spelling Casmerodius is a misprint and to be emended according 
to article 19. 



10 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Range. — Aru Islands, Salawati and New Guinea. 

Lowland swamps and streams in lowland forest, up to 300 m. 

Genus IXOBRYCHUS Billberg 

Ixobrychus sinensis (Gmelin) 

Ardea Sinensis Gmelin, 1789, Syst. Nat., 1, pt. 2, p. 642. — China. 

Range. — From Ceylon and India throughout southeastern Asia to northern China 
and Japan. In some of the following localities apparently only a winter visitor : 
Philippines, Mariannes, Carolines, Celebes region, Sunda Islands, New Guinea re- 
gion and Bismarck Archipelago. In the New Guinea region recorded from Astro- 
labe Bay, Waigeu, Biak, etc. No definite breeding records known to me. 

Ixobrychus minutus dubius Mathews 

Ixobrychus minutus dubius Mathews, 1912, Novit. Zool., 18, p. 234. — Herdman's 
Lake, southwestern Australia. 

Range. — Australia and south New Guinea (one record from Lake Daviumbu, 
middle Fly River). 

Genus DUPETOR Heine and Reichenow 

Dupetor flavicollis gouldi (Bonaparte) 
Ardetta gouldi Bonaparte, 1855, Consp. Gen. Av., 2, p. 132. — New South Wales. 
Range. — Moluccas, Kei and Aru Islands, Australia, New Guinea and the Bis- 
marck Archipelago. (Geographical variation within this range is still uncertain.) 
Mangrove, lowland rivers and lakes. 

Family CICONIIDAE 
Storks 

Genus XENORHYNCHUS Bonaparte 

Xenorhynchus asiaticus australis (Shaw) 

Mycteria Australis Shaw, 1800, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 5, p. 33. — New South 
Wales. 

Range. — Southern New Guinea from the Merauke district to the Fly River and 
(rarely) to the Port Moresby district, islands of Torres Straits, northern and east- 
ern Australia. 

Lowland swamps. 

Family THRESKIORNITHIDAE 
Ibises 

Genus THRESKIORNIS Gray 

Threskiornis moluccus moluccus (Cuvier) 

Ibis molucca Cuvier, 1829, Regne Anim., ed. nouv., 1, p. 520. — Moluccas. 

Range. — Moluccas, Kei Islands, Salawati, Waigeu and New Guinea. Birds from 
south New Guinea are intermediate in size between moluccus and strictipennis 
(Australia). 



ANATIDAE 1 1 

Genus PLEGADIS Kaup 

Plegadis falcinellus peregrinus (Bonaparte) 

Ibis peregrina Bonaparte, 1855, Consp. Gen. Av., 2, p. 159. — Java and Celebes. 

Ibis {Falcinellus) humeral is De Vis, 1898, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea 1896-97, 
p. 90.— Laloki River. 

Range. — Philippines, Celebes, Sunda Islands to New Guinea and Australia. In 
New Guinea possibly only as a winter visitor from Australia, recorded from Fly, 
Katau and Laloki Rivers and from the Merauke district. 

Gehus PLATALEA Linnaeus 

Platalea leucorodia regia Gould 

Platalca regia Gould, 1838, Synops. Birds Austr., pt. 4, App., p. 7.— New South 
Wales. 

Platalca intermedia Ogilvie-Grant, 1889, Ibis, p. 52, pi. 1. — Port Moresby, south- 
eastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Australia, occasionally as straggler on New Zealand, Rennell Island, 
Moluccas, Timor, Celebes and New Guinea (Port Moresby and Vogelkop). Has 
apparently never been found nesting outside of Australia. 

Family ANATIDAE 
Geese and Ducks 

Genus ANSERANAS Lesson 

Anseranas semipalmata (Latham) 

Anas semipalmata Latham, 1798, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 4, p. 103. — Hawkes- 
bury River, New South Wales. 

Range. — Australia and south New Guinea from the Merauke district to the 
Oriomo River. 

Lowlands. 

Genus DENDROCYGNA * Swainson 

Dendrocygna arcuata (Horsfield) 

Anas arcuata Horsfield, 1824, Zool. Res. Java, pt. 8, pi. [64]. — Java. 

Range. — Philippines, Celebes, Sunda Islands, Moluccas, southern and eastern 
New Guinea (Daru, Fly River, Hall Sound, Laloki River, Huon Gulf, Ramu, 
Sepik, etc.), Australia, Bismarck Archipelago and western Polynesia. 

Lowland lakes and rivers ; in New Guinea possibly largely a winter visitor from 
Australia. 

Dendrocygna guttata Schlegel 
Dendrocygna guttata Schlegel, 1866, Mus. Pays-Bas, 6, Anseres, p. 85. — Celebes. 
Range. — Philippines, Celebes, Moluccas, Bismarck Archipelago, Aru Islands and 
all parts of New Guinea. 

Lowland swamps and streams. 



1 De Vis also records Dendrocygna eytoni Gould for the New Guinea area (Id 1 , 
Daru Island, June, 1896) (Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea 1896-97, p. 90). 



12 



LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 



Genus TADORNA Fleming 

Tadorna radjah radjah (Lesson) 

Anas radjah Lesson, 1828, Man. d'Orn., 2, p. 417. — Buru. 

Range. — Moluccas, Aru Islands, Gebe, Waigeu, Batanta, Salawati, Japen, Fer- 
gusson Islands and New Guinea. Birds from south New Guinea intergrade with 
rufitergum (Australia). 

Lowland rivers, particularly at their mouth, sea shore. 

Genus ANAS Linnaeus 

Anas superciliosa pelewensis Hartlaub and Finsch 

Anas superciliosa var. pelewensis Hartlaub and Finsch, 1872, Proc. Zool. Soc. 
London, p. 108. — Palau Islands. 

Range. — Micronesia, Melanesia, Polynesia and lowlands of northern New 
Guinea, between Humboldt Bay and the upper Ramu. 

Anas superciliosa rogersi Mathews 

Anas superciliosa rogersi Mathews, 1912, Austr. Av. Rec, 1, p. 33. — Augusta, 
southwest Australia. 

Range. — Tasmania, Australia, Moluccas, south New Guinea (Merauke to Milne 
Bay), mountains of New Guinea (lakes of Arfak and Saruwaged Mountains) and 
Misima Island. 

Lowlands, and on lakes in the mountains up to 2000 m. 

Anas querquedula Linnaeus 

Anas Querquedula Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, p. 126. — Sweden. 

Range. — Breeds in temperate Europe and Asia. Migrates to Africa, the Indies, 
and eastward as far as south New Guinea (Kapare River and mainland opposite 
Daru). 

Anas gibberifrons gibberifrons Miiller 

Anas (Mareca) gibberifrons S. Muller, 1843, Verh. Nat. Gesch., 1 (Land-en 
Volkenkunde), p. 159. — Celebes. 

Range. — Celebes, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands to Timor, Aru and Kei Islands, 
New Guinea, Rennell Island and New Caledonia. 

Lakes and rivers. 

Genus SALVADORINA Rothschild and Hartert 

Salvadorina waigiuensis Rothschild and Hartert 

Salvadorina waigiuensis Rothschild and Hartert, 1894, Novit. Zool., 1, p. 683. 
— Type locality unknown, supposedly Waigeu, which is probably not correct; per- 
haps mountains of the Vogelkop. 

Range. — High mountains of northeastern, central and southeastern New Guinea 
(Oranje, Saruwaged, Owen Stanley, and Wharton ranges). 

Mountain streams, occasionally down to 500 m., and high lakes up to 3700 m. 

Genus CHENISCUS Eyton 



Cheniscus coromandelianus coromandelianus (Gmelin) 
Anas coromandeliana Gmelin, 1789, Syst. Nat., 1, pt. 2, p. 522. 
Coast, India. 



-Coromandel 



ACCIPITRIDAE 13 

Range.— India to southern China and the Malay Peninsula, northern Luzon, Bor- 
neo, Sumatra, Java, Banka, Celebes and northern New Guinea (Sepik River). 
Lowland rivers and marshes. 

Cheniscus pulchellus (Gould) 

Neftapus pulchellus Gould, 1842, Birds Austr., pt. 6, pi. 4.— Port Essington, 
Northern Territory. 

Range. — Bum, Seran, southern New Guinea from the Merauke district to Port 
Moresby, and northern Australia; also reported from Lake Jamur, Geelvink Bay 
(Beaufort 1909). 

Genus NYROCA Fleming 

Nyroca australis australis Eyton 
Xyroca australis Eyton, 1838, Monogr. Anat., p. 160. — New South Wales. 
Range. — New Zealand, Tasmania and Australia; also in Celebes and eastern 
Java; once recorded from Waigeu or the Vogelkop (Bruijn). 
Lakes. 

Family ACCIPITRIDAE 
Harriers, Hawks and Eagles 

Genus MACHAERHAMPHUS Westerman 
Machaerhamphus alcinus papuanus Mayr 

Machaerhamphus alcinus papuanus Mayr, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1091, 
p. 1. — Kumusi River, eastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Southeastern New Guinea, westward in the north to the Kumusi River, 
in the south to Hall Sound. 

Lowlands. 

Genus AVICEDA Swainson 

Aviceda subcristata stenozona 1 (Gray) 
Baza sienozona G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 169. — Aru Islands. 
Range. — Aru Islands, Misol, Salawati, western New Guinea, eastward in the 
north to Geelvink Bay, in the south to the Fly River; (subsp.) Biak Island. 

Aviceda subcristata waigeuensis Mayr 
Aviceda subcristata waiycueiisis Mayr, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1056, p. 
8. — Waigeu Island. 
Range.— Waigeu Island. 

Aviceda subcristata megala (Stresemann) 

Baza subcristata megala Stresemann, 1913, Novit. Zool., 20, p. 305 (in key), 
p. 307. — Fergusson Island, D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago. 

Range. — Fergusson and Goodenough Islands, D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago; 
southeastern New Guinea, westward in the south to the Port Moresby district 
(Kubuna and Redscar Bay), in the north to the Kumusi River, and probably 
(subsp.?) as far as the Mamberano River; Japen Island. 



Baza reinwardlii (part) of Salvadori. 



14 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Genus HENICOPERNIS Gray 

Henicopernis longicauda longicauda (Gar not) 
Falco longicauda Garnot, 1828, Voy. Coquille, Zool., livr. 7, pi. 10 ; livr. 12, 1829, 
p. 588. — Dorey, Vogelkop. 

Range. — Salawati and all New Guinea. 
Forest and clearings up to 1800 m. 

Henicopernis longicauda fraterculus Stres. and Pal. 
Henicopernis longicauda fraterculus Stresemann and Paludan, 1932, Novit. 
Zool., 38, p. 239. — Serui, Japen Island. 

Range. — Japen Island. (Doubtfully distinct from longicauda.) 

Henicopernis longicauda minimus Junge 
Henicopernis longicauda minima Junge, 1937, Nova Guinea, (N.S.) 1, p. 150. — 
Wokan, Aru Islands. 

Range. — Aru Islands, Misol, Waigeu and Biak. 

Genus MILVUS Lacepede 

Milvus migrans affinis Gould 

Milvus affinis Gould, 1838, Synops. Birds Austr., pt. 3, pi. [47, fig. 1]. — New 
South Wales. 

Range. — Lesser Sunda Islands, Timor, Celebes, Australia, New Britain and 
eastern New Guinea, westward to Yule Island on the south coast, and to Humboldt 
Bay and the Sentani Lake in the north ; Fergusson Island. 

Sea coast, shores of lowland lakes and rivers, particularly near grassland. 

Genus HALIASTUR Selby 

Haliastur indus girrenera (Vieillot) 

Haliaetus girrenera Vieillot, 1822, Gal. Ois., 1, p. 31, pi. 10. — Restricted type 
locality, New South Wales. 

Range. — Moluccas, New Guinea and adjacent islands, Louisiade Archipelago, 
Bismarck Archipelago, Solomon Islands and Australia. 

Sea shore, river banks, clearings, savanna and edge of forest (mostly second 
growth) up to 800 m., occasionally up to 1800 m. 

Haliastur sphenurus (Vieillot) 

Milvus sphenurus Vieillot, 1818, Nouv. Diet, d' Hist. Nat., nouv. ed., 20, p. 
564.— New South Wales. 

Range. — Australia, Tasmania, New Caledonia and eastern New Guinea, west- 
ward in the south to the Merauke district (Princess Marianne Straits), in the 
north to the head of Geelvink Bay. 

Open country, savanna. 

Genus ACCIPITER Brisson 

Accipiter meyerianus (Sharpe) 
Astur Meyerianus Sharpe, 1878, Journ. Linn. Soc. London, Zool., 13, p. 458 — 
Ansus, Japen Island. 



ACCIPITRIDAE 15 

Range. — Moluccas (Scran, Scranlaut, Halmahera), Japen, New Britain, Solo- 
mon Islands. 
Lowland forest. 

Accipiter biirgersi (Reichenow) 

Astttr biirgersi Reichenow, 1914 (Feb.), Ornith. Monatsber., 22, p. 29. — 
Maanderberg, Sepik region. 

Accipiter (Astur) eudiabolus Rothschild and Hartert, 1914 (Nov.), Bull. 
Brit. Orn. Club, 35, p. 8. — Babooni, 3000 feet, southeast New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of the Sepik region, Huon Peninsula and southeastern New 
Guinea. 

Hill forest from 600 m. to 1400 m. 

Accipiter novaehollandiae misoriensis (Salvadori) 
Urospicias misoriensis Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 904. — 
Korido, Misori Island (= Biak). 
Range. — Biak Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Accipiter novaehollandiae leucosomus (Sharpe) 

Astur novaehollandiae leucosomus Sharpe, 1874, Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., 1, p. 94 
(in key), p. 119 (ex Schlegel, 1866, Vog. Ned. Ind., pp. 19, 58, pi. 11, fig. 3).— 
"New Guinea and adjacent islands," based on a specimen from Lobo, Triton Bay. 

Urospizias ctorqucs Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 901. — Western 
New Guinea (Sorong, Dorey, Andai, Mansinam and Hatam) and Salawati Island. 
Restricted to Dorey (= Manokwari) by Mayr (1940). 

Astur novac-guincae Madarasz, 1899, Ornith. Monatsber., 7, p. 27. — Stephansort, 
Astrolabe Bay. 

Range. — Aru Islands (subsp.) ; western Papuan Islands (Salawati, Waigeu) ; 
islands in Geelvink Bay (Numfor and Japen) ; all New Guinea; Trobriand Islands 
(subsp.) ; Woodlark Island (subsp.) ; Bonvouloir group (East Island) (subsp.). 

Lowland forest, edge of forest, savanna up to 1500 m. 

Accipiter novaehollandiae pallidimas Mayr 
Accipiter novaehollandiae pallidimas Mayr, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit, No. 1056, 
p. 10. — Fergusson Island. 

Range. — Fergusson and Goodenough Islands, D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago. 

Accipiter novaehollandiae misulae Mayr 

Accipiter novaehollandiae misulae Mayr, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1056, p. 
11. — Misima Island. 

Range. — Misima (= St. Aignan) and Tagula (= Sudest) Islands, Louisiade 
Archipelago. 

Accipiter fasciatus polycryptus Rothschild and Hartert 
Accipiter fasciatus polycryptus Rothschild and Hartert, 1915, Novit. Zool., 

22, p. 53. — Sogeri district, Owen Stanley Mountains. 

Range. — Eastern New Guinea, westward in the south to the Angabunga River 

and Yule Island, in the north to the Sepik River. 
Savanna and edge of savanna up to 800 m. 



16 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Accipiter fasciatus dogwa Rand 
Accipiter fasciatus dogwa Rand, 1941, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1102, p. 1. — 
Dogwa, Oriomo River. 
Range. — Southern New Guinea from the Merauke district to the Oriomo River. 

Accipiter poliocephalus Gray 

Accipiter poliocephalus G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 170. — Aru 
Islands. 

Range. — Aru Islands ; Misol, Salawati, Batanta, Waigeu, Japen ; all New 
Guinea ; Fergusson and Misima Islands. 

Lowland forest, clearings and second growth up to 1000 m. 

Accipiter melanochlamys melanochlamys (Salvadori) 
Urospizias melanochlamys Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 905. — 
Hatam, Arfak Mountains. 
Range. — Arfak Mountains. 

Accipiter melanochlamys schistacinus (Rothschild and Hartert) 
Astur melanochlamys schistacinus Rothschild and Hartert, 1913, Novit. Zool., 

20, p. 482.— Mt. Goliath, Oranje range. 

Range. — Weyland Mountains, mountains on the upper Mamberano, Oranje range 

and mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 
Mountain forest from 1500 m. to 2900 m. 

Accipiter soloensis (Horsfield) 

Falco Soloensis Horsfield, 1821, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 13, p. 137. — Java. 

Range. — Breeds in China. Wintering in the Indo-Australian Archipelago. In 
the western New Guinea region recorded at Gagi (Bernstein), Waigeu (Platen), 
and Efman Island near Sorong (Ripley). 

Accipiter cirrhocephalus papuanus (Rothschild and Hartert) 
Astur cirrhocephalus papuanus Rothschild and Hartert, 1913, Novit. Zool., 
20, p. 482. — Utakwa River, Snow Mountains. 

Range. — Aru Islands, Salawati, Waigeu, Japen and all New Guinea. 
Lowland forest and wooded savanna. 

Accipiter cirrhocephalus rosselianus Mayr 
Accipiter cirrhocephalus rosselianus Mayr, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1056, 
p. 12. — Rossel Island. 

Range. — Rossel Island, Louisiade Archipelago. 

Genus MEGATRIORCHIS Salvadori and D'Albertis 

Megatriorchis doriae Salvadori and D'Albertis 
Megatriorchis doriae Salvadori and D'Albertis, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 
7, p. 805. — Hall Sound, southeastern New Guinea. 
Range. — All New Guinea. 
Lowland and hill forest up to 1000 m. 



ACCIPITRIDAt: 



Genus BUTASTUR Hodgson 



17 



Butastur indicus (Gmclin) 

Faieo indicus Gmelin, 1788, Syst. Nat., 1, pt 1, p. 264.— Java. 

Range. — Breeds in eastern Asia and Japan. In winter to southeastern Asia, 
Sunda Island, Philippines, Celebes. Moluccas and islands west of New Guinea 
(Salawati, Waigeu, Saonek and P. Efman near Sorong). 

Genus HARPYOPSIS Salvadori 

Harpyopsis novaeguineae Salvadori 
Harpyopsis novae guineoe Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 682. — 
Andai, Vogelkop. 

Range. — The whole of New Guinea. 

Edge of savanna, lowland and mountain, forest up to 2000 m. 

Genus SPIZAETUS Vieillot 

Spizaetus gurneyi (Gray) 

Aquila (Hctcropus ?) gurneyi G. R. Gray, 1860, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 342, 
pi. 169.— Bat jan. 

Range. — Northern Moluccas, Misol, Waigeu, Salawati (?), Aru Islands, Japen, 
Goodenough Island and western and northern New Guinea (Sorong, Huon Gulf). 

Lowland forest, sea shore.' 

Genus HIERAAETUS Kaup 

Hieraaetus morphnoides weiskei (Reichenow) 

Eutolmactus weiskei Reichenow, 1900, Ornith. Monatsber., 8, p. 185. — Astrolabe 
Mountains, 3000 feet, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of central and eastern New Guinea (Utakwa River, Saru- 
waged, Astrolabe Mountains, Chogeri (= Sogeri) district, Aroa River). 

Mountain forest from 1200 m. to 2000 m. 

Genus UROAETUS Kaup 

Uroaetus audax (Latham) 
Vultur audax Latham, 1801, Ind. Orn., Suppl., p. 2. — New South Wales. 
Range. — Tasmania, Australia and south New Guinea, between the Oriomo River 
and Gaima, mouth of Fly River. 
Open lowland savanna. 

Genus HALIAEETUS Savigny 

Haliaeetus leucogaster (Gmelin) 

Falco leucogaster Gmelin, 1788, Syst. Nat., 1, pt. 1, p. 257.— New South Wales. 

Range. — From India and southeastern Asia through the entire Malay Archi- 
pelago to Tasmania, Australia, the New Guinea region and the Bismarck Archi- 
pelago. In the New Guinea region reported from the Aru Islands, Schildpad 
Island, Waigeu, Seleo, Woodlark and New Guinea. 

Along the sea coast and on large lowland rivers. 



18 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Genus CIRCUS Lacepede 

Circus spilonotus spilothorax Salvadori and D'Albertis 
Circus spilothorax Salvadori and D'Albertis, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, 

p. 807. — Yule Island, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — The lowlands of eastern New Guinea (Astrolabe Bay, Huon Gulf, Yule 

Island district) and the highlands of southeastern New Guinea. (This form is 

still insufficiently understood.) 
Open country, marshes, savannas, from sea level to 3700 m. 

Circus approximans gouldi Bonaparte 
Circus gouldi Bonaparte, 1850, Consp. Gen. Av., 1, p. 34. — New South Wales. 
Range. — New Zealand, Tasmania, Australia and south New Guinea, from China 
Straits westward. 

Savanna, marshes and other open country in lowlands. 

Genus PANDION Savigny 

Pandion haliaetus melvillensis Mathews 

Pandion haliaetus melvillensis Mathews, 1912, Austr. Av. Rec, 1, p. 34. — Mel- 
ville Island, Northern Territory. 

Range. — Palau, Malay Peninsula, Sunda Islands (Billiton, Java, Bali, Kangean), 
Lesser Sunda Islands, Celebes, Moluccas, New Guinea and neighboring islands, 
Bismarck Archipelago, Solomon Islands, New Caledonia and tropical Australia. 

Anywhere along the sea coast and occasionally on the big lowland rivers. 

Family FALCONIDAE 
Falcons 

Genus FALCO Linnaeus 

Falco peregrinus subspecies 
Range. — Eastern Asia. Several records from the Malayan Archipelago, the 
Moluccas and New Guinea. It is impossible to identify such winter visitors sub- 
specifically. They might be peregrinus, "calidus" auctorum or hartcrti. 

Falco peregrinus ernesti Sharpe 
Falco ernesti Sharpe, 1894, Ibis, p. 545. — Mount Dulit, Borneo. 
Range. — Philippines, Greater Sunda Islands, Bali, New Guinea (mainland, Aru, 
Japen, Woodlark Islands), and Bismarck Archipelago. 

Open country and forest, mostly at low altitudes, but in the vicinity of cliffs. 

Falco severus papuanus Meyer and Wiglesworth 

Falco severus papuanus Meyer and Wiglesworth, 1893, Abh. Ber. Zool. Mus. 
Dresden, 4 (1892-93), no. 3, p. 6.— Huon Gulf. 

Range. — Celebes, Halmahera, Buru, Seran, Salawati, Japen, New Guinea, New 
Britain. 

Lowland and hill forest, edge of freshwater lakes up to at least 1000 m. 



MEGAPODIIDAi: 19 

Falco longipennis > longipennis Swainson 

Falco longipennis Swainson, 1837, Anim. in Menag., p. 341. — Tasmania. 

Range. — Australia and Tasmania. In winter: Kalao tua, Flores, Kei Islands, 
Scran, Ambon, Ternate. south New Guinea (Merauke district, Daru, middle Fly 
River) and New Britain. 

Mostly on wooded savanna. 

Falco cenchroides cenchroides Vigors and Horsfield 
Falco Cenchroides Vigors and Horsfield, 1827, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 15, 
p. 183.— New South Wales. 

Range. — Australia and Tasmania. Once recorded from the Aru Islands. 

Falco cenchroides baru Rand 
Falco cenchroides baru Rand, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1072, p. 1. — 11 km. 
northeast of Mt. Wilhelmina, 3400 m. 

Range. — Known only from the Oranje Mountains. 
Cliffs in the mountain grasslands above 3200 m. 

Genus IERACIDEA Gould 

Ieracidea berigora novaeguineae Meyer 

Hicracidca novaeguineae A. B. Meyer, 1894, Journ. f. Ornith., 42, p. 89. — Finsch- 
hafen, Huon Gulf (restricted type locality) and Astrolabe Bay. 

Range. — Karkar and Manam ; eastern New Guinea, westward in the south to 
the Merauke district, in the north to the Weyland Mountains. 

Wooded savanna, clearings, edge of forest from sea level to 2800 m. 

Family MEGAPODIIDAE 

Megapodes 

Genus MEGAPODIUS Quoy and Gaimard 

Megapodius freycinet aruensis Mayr 
Megapodius freycinet aruensis Mayr, 1938, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1006, p. 7. — 
Trangan Is., Aru Islands. 
Range.— Aru Islands. 

Megapodius freycinet duperryii 2 Lesson and Garnot 
Megapodius duperryii Lesson and Garnot, 1826, Bull. Sci. Nat. Ferussac, 8, 

p. 113. — Dorey, northwestern New Guinea. 

? Megapodius assimilis Masters, 1876, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 1, 

p. 59. — Dungeness and Bet Islands, Torres Straits. 

Range. 3 — Western and southern New Guinea, extending eastward along the 

north coast to the Wandammen district, the entire south coast of New Guinea, and 



1 Falco lunulatus auctorum. 

2 Megapodius reinwardt auctorum. 

3 Records from the western Papuan Islands (Salawati, Batanta, etc.) are ques- 
tionable. See Mayr, loc. cit., p. 3. 



20 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

along the north coast of east New Guinea westward as far as the Hydrographer 
Mountains and the Kumusi River. 

Lowland forest, coastal formations, in parts of the range on small islands off the 
coast, rarely higher up than 300 m. 

Megapodius freycinet macgillivrayi Gray 

Megapodius macgillivrayi G. R. Gray, 1861, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 289. — 
Duchateau and Pig Islands, Louisiade Archipelago. 

Range. — D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago (Fergusson, Goodenough and Dobu 
Islands) ; Trobriand group (Kiriwina) ; Bonvouloir group (East Island) ; Wood- 
lark group (Woodlark Island, Dugumenu, Marshall Bennet Islands) ; Louisiade 
Archipelago (Misima, Tagula, Duchateau, Pig Islands and Rossel Island). 

Megapodius freycinet affinis Meyer 
Megapodius affinis A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien., 69, Abt. 

I, p. 215. — Rubi, head of Geelvink Bay. 

Megapodius decollatus Oustalet, 1878, Bull. Assoc. Sci. France, 31 (no. 553), p. 
248. — Tarawai. 
Megapodius Duperreyi var. jobiensis Oustalet, 1881, Ann. Sci. Nat., Zool., (6) 

II, art. 2, p. 96 (ex Schlegel Ms.). — J obi Island. 

Megapodius brunneiventris A. B. Meyer, 1891, Abh. Ber. Zool. Mus. Dresden, 
3 (1890-91), no. 4, p. 15.— Astrolabe Bay. 

Megapodius reimvardt huonensis Stresemann, 1922, Journ. f. Ornith., 70, p. 
408.— Heldsbach Coast, Huon Gulf. 

Range. — North New Guinea from the head of Geelvink Bay eastward to the 
Mambare River, extending along the southern slopes of the Nassau Mountains 
(south New Guinea) to the upper Utakwa River; Japen, Manam, Tarawai and 
other small islands off the coast of north New Guinea; on Dampier Island (Kar- 
kar) occurs a mixed population of affinis and eremita. 

Recorded up to an altitude of 1700 m. (Greenway, 1935: 26). 

Megapodius freycinet geelvinkianus Meyer 

Megapodius geelvinkianus A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 
69, Abt. 1, p. 88.— Mafor and Misori. 

Range. — Biak, Numfor, Manim, Meos Num, Meos Korwar and possibly small 
islands off the coast of Japen. 

Megapodius freycinet freycinet Gaimard 

Megapodius freycinet Gaimard, 1823 (June), Bull. Gen. Univ. Annon. Nouv. 
Sci., 2, p. 451.— Waigeu. 

Range. — Northern Moluccas; western Papuan Islands (Waigeu, Batanta, Gebe, 
Gagi, Boni, Salawati, Misol, Kofiau) and small islands off northwest New Guinea 
(Sorong, Pulu Hum). 

Genus TALEGALLA Lesson 

Talegalla cuvieri Lesson 

Talegalla Cuvieri Lesson, 1828, Man. d'Orn., 2, p. 186. — Dorey, northwestern 
New Guinea. 

Range. — Misol, Salawati, northwest New Guinea, eastward to Warbusi (Geel- 
vink Bay) and on the south coast to the Mimika and Utakwa Rivers. 

Lowland and hill forest up to 800 m. 



TIIASIANIDAE 21 

Talegalla fuscirostris occidentis White 

Talcgalla fuscirostris occidentis WHITE, 1938, Ibis, p. 763.— Sctekwa River, 
Dutch New Guinea. 

Range. — Aru Islands and southern New Guinea from the head of Geelvink 
Bay and the Mimika River, eastward at least to the Orioino River. 

Talegalla fuscirostris fuscirostris Salvadori 

Talegallus fuscirostris Salvadori, 1877, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 9, p. 332. — Epa, 
Hall Sound, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — South coast of southeastern New Guinea from Hall Sound (Yule 
Island) to the Port Moresby district (Rigo). 

Lowland forest. 

Talegalla jobiensis longicauda Meyer 

Talegallus longicaudus A. B. Meyer, 1891, Abh. Ber. Zool. Mus. Dresden, 3 
(1890-91), no. 4, p. 15.— Stephansort, Astrolabe Bay. 

Range. — Southeastern New Guinea, westward in the north to the Sepik River, 
in the south to the Aroa River. 

Lowland and hill forest up to 800 m. 

Talegalla jobiensis jobiensis Meyer 

Talegallus jobiensis A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 69, 
Abt. 1, p. 74.— Jobi. 

Range. — Japen Island and northern New Guinea from the Mamberano River to 
Humboldt Bay. 

Genus AEPYPODIUS Oustalet 

Aepypodius arfakianus (Salvadori) 

Talegallus arfakianus Salvadori, 1877, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 9, p. 333. — Arfak 
Mountains. 

Range. — Arfak Mountains, Cyclops and Saruwaged Mountains and central 
ranges (from Nassau and Oranje Mountains to Sepik and Owen Stanley Moun- 
tains) ; (Japen ?). 

Hill and mountain forest from 1000 m. to 2400 m. 

Aepypodius bruijnii (Oustalet) 
Talegallus Bruijnii Oustalet, 1880, Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris, 90, p. 906 — 
Waigeu. 
Range.— Waigeu (See Auk, 57 (1940), p. 83). 

Family PHASIANIDAE 
Quails and Pheasants 

Genus ANUROPHASIS van Oort 

Anurophasis monorthonyx van Oort 
Anurophasis monorthonyx van Oort, 1910, Notes Leyden Mus., 32, p. 212 (pi. 
1, Xova Guinea, N.S., 1).— Oranje Mts., 3800 m. 
Range. — Oranje Mountains. 
Alpine grasslands. 



22 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Genus SYNOICUS Gould 

Synoicus ypsilophorus dogwa Mayr and Rand 
Synoicus ypsilophorus dogzva Mayr and Rand, 1935, Amer. Mus. Novit, No. 
814, p. 3. — Dogwa, Oriomo River. 

Range. — South New Guinea (lowlands). 

Synoicus ypsilophorus plumbeus Salvadori 

Synoecus plumbeus Salvadori, 1894, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, (2) 14, p. 152. — 
Vakena, southeast New Guinea. 

Range. — Lowlands of southeastern New Guinea, westward on the south coast 
to Yule Island and Hall Sound, and on the north coast to the Huon Peninsula ; 
upper Bulolo River (subsp.). 

Grasslands up to about 700 m. 

Synoicus ypsilophorus mafulu Mayr and Rand 
Synoicus ypsilophorus mafulu Mayr and Rand, 1935, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 
814, p. 1. — Mafulu (1250 m.), southeast New Guinea. 

Range. — Southern slopes of mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 
Mid-mountain grasslands from 1000 m. to 2000 m. 

Synoicus ypsilophorus monticola Mayr and Rand 

Synoicus ypsilophorus monticola Mayr and Rand, 1935, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 
814, p. 2.— Mt. Albert Edward. 

Range. — Known only from the Alpine zone (above 2800 m.) on the Wharton 
Range, southeastern New Guinea. 

Synoicus ypsilophorus saturatior Hartert 

Synoicus ypsilophorus saturatior Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 125. — Ifar, 
Sentani Lake. 

Range. — North coast of New Guinea from Astrolabe Bay to Humboldt Bay 
and the Mamberano basin (subsp.). 

Genus EXCALFACTORIA Bonaparte 

Excalfactoria chinensis papuensis Mayr and Rand 

Excalfactoria chinensis papuensis Mayr and Rand, 1936, Amer. Mus. Novit., 
No. 868, p. 1. — Mafulu, southeast New Guinea. 

Range. — Eastern New Guinea, westward on the south coast as far as the Oriomo 
River, on the north coast to the Kumusi and upper Watut Rivers ; not yet recorded 
from Astrolabe Bay or Humboldt Bay. 

Grasslands from sea level to 1250 m. 

Family TURNICIDAE 
Bustard-quails 

Genus TURNIX Bonnaterre 

Turnix maculosa horsbrughi Ingram 
Turnix horsbrughi Ingram, 1909, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 23, p. 65.— Yule Island, 
southeast New Guinea. 



GRUIDAE-RALLIDAK 23 

Range.— South New Guinea from the Merauke district to the Aroa River and 
Port Moresby; Sudest group (Tagula, Veina), Louisiade Archipelago. 
Grasslands up to 100 m. 

Family GRUIDAE 
Cranes 

Genus GRUS Pallas 

Grus rubicunda (Perry) 

Ardca rubicunda Perry, 1810, Arcana, pt. 6, pi. 22. — Botany Bay, New South 
Wales. 

Range. — Northern and eastern Australia, south New Guinea from Frederik- 
Hendrik Island to the Fly River; northern New Guinea at the middle Sepik (north 
of Timbunke at 4° S., fide Kirschbaum). 

Extended lowland marshes. 

Family RALLIDAE 
Rails and Coots 

Genus RALLUS Linnaeus 

Rallus pectoralis mayri Hartert 
Rallus pectoralis mayri Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 121. — Kofo, Anggi 
Gidji, Arfak Mts. 

Range. — Arfak Mountains. 

Phragmites swamp on border of mountain-lake at 1900 m. 

Rallus pectoralis alberti (Rothschild and Hartert) 
Hypotaenidia brachypus alberti Rothschild and Hartert, 1907, Novit. Zool., 
14, p. 451. — Owgarra, Angabunga River. 
Range. — Mountains of southeast New Guinea between 1200 m. and 1800 m. 

Rallus pectoralis insulsus Greenway 
Rallus striatus insulsus Greenway, 1935, Proc. New England Zool. Club, 14, p. 
28.— Wau (3800 ft.), upper Watut region. 
Range. — Known only from the unique type. 

Rallus philippensis yorki (Mathews) 

Eulabeornis philippensis yorki Mathews, 1913, Austr. Av. Rec, 2, p. 6. — Cape 
York, Queensland. 

Range. — Northern Queensland, west and south New Guinea, eastward to the 
head of Geelvink Bay and the Merauke district; Kei Islands, southern Moluccas 
(subsp.). 

Rallus philippensis lacustris Mayr 
Rallus philippensis lacustris Mayr, 1938, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1007, p. 6.— 
I far, Sentani Lake. 
Range. — Sentani Lake, north New Guinea. 
Marshes bordering lowland lake. 



24 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Rallus philippensis reductus Mayr 

Rallus philippensis reductus Mayr, 1938, Amer. Mus. Novit, No. 1007, p. 6. — 
Long Island, off northeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Long Island and coast of northeast New Guinea from Astrolabe Bay 
to China Straits. 

Rallus torquatus limarius Peters 

Rallus torquatus limarius Peters, 1934, Check-List of Birds, 2, p. 166. — New 
name for Hypotaenidia saturata Sclater (ex Salvadori Ms.), 1880 (Aug. 4), Ibis, 
p. 310, note. — Salawati and Dorey Hum. Preoccupied by Rallus longirostris satu- 
ratus Ridgway, 1880 (July 6). 

Range. — Salawati and opposite coast of New Guinea, north to Dorey Hum. 

Lowland swamps. 

Genus PORZANA Vieillot 

Porzana tabuensis tabuensis (Gmelin) 

Rallus tabuensis Gmelin, 1789, Syst. Nat., 1, pt. 2, p. 717, no. 20. — Tonga Tabu, 
Tonga Islands. 

Range. — Polynesian Islands and several localities in the Papuan Region (Anggi 
Lakes, Arfak, Balim River, Oranje Mountains, Astrolabe Bay; Vuatom Is., New 
Britain). 

Porzana tabuensis richardsoni Rand 
Porzana tabuensis richardsoni Rand, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1072, p. 3. — 
Lake Habbema, 3225 m., central ranges. 
Range. — Known only from Lake Habbema, Oranje Mountains. 

Genus POLIOLIMNAS Sharpe 

Poliolimnas cinereus leucophrys (Gould) 

Porzana leucophrys Gould, 1847, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 33. — Port Essing- 
ton, Northern Territory. 

Erythra cinerea minima Schlegel, 1865, Mus. Pays-Bas, 5, Ralli, p. 34. — Utanata, 
southwest New Guinea. 

Range. — Serari and Bat j an, Moluccas, northern Australia, New Guinea (Utanata 
River, Fly River, south coast of southeast New Guinea, Astrolabe Bay, Sepik River, 
Sentani Lake), Fergusson Island, Bismarck Archipelago. 

Lowland swamps. 

Genu^ RALLICULA Schlegel 

Rallicula rubra rubra Schlegel 
Rallicula rubra Schlegel, 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 4, p. 55. — Arfak Mts. 
Range. — Arfak Mountains. 
Mountain forest. 

Rallicula rubra klossi Ogilvie-Grant 
Rallicula klossi Ogilvie-Grant, 1913, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 31, p. 104.— Utakwa 
River, Snow Mts. 



RALLIDAE 



25 



Range.— Weyland, Nassau and Oranje Mountains. 
Mountain forest from 1700 m. to 2500 m. 

Rallicula rubra subrubra Rand 

Rallicula rubra subrubra Rand, 1940, Aincr. Mus. Novit., No. 1072, p. 3.— Lake 
Habbema region. 

Range.— Known only from the slopes north of Mount Wilhelmina, Oranje Moun- 
tains between 2200 m. and 2800 m. 

Rallicula mayri * Hartert 
Rallicula rubra mayri Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 124. — Cyclops Mts. 
Range. — Cyclops Mountains. 
Mountain forest from 1200 m. to 2100 m. 

Rallicula forbesi dryas Mayr 

Rallicula rubra dryas Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 709.— Kulung- 
tufu, Saruwaged Alts. 

Range. — Saruwaged Mountains, Huon Peninsula. 

Rallicula forbesi forbesi Sharpe 

Rallicula forbesi Sharpe, 1887, in Gould's Birds of New Guinea, pt. 23, pi. [70]. 
— Owen Stanley Range. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea to Herzog Mountains (Mt. 
Misim). 

Mountain forest from 1200 m. to 2800 m. 

Rallicula forbesi steini Rothschild 

Rallicula leucospila steini Rothschild, 1934, Ornith. Monatsber., 42, p. 46. — Mt. 
Kunupi (1500 m.), Weyland Mts. 
Range. — Known only from the unique type. 

Rallicula leucospila (Salvadori) 

Corcthrura ? leucospila Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 975. — 
Arfak Mountains. 

Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop (Arfak, Tamrau) and Wandammen Moun- 
tains. 

Mountain forest from 1300 m. to 1800 m. 

Genus RALLINA Gray 

Rallina tricolor tricolor G. R. Gray 

Rallina tricolor G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 188.— Aru Islands. 
Eulabeornis tricolor grayi Mathews, 1911, Birds Austr., 1, p. 205. — New Guinea. 
Range. — Aru Islands, Waigeu, Japen, Dampier Island, and all New Guinea. 
Swampy lowland woods and marshes. 



1 The species mayri, forbesi, and leucospila form a superspecies. 



26 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Genus GYMNOCREX Salvadori 

Gymnocrex plumbeiventris plumbeiventris (Gray) 

Rallus plumbeiventris G. R. Gray, 1862, Proc. Zool. Soc. London (1861), p. 432. 
— Misol (not Morotai, as stated erroneously by Sharpe). 

Range. — Northern Moluccas, Misol, New Guinea except the south, Karkar and 
New Ireland. 

Lowlands. 

Gymnocrex plumbeiventris hoeveni (Schlegel) 
Rallus hoeveni Schlegel, 1866, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 3, p. 349. — Aru Islands. 
Range. — Aru Islands and south New Guinea between Setekwa and Fly Rivers. 

Genus EULABEORNIS Gould 

Eulabeornis castaneoventris sharpei Rothschild 
Eulabeornis castaneiventris sharpei Rothschild, 1906, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 16, 
p. 81. — Wokan, Aru Islands. 
Range. — Aru Islands. 
Mangrove swamps. 

Genus MEGACREX D'Albertis and Salvadori 

Megacrex inepta inepta D'Albertis and Salvadori 

Megacrex inepta D'Albertis and Salvadori, 1879, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 14, 
p. 130.— Fly River (400 miles inland). 

Range. — South New Guinea, known from Setekwa, Noord, Digul and Fly 
Rivers. 

Lowland swamps. 

Megacrex inepta pallida Rand 
Megacrex inepta pallida Rand, 1938, Amer. Mus. Novit, No. 990, p. 4. — Hoi, 
Humboldt Bay. 
Range. — North New Guinea (known from Humboldt Bay and Sepik River). 

Genus AMAURORNIS Reichenbach 

Amaurornis olivaceus moluccanus (Wallace) 

Porsana moluccana Wallace, 1865, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 480. — Amboina 
and Ternate, Moluccas. 

Gallinula Frankii Schlegel, 1879, Notes Leyden Mus., 1, p. 163. — Vogelkop. 

Range. — Islands of Sangir and Siao, the northern and southern Moluccas, Misol, 
Biak, and New Guinea except the south (recorded from: Vogelkop, Mamberano 
River, Sentani Lake, Ramu River, Astrolabe Bay and southeastern New Guinea). 

Lowland swamps. 

Amaurornis olivaceus ruficrissum (Gould) 
Gallinula ruficrissa Gould, 1869, Birds Austr., Suppl., pt. 5, pi. [79]. — Cape River, 
Queensland. 
Range. — Northern Australia and south New Guinea (Daru and Oriomo River). 



OTIDAE-JACANIDAE 27 

Genus GALLINULA Brisson 

Gallinula tenebrosa neumanni Hartcrt 
Gallinula tenebrosa neumanni Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 123. — Ifar, 
Sentani Lake, north New Guinea. 
Range. — Known only from the type locality. 

Gallinula tenebrosa frontata Wallace 
Gallinula frontata Wallace, 1863, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 35. — Buru. 
Range. — Southeastern Borneo, Lesser Sunda Islands, Celebes and southern Mo- 
luccas; (subsp.?) southeast New Guinea (Hall Sound, Laloki River). 

Genus PORPHYRIO Brisson 

Porphyrio porphyrio melanopterus Bonaparte 

Porphyria melanopterus Bonaparte, 1856, Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris, 43, 
p. 599.— Seran. 

Range. — Moluccas, Aru Islands, New Guinea, Trobriand Island, Woodlark 
Island and Misima. 

Swamps, occasionally also native plantations and swampy second growth woods 
in lowlands. 

Genus FULICA Linnaeus 

Fulica atra novaeguineae Rand 

Fulica atra novaeguineae Rand, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1072, p. 4. — Lake 
Habbema, 3225 m. 

Range. — Lake Habbema, Oranje Mountains (3200 m. to 3700 m.), and (subsp.?) 
Anggi Lakes, Arfak Mountains (2000 m.). 

Family OTIDAE 
Bustards 

Genus CHORIOTIS Gray 

Choriotis australis (Gray) 
Otis Australis J. E. Gray, 1829, in Griffith's Anim. Kingdom, 8 (Aves, 3), p. 
305.— New South Wales. 
Range. — Australia and south New Guinea (Wuroi and Tarara). 
Open savanna. 

Family JACANIDAE 
Jacanas 

Genus IREDIPARRA Mathews 

Irediparra gallinacea novae-guinae (Ramsay) 
Parra novae-guinae Ramsay, 1879, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 3 (1878), 
p. 298. — Vicinity of Port Moresby. 



28 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Range. — Aru Islands, Misol, Fergusson and New Guinea except the south. Re- 
corded from: Sentani Lake, Aitape district, Sepik River, south coast of south- 
eastern New Guinea. 

Lakes, ponds, etc. in lowlands. 

Irediparra gallinacea novaehollandiae (Salvadori) 

Hydralector novae hollandiae Salvadori, 1882, Orn. Pap. Mol., 3, p. 309. — Aus- 
tralia. 

Range. — Northern and eastern Australia; southern New Guinea from the 
Setekwa River to the Fly River. 

Family HAEMATOPODIDAE 

Oyster-Catchers 

Genus HAEMATOPUS Linnaeus 

Haematopus ostralegus longirostris Vieillot 

Haematopus longirostris Vieillot, 1817, Nouv. Diet. d'Hist. Nat., nouv. ed., 15, 
p. 410.— New South Wales. 

Range. — Coast of Tasmania and Australia, ranging northward to Kei and South- 
east Islands, Aru Islands, south coast of New Guinea between Utanata River and 
Orangerie Bay, islands of Torres Straits and Misima. — Apparently only a winter 
visitor in most of its tropical range. 

Family CHARADRIIDAE 

Plovers 

Genus LOBIBYX Heine 

Lobibyx miles (Boddaert) 

Tringa miles Boddaert, 1783, Tabl. Planch. Enlum., p. 51. — "Louisiana," in error 
for Timor Laut designated by Mathews, 1912. 

Lobivanellus personatus Gould, 1842, Birds Austr., pt. 8, pi. [14]. — Coburg Penin- 
sula, Northern Territory. 

Range. — Northern Australia, Amboina, Timor Laut, Babber, Kei Islands, Aru 
Islands, New Guinea (Merauke, Katau River, Daru, southeast New Guinea, Ramu, 
Sepik Rivers). — Most New Guinea birds, except in the south, were collected during 
the Australian winter and are obviously winter visitors. 

Genus SQUATAROLA Cuvier 

Squatarola squatarola (Linnaeus) 

Tringa Squatarola Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, p. 149. — Sweden. 

Range. — Breeding in the Holarctic tundras. — On migration all through the trop- 
ics and in most parts of the southern hemisphere. In the Papuan Region recorded 
from several localities on New Guinea, also from Fergusson Island and the Cal- 
vados group. 



CHARADRIIDAE 



Genus PLUVIALIS Brisson 



29 



Pluvialis dominica fulva (Gmclin) 

Charadrius fulvus Gmeun, 1789, Syst. Nat., 1, pt. 2, p. 687.— Tahiti. 

Range.— Breeds in northern and eastern Siberia, eastward to Alaska. Winters 
from India to Australia and Oceania. Fairly common in the Papuan Region: New 
Guinea, Aru Islands, Waigeu, Biak, D'Entrecasteaux and Louisiade Archipelagoes. 

Genus CHARADRIUS Linnaeus 

Charadrius dubius curonicus Gmclin 

Charadrius curonicus Gmelin, 1789, Syst. Nat., 1, pt. 2, p. 692.— Kurland, Baltic 
States. 

Range. — Breeds from Sweden and north Africa across Europe and northern 
Asia to eastern Siberia, north China and Japan. Winters throughout the eastern 
tropics from Africa to south China, the Malay Archipelago and the Philippines 
One record from the Papuan Region (Japen Island). 

Charadrius dubius papuanus Mayr 

Charadrius dubius papuanus Mayr, 1938, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1007, p. 13 — 
Upper Setekwa River, foot of Nassau Mts., Dutch New Guinea. 

Range. — New Ireland and New Guinea (Sentani Lake, Astrolabe Bay, Rami: 
River, Markham River, Biolowat River, Orangerie Bay, Galley Reach, Laloki 
River, Port Moresby district, Noord River and Setekwa River). 

Sea and lake shore, gravel beds on rivers up to 800 m. 

Charadrius alexandrinus ruficapillus Temminck 

Charadrius ruficapillus Temminck, 1822, Planch. Col. d'Ois., livr. 8, pi. 47, fig. 
2. — "Oceania" = New South Wales. 

Range. — Tasmania, Australia, islands of Torres Straits and supposedly along 
south coast of New Guinea. No recent records; possibly to be removed from the 
list of New Guinea birds. 

Charadrius mongolus mongolus Pallas 

Charadrius mongolus Pallas, 1776, Reise versch. Prov. Russ. Reichs, 3, p. 700. — 
Siberia toward the Mongolian border. 

Range. — Breeds from eastern Siberia, Commander Islands to Alaska (rarely) 
and south to Mongolia. During migration and winter : Japan, eastern China, 
Philippines, Caroline and Marianne Islands, Lesser Sunda Islands, Celebes, Moluc- 
cas, Australia, New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago, Solomon Islands, eastward as 
far as Tucopia. In the Papuan Region recorded from several places in New 
Guinea, Aru Islands, Schildpad Island, Waigeu, Batanta, Salawati, Louisiade 
Archipelago. 

Charadrius leschenaultii leschenaultii Lesson 

Charadrius Leschenaultii Lesson, 1826, Diet. Sci. Nat., ed. Levrault, 42, p. 36. — 
Pondicherry, India. 

Charadrius geoffroyi Wagler, 1827. 

Range. — Breeds from Turkestan and Persia across Asia to Korea. Winters in 
South Africa, India, Sunda Islands, Philippines, Micronesia, Moluccas, Bismarck 
Archipelago, Solomon Islands, Australia and Papuan Region (fairly common on 



30 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

the shores of New Guinea, also recorded from Aru Islands, Misol, Salawati, 
Waigeu, Sudest and Rossel Islands). 

Genus EUPODA Brandt 

Eupoda asiatica vereda (Gould) 

Charadrius veredus Gould, 1848, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 38. — Northern 
Australia. 

Range. — Breeds in Mongolia from the Changai Mountains, eastward to Jehol. 
During migration and in winter found in China, Japan, Malay Archipelago, Celebes, 
Moluccas, Kei Islands and Australia. Only two reliable records from the Papuan 
Region : Aru Islands and Astrolabe Bay. 

Family SCOLOPACIDAE 

Sandpipers, Curlew and Snipe 

Genus NUMENIUS Brisson 

Numenius minutus Gould 

Numenius minutus Gould, 1841, Proc. Zool. Soc. London (1840), p. 176. — New 
South Wales. 

Range. — Breeds in central and eastern Siberia. Migrates through eastern Asia 
to the Moluccas, Kei Islands and Australia. Recorded only from two localities in 
the Papuan Region : Aru Islands and Astrolabe Bay. 

Numenius phaeopus variegatus (Scopoli) 

Tantalus variegatus Scopoli, 1786, Del Flor. et Faun. Insubr., fasc. 2, p. 92. — 
Luzon. 

Range. — Breeds in eastern Siberia. Winters in the Indo-Australian Archipelago, 
Micronesia, western Polynesia, Melanesia, Australia and the Papuan Region. 
Found fairly commonly on New Guinea, also recorded from Aru Islands, Gebe, 
Salawati, Waigeu, Japen, Biak, Traitors Island, Manam, Misima, Rossel Island. 

Numenius madagascariensis (Linnaeus) 

Scolopax madagascariensis Linnaeus, 1766, Syst. Nat., ed. 12, 1, p. 242. — "Mad- 
agascar," error for Philippines, substituted by Stresemann, 1941. 

Numenius cyanopus Vieillot, 1817. 

Range. — Breeds in eastern Siberia. Winters from China and Japan south to 
the Philippines, Sunda Islands, Moluccas, Kei Islands, Australia, New Guinea and 
Solomon Islands. In the Papuan Region apparently only recorded from the mouth 
of the Mimika River, from Merauke, Yule Island (Hall Sound) and Port Moresby. 

Genus LIMOSA Brisson 

Limosa limosa melanuroides Gould 

Limosa Melanuroides Gould, 1846, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 84. — Port Essing- 
ton, north Australia. 

Range. — Breeds in eastern Asia. On migration over China to the Philippines, 
Malay Archipelago, eastward to the Bismarck Archipelago and Australia. Once 
recorded from New Guinea (Stephansort, Astrolabe Bay). 



SCOLOPACIDAE 31 

Limosa lapponica novaezealandiae Gray 

Limosa lapponica var. Novae Zealandiae Gray, 1846, Voy. Erebus and Terror, 
p. 13. — New Zealand. 

Limosa Baucri Naumann, 1836 (nomen nudum?). 

Range. — Breeds in northeastern Siberia and across Bering Straits to north- 
western North America. Migrates through eastern Asia, Philippine Islands, 
Greater Sunda Islands and Western Oceania. Winters in New Zealand, Australia 
and the Papuan Islands. Recorded from the Aru Islands, Rossel Island and from 
all parts of New Guinea. 

Genus TRINGA Linnaeus 

[Tringa stagnatilis Bechstein 
Breeds in the Palearctic. In the winter from Africa to the Moluccas and Aus- 
tralia. No records yet from the Papuan Region.] 

Tringa nebularia (Gunnerus) 

Scolopax nebularia Gunnerus, 1767, in Leem's Beskr. Finm. Lapper, p. 251. — 
Trondhjem, Norway. 

Range. — Breeds from northern Europe across Asia to Kamtchatka. Winters in 
Africa, India, Malay Archipelago eastward to Australia, New Zealand and the 
Papuan Region. Recorded from the Aru Islands and a few times from New 
Guinea (Merauke, Daru). 

Tringa glareola Linnaeus 

Tringa Glareola Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, p. 149. — Sweden. 

Range. — Breeds from northern Europe across Asia to Kamtchatka. Winters 
throughout Africa, India, southeastern Asia, Malaysia, Philippines, eastward to 
Palau, the Moluccas, Australia and the Papuan Region. Recorded from Waigeu 
and the Mimika River. 

Genus XENUS » Kaup 

Xenus cinereus (Giildenstaedt) 

Scolopax cinerea Guldenstaedt, 1774, Novi Comm. Sci. Petropol., 19, p. 473, 
pi. 19. — Caspian Sea. 

Range. — Breeds from northern Europe to central Asia. Winters from Africa, 
India, Malaysia to Australia, Tasmania and the Papuan Region (Wanggar, Mimika 
River, Merauke, Daru). 

Genus A OTITIS Illiger 

Actitis hypoleucos (Linnaeus) 

Tringa Hypoleucos Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, p. 149. — Sweden. 

Range. — Breeds from Europe across Asia to Japan. Winters from Africa 
through the Indian, Malayan and Chinese regions to Australia and the Papuan 
Region. Recorded from all parts of New Guinea and most of the neighboring 
islands. Frequently inland and up to 1600 m. 



1 Terekia auctorum. 



32 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Genus HETEROSCELUS Baird 

Heteroscelus incanus brevipes (Vieillot) 

Totanns brevipes Vieillot, 1816, Nouv. Diet. d'Hist. Nat., nouv. ed., 6, p. 410. — 
Timor. 

Range. — Breeds in eastern Siberia (Baikal Mountains to Kamtchatka). Mi- 
grates through Japan and eastern Asia to Micronesia, Philippines, Malay Archi- 
pelago, Celebes, Solomon Islands, Papuan Region, Australia and Norfolk Island. 
In the Papuan Region recorded from Waigeu, Biak, Misima, Tagula, Rossel and 
numerous localities in all parts of New Guinea. 

Heteroscelus incanus incanus (Gmelin) 

Scolopax incana Gmelin, 1789, Syst. Nat., 1, pt. 2, p. 658. — Eastern Polynesia. 

Range. — Breeds in northwestern North America. Winters from the west coast 
of the Americas through Oceania, occasionally as far west as New Zealand, Aus- 
tralia, Melanesia and Micronesia. In the Papuan Region recorded from New 
Guinea, Waigeu, Aru Islands and Manam Island. 

Genus ARENARIA Brisson 

Arenaria interpres interpres (Linnaeus) 

Tringa Interpres Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, p. 148. — Sweden. 

Range. — From northern Europe across Asia to Kamtchatka and Alaska. On 
migration along the beaches of almost any part of the world except in the Ant- 
arctic. In the Papuan Region recorded from the Aru Islands, Misol, Woodlark 
Island and several localities on New Guinea (north and south coasts). 

Genus CAPELLA Frenzel 

Capella megala (Swinhoe) 

Gallinago megala Swinhoe, 1861, Ibis, p. 343. — Peking, China. 

Range. — Breeds in east-central Asia. Migrates through eastern Asia to the 
Philippines, Malaysia, Celebes, Moluccas, Australia and the Papuan Region (Biak 
Island, Arfak Mountains, Setekwa River, Herzog Mountains, southeast New 
Guinea). 

Capella hardwickii (Gray) 

Scolopax Hardwickii J. E. Gray, 1831, Zool. Misc., p. 16. — Tasmania. 

Range. — Breeds in the Kurile Islands (?) and in Japan from Hokkaido to 
Kiusiu. Winters in Australia and Tasmania. One New Guinea record from 
Mount Wilhelmina, 3550 m. (Rand, 1941). 

Genus SCOLOPAX Linnaeus 

Scolopax saturata rosenbergii Schlegel 

Scolopax Rosenbergii Schlegel, 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 4, p. 54. — Arfak 
Mts. 

Range. — Tamrau, Arfak, Oranje, Mamberano and Saruwaged Mountains and 
mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 

Mountain forest at about 2400 m., clearings and marshy places above timber line 
up to 3700 m., in the Arfak Mountains apparently down to 1600 m. 



RECURVIROSTRIDAE 33 

Genus CALIDRIS Merrem 

Calidris tenuirostris * (Horsfield) 

Totanus tcnuirostris Horsfield, 1821, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 13, pt. 1, p. 
192.— Java. 

Range. — Breeds in northeastern Siberia (Kolyma, Anadyr). Winters from In- 
dia through Malaysia to the Moluccas and Australia. In the Papuan Region re- 
corded from Port Moresby, Astrolabe Bay, and Kiriwina, Trobriand Islands. 

[Crocethia alba (Pallas) 
Breeds in the Arctic regions of Europe, Asia and North America. During mi- 
gration and in winter of almost world-wide distribution. No records yet from 
the Papuan Region.] 

Genus EROLIA Vieillot 

Erolia ruficollis 2 (Pallas) 

Trynga ruficollis Pallas, 1776, Reise versch. Prov. Russ. Reichs, 3, p. 700. — 
Transbaikalia. 

Range. — Breeds in northeastern Siberia and northwestern America. Winters in 
eastern and southeastern Asia, the Philippines, the Malay Archipelago, Australia, 
New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago and Solomon Islands. In the Papuan Re- 
gion recorded from Salawati, Aru, Misima and about six localities in various parts 
of New Guinea. 

Erolia acuminata (Horsfield) 

Totanus acuminatus Horsfield, 1821, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 13, pt. 1, p. 
192.— Java. 

Range. — Breeds in northeastern Siberia. Migrates through eastern Asia to the 
Malay Archipelago, Western Oceania and Australia. In the Papuan Region re- 
corded from Aru Islands, Waigeu, Salawati, Misima and about eight localities 
on New Guinea. 

[Limicola falcinellus sibirica Dresser 
Breeds in northeastern Siberia. Winters from eastern India to Australia. No 
New Guinea records yet.] 

Family RECURVIROSTRIDAE 

Stilts and Avocets 

Genus HIMANTOPUS Brisson 

Himantopus himantopus leucocephalus Gould 

Himantopus leucocephalus Gould, 1837, Synops. Bds. Austr., pt. 2, pi. 34. — Aus- 
tralia, restricted to New South Wales. 

Range. — Philippines, Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Celebes, Moluccas, 
Bismarck Archipelago, Australia and the Papuan Region (Triton Bay, Merauke. 



1 Tringa crassirostris of Salvadori. 
- Tringa albescens of Salvadori. 



34 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Hall Sound, Astrolabe Bay, Ramu and Sepik Rivers, also Misol, Fergusson, Misima 
Islands. In part of its tropical range apparently only as winter visitor from Aus- 
tralia. No definite breeding records from the New Guinea area but south New 
Guinea records during the breeding season.) 

Family PHALAROPODIDAE 

Phalaropes 

Genus PHALAROPUS Brisson 

Phalaropus (Lobipes) lobatus (Linnaeus) 

Tringa lobata Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, p. 148.— Hudson Bay, North 
America. 

Range. — Breeds in the arctic and subarctic regions of the Palearctic and Ne- 
arctic. Winters at sea in the northwestern Indian Ocean, off the coasts of Peru 
and West Africa. Very common between Halmahera and Waigeu and along the 
north coast of New Guinea between Waigeu and Dampier Islands. Also recorded 
from the Aru Islands and near Misol. 

Family BURHINIDAE 

Thick-knees 

Genus ESACUS 1 Lesson 

Esacus magnirostris (Vieillot) 

Oedicnemus magnirostris Vieillot, 1818, Nouv. Diet. d'Hist. Nat., nouv. ed., 
23, p. 231 (ex Geoffroy S. Hilaire). — Australia. 

Range. — Across the Indo-Australian Archipelagoes from the Andaman Islands, 
the Malay Peninsula and the Philippines, eastward to the Solomon Islands, New 
Guinea, Australia and New Caledonia. In the Papuan Region recorded from the 
Aru Islands, Waigeu, Misol, Schildpad Island, Salawati, Batanta, Biak, Japen, 
Fergusson Island, Woodlark, Misima, as well as from a number of localities along 
the coast of southern and northern New Guinea. 

Reefs and sandy beaches. 

Family GLAREOLIDAE 

Coursers 

Genus STILTIA Gray 

Stiltia Isabella (Vieillot) 

Glareola Isabella Vieillot, 1816, Analyse, p. 69. — Australia. 

Range. — Breeds in Australia and possibly also in south New Guinea (young 
bird taken at Merauke). Migrates to Borneo, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Cele- 
bes, the Moluccas, Waigeu, Salawati, Aru Islands and New Guinea (Astrolabe 
Bay, Utanata River, Digul River). 



1 Including Orthorhamphns Salvadori. 



LARIDAE 35 

Genus GLAREOLA Brisson 

Glareola maldivarum J. R. Forster 

Glarcola (Pratiucola) Maldivarum J. R. Forster, 1795, Faunula Indica, ed. 2, 
p. 11. — Maldive Islands. 

Range.— Breeds in eastern and southern Asia. On migration or in the winter 
through the Malay Archipelago to Australia. Once recorded from the Papuan 
Region (Island of Lakahia, southwest New Guinea) (von Rosenberg coll.). 

Family LARIDAE 1 
Gulls and Terns 

Genus LARUS Linnaeus 

Larus novae-hollandiae forsteri (Mathews) 

Bruchigavia novae-hollandiae forsteri Mathews, 1912, Birds Austr., 2, p. 457. — 
New Caledonia. 

Range. — New Caledonia, coasts of northern Australia, islands of Torres Straits, 
as far as Daru Island, south New Guinea. 

Genus CHLIDONIAS Rafinesque 

Chlidonias hybrida fluviatilis (Gould) 

Hydrochelidon fluziatilis Gould, 1843, Proc. Zool. Soc. London (1842), p. 140. — 
Interior of New South Wales. 

Range. — Australia, Moluccas and New Guinea (Ramu River, Sepik River, Sen- 
tani Lake, Merauke, Sorong and Salawati). 

Shallow lowland lakes, lagoons, slow flowing lowland rivers. 

Genus GELOCHELIDON Brehm 

Gelochelidon nilotica macrotarsa (Gould) 
Sterna macrotarsa Gould, 1837, Birds Austr., pt. 2, pi. [37], fig. 2. — Tasmania. 
Range. — Australia and Tasmania. Visits coast of south New Guinea between 
Merauke and Coutance Island. 

Genus STERNA Linnaeus 

Sterna hirundo longipennis Nordmann 

Sterna longipennis Nordmann. 1835, in Erman's Verz. Thierk. Pflanz., p. 17. — 
Mouth of the Kutchui River, eastern Siberia. 

Range. — Breeds in northeastern Asia. Migrates along the coasts of China and 
Japan and winters in the Moluccas, the Aru Islands, New Guinea, Louisiade Archi- 
pelago, Bismarck Archipelago and Solomon Islands. 

Sterna dougallii bangsi Mathews 
Sterna dougallii bangsi Mathews, 1912, Birds Austr., 2, p. 364. — Foochow, 
China. 



1 The species of this family have not been critically revised. 



36 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Range. — Tropical seas from the coast of southeastern Asia across the Malay 
Archipelago to the Solomon Islands and New Caledonia. Recorded from the Aru 
Islands, New Guinea (Huon Gulf, Merauke) and the D'Entrecasteaux Islands. 

Sea shore. 

Sterna sumatrana sumatrana Raffles 

Sterna Sumatrana Raffles, 1822, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 13, pt. 2, p. 329. — 
Sumatra. 

Sterna mclanauchen Temminck, 1827. 

Range. — From the Indian Ocean and the coast of China across the tropical part 
of the western Pacific to Micronesia, Melanesia, the Papuan Region, Australia, 
New Caledonia and the Loyalty Islands. 

Prefers small coral islets for its breeding colonies. 

Sterna anaethetus anaethetus Scopoli 

Sterna Anaethetus Scopoli, 1786, Del. Flor. et Faun. Insubr., fasc. 2, p. 92. — 
Philippine Islands. 

Range. — From the China Sea through Philippines and Sunda Islands to Aus- 
tralia and the Papuan Region (Misol, Aru Islands, Misima, Manam, Humboldt 
Bay, Huon Gulf and Port Moresby). 

Sterna fuscata serrata Wagler 
Sterna serrata Wagler, 1830, Natursyst. Amphib., p. 89, note. — New Caledonia. 
Range. — Coasts of Australia, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Moluccas, Ad- 
miralty Islands, Bismarck Archipelago and Solomon Islands. 

Sterna albifrons sinensis Gmelin 

Sterna sinensis Gmelin, 1789, Syst. Nat., 1, pt. 2, p. 608. — China. 

Range. — Korea and Japan, south along the coast of eastern China and Indo- 
China, and eastward through the Philippines, Celebes and Lesser Sunda Islands to 
the Bismarck Archipelago, New Guinea (northern and southern coasts) and Aus- 
tralia. 

Sea shore and lowland rivers. 

Genus THALASSEUS Boie 

Thalasseus bergii cristatus (Stephens) 

Sterna cristata Stephens, 1826, in Shaw's Gen. Zool., 13, pt. 1, p. 146. — China 
(restricted type locality). 
Sterna Bernsteinii Schlegel, 1863. 

Range. — From the Malay Peninsula and the Riukiu Islands to Australia and 
eastern Polynesia. Recorded throughout the Papuan Region. 

Thalasseus bengalensis torresii Gould 

Thalasseus Torresii Gould, 1843, Proc. Zool. Soc. London (1842), p. 140. — Port 
Essington. 

Range. — Coasts of northern Australia, islands of Torres Straits, Aru Islands, 
and Yule Island, south New Guinea. 



, 



COLUMBIDAE 

Genus ANOUS Stephens 



37 



Anous stolidus pileatus (Scopoli) 

Sterna pileata Scopoli, 1786, Del. Flor. et Faun. Insubr., fasc. 2, p. 92.— Philip- 
pines. 

Range. — From the Indian Ocean (Seychelles and Madagascar) to the Pacific 
(Australia, Tuamotus, Bonin Islands). Breeds in the Bismarck Archipelago and 
off the Queensland coast but apparently not in the New Guinea region, although it 
is rather common in the coastal waters. 

Anous minutus minutus Boie 

Anous minutus Boie, 1844, Isis, col. 188. — Raine Island, Queensland (restricted 
type locality). 

Range.— Islands in the tropical Pacific Ocean from the New Guinea region and 
Queensland to the Tuamotu group. 

Genus GYGIS Wagler 

Gygis alba Candida (Gmelin) 

Sterna Candida Gmelin, 1789, Syst. Nat., 1, pt. 2, p. 607. — Christmas Island, 
Polynesia. 

Range. — From Micronesia to eastern Polynesia. In the Papuan Region re- 
ported only from a small island in Geelvink Bay (Ajawi = Meos Kairu). 

Family COLUMBIDAE 
Pigeons and Doves 

Genus PTILINOPUS Swainson 

Ptilinopus regina regina Swainson 

Ptilinopus purpuratus var. Regina Swainson, 1825, Zool. Journ., 1, p. 474. — New 
South Wales. 

Range. — Eastern Australia from New South Wales to Cape York and south 
New Guinea where it has only been recorded from Daru Island. 

Lowland forest and mangrove (?). 

Ptilinopus superbus superbus (Temminck) 

Columba Superba Temminck, 1810, in Knip's Les Pigeons, les Colombes, p. 75, 
pi. 33. — "Tahiti," in error for Moluccas. 

Range. — The Moluccas, western Papuan Islands, islands in Geelvink Bay (Num- 
for and Japen), Aru Islands, New Guinea, Karkar and Manam, D'Entrecasteaux 
and Louisiade Archipelagoes, Admiralty Islands, Bismarck Archipelago, Solomon 
Islands, islands of Torres Straits, and Australia from Cape York to New South 
Wales. 

Lowland forest, mangrove, edge of forest, second growth formations; up to 
1250 m. 

Ptilinopus pulchellus pulchellus (Temminck) 
Columba pulchclla Temminck, 1835, Planch. Col. d'Ois., livr. 95, pi. 564.— Lobo, 
Triton Bay. 



38 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Range. — Western Papuan Islands (Waigeu, Batanta, Salawati and Misol) and 
all New Guinea, except portion occupied by decorus. 
Lowland forest up to 1250 m. 

Ptilinopus pulchellus decorus Madarasz 

Ptilopus decorus Madarasz, 1910, Ann. Mus. Nat. Hung., 8, p. 173, pi. 2, left 
hand fig. — Czinyagi, Astrolabe Bay. 

Range. — Northern New Guinea from the east shore of Geelvink Bay eastward 
to Astrolabe Bay. 

Ptilinopus coronulatus trigeminus Salvadori 
Ptilonopus trigeminus Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 787 (in 
key). — Sorong and Salawati. 

Range. — Salawati and western part of the Vogelkop. 

Ptilinopus coronulatus geminus Salvadori 

Ptilonopus geminus Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 786. — Ansus, 
Jobi. 

Range. — Islands of Geelvink Bay (Japen and Kurudu) and northern New 
Guinea from Takar westward as far as Manokwari. 

Lowland forest. 

Ptilinopus coronulatus quadrigeminus A. B. Meyer 
Ptilopus quadrigeminus A. B. Meyer, 1890, Ibis, p. 421. — Konstantinhafen, 

Astrolabe Bay. 
Range. — Northern New Guinea between Humboldt Bay and Astrolabe Bay; 

Manam Island. 

Ptilinopus coronulatus huonensis A. B. Meyer 

Ptilopus coronulatus huonensis A. B. Meyer, 1892, Journ. f. Ornith., 40, p. 263. 
— Butaueng, Huon Gulf. 

Range. — Northern coast of southeastern New Guinea from Huon Gulf (Finsch- 
hafen) to Goodenough Bay (Baniara). 

Ptilinopus coronulatus coronulatus G. R. Gray 

Ptilonopus coronulatus G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 185, pi. 138. 
— Aru Islands. 

Range. — South coast of New Guinea from the Mimika River to Milne Bay; 
Aru Islands. 

Forest and wooded savanna up to 1000 m. 

Ptilinopus iozonus humeralis Wallace 

Ptilonopus humeralis Wallace, 1862, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 166, pi. 21. — 
Salawati Island. 

Range. — Western Papuan Islands (Salawati and Waigeu), northwestern New 
Guinea and south New Guinea, as far east as the Noord River. 

Ptilinopus iozonus pseudohumeralis Rand 
Ptilinopus iozonus pseudohumeralis Rand, 1938, Amer. Mus. Novit, No. 990, p. 
5. — Junction of Black and Palmer Rivers. 
Range. — Upper Fly River. 



COLUMBIDAE 39 

Ptilinopus iozonus iozonus G. R. Gray 
Ptilonopus iozonus G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 186. — Aru 
Islands. 
Range. — Aru Islands. 

Ptilinopus iozonus finschi Mayr 

Ptilinopus iozonus finschi Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 705. — 
Finschhafen, Huon Gulf. 

Range. — Southeastern New Guinea, westward to the Huon Peninsula in the 
north and to the Merauke district in the south, meeting pscudohumcralis on the 
middle Fly River. 

Lowland forest and open woods up to 700 m. 

Ptilinopus iozonus jobiensis Schlegel 

Ptihpus humeralis jobiensis Schlegel, 1873, Mus. Pays-Bas, 4, Columbae, p. 16. 
— Japen. 

Ptilopus biroi Madarasz, 1897, Termes. Fiizetek, 20, p. 47, pi. 1. — Friedrich 
Wilhelmshafen, Astrolabe Bay. 

Range. — Northern New Guinea from the Mamberano River to Astrolabe Bay; 
Japen, Manam and Tarawai. 

Ptilinopus rivoli prasinorrhous G. R. Gray 

Ptilonopus prasinorrhous G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 185. — Kei 
Islands. 

Range. — The southern Moluccas (except Buru), Kur and Goramlaut Islands, 
Kei Islands, western Papuan Islands (Kofiau, Misol, Schildpad Is., Salawati, 
Batanta, Waigeu, Gagi and Gebe) and small islands and islets in Geelvink Bay 
(such as Numfor, Pulu Manim, Traitor's Island (Padaido) and Meos Korwar). 
No reliable records from Japen or Biak. 

Coral islands and coastal woods of larger islands. 

Ptilinopus rivoli miquelii Schlegel 
Ptilopus Miquelii Schlegel (ex von Rosenberg MS.), 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. 
Dierk., 4 (1873), p. 22. — Miosnom and Jobi. 
Range. — Meos Num and Japen, Geelvink Bay. 
Lowland forest up to 450 m. 

Ptilinopus rivoli strophium Gould 

Ptilinopus strophium Gould, 1850, in Jardine's Contr. Orn., p. 105, note. — Du- 
chateau Islands, Louisiade Archipelago. 

Range. — Bonvouloir group (East and Hastings Is.), Woodlark group (Egum 
and Alcester) and Louisiade Archipelago (Duchateau, Misima, Tagula and 
Rossel) ; doubtfully recorded from the islands off the coast between Port Moresby 
and Milne Bay. 

Ptilinopus rivoli bellus Sclater 

Ptilonopus bellus Sclater, 1874, Proc. Zool. Soc. London (1873), p. 696, pi. 57.— 
Hatam, Arfak Mts. 

Ptilopus patruelis A. B. Meyer, 1886, Zeitschr. ges. Ornith., 3, p. 27, pi. 6.— 
Southeast New Guinea. 



40 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Ptilopus bellus, var. orientalis De Vis, 1894, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea 1893-94, 
p. 104. — Mt. Maneao, southeast New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of New Guinea; Goodenough Island (subsp.). 

Hill and mountain forest from 800 m. to 2800 m., occasionally to sea level at 
the foot of the mountains. 

Ptilinopus solomonensis speciosus Schlegel 

Ptilopus speciosus Schlegel (ex von Rosenberg MS.), 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. 
Dierk., 4 (1873), p. 23.— Mafor and Soek. 

Range. — Islands in Geelvink Bay: Numfor, Biak, Traitor's Island (Padaido), 
and Marai Island, near Japen. 

Lowland forest. 

Ptilinopus viridis vicinus Hartert 
Ptilopus lewisii vicinus Hartert, 1895, Novit. Zool., 2, p. 62. — Fergusson Island. 
Range. — D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago (Fergusson and Goodenough) and Tro- 
briand Islands. 

Ptilinopus viridis geelvinkianus Schlegel 

Ptilopus viridis stirps Geelvinkiana Schlegel, 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 4 
(1873), p. 23. — Mafor, Miosnom and Soek. 

Ptilopus Musschcnbroekii Schlegel (ex von Rosenberg MS.), ibidem. — Alternate 
name for geelvinkianus. 

Range. — Islands in Geelvink Bay (Numfor, Pulu Manim, Biak, Meos Num, and 
Marai Is., near Japen). One very doubtful record from Manokwari. 

Ptilinopus viridis pectoralis (Wagler) 

Columba pectoralis Wagler, 1829, Oken's Isis, 22, p. 740. — No locality given, 
type locality hereby fixed to Manokwari. 

Range. — Western Papuan Islands (Gebe, Waigeu, Gagi, Kofiau and Misol) and 
northwestern New Guinea, east to Geelvink Bay (Mansinam and Andai) and 
Triton Bay (Lobo). Erroneous records (by von Rosenberg) from Numfor and 
Biak. 

Ptilinopus viridis salvadorii Rothschild 

Ptilopus salvadorii Rothschild, 1892, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 1, p. 10. — J obi 
Island. 

Range. — Japen and northern New Guinea from the Mamberano (?) to the 
Cyclops Mountains. 

Lowland forest up to 600 m. 

Ptilinopus nanus minimus Stresemann and Paludan 

Ptilinopus nanus minimus Stresemann and Paludan, 1932, Novit. Zool., 38, p. 
182.— Waigeu. 
Range. — Western Papuan Islands (Waigeu, Salawati and Misol). 

Ptilinopus nanus nanus (Temminck) 

Columba naina [sic!] Temminck, 1835, Planch. Col. d'Ois., livr. 95, pi. 565. — 
Lobo. Triton Bay. 



COLUMBIDAE 



41 



Range.— Southern and southeastern New Guinea from the Vogelkop (Sorong) 
to the Hydrographcr Mountains. 
Lowland forest. 

Ptilinopus wallacii Gray 

Ptitonopus Jl'allaeii G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 185, pi. 136. — 
Aru Islands. 

Range.— Babar Island, Banda, Timorlaut, Southeast Islands (Kur and Tayandu), 
Kei, Aru Islands, and south New Guinea (Mimika and Noord Rivers). 

Lowland forest near coast and rivers. 

Ptilinopus aurantiifrons Gray 

Ptilonopus aurantiifrons G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 185, pi. 
137. — Aru Islands. 

Ptilopus aurantiifrons var. Novac-Guincae A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. 
Wiss. Wien, 69, p. 509. — Passim, west coast of Geelvink Bay. 

Range. — Western Papuan Islands (Misol, Batanta, Salawati), Japen and Aru 
Islands, all of New Guinea except the northeast coast (between Sepik River and 
Collingwood Bay) ; D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago (Fergusson Island). 

Lowlands up to 300 m. 

Ptilinopus ornatus ornatus Schlegel 
Ptilopus ornatus Schlegel (ex von Rosenberg MS.), 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 
4 (1873), p. 52.— Arfak Peninsula. 

Range. — Vogelkop (Mega River, Amberbaki and Warbusi). 
Lowland and hill forest up to about 1300 m. 

Ptilinopus ornatus gestroi D'Albertis and Salvadori 

Ptilonopus gestroi D'Albertis and Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, 
p. 834. — Yule Island, southeastern New Guinea. 

Ptilinopus gestroi kaporensis Rothschild and Hartert, 1901, Novit. Zool., 8, 
p. 105. — Kapaur, Onin Peninsula. 

Range. — From southeastern New Guinea westward along the south coast at 
least to the Onin Peninsula, along the north coast to the Cyclops Mountains. 

Lowland and hill forest up to 1400 m. 

Ptilinopus perlatus perlatus (Temminck) 

Columba pcrlata Temminck, 1835, Planch. Col. d'Ois., livr. 94, pi. 559.— Lobo, 
Triton Bay. 

Range. — Western Papuan Islands (Waigeu and Salawati), Japen Island and 
northwestern New Guinea, eastward on the north to the Mamberano and on the 
south to Triton Bay. 

Ptilinopus perlatus zonurus Salvadori 

Ptilopus zonurus Salvadori, 1876, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 9, p. 197. — Aru 
Islands. 

Range. — Aru Islands; south New Guinea from the Kapare River to Milne 
Bay; D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago (Fergusson, Goodenough and Normanby 
Islands). 

Lowlands. 



42 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Ptilinopus perlatus plumbeicollis A. B. Meyer 
Ptilopus plumbeicollis A. B. Meyer, 1890, Ibis, p. 422. — Konstantinhafen, Astro- 
labe Bay. 
Range. — Northeastern New Guinea from Astrolabe Bay to Huon Gulf. 

Genus MEGALOPREPIA Reichenbach 

Megaloprepia magnifica puella (Lesson) 

Columba puella Lesson, 1827, Bull. Sci. Nat. Geol., 10, p. 400.— "Port Praslin" 
[error] and Dorey (restricted type locality). 

Megaloprepia magnifica alaris Stresemann and Paludan, 1932, Novit. Zool., 
38, p. 183.— Waigeu. 

Range. — Western Papuan Islands (Waigeu, Batanta, Salawati, Misol and 
Gemien) and the Vogelkop (northwestern New Guinea). 

Megaloprepia magnifica interposita Hartert 

Megaloprepia magnifica interposita Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 114. — 
Wasior, Wandammen Peninsula. 

Range. — From the Wandammen district to the eastern coast of Geelvink Bay 
and from the Onin Peninsula along the south coast to the Fly River region, where 
it intergrades with poliura. 

Megaloprepia magnifica poliura Salvadori 

Megaloprepia poliura Salvadori, 1878, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 12, p. 426, 427. — 
Mount Epa, near Hall Sound (restricted type locality). 

Range. — Southeastern New Guinea westward on the north coast to Huon Gulf, 
on the south to the Merauke district and the Fly River region, where it intergrades 
with the preceding form. 

Lowland and hill forest up to 800 m. 

Megaloprepia magnifica septentrionalis Meyer 

Megaloprepia poliura septentrionalis A. B. Meyer, 1893, Abh. Ber. Zool. Mus. 
Dresden, 4, no. 3, p. 25. — Northern and eastern New Guinea and Jobi Island. 

Megaloprepia salomonis Madarasz, 1902, Termes. Fiizetek, 25, p. 351. — "Bou- 
gainville, Solomon Islands," error for : Astrolabe Bay. 

Range. — Northern New Guinea from the Mamberano River to Astrolabe Bay; 
Japen, Manam and Karkar Islands. 

Genus DUCULA Hodgson 

Ducula pacifica tarrali (Bonaparte) 

Globicera tarrali Bonaparte, 1854, Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris, 39, p. 1073. — 
Vanikoro Island, Santa Cruz Group. 

Range. — Small islands off the northern coast of New Guinea (Seleo, Tarawai) ; 
Louisiade Archipelago (Duchateau, Teste and Suau) ; small islands in Solomon 
group (Ongtong Java, Sikaiana, Gower, Ramos, Buena Vista and Rennell) ; Santa 
Cruz Group ; New Hebrides ; Loyalty Islands. 

Small coral islands. 

Ducula myristicivora geelvinkiana (Schlegel) 
Carpophaga geelvinkiana Schlegel, 1873, Mus. Pays-Bas, 4, Columbae, p. 86. — 
Islands in Geelvink Bay. 
Range. — Islands in Geelvink Bay (Meos Num, Numfor and Biak). 



COLUMBIDAE 43 

Ducula myristicivora myristicivora (Scopoli) 

Columba myristicivora Scopoli, 1786, Del. Flor. ct Faun, [nsubr., fasc. 2, p. 94. — 
"New Guinea" (ex Sonnerat, pi. 103). 

Range. — Western Papuan Islands (Gcbe, Gagi, Gemien, Waigeu, Batanta, 
Sorong, Salawati, Schildpad Is. and Misol) ; small islands off the eastern coast of 
Halmahera (Weda Is., etc.). 

Ducula concinna separata (Hartert) 

Carpophaga concinna separata Hartert, 1896, Novit. Zool., 3, p. 180. — Kei 
Islands. 

Ducula concinna am Salomonsen, 1934, Bull. Brit. Ornith. Club, 54, p. 87. — 
Aru Islands in the Moluccas (sic!). 

Range. — Sermata, Tenimber, Kei and Aru Islands. 

Ducula pistrinaria rhodinolaema (Sclatcr) 

Carpophaga rhodinolaema Sclater, 1877, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 555. — Ad- 
miralty Is. 

Range. — Admiralty Islands, New Hanover, Rook Island, Manam and Karkar, 
and small off coastal islands in Astrolabe Bay. 

Ducula pistrinaria postrema Hartert 

Ducula pistrinaria postrema Hartert, 1926, Novit. Zool., 33, p. 35. — Egum 
Island, Woodlark group. 

Range. — Islands east of New Guinea : Deboyne Island, Amphlett group, Wood- 
lark group (Woodlark, Egum, Alcester), Bramble Haven and Misima; also sup- 
posedly small islands off Cape South. 

Small coral islands. 

Ducula bicolor 1 (Scopoli) 

Columba bicolor Scopoli, 1786, Del. Flor. et Faun. Insubr., fasc. 2, p. 94. — New 
Guinea. 

Range. — On small islands from the coast of India, Indochina and the Philip- 
pines, eastward to the Aru Islands, the western Papuan Islands (Sorong, Sala- 
wati and Misol) and islands on the western coast of Geelvink Bay (near Manok- 
wari). 

Ducula spilorrhoa 2 spilorrhoa (Gray) 

Carpophaga spilorrhoa G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, pp. 186, 196. — 
Aru Islands. 

Range. — Aru Islands, islands of Geelvink Bay (Japen, Meos Num, Biak), 
islands off north coast of New Guinea (Kumamba, Yamna, Manam and Karkar) 
and coast of eastern New Guinea, westward in the north to Geelvink Bay, in the 
south to Grange Island; D'Entrecasteaux, Trobriand, Woodlark and Louisiade 
Islands; (subsp.?) Mimika River, southwestern New Guinea. 

On small coral islands, often migrating long distances to feeding places, including 
such on the mainland, occasionally also reproducing on the mainland. 



l > 2 Genus Myristicivora auctorum. 



44 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Ducula spilorrhoa melvillensis (Mathews) 

Myristicivora bicolor melvillensis Mathews, 1912, Austr. Av. Record, 1, p. 27.— 
Melville Island. 

Range. — Northern and eastern Australia and the Hall Sound district of south- 
eastern New Guinea. 

Ducula spilorrhoa tarara Rand 

Ducula spilorrhoa tarara Rand, 1941, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1102, p. 5. — 
Tarara, Wassi Kussa River, southern New Guinea. 

Range. — Southern New Guinea from the Fly River, westward at least as far 
as Merauke. 

Ducula mullerii aurantia (A. B. Meyer) 

Carpophaga miilleri aurantia A. B. Meyer, 1893, Abh. Ber. Zool. Mus. Dresden, 
4 (1892-93), no. 3, p. 25.— Geelvink Bay and Astrolabe Bay. 

Range. — Northern New Guinea from the eastern shore of Geelvink Bay to 
Astrolabe Bay. 

Lowland forest near the coast. 

Ducula mullerii mullerii (Temminck) 

Columba mullerii Temminck, 1835, Planch. Col. d'Ois., livr. 96, p. 566. — Dourga 
River [Princess Marianne Straits]. 

Range. — Aru Islands; southern New Guinea from the Mimika River to the 
Brown River. 

Ducula pinon pinon (Quoy and Gaimard) 

Columba Pinon Quoy and Gaimard, 1824, Voy. Uranie, Zool., p. 118, Atlas, pi. 
28. — Rawak (= Luwak), off Waigeu. 

Range. — Western Papuan Islands (Misol, Salawati, Batanta, Waigeu) ; Aru 
Islands; the Vogelkop; southern New Guinea from the Mimika River to Hall 
Sound. 

Lowland forest. 

Ducula pinon rubiensis (Meyer) 

Carpophaga pinon var. rubiensis A. B. Meyer, 1884, Sitzungsber. Abh. Nat. Ges. 
Isis Dresden, Abh. 1, p. 51. — Rubi, Geelvink Bay. 

Range. — Occurs in the two places where the ranges of pinon and jobiensis 
meet: southern shores of Geelvink Bay from Ron Island southward, Onin Penin- 
sula and south coast of New Guinea east as far as Etna Bay; southeastern New 
Guinea from Holnicote Bay and the Aroa River eastward. 

Ducula pinon jobiensis (Schlegel) 

Carpophaga pinon jobiensis Schlegel, 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 4 (1873), 
p. 26. — Jobi Island. 

Carpophaga westermanni astrolabiensis A. B. Meyer, 1891, Abh. Ber. Zool. Mus. 
Dresden, 3 (1890-91), no. 4, p. 14.— Astrolabe Bay. 

Range. — Japen Island ; northern New Guinea from the Mamberano River to 
Huon Gulf ; Manam and Karkar Islands. 



COLUMBIDAE 45 

Ducula pinon salvadorii (Tristram) 

Carpophaya salvadorii Tristram, 1882, Proc. Zool. Soc. London (1881), p. 996. — 
St. Aignan, Louisiade Archipelago. 

Range. — D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago (Fergusson and Goodenough Islands) ; 
Louisiade Archipelago (Misima, Tagula and Rossel). 

Ducula rufigaster x rufigaster (Quoy and Gaimard) 
Columba rufiyaster Quoy and Gaimard, 1830, Voy. Astrolabe, Zool., 1, p. 245. 
pi. 27. — Dorey. 

Range. — Western Papuan Islands (Waigeu, Misol, Batanta and Salawati) ; the 
Vogelkop, eastward to the head of Geelvink Bay and to Etna Bay; beginning to 
show the characters of the next form between Etna Bay and the Fly River. 

Ducula rufigaster uropygialis Stresemann and Paludan 
Ducula rufiyaster uropyyialis Stresemann and Paludan, 1932, Novit. Zool., 38, 
p. 243. — Ramu River. 

Range. — Japen Island and northern New Guinea from the Mamberano River to 
Huon Gulf ; the birds east of Huon Gulf and the Fly River are intermediate be- 
tween rufiyaster and uropyyialis. 

Lowland forest, occasionally up to 1000 m. 

Ducula chalconota chalconota (Salvadori) 

Carpophaya chalconota Salvadori, 1874, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 6, p. 87. — 
Hatam, Arfak Mts. 

Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop (Arfak, Tamrau) and Wandammen Moun- 
tains. 

Ducula chalconota smaragdina Mayr 

Ducula chalconota smaraydina Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 706. — 
Ogeramnang, Huon Peninsula. 

Range, — Weyland Mountains, Nassau and Oranje ranges, Sepik Mountains, 
mountains of southeastern New Guinea and Saruwaged Mountains. 

Mountain forest from 1200 m. to 2400 m. 

Ducula zoeae (Lesson) 

Columba Zoeae Lesson, 1826, Diet. Sci. Nat., ed. Levrault, 40, p. 314. — Dorey. 

Carpophaya zoeae orientalis A. B. Meyer, 1891, Abh. Ber. Zool. Mus. Dresden, 3 
(1890-91), no. 4, p. 13. — Banahei and Jakema, Huon Peninsula. 

Range. — Aru Islands, Salawati, Japen, New Guinea, Fergusson, and St. Aignan 
(Misima) Islands. 

Lowland and hill forest up to 1250 m. 

Genus GYMNOPHAPS Salvadori 

Gymnophaps albertisii albertisii Salvadori 

Gymnophaps albertisii Salvadori, 1874, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 6, p. 86. — 
Andai, foot of Arfak Mts. 

Range. — Mountains of New Guinea (Arfak, Wondiwoi, Weyland, Nassau, 
Oranje, Sepik, Cyclops and Saruwaged Mountains, mountains of southeastern New 



Carpophaya rufiventris of Salvadori. 



46 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Guinea); Goodenough Island; Japen Island; Bismarck Archipelago (New Brit- 
ain and New Ireland). 

Hill and mountain forest, most common from 800 m. to 2500 m., less common up 
to 3700 m. and down to sea level, rarely seen far away from the foot of the moun- 
tains. 

Genus COLUMBA Linnaeus 

Columba vitiensis halmaheira (Bonaparte) 

Janthacnas halmaheira Bonaparte, 1855, Consp. Gen. Av., 2, p. 44. — Halmahera 
(restricted type locality) and Seran. 

Janthoenas raivlinsonii Sharpe, 1876, Nature, p. 339. — Laloki River, southeastern 
New Guinea. 

Range. — Banggai, Sula Islands, Moluccas, Kei Islands, Bismarck Archipelago, 
Solomon Islands, and the following localities in the New Guinea region : Western 
Papuan Islands (Misol, Salawati and Waigeu), all New Guinea and Louisiade 
Archipelago (Misima, Tagula, Rossel). Apparently absent from the Aru Islands, 
the islands of Geelvink Bay and the D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago. 

Lowland forest, occasionally up to about 1400 m. 

Genus MACROPYGIA Swainson 

Macropygia amboincnsis doreya Bonaparte 

Macropygia doreya Bonaparte, 1854, Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris, 39, p. 1111. 
— Dorey, northwestern New Guinea. 

Range. — Aru Islands; western Papuan Islands (Kofiau, Misol, Salawati, Ba- 
tanta and Waigeu) ; northwestern New Guinea, westward to the head of Geelvink 
Bay and Etna Bay. 

Macropygia amboinensis maforensis Salvadori 
Macropygia maforensis Salvadori, 1878, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 12, p. 429, 
432. — Mafor Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Range. — Numfor Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Macropygia amboinensis griseinucha Salvadori 
Macropygia griseinucha Salvadori, 1876, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 9, p. 204. — 
Miosnom. 
Range. — Meos Num Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Macropygia amboinensis balim Rand 
Macropygia amboinensis balim Rand, 1941, Amer. Mus. Novit, No. 1102, p. 5. — 
Balim River, 1600 m., central New Guinea. 
Range. — Known only from the type locality. 

Macropygia amboinensis kerstingi Reichenow 

Macropygia kerstingi Reichenow, 1897, Ornith. Monatsber., 5, p. 25. — Ramu 
River. 

Range. — Biak and Japen Islands ; central New Guinea from the Weyland Moun- 
tains eastward in the north to Astrolabe Bay and in the south probably to the Fly 
River. 



COLUMBIDAE 



47 



Macropygia amboinensis cinereiceps Tristram 

Macropygia cinereiceps Tristram, 1889, Ibis, p. 558.— Fergusson Island. 

Macropygia golditi Salvadori, 1893, Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., 21, p. 338, 358. — 
Southeastern New Guinea. 

Range.— D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago (Fergusson and Goodenough Islands) ; 
southeastern New Guinea, westward to the Huon Gulf and Fly River. 

Forest, edge of forest and second growth formations up to 1500 m. 

Macropygia amboinensis cunctata Hartert 
Macropygia dorcxa cunctata Hartert, 1899, Novit. Zool., 6, p. 214. — Rossel 
Island, Louisiade Archipelago. 
Range. — Louisiade Archipelago (Misima, Tagula, Rossel). 

Macropygia amboinensis meeki Rothschild and Hartert 
Macropygia amboinensis mccki Rothschild and Hartert, 1915, Novit. Zool., 
22, p. 39.— Vulcan Island. 
Range. — Manam (Vulcan) Island. 

Macropygia nigrirostris nigrirostris Salvadori 

Macropygia nigrirostris Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 972. — 
Arfak Mts. 

Range. — All New Guinea, Japen and D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago (Good- 
enough Island). 

Lowland and hill forest up to 1450 m., occasionally up to 2000 m. 

Macropygia mackinlayi krakari Rothschild and Hartert 

Macropygia rufa krakari Rothschild and Hartert, 1915, Novit. Zool., 22, p. 
28. — Karkar (= Dampier) Island. 

Range. — Karkar Island, Bismarck Archipelago, Admiralty Islands. 
On small coral islands and along the coast of larger islands. 

Genus REINWARDTOENA Bonaparte 

Reinwardtoena reinwardtsi griseotincta Hartert 

Reimcardtoenas rcinwardti griseotincta Hartert, 1896, Novit. Zool., 3, p. 18. — 
Mailu, Orangerie Bay. 

Range. — Western Papuan Islands (Misol, Salawati, Batanta, Waigeu, Gemien) 
(some specimens intermediate between griseotincta and reinivardtsi) ; all New 
Guinea; Japen, Kumamba, Manam; D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago (Fergusson and 
Goodenough Islands). 

Lowland and lower mountain forest and edge of forest up to 1800 m. 

Reinwardtoena reinwardtsi brevis Peters 

Reinwardtoena reinwardtsi brevis Peters, 1937, Checklist Birds World, 3, p. 82. 
— Xew name for Macropygia Rcinuvrdtii minor Schlegel, 1873, Mus. Pays-Bas 
(Columbae), p. 106. — Soek (= Biak) Island (not Macropygia unchall minor 
Swinhoe, 1870). 

Range. — Biak Island, Geelvink Bay. 



48 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Genus GEOPELIA Swainson 

Geopelia humeralis gregalis Bangs and Peters 

Geopelia humeralis gregalis Bangs and Peters, 1926, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 
Cambridge, 67, p. 423. — Wendoe Mer River, Merauke district. 

Range. — South New Guinea between Princess Marianne Straits and the Kemp 
Welch River (Kapa-Kapa). 

Open places, particularly near human habitations and near the coast; savanna 
and mangrove. 

Geopelia striata 1 papua Rand 
Geopelia striata papua Rand, 1938, Amer. Mus. Novit, No. 990, p. 6. — Wuroi, 
Oriomo River, south New Guinea. 
Range. — South New Guinea from the Port Moresby to the Merauke district. 
Lowland savanna up to 450 m. 

Genus CHALCOPHAPS Gould 
Chalcophaps indica indica (Linnaeus) 
Columba indica Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, p. 164. — East Indies. 
Range. — From Kashmir, Hainan and the Riukiu Islands, south over India, 
Burma, Malay Peninsula, Indochina, the Philippines to the Greater and Lesser 
Sunda Islands, east to Alor and Sumba; Moluccas and westernmost Papuan 
Islands (Gebe and Kofiau). 
Lowland forest. 

Chalcophaps indica minima Hartert 
Chalcophaps indica minima Hartert, 1931, Ornith. Monatsber., 39, p. 144. — 
Numfor Island, Geelvink Bay. 
Range. — Numfor, Biak and Meos Num, Geelvink Bay. 

Chalcophaps indica chrysochlora (Wagler) 

Columba chrysochlora Wagler, 1827, Syst. Av., Columba, sp. 79. — "Ceylon, Java, 
etc." — error for New South Wales (designated by Mathews). 

Range. — Lord Howe Island, eastern and northern Australia ; eastern New 
Guinea, westward to the Oriomo River and to Astrolabe Bay; Manam; D'Entre- 
casteaux Archipelago (Fergusson, Goodenough, Dobu), Trobriand Islands, Wood- 
lark group (Woodlark, Dugumenu, Gawa) ; Bonvouloir group (East and Hastings 
Islands) ; Louisiade Archipelago (Misima, Tagula, Rossel). 

Lowland forest up to 100 m. 

Chalcophaps stephani stephani Pucheran 

Chalcophaps stephani Pucheran, 1853, Voy. Pole Sud, Zool., 3, p. 119.— Triton 
Bay, southwestern New Guinea (restricted type locality). 

Range. — Admiralty Islands; Bismarck Archipelago; all New Guinea; Japen, 
Tarawai, Karkar and Manam Islands; D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago (Fergusson 
and Goodenough Islands) ; western Papuan Islands (Waigeu, Batanta, Salawati, 
Misol) ; Aru and Kei Islands. 

Lowland forest. 



1 Geopelia tranquilla and placida auctorum. 



COLUMBIDAE 49 

Genus HENICOPHAPS Gray 

Henicophaps albifrons albifrons Gray 

Henkophaps albifrons G. R. Gray, 1862, Proc. Zool. Soc. London (1861), p. 432, 
pi. 44. — Waigeu Island. 

Range.— Western Papuan Islands (Waigeu, Gemien, Salawati and Misol), 
Japen, and all New Guinea. 

Lowland and hill forest up to 1400 m. 

Henicophaps albifrons schlegeli (Rosenberg) 
Rynchaenas Schlegeli Rosenberg, 1866, Natuurk. Tijdschr. Nederl. Indie, 29, p. 
143. — Aru Islands. 

Range. — Aru Islands. 

Genus GALLICOLUMBA Heck 

Gallicolumba rufigula rufigula (Pucheran) 

Peristera rufigula Pucheran, 1853, Voy. Pole Sud, Zool., 3, p. 118.— Triton Bay. 

Range. — Western New Guinea from the Vogelkop (Arfak Mts.) to the head 
of Geelvink Bay (Weyland Mts.); (?subsp.) western Papuan Islands (Misol, 
Salawati and Waigeu). 

Lowland and hill forest, occasionally up to 1600 m. 

Gallicolumba rufigula septentrionalis Rand 
Gallicolumba rufigula septentrionalis Rand, 1941, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1102, 
p. 6. — Bernhard Camp, Idenburg River. 

Range. — Northern New Guinea from the Mamberano River to the Huon Gulf. 

Gallicolumba rufigula orientalis Rand 

Gallicolumba rufigula orientalis Rand, 1941, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1102, p. 6. — 
Kubuna, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Southeastern New Guinea, westward in the north at least to the 
Mambare River, in the south to the Yule Island district. 

Gallicolumba rufigula alaris Rand 
Gallicolumba rufigula alaris Rand, 1941, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1102, p. 7. — 
Lake Daviumbu, Fly River. 
Range. — Southern New Guinea from the Setekwa to the Fly River. 

Gallicolumba rufigula helviventris (Rosenberg) 
Ptilopus helviventris Rosenberg, 1867, Natuurk. Tijdschr. Nederl. Indie, 29 
(1866), p. 144.— Aru Islands. 
Range. — Aru Islands. 

Gallicolumba beccarii beccarii (Salvadori) 

Chalcophaps beccarii Salvador!, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 974. — Hatam, 
Arfak Mountains. 

Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop (Arfak, Tamrau), Weyland, Nassau, Saru- 
waged and Herzog Mountains, mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 

Mountain forest from 1400 m. to 2000 m., occasionally lower. 



50 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Gallicolumba beccarii johannae (Sclater) 

Phlogoenas johannae Sclater, 1877, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 112, pi. 16. — 
Duke of York Island. 
Range. — Bismarck Archipelago; Karkar Island. 
Lowland forest, particularly on small coral islands. 

Gallicolumba jobiensis jobiensis (Meyer) 

Phlegoenas jobiensis A. B. Meyer, 1875, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Dresden, Heft 1, p. 10. 
— Ansus, Jobi. 

Range. — New Guinea (except western part of the Vogelkop from Momi west- 
ward), Japen, Karkar and Manam Islands, D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago (Fergus- 
son and Goodenough Islands), and Bismarck Archipelago. 

Lowland forest up to 300 m. 

Genus TRUGON Gray 

Trugon terrestris terrestris Gray 
Trugon terrestris G. R. Gray, 1849, Genera Birds, 3, app., p. 24. — Triton Bay. 
Range. — Salawati; northwestern New Guinea eastward to the head of Geelvink 
Bay and Etna Bay. 

Lowland forest, particularly in extensive alluvial plains up to 300 m. 

Trugon terrestris mayri Rothschild 

Trugon terrestris mayri Rothschild, 1931, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 51, p. 69. — 
Hollandia, Humboldt Bay. 

Range. — Northern New Guinea from the east coast of Geelvink Bay to Hum- 
boldt Bay. 

Trugon terrestris leucopareia (Meyer) 

Eutrygon leucopareia A. B. Meyer, 1886, Zeitschr. ges. Ornith., 3, p. 29. — Astro- 
labe Mts., New Guinea. 
Range. — South New Guinea from the Mimika River to Milne Bay. 

Genus OTIDIPHAPS Gould 

Otidiphaps nobilis nobilis Gould 

Otidiphaps nobilis Gould, 1870, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (4) 5, p. 62. — Vogelkop 
(restricted type locality). 

Range. — Batanta and Waigeu (subsp.) ; mountains of western New Guinea 
(Tamrau, Arfak, Wandammen, Weyland, upper Mamberano, Nassau and Oranje 
Mountains). 

Hill and mountain forest from the foot of the mountains up to 1500 m., occa- 
sionally up to 1800 m. 

Otidiphaps nobilis cervicalis Ramsay 

Otidiphaps nobilis var. cervicalis Ramsay, 1879, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South 
Wales, 4, p. 470. — Goldie River, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea, Saruwaged and Sepik Moun- 
tains. 



COLUMBIDAE 51 

Otidiphaps nobilis insularis Salvia and Hodman 
Otidiphaps insularis Salvin and Godman, 1883, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 33. 
— Fergusson Island. 

Range. — Fergusson Island, D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago. 

Otidiphaps nobilis aruensis Rothschild 
Otidiphaps nobilis aruensis Rothschild, 1928, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 48, p. 88.— 
Aru Islands. 

Range.— Aru Islands. 

Genus CALOENAS Gray 

Caloenas nicobarica nicobarica (Linnaeus) 

Colutnba nicobarica Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, p. 164. — Nicobar 
Islands. 

Range. — The greater part of the Indo-Australian island region from the Nicobar 
Islands and the Mergui Archipelago eastward over the Sunda Islands, Philippines, 
Moluccas, New Guinea region and Bismarck Archipelago to the Solomon Islands. 

Found at the following localities in the New Guinea region: 1) Western Papuan 
Islands (Pecan Islands near Misol, Kofiau, Sorong, Salawati and Waigeu) ; 2) 
Islands of Geelvink Bay (islands near Manokwari, Numfor, Ajawi (Meos Kairu), 
Biak, Meos Num and Japen) ; 3) Islands off the north coast of New Guinea 
(Seleo. Tarawai and Karkar), and 4) Islands east of New Guinea (Normanby, 
Trobriand Islands, Woodlark group (Woodlark, Egum), Louisiades (Misima, 
Renard, Tagula, Duchateau, Deboyne, Rossel Islands) and Bonvouloir group 
(Hastings Island). 

Nests on small islands, migrates for feeding purposes to larger islands and to the 
mainland. 

Genus GOURA Stephens 

Goura cristata * cristata (Pallas) 

Columba cristata Pallas, 1764, in Vroeg's Cat., Adumbr., p. 2. — "Banda," error 
for Fak-fak, Onin Peninsula (type locality fixed by Stresemann and Paludan, 
1932). 

Columba coronata Linnaeus, 1766, Syst. Nat., ed. 12, 1, p. 282. — "Banda, Moluc- 
cas." 

Goura cinerea Hartert, 1895, Novit. Zool., 2, p. 67. — Arfak Mts. 

Range. — Northwestern New Guinea eastward to the Etna Bay in the south and 
to the Siriwo River in the north, where it hybridizes with victoria beccarii. 

Lowland forest up to 100 m. 

Goura cristata minor Schlegel 
Goura coronata minor Schlegel, 1864, De Dierentuin, p. 208.— Papuan Islands = 
Waigeu. 
Range. — Western Papuan Islands (Misol, Salawati, Batanta and Waigeu). 

Goura scheepmakeri sclaterii Salvadori 
Goura sclaterii Salvadori, 1876, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 9, p. 45. — Fly River. 
Range. — Southern New Guinea from the Mimika to the Fly River. 



1 The three species cristata, scheepmakeri, and victoria form a superspecies. 



52 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Goura scheepmakeri scheepmakeri Finsch 

Goara scheepmakeri Finsch, 1876 (1 Apr.), Proc. Zool. Soc. London (1875), p. 
631, pi. 68. — Probably from mainland opposite Yule Island, southeastern New 
Guinea. 

Goura albertisii Salvadori, 1876 (late), Atti R. Ac. Sci. Torino, 2, p. 628, 680. — 
Hall Sound and Mt. Epa, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Southeastern New Guinea from Hall Sound to Orangerie Bay. 

Goura victoria victoria (Fraser) 
Lophyrus Victoria Fraser, 1844, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 136. — "New 
Guinea," = islands in Geelvink Bay. 

Range. — Japen Island and (introduced?) Biak. 

Goura victoria beccarii Salvadori 

Goura beccarii Salvadori, 1876, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 8, p. 406. — Humboldt 
Bay. 

Goura Victoriae var. comata Oustalet, 1885, Ann. Sci. Nat., Zool., (6) 19, art. 
3, p. 3. — Kafu. 

Goura beccarii huonensis A. B. Meyer, 1893, Ornith. Monatsber., 1, p. 65. — 
"Huon Gulf," error for Astrolabe Bay (see Mayr and Berlioz, 1933: 751-754). 

Range. — Northern New Guinea from the Siriwo River to Astrolabe Bay ; 
Collingwood Bay between Holnicote Bay and Mt. Maneao. 

Family PSITTACIDAE 

Lories, Parrots, and Cockatoos 

Genus CHALCOPSITTA Bonaparte 

Chalcopsitta atra x bernsteini Rosenberg 
Chalcopsitta Bernsteini Rosenberg, 1861, Journ. f. Ornith., 9, p. 46. — Misol. 
Range.— Misol Island. 

Chalcopsitta atra atra (Scopoli) 
Psittacus ater Scopoli, 1786, Del. Flor. et Faun. Insubr., fasc. 2, p. 87. — "New 
Guinea" (ex Sonnerat). 

Range. — Batanta and Salawati; western part of Vogelkop. 
Lowland and savanna forest at sea level. 

Chalcopsitta atra insignis Oustalet 

Chalcopsitta insignis Oustalet, 1878, Bull. Assoc. Sci. France, (1) 21, p. 247. — 
Amberpon Island. 

Range. — Western coast of Geelvink Bay (Amberpon Island) and Onin Penin- 
sula (Fakfak and Kaukas). 

Chalcopsitta atra spectabilis van Oort 
Chalcopsitta spectabilis van Oort, 1908, Notes Leyden Mus., 30, p. 127.— "Mam- 
brioe" [= ? Mamberiok Peninsula, head of Geelvink Bay]. 



1 The species atra and scintillata form a superspecies. 






PSITTACIDAE 



53 



Range. — Known only from the unique type. Apparently member of a hybrid 
population between scintillatus and insignis but nearer the latter. 

Chalcopsitta scintillata scintillata (Temminek) 
Psittacus sintillatus [sic] Temminek, 1835, Planch. Col. d'Ois., livr. 96, pi. 569 — 

. Triton Bay. 
Range.— Head of Geelvink Bay (Waropen, Rubi, Jaur, Mesan, etc.) and south 
New Guinea from Triton Bay to the lower Fly River. 

Chalcopsitta scintillata chloroptera (Salvadori) 

Chalcopsittacus chloropterus Salvadori, 1876, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 9, p. 15 — 
Coast of south Xew Guinea opposite Yule Island. 

Range. — Southeastern and southern New Guinea from the Kemp Welch River 
westward at least to the upper Fly River. 

Wooded savanna at sea level. 

Chalcopsitta scintillata rubrifrons Gray 
Chalcopsitta rubrifrons G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 182, pi. 
135. — Aru Islands. 
Range. — Aru Islands. 

Chalcopsitta duivenbodei duivenbodei (Dubois) 

Chalcopsittacus Duivenbodei Dubois, 1884, Bull. Mus. Roy. d'Hist. Nat. Belgique, 
3, p. 113, pi. 5. — "New Guinea" = Tana Mera (type locality fixed by Hartert, 1930). 

Range. — Western part of northern New Guinea from the eastern coast of Geel- 
vink Bay to the Aitape district. 

Chalcopsitta duivenbodei syringanuchalis (Neumann) 
Chalcopsittacus duyvenbodei syringanuchalis Neumann, 1915, Ornith. Monats- 

ber., 23, p. 179. — Stephansort, Astrolabe Bay. 
Chalcopsittacus duivenbodei intermedins Auber, 1934, Anz. Ornith. Ges. Bayern, 

2, p. 314. — Augusta [= Sepik] River. 
Range. — Eastern part of north New Guinea from the Aitape district to Astrolabe 

Bay. Birds from the region between Humboldt Bay and the Sepik River are 

somewhat intermediate between duivenbodei and syringanuchalis. 

Genus EOS Wagler 

Eos cyanogenia Bonaparte 

Eos cyanogenia Bonaparte, 1850, Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris, 30, p. 135. — 
Xo locality = Numfor (type locality fixed by Hartert, 1932). 
Range. — Islands in Geelvink Bay (Biak, Numfor and Manim). 

Eos squamata : squamata (Boddaert) 
Psittacus Squamatus Boddaert, 1783, Tabl. Planch. Enlum., p. 42 (ex Dauben- 
ton, PI. Enl., no. 684).— Gebe Island. 

Range. — Western Papuan Islands (Gebe, Waigeu, Batanta) and small islands 
I lisol. 

Lowland forest, particularly on small islands. 



1 Eos wallacei auctorum. 



54 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Genus PSEUDEOS 1 Peters 

Pseudeos fuscata fuscata (Blyth) 

Eos fuscata Blyth, 1858, Journ. As. Soc. Bengal, 27, p. 279. — No locality = 
Manokwari (type locality fixed by Rothschild, 1932). 
Range. — Salavvati Island and Vogelkop. 

Pseudeos fuscata incondita (Meyer) 

Eos incondita A. B. Meyer, 1886, Zeitschr. ges. Ornith., 3, p. 6, pi. 1, fig. 2. — 
Southeastern New Guinea (restricted type locality) and Jobi. 

Range. — Japen Island and all of New Guinea, except the Vogelkop. 
Forest and edge of forest up to 1700 m. 

Genus TRICHOGLOSSUS Vigors and Horsfield 

Trichoglossus haematodus 2 haematodus (Linnaeus) 
Psittacus haematod[us] Linnaeus, 1771, Mantissa Plant., p. 524. — Amboina. 
Range. — Southern Moluccas, South-east Islands (Goram, Manawoka, Watubela, 
Tayandu) ; western Papuan Islands (Misol, Salawati, Batanta, Waigeu) ; Numfor 
and Japen; western New Guinea, eastward in the north to the head of Geelvink 
Bay, in the south inland to the Eilanden River and upper Fly River. 

Trichoglossus haematodus rosenbergii Schlegel 

Trichoglossus Rosenbergii Schlegel, 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 4 (1873), p. 
9. — Misori Island. 

Range. — Biak Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Trichoglossus haematodus intermedius Rothschild and Hartert 

Trichoglossus haematodus intermedius Rothschild and Hartert, 1901, Novit. 
Zool., 8, p. 70. — Stephansort, Astrolabe Bay. 

Trichoglossus haematodus chlorogenys Stresemann, 1922, Ornith. Monatsber., 
30, p. 35. — Maeanderberg, upper Sepik. 

Range. — Northern New Guinea from the Mamberano River to Astrolabe Bay; 
Manam Island. 

Trichoglossus haematodus micropteryx Stresemann 
Trichoglossus haematodus micropteryx Stresemann, 1922, Journ. f. Ornith., 70, 

p. 407. — Sattelberg, Huon Peninsula. 

Range. — Southeastern New Guinea, westward to the Huon Peninsula on the 

north and to Hall Sound on the south. 

Forest, edge of forest, second growth formations, coconut plantations, wooded 

savanna ; up to about 1600 m. 

Trichoglossus haematodus aberrans Reichenow 
Trichoglossus aberrans Reichenow, 1918, Journ. f. Ornith., 66, p. 439. — "Kaiser 
Wilhelmsland," error for Bismarck Archipelago. 



* Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 48, 1935, p. 68. 
2 T. cyanogrammus auctorum. 



PSITTACIDAE 55 

Range. — Louisiade Archipelago (Misima), Karkar Island, Bismarck Archi- 
pelago and Solomon Islands. (A revision of this form is in preparation.) 

Trichoglossus haematodus caeruleiceps D'Alhertis and Salvadori 
Trichoglossus caeruleiceps D'Ai.bf.rtis and Salvadori, 1879, Ann. Mus. Civ. 

Genova, 14, p. 41. — Katau River, south New Guinea. 
Range. — South New Guinea between Princess Marianne Straits and the lower 

and middle Fly River (Lake Daviumbu). 

Trichoglossus haematodus nigrogularis Gray 
Trichoglossus nigrogularis G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 183. — 

Am Islands. 

Trichoglossus brooki Ogilvik-Grant. 1907, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 19, p. 102. — 
Type locality uncertain. Type, a bird living in an aviary, was supposed to have 
come from Pulu Suangi, Aru Islands (see Ibis, Suppl. 2, 1915, p. 227). 

Range. — Eastern Kei Islands; Aru Islands. 

Genus PSITTEUTELES Bonaparte 

Psitteuteles goldiei (Sharpe) 

Trichoglossus Goldiei Sharpe, 1882, Journ. Linn. Soc. London, Zool., 16, p. 317, 
426. — Astrolabe Mountains. 

Range. — Central ranges of New Guinea (Weyland, Nassau and Oranje Moun- 
tains), and mountains of southeastern New Guinea, north as far as Herzog Moun- 
tains. 

Mountain forest from 1400 m. to 2200 m. 

Genus LORIUS » Brisson 

Lorius hypoinochrous devittatus Hartert 

Lorius hypocnochrous devittatus Hartert, 1898, Novit. Zool., 5, p. 530. — Fergus- 
son Island. 

Lorius amabilis Stresemann, 1931, Ornith. Monatsber., 39, p. 182. — Nakanai, 
New Britain. 

Range. — Southeastern New Guinea east of the Angabunga River and Huon 
Gulf; D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago (Fergusson, Goodenough, Normanby) ; Tro- 
briand Islands; Woodlark group (Woodlark, Dugumenu, Gawa) ; Long Island; 
Bismarck Archipelago. 

Lowland forest. 

Lorius hypoinochrous hypoinochrous Gray 
Lorius hypoinochrous G. R. Gray, 1859, List Birds Brit. Mus., Psittac, p. 49 — 
Sudest Island. 

Range. — Misima and Tagula Islands, Louisiade Archipelago. 

Lorius hypoinochrous rosselianus Rothschild and Hartert 
Lorius hypocnochrous rosselianus Rothschild and Hartert, 1918, Novit. Zool., 
25, p. 312.— Rossel Island. 
Range. — Rossel Island, Louisiade Archipelago. 



1 To be replaced by Lorius Vigors by those who do not accept Brissonian genera. 
Dotnicella of some authors. 



56 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Lorius lory major Rothschild and Hartert 
Lorius lory major Rothschild and Hartert, 1901, Novit. Zool., 8, p. 66. — 
Waigeu. 

Range. — Waigeu Island. 

Lorius lory lory (Linnaeus) 

Psittacus Lory Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 1, p. 100. — "East Indies" = 
Vogelkop. 

Range. — Batanta, Salawati, Misol and Vogelkop, on the western coast of Geel- 
vink Bay at least as far as Momi. 

Lorius lory rubiensis Meyer 

Lorius erythrothorax rubiensis A. B. Meyer, 1893, Abh. Ber. Zool. Mus. Dresden, 
4 (1892-93), no. 3, p. 10.— Rubi, head of Geelvink Bay. 

Range. — Southern part of Geelvink Bay (Wandammen, Wanggar and Musairo) 
and south coast of New Guinea from the Onin Peninsula to the Gulf of Papua 
(Port Romily). 

Lorius lory erythrothorax Salvadori 

Lorius erythrothorax Salvadori, 1877, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 10, p. 32. — Mt. 
Epa, Hall Sound. 

Range. — Southeastern New Guinea, westward on the south coast to the Purari 
River, on the north to the Huon Peninsula. 

Forest and edge of forest up to 1250 m., occasionally up to 1500 m. 

Lorius lory salvadorii Meyer 
Lorius salvadorii A. B. Meyer, 1891, Abh. Ber. Zool. Mus. Dresden, 3 (1890-91), 
no. 4, p. 6. — Astrolabe Bay. 

Range. — Northern New Guinea from the Aitape district to Astrolabe Bay. 

Lorius lory viridicrissalis de Beaufort 
Lorius cyanauchen viridicrissalis de Beaufort, 1909, Nova Guinea, 5, livr. 3, p. 
403. — Lake Sentani, Humboldt Bay. 

Range. — Northern New Guinea from the Mamberano to the Tami River. 

Lorius lory jobiensis (Meyer) 
Domicella lori var. jobiensis A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 
70, Abth. 1, p. 229, 231.— Jobi. 
Range. — Japen and Meos Num, Geelvink Bay. 

Lorius lory cyanauchen (S. Miiller) 
Psittacus cyanauchen S. Muller, 1843, Verh. Nat. Gesch., 1 (Land-en Volken- 
kunde), pt. 4, p. 107. — "Moluccas" == Biak Island. 
Range. — Biak Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Genus CHARMOSYNA * Wagler 
Charmosyna papou papou (Scopoli) 
Psittacus Papou Scopoli, 1786, Del. Flor. et Faun. Insubr., fasc. 2, p. 86.— No lo- 
cality = Arfak Mountains (type locality fixed by Hartert, 1930). 



Including Coriphilus, Charmosynopsis, Hypocharmosyna auctorum. 



PSITTACIDAE 57 

Psittacus papucnsis Gmelin, 1788, Syst. Nat., 1, p. 317. — New Guinea. 
Range.— Tamrau and Arfak Mountains, Vogelkop. 

Charmosyna papou goliathina Rothschild and Hartert 
Charmosyna stellae goliathina Rothschild and Hartert, 1911, Novit. Zool., 18, 

p. 160. — Mt. Goliath, Oranje Range. 

Range.— Mountains of central New Guinea: Weyland, Nassau, Oranje and Sepik 

Mountains (Schraderberg). 

Charmosyna papou stellae Meyer 

Charmosyna Stellae A. B. Meyer, 1886, Zeitschr. ges. Ornith., 3, p. 9, pi. 2. — 
Mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 

Charmosyna atrata Rothschild, 1898, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 7, p. 54.— Mt. 
Scratchier. [Melanistic phase.] 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea, westward to the Angabunga 
River and to the Herzog Mountains. 

Mountain forest from 1600 m. to 2800 m., occasionally down to 1200 m. 

Charmosyna papou wahnesi Rothschild 
Charmosyna stellae wahnesi Rothschild, 1906, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 19, p. 27. 
— Sattelberg, Huon Peninsula. 

Range. — Mountains of the Huon Peninsula. 

Charmosyna josefinae josefinae (Finsch) 

Trichoqlossus Josefinae Finsch, 1873, Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. Milano, 15, p. 
427, pi. 7.— Vogelkop. 

Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop, Weyland, Nassau and Oranje Mountains 
and mountains on upper Mamberano. 

Hill forest from 800 m. to 1800 m., occasionally lower. 

Charmosyna josefinae sepikiana Neumann 
Charmosyne josephinae sepikiana Neumann, 1922, Verh. Orn. Ges. Bayern, 15, 
p. 235. — Hunsteinspitze, Sepik Mountains. 
Range. — Mountains of the Sepik region. 

Charmosyna josefinae cyclopum Hartert 
Charmosyna josephinae cyclopum Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 104. — Cy- 
clops Mountains. 

Range. — Cyclops Mountains. 

Charmosyna pulchella pulchella Gray 
Charmosyna pulchella G. R. Gray, 1859, List Birds Brit. Mus., Psittac, p. 102.— 
Dorey, northwestern New Guinea. 
Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop (Tamrau and Arfak). 
Hill and mountain forest from 800 m. to 2000 m. 

Charmosyna pulchella bella (De Vis) 
Charmosynopsis bella De Vis, 1900, Ann. Queensland Mus., no. 5, p. 12, pi. 8. — 
Wharton Range?, southeastern New Guinea. 



58 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Range. — Weyland, Nassau and Oranje Mountains, mountains of the Huon 
Peninsula and mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 
Hill forest from 1000 m. to 1500 m. 

Charmosyna pulchella rothschildi (Hartert) 

Charmosynopsis pulchella rothschildi Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 105. — 
Cyclops Mountains. 

Range. — Cyclops Mountains and (subsp.?) mountains on the upper Mamberano 
(Doormanpaad). 

Charmosyna wilhelminae (Meyer) 

Trichoglossus Wilhelminae A. B. Meyer, 1874, Journ. f. Ornith., 22, p. 55, 56. — 
Passim and Andai, west coast of Geelvink Bay. 

Range. — Tamrau and Arfak Mountains, Nassau Mountains (Iwaka River), 
Saruwaged Mountains, Herzog Mountains and mountains of southeastern New 
Guinea. 

Hill forest from 1200 m. to 1800 m. (eastern New Guinea), apparently down to 
about 500 m. (Arfak Mountains). 

Charmosyna multistriata (Rothschild) 

Charmosynopsis multistriata Rothschild, 1911, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 27, p. 45. — 
Upper Setekwa River. 

Range. — Southern slopes of central ranges from the Nassau Mountains (Mi- 
mika, Setekwa, Utakwa Rivers) to the upper Fly River (Palmer Junction). 

Hill and mountain forest from 200 m. to 1800 m. 

Charmosyna rubrigularis krakari (Rothschild and Hartert) 
Hypocharmosyna rubrigularis krakari Rothschild and Hartert, 1915, Novit. 
Zool., 22, p. 31. — Dampier (Karkar) Island. 
Range. — Karkar Island. 

Charmosyna rubronotata rubronotata (Wallace) 
Coriphilus rubronotatus Wallace, 1862, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 165. — Sala- 
wati and western coast of Vogelkop. 
Range. — Salawati ; Vogelkop and northern New Guinea east to the Sepik River. 
Lowland forest up to 550 m. 

Charmosyna rubronotata kordoana (Meyer) 
Trichoglossus (Charmosyna) kordoanus A. B. Meyer, 1874, Verh. Zool.-bot. Ges. 
Wien, 24, p. 38.— Kordo, Misori (= Biak). 
Range. — Biak Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Charmosyna placentis ornata Mayr 

Charmosyna placentis ornata Mayr, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1091, p. 1. — 
Misol Island. 

Range. — Western Papuan Islands (Gebe, Waigeu, Batanta, Salawati, Misol) and 
Vogelkop. 

Charmosyna placentis placentis (Temminck) 
Psittacus placentis Temminck, 1834, Planch. Col. d'Ois., livr. 93, pi. 553. — U ta- 
rn ta River, southwestern New Guinea. 



PSITTACIDAE 59 

Range. — Goramlaut, Southeast Islands, Kei Islands, Aru Islands and south New 
Guinea (Oriomo River, upper, middle and lower Fly River). 

Charmosyna placentis subplacens (Sclater) 

Trichoglossus subplacens Sclater, 1876, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 519. — Naia- 
bui, Hall Sound. 

Range. — Eastern New Guinea from the Sepik River on the north and Hall Sound 
on the south, eastward. 

Open forest, wooded savanna, and coconut plantations at sea level. 

Charmosyna placentis pallidior (Rothschild and Hartert) 

Charmosynopsis placentis pallidior Rothschild and Hartert, 1905, Novit. Zool., 
12, p. 253. — Bougainville Island, Solomon Islands. 

Range. — Bougainville and Fead, Solomon Islands; Bismarck Archipelago; 
Woodlark Island. 

Genus OREOPSITTACUS Salvadori 

Oreopsittacus arfaki arfaki (Meyer) 

Trichoglossus (Charmosyna) Arfaki A. B. Meyer, 1874, Verh. Zool.-bot. Ges. 
Wien, 24, p. 37. — Arfak Mountains. 
Range. — Arfak Mountains. 

Oreopsittacus arfaki major Ogilvie-Grant 

Oreopsittacus arfaki major Ogilvie-Grant, 1914, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 35, p. 
11. — Utakwa River, Nassau Range. 
Range. — Weyland, Nassau and Oranje Mountains. 

Oreopsittacus arfaki grandis Ogilvie-Grant 

Oreopsittacus grandis Ogilvie-Grant, 1895, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 5, p. 15. — 
Owen Stanley Mountains. 

Oreopsittacus viridigaster De Vis, 1898, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea 1896-97, 
p. 81. — Wharton Range. 

Oreopsittacus frontalis Reichenow, 1900, Ornith. Monatsber., 8, p. 186. — Aroa 
River (6000 feet). 

Oreopsittacus arfaki intermedius Reichenow, 1915, Journ. f. Ornith., 63, p. 124. 
— Schraderberg, Sepik Mountains. 

Range. — Sepik Mountains (Schraderberg), Saruwaged Mountains and moun- 
tains of southeastern New Guinea from Mount Misim and Mount Albert Edward, 
eastward. 

High mountain forest from 2000 m. to 3600 m. 

Genus NEOPSITTACUS Salvadori 

Neopsittacus musschenbroekii musschenbroekii (Schlegel) 

Xanodes Musschenbroekii Schlegel, 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 4 (1873), p. 
34. — Arfak Mountains. 

Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop (Arfak, Tamrau). 



60 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Neopsittacus musschenbroekii medius Stresemann 
Neopsittacus musschenbroekii medius Stresemann, 1936, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Ber- 
lin, 21, p. 231. — Sumuri, Weyland Mountains. 
Range. — Weyland, Nassau and Oranje Mountains. 

Neopsittacus musschenbroekii major Neumann 

Neopsittacus musschenbroekii major Neumann, 1924, Ornith. Monatsber., 32, p. 
38. — Schraderberg, Sepik Mountains. 

Range. — Mountains of east central (Schraderberg), northeastern (Saruwaged) 
and southeastern New Guinea (Herzog, Owen Stanley, Wharton Range). 

Mountain forest from 1800 m. to 2400 m., less common down to 1400 m. and up 
to 2900 m. 

Neopsittacus pullicauda alpinus Ogil vie- Grant 
Neopsittacus muschenbrocki alpinus Ogilvie-Grant, 1914, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
35, p. 12.— Utakwa River (8000 ft.). 
Range. — Weyland, Nassau and Oranje Mountains. 

Neopsittacus pullicauda socialis Mayr 
Neopsittacus pullicauda socialis Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 700. 
— Saruwaged Mountains, Huon Peninsula. 

Range. — Mountains of the Huon Peninsula and (subsp.) Herzog Mountains. 

Neopsittacus pullicauda pullicauda Hartert 

Neopsittacus pullicauda Hartert, 1896, Novit. Zool., 3, p. 17. — Owen Stanley 
Range. 

Neopsittacus viridiceps De Vis, 1897, Ibis, p. 371. — Mt. Scratchley. 

Range. — Sepik Mountains (Schraderberg) and mountains of southeastern New 
Guinea. 

High mountain forest from 2400 m. to 3600 m., occasionally down to 200C m. 

Genus PSITTACULIROSTRIS Gray and Gray 

Psittaculirostris desmarestii * occidentalis (Salvadori) 
Cyclopsittacus occidentalis Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 910. — 
Salawati (restricted type locality), Batanta and western coast of the Vogelkop. 
Range. — Salawati, Batanta and (subsp.) western coast of the Vogelkop. 

Psittaculirostris desmarestii blythi (Wallace) 
Cyclopsitta blythi Wallace, 1864, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 284. — Misol. 
Range. — Misol. 

Psittaculirostris desmarestii desmarestii (Desmarest) 

Psittacus Desmarestii Desmarest, 1826, Diet. Sci. Nat., ed. Levrault, 39, p. 89. 
— Dorey. 

Cyclopsitta desmarestii intermedia van Oort, 1909, Notes Leyden Mus., 30, p. 
229. — Skru, Onin Peninsula. [Possibly valid race.] 

Range. — Eastern part of the Vogelkop, Onin Peninsula, eastward to Triton Bay 
and eastern coast of Geelvink Bay (Waropen). 

Lowland forest. 



1 The three species of this genus form a superspecies. 



PSITTACIDAE 61 

Psittaculirostris desmarestii godmani (Otfilvie-Grant) 
Cychpsittacus godmani Ogilvie-Grant, 1911 (March), Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 

27, p. 67. — Upper Mimika River. 
Cyclopsitta blythi meek* Rothschild and Hartert, 1911 (Sept.), Novit. Zool., 

18, p. 160. — Eilanden River, south New Guinea. 
Range. — South New Guinea from the Mimika River to the Fly River, where it 

intergrades with cervicalis. 

Psittaculirostris desmarestii cervicalis (Salvadori and D'Albertis) 
Cydopsittacus cervicalis Salvadori and D'Albertis, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. 

Genova, 7, p. 811. — Mt. Epa, Hall Sound. 
Range. — Southeastern New Guinea, westward to the Kumusi River on the north 

and to the Fly River and Noord River on the south. 
Lowland and hill forest up to 800 m. 

Psittaculirostris salvadorii (Oustalet) 

Cychpsittacus Salvadorii Oustalet, 1880, Bull. Assoc. Sci. France, (2) 1, p. 172. 
— North coast of New Guinea between lat. 136° 30' and 137° E. 

Range. — Northeastern coast of Geelvink Bay and probably adjoining part of 
north coast of New Guinea. 

Psittaculirostris edwardsii (Oustalet) 

Cychpsittacus Edivardsii Oustalet, 1885, Ann. Sci. Nat., Zool., (6) 19, art. 3, 
p. 1. — Kafu, northern New Guinea. 

Cychpsittacus purpuratus Madarasz, 1902, Termes. Fuzetek, 25, p. 351, pi. 17. — 
"Bougainville, Solomon Islands," error for Astrolabe Bay. 

Range. — Northern and northeastern New Guinea from Humboldt Bay to the 
Huon Gulf (Simbang). 

Genus OPOPSITTA 1 Sclater 

Opopsitta gulielmi III gulielmi III (Schlcgel) 
Psittacula gulielmi III Schlegel, 1866, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 3, p. 252.— Sala- 
wati and western coast of the Vogelkop. 

Range. — Salawati and western part of the Vogelkop. 

Opopsitta gulielmi III nigrifrons (Reichenow) 
Cychpsittacus nigrifrons Reichenow, 1891, Journ. f. Ornith., 39, p. 217.— Au- 
gusta (= Sepik) River. 

Range. — Northern New Guinea from the Mamberano River to the Sepik River. 
Lowland forest. 

Opopsitta gulielmi III ramuensis Neumann 
Opopsitta nigrifrons ramuensis Neumann, 1915, Ornith. Monatsber., 23, p. 180. 
— Ramu valley, at foot of the Bismarck Mountains. 
Range. — Ramu River region. 

Opopsitta gulielmi III amabilis (Reichenow) 
Cychpsittacus amabilis Reichenow, 1891, Journ. f. Ornith., 39, p. 432.— Sapa- 
rako, Huon Gulf. 



Cychpsittacus auctorum. 



62 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Cyclopsittacus macilwraithi Rothschild, 1897, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 7, p. 21. — 
Northern coast of British New Guinea. 

Range. — Northern coast of southeastern New Guinea from the Huon Peninsula 
to Milne Bay. 

Opopsitta gulielmi III suavissima (Sclater) 

Cyclopsitta suavissima Sclater, 1876, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 520, pi. 54. — 
Naiabui, Hall Sound. 

Cyclopsittacus nanus De Vis, 1898, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea 1896-97, App. 
AA, p. 81. — "Wharton Range (?)" = southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Southern coast of southeastern New Guinea from the Purari River to 
the Kemp Welch River. 

Opopsitta gulielmi III fuscifrons (Salvadori) 

Cyclopsittacus fuscifrons Salvadori, 1876, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 9, p. 14. — 
Upper Fly River. 
Range. — South New Guinea from the Mimika to the Fly River. 

Opopsitta gulielmi III melanogenia (Schlegel) 
Psittacula melanogenia Schlegel, 1866, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 3, p. 330. — Aru 
Islands. 
Range. — Aru Islands. 

Opopsitta diophthalma diophthalma (Hombron and Jacquinot) 

Psittacula diophthalma Hombron and Jacquinot, 1841, Ann. Sci. Nat., Zool., 
(2) 16, p. 318.— Triton Bay. 

Cyclopsittacus coccineifrons Sharpe, 1882, Journ. Linn. Soc. London, Zool., 16, 
p. 318. — Astrolabe Mts., southeastern New Guinea. 

Cyclopsittacus festetichi Madarasz, 1902, Termes. Fiizetek, 25, p. 350. — "Bou- 
gainville, Solomon Islands," error for Astrolabe Bay. 

Range. — Western Papuan Islands (Waigeu, Salawati, Misol, Kofiau) ; all New 
Guinea, except the south. 

Lowland forest. 

Opopsitta diophthalma aruensis (Schlegel) 

Psittacula diophthalma aruensis Schlegel, 1874, Mus. Pays-Bas, 3, Psittaci, p. 
33. — Aru Islands. 

Range. — Aru Islands; southern New Guinea from the Mimika River to the Fly 
River. 

Opopsitta diophthalma virago (Hartert) 
Cyclopsittacus virago Hartert, 1895, Novit. Zool., 2, p. 61. — Fergusson Island. 
Range. — Fergusson and Goodenough Islands, D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago. 

Opopsitta diophthalma inseparabilis (Hartert) 

Cyclopsittacus inseparabilis Hartert, 1898, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 8, p. 9. — Sudest 
Island. 
Range. — Tagula (Sudest) Island, Louisiade Archipelago. 



PSITTACIDAE 



Genus MICROPSITTA Lesson 



63 



Micropsitta keiensis 1 chloroxantha Oberholser 

Micropsitta chloroxantha OberhOLSEB, 1917, Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 30, p. 
12o. New name for Psittocus Pygmeus Quoy and Gaimard, 18^0. Voy. Astrolabe, 
1, p. 232. — Dorey. (Preoccupied by Psittacus pygmaeus Gmelin, 1788.) 

Range. — Western Papuan Islands (Gebe, Waigeu, Salawati, Kofiau and Misol) 
and northwestern New Guinea, eastward on the north as far as Andai, on the south 
as far as Sekru (Onin Peninsula). 

Lowland forest and second growth. 

Micropsitta keiensis keiensis (Salvadori) 
Nasiterna keiensis Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 984.— Kei 
Islands. 
Range. — Kei and Am Islands. 

Micropsitta keiensis viridipectus (Rothschild) 
Nasiterna pygmaea viridipectus Rothschild, 1911, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 27, p. 
45. — Upper Setekwa River. 

Range. — South New Guinea from the Utanata River to the Fly River. 

Micropsitta geelvinkiana geelvinkiana (Schlegel) 

Nasiterna pygmaea Geelvinkiana Schlegel, 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 4, p. 
7. — Mafor and Misori (restricted to Mafor by Rothschild and Harter;, 1901, Novit. 
Zool., 8, p. 80). 

Nasiterna maforensis Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 908. — Mafor. 

Range. — Xumfor Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Micropsitta geelvinkiana misoriensis (Salvadori) 
Nasiterna misoriensis Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 909. — 
Misori (=Biak). 
Range. — Biak Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Micropsitta pusio beccarii (Salvadori) 

Nasiterna beccarii Salvadori, 1876, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 8, p. 396. — Wairor, 
eastern coast of the Vogelkop. 

Nasiterna salvadorii Rothschild and Hartert, 1901, Novit. Zool., 8, p. 81. — 
Mamberano River. 

Micropsitta pusio rothschildi Stresf.mann, 1922, Journ. f. Ornith., 70, p. 407. — 
Finschhafen, Huon Gulf. 

Range. — Northern New Guinea from the western coast of Geelvink Bay (Momi) 
to the Kumusi River; Manam, Karkar and Rook Islands. 

Forest, secondary growth, generally on trees with termite nests, up to 400 m. 

Micropsitta pusio pusio (Sclater) 
Nasiterna pusio Sclater, 1866, Proc. Zool. Soc. London (1865), p. 620, pi. 35 — 

mon Islands" = Duke of York Islands. 
Nasiterna pusilla Ramsay, 1877, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 2, p. 104. — 
Port Moresby. 



The species keiensis, geelvinkiana, and pusio belong to one superspecies. 



64 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Range. — Southeastern New Guinea from the Angabunga River to Milne Bay; 
New Britain, Duke of York Islands ; Witu Islands. 

Micropsitta pusio harterti Mayr 
Micropsitta pusio harterti Mayr, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1091, p. 2. — 
Fergusson Island. 
Range. — Fergusson Island, D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago. 

Micropsitta pusio stresemanni Hartert 
Micropsitta pusio stresemanni Hartert, 1926, Novit. Zool., 33, p. 130. — Sudest 
Island. 
Range. — Misima and Tagula Islands, Louisiade Archipelago. 

Micropsitta bruijnii bruijnii (Salvadori) 

Nasiterna bruijnii Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 753, pi. 21. — 
Arfak Mountains. 

Nasiterna orientalis De Vis, 1898, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea 1896-97, p. 81.— 
Vanapa Valley. 

Range. — Mountains of New Guinea : Tamrau, Arfak, Wandammen, Onin Penin- 
sula, Weyland, Nassau, Oranje, Sepik (Schraderberg), Saruwaged, Herzog, 
Wharton and Owen Stanley Mountains. 

Mountain forest from 500 m. to 2300 m. 

Genus PROBOSCIGER Kuhl 

Probosciger aterrimus intermedius (Schlegel) 
Cacatua intermedia Schlegel, 1861, Journ. f. Ornith., 9, p. 380. — Aru Islands. 
Range. — Aru Islands. 

Probosciger aterrimus alecto (Temminck) 
Ara Alecto Temminck, 1835, in Siebold's Fauna Jap., disc, prelim., p. 17. — 
Waigeu (type locality restricted by Berlepsch, 1911). 
Range. — Western Papuan Islands (Waigeu, Salavvati, Misol and Gemien). 

Probosciger aterrimus goliath (Kuhl) 

Psittacus Goliath Kuhl, 1820, Nova Acta Acad. Caes. Leop. Carol., 10, p. 92. — 
"East Indies," restricted to Onin Peninsula by Stresemann, 1923. 

Microglossia salvadorii A. B. Meyer, 1894, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 4, p. 6. — Arfak 
Mountains. 

Probosciger aterrimus oorti Mathews, 1916, Birds Austr., 6, p. 94. — Dutch New 
Guinea. 

Range. — Western and southern New Guinea, eastward on the north coast to the 
head of Geelvink Bay and in the south along the southern slopes of central range 
from the Nassau Mountains to Milne Bay and Sariba Island. 

Probosciger aterrimus aterrimus (Gmelin) 

Psittacus aterrimus Gmelin, 1788, Syst. Nat., 1, pt. 1, p. 330.— "New Holland," 
restricted to northern Australia (van Oort, 1911). 

Range. — Cape York Peninsula and opposite part of southern New Guinea from 
the Oriomo River at least to Merauke, possibly to the Noord River. 



PSITTACIDAE 



65 



Probosciger aterrimus stenolophus (van Oort) 

Microglossus aterrimus stenolophus VAN Oort, 1911, Notes Leyden Mus., 33, p. 
240. — Humboldt Bay and Sentani Lake. 

Range. — Japen Island and northern New Guinea from the Mamberano River 
to the Bofu district, east of Collingwood Bay. 

Lowland forest, edge of forest up to 900 m. 

Genus CACATUA Brisson 

Cacatua galerita triton Temminck 

Cacatua triton Temminck, 1849, Coup d'Oeil Gen. Poss. Neerl. Ind. Arch., 3, 
p. 405 (note). — Aiduma Island, near Triton Bay. 

Plyctolophus macrolophus Rosenberg, 1861, Natuurk. Tijdschr. Nederl. Indie, 23, 
p. 45. — Salawati and Misol (type locality, restricted by von Berlepsch, 1911). 

Cacatua Trobriandi Finsch, 1888, Samoafahrten, p. 208. — Trobriand Islands. 

Kakatoe galerita aruensis Mathews, 1917, Birds Austr., 6, p. 187. — Aru Islands. 

Cacatoes galerita kwalamkwolom Stresemann, 1923, Arch. Naturgesch., 89, 
Abt. A, Heft 8, p. 55.— Sattelberg, Huon Peninsula. 

Range. — Aru Islands; western Papuan Islands (Gebe, Waigeu, Salawati and 
Misol) ; Seranlaut and Goramlaut (introduced) ; all New Guinea; islands in Geel- 
vink Bay (Biak, Numfor, Meos Num and Japen) ; D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago, 
Trobriand and Woodlark groups, and Louisiade Archipelago (Misima, Tagula and 
Rossel). (See Amer. Mus. Novit, No. 947 (1937), pp. 6-8.) 

Lowland and hill forest, second growth formations, open country, wooded sa- 
vanna ; most common at sea level and up to 500 m., occasionally up to 1400 m. 

Genus PSITTRICHAS Lesson 
Psittrichas fulgidus * (Lesson) 
Banksianus fulgidus Lesson, 1830, Traite d'Orn., livr. 1, p. 181. — Vogelkop (re- 
stricted type locality). 
Range. — Mountains of New Guinea. 

Forest, usually from 800 m. to 2000 m., less common down to the lowlands, but 
never very far from the foot of the mountains. 

Genus LARIUS 2 Boddaert 

Larius roratus pectoralis (P. L. S. Muller) 

Psittacus pectoralis P. L. S. Muller, 1776, Natursyst., Suppl., p. 78. — "China," 
error for Onin Peninsula (type locality restricted by Stresemann, 1923). 

Range. — Southeast Islands (introduced); Kei Islands; western Papuan Islands 
(Waigeu, Batanta, Salawati, Misol); New Guinea; Japen and Meos Num; 
D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago (Fergusson, Goodenough and Normanby) ; Tro- 
briand Islands; Louisiade Archipelago (Tagula). 

Forest and second growth formations with big trees, up to 900 m. 

Larius roratus aruensis (G. R. Gray) 
Eclectus polychlorus var. aruensis G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 
p. 182. — Aru Islands. 
Range. — Aru Islands. 



1 Dasyptilus pesqueti auctorum. 

2 Eclectus auctorum. 



66 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Larius roratus maforensis (Rothschild) 

Eclectus roratus maforensis Rothschild, 1932 (Dec), Novit. Zool., 38, p. 203. — 
Numfor Island. 

Range. — Numfor Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Larius roratus biaki Hartert 
Larius roratus biaki Hartert, 1932 (Feb.), Nova Guinea, 15, p. 448. — Biak 
Island. 

Range. — Biak Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Genus GEOFFROYUS Bonaparte 

Geoffroyus geoffroyi cyanicarpus Hartert 
Geoffroyus aruensis cyanicarpus Hartert, 1899, Novit. Zool., 6, p. 81. — Rossel 
Island. 
Range. — Rossel Island, Louisiade Archipelago. 

Geoffroyus geoffroyi sudestiensis De Vis 

Geoffroyus sudestiensis De Vis, 1890, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1888-1889, 
p. 58. — Sudest Island (Tagula). 

Range. — Misima and Tagula, Louisiade Archipelago. 

Geoffroyus geoffroyi orientalis Meyer 

Geoffroyus orientalis A. B. Meyer, 1891, Abh. Ber. Zool. Mus. Dresden, 3 
(1890-91), no. 4, p. 4. — Bussum and Jakama, north coast of Huon Gulf (near 
Finschhafen). 

Range. — Huon Peninsula. 

Geoffroyus geoffroyi aruensis (Gray) 

Psittacus aruensis G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 183. — Aru 
Islands. 

Range. — Aru Islands; Fergusson and Goodenough Islands; southeastern and 
southern New Guinea, westward in the north to the Kumusi River, in the south to 
the Mimika River. 

Lowland forest and edge of forest up to 400 m., rarely higher. 

Geoffroyus geoffroyi pucherani Souance 

Geoffroyus Pucherani Souance, 1856, Rev. Mag. Zool., (2) 8, p. 218. — Triton 
Bay (ex Voy. Pole Sud). 

Geoffroyus dorsalis Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 758. — Andai, 
Vogelkop. 

Range. — Western Papuan Islands (Gebe, Waigeu, Batanta, Salawati, Misol and 
Kofiau) ; northwestern New Guinea, east to Etna Bay and the head of Geelvink 
Bay (Wanggar). 

Geoffroyus geoffroyi jobiensis (Meyer) 

Pionias Pucherani var. jobiensis A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. 
Wien, 70, Abt. 1, p. 225.— Jobi Island. 
Range. — Japen and (subsp.) Meos Num Islands, Geelvink Bay. 



PSI1 l ACIDAE 



67 



Geoffroyus geoffroyi minor Neumann 
tfmyus personaius minor Neumann, 1922, Vcrh. Ornith. Ges. Bayern, 15, 
p. 235.— Jagei River (= upper Ranui). 

Range.— Northern New Guinea from the Mamberano River to Astrolabe Bay 
and to the upper Ramu River. 

Geoffroyus geoffroyi mysorensis (Meyer) 
Pionias Pvcheram var. mysorensis A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. 
w ~u n. 70. Abt. 1. p. 22? Misori (= Biak). 
Range. — Biak and (subsp.) Numfor, Geelvink Huy. 

Geoffroyus simplex simplex (Meyer) 
Pionias simplex A. B. Meyer, 1874, Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 34, p. 39.— Arfak 
Mountains. 

RANGE. — Arfak Mountains. 

Geoffroyus simplex biirgersi Neumann 
ffroyus simplex burgers* Neumann, 1922, Verh. Ornith. Ges. Bayern, 15, 
p. 235. — Maeanderberg, upper Sepik. 

Range. — Sepik Mountains (Maeanderberg and Hunsteinspitze) and (subsp.) 
Nassau (Iwaka River), Herzog and Hydrographer Mountains and mountains of 
the Moroka district. 

Mountain forest from 600 m. to 1800 m. 

Genus TANYGNATHUS Wagler 

Tanygnathus megalorhynchus megalorhynchus (Boddaert) 
Psittacus megalorhynchus Boddaert, 1783, Tabl. Planch. Enlum., p. 45. — New 

Guinea, ex Daubenton, pi. 713. 

Range. — Talaut and Sangir Islands; Obi; northern Moluccas; western Papuan 

Islands (Gebe, Waigeu, Batanta, Salawati. Misol) ; small islands off the western 

coast of the Vogelkop (Sorong, etc.). (See Proc. Ac. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 91 

(1939), pp. 148-149.) 

Genus APROSMICTUS Gould 

Aprosmictus erythropterus papua Mayr and Rand 
Aprosmictus erythropterus papua Mayr and Rand, 1936, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Ber- 
lin. 21, p. 241. — Wuroi, Oriomo River. 

Range. — Southern New Guinea from Princess Marianne Straits to the Oriomo 
River. 

Wooded savanna at sea level. 

Genus ALISTERUS Mathews 

Alisterus amboinensis dorsalis (Quoy and Gaimard) 
Psittacus (Platycercus) dorsalis Quoy and Gaimard, 1830, Voy. Astrolabe, Zool., 

1, p. 234, pi. 21, fig. 3. — Dorey, northwestern New Guinea. 

Range. — Western Papuan Islands (Waigeu, Gemien, Salawati and Batanta) ; 

northwestern New Guinea, eastward to Etna Bay and the Weyland Mountain^. 
Lowland forest up to 1200 m., occasionally higher. 



68 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Alisterus chloropterus moszkowskii (Reichenow) 

Aprosmictus mosskowskii Reichenow, 1911, Ornith. Monatsber., 19, p. 82. — 
Tana, mouth of the Mamberano River. 

Alisterus amboinensis wiedenfeldi Neumann, 1927, Ornith. Monatsber., 35, p. 18. 
— Berlinhafen (Aitape district). 

Range. — Northern New Guinea from the northeastern coast of Geelvink Bay 
east to the Aitape district. 

Lowland forest up to 600 m. 

Alisterus chloropterus wilhelminae (Ogil vie- Grant) 
Aprosmictus wilhelminae Ogilvie-Grant, 1911, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 27, p. 83. — 

Kapare River (1700 feet). 
Alisterus amboinensis stresemanni Neumann, 1927, Ornith. Monatsber., 35, p. 

17. — Lordberg, middle Sepik River. 
Range. — Weyland Mountains, Nassau and Oranje Ranges, Sepik Mountains. 

Doubtfully distinct from callopterus. 

Alisterus chloropterus callopterus (D'Albertis and Salvadori) 
Aprosmictus callopterus D'Albertis and Salvadori, 1879, Ann. Mus. Civ. 
Genova, 14, p. 29. — Fly River, 300-420 miles from the mouth. 
Range. — Upper Fly River. 

Alisterus chloropterus chloropterus (Ramsay) 

Aprosmictus chloropterus Ramsay, 1879, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 3, 
p. 251. — Goldie River, 40 miles from Port Moresby. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern and northeastern New Guinea, westward in 
the south to Hall Sound, in the north to the Huon Peninsula. 

Hill and mountain forest from 100 m. to 1800 m. 

Genus PSITTACELLA Schlegel 

Psittacella brehmii brehmii Schlegel 
Psittacella Brehmii Schlegel, 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 4 (1873), p. 35. — 
Arfak Mountains. 

Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop (Arfak, Tamrau). 

Psittacella brehmii intermixta Hartert 

Psittacella brehmii intermixta Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 107. — Mount 
Goliath, Oranje Range. 

Range. — Weyland Mountains (subsp.), Nassau Mountains (Utakwa River) and 
Oranje Mountains (upper Noord River and Mount Goliath). Possibly not dif- 
ferent from burger si. 

Psittacella brehmii burgersi Reichenow 
Psittacella burgersi Reichenow, 1918, Journ. f. Ornith., 66, p. 244. — Schrader- 
berg, Sepik Region. 

Range. — Known only from the type locality. 

Psittacella brehmii harterti Mayr 
Psittacella brehmii harterti Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 702. — 
Mongi-Busu, Saruwaged Mountains. 



PSITTACIDAK 



69 



Range. — Saruwaged Mountains, Huon Peninsula. 
Mountain forest from 1600 m. to 2800 m. 

Psittacella brehmii pallida Meyer 

Psittacclh pallida A. B. Meyer, 1886, Zeitschr. ges. Ornith., 3, p. 3.— Astrolabe 
Mountains, southeastern New Guinea. 

Psittacella brelimi ornata Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 720 — 
Dawong, Herzog Mountains. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea and Herzog Mountains. 

Psittacella lorentzi * van Oort 
Psittacella lorentzi van Oort, 1910, Notes Leyden Mus., 32, p. 212.— Wichmann 
Mountains (3000 m.). 
Range. — Oranje Range (Wichmann, Hubrecht, Oranje Mountains). 

Psittacella picta Rothschild 
Psittacella picta Rothschild, 1896, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 6, p. 5.— Mt. Victoria, 
Owen Stanley Range. 
Range. — Wharton and Owen Stanley Ranges, southeastern New Guinea. 
Mountain forest from 2400 m. to 3680 m. 

Psittacella modesta modesta Schlegel 
Psittacella modesta Schlegel, 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 4 (1873), p. 36. — 
Arfak Mountains. 

Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop (Arfak, Tamrau). 

Psittacella modesta subcollaris Rand 
Psittacella modesta subcollaris Rand, 1941, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1102, p. 8. — 
South of Bernhard Camp, 1800 m., near Idenburg River. 
Range. — Northern slopes of Snow Mountains. 

Psittacella modesta collaris Ogilvie-Grant 

Psittacella modesta collaris Ogilvie-Grant, 1914, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 35, p. 
13.— Utakwa River, 5500 feet. 

Range. — South slope of Nassau Mountains (Utakwa River) and Oranje Moun- 
tains (mountains on upper Noord River and Mount Goliath). 

Psittacella madaraszi major Rothschild 
Psittacella madaraszi major Rothschild, 1936, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 21, p. 
233.— Mt. Kunupi (1500 m.), Weyland Mts. 

Range.— Wey land Mountains (1300 m. to 1500 m.). 

Psittacella madaraszi madaraszi Meyer 

Psittacella madaraszi A. B. Meyer, 1886, Zeitschr. ges. Ornith., 3, p. 4, pi. 1, 
fig. 1. — Astrolabe Mountains. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea from the Watut and Anga- 
bunga Rivers, eastward. 

Mountain forest from 1800 m. to 2400 m. 



1 Psittacella lorentzi and picta form a superspecies. 



70 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Psittacella madaraszi huonensis Mayr and Rand 
Psittacclla modesta huonensis Mayr and Rand, 1935, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 
814, p. 3. — Sevia, Huon Peninsula. 

Range. — Saruwaged Mountains, Huon Peninsula. 

Genus LORICULUS Blyth 

Loriculus aurantiifrons aurantiifrons Schlegel 
Loriculus aurantiifrons Schlegel, 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 4 (1873), p. 9. — 
Mi sol. 

Range.— Misol. 

Loriculus aurantiifrons batavorum Stresemann 

Loriculus aurantiifrons batavorum Stresemann, 1913, Journ. f. Ornith., 61, 
p. 602. — Snow Mts. (= Utakwa River). 

Range. — Waigeu; northwestern New Guinea eastward on the north coast to 
the Sepik region and on the south to the Setekwa River. 

Lowland forest up to 500 m. 

Loriculus aurantiifrons meeki Hartert 

Loriculus aurantiifrons meeki Hartert, 1895, Novit. Zool., 2, p. 62. — Fergusson 
Island. 

Range. — Fergusson and Goodenough Islands ; southeastern New Guinea, west- 
ward on the north coast to the Huon Peninsula (Simbang) and on the south to 
the Angabunga River (Deva-deva). Rare on the south coast. 

Family CUCULIDAE 

Cuckoos 

Genus CUCULUS Linnaeus 

[Cuculus canorus Linnaeus 
This Palearctic species was repeatedly recorded from the Papuan Region in the 
days when the species distinctions in this genus were still obscure. There are no 
recent records, however, and until an authentic specimen of this species is secured, 
it will have to be placed on the hypothetical list.] 

Cuculus saturatus horsfieldi Horsfield and Moore 
Cucuhis horsfieldi ["Moore"] Horsfield and Moore, 1857, Cat. Birds Mus. 

East-India Corp., 2 (1856-58), p. 703.— Java. 
Cuculus optatus, cantoroides, etc., auctorum. 
Range. — Central and eastern Siberia, central Asia, northern China and Japan. 

Winters from India to Australia, eastward to the New Guinea region and the 

Solomon Islands. 

Cuculus saturatus saturatus Blyth 

C[uculus] saturatus Blyth, 1843, Journ. As. Soc. Bengal, 12, pt. 2, p. 942. — 
Nepal. 

Cuculus optatus Gould, 1845, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 18. — Port Essington, 
Northern Territory. 

Cuculus ivaiyoui Mathews, 1918, Birds Austr., 7, p. 291. — Waigeu. 






CUCULIDAE 



71 



Range.— Southern slope of Himalayas. Assam. Burma, southern China and 
Formosa. Small specimens of this species (wing less than 190 mm.) which have 
been found in the Papuan Region are probably winter visitors of this subspecies. 

Cuculus pallidus (Latham) 
Columba pallida Latham. 1801, Index Ornith., Suppl., p. 60— New South Wales. 
Range.— Australia and Tasmania. On migration and in winter to northern 
Australia, the Moluccas and New Guinea (one record: Momi, Geelvink Bay). 

Genus CACOMANTIS Muller 

Cacomantis variolosus infaustus Cabanis and Heine 

Cacomantis infaustus Cabanis and Heine, 1862, Mus. Hein., 4, p. 23.— Misol. 

Cuculus assimilis G. R. Gray (nee Brehm, 1843), 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 
p. 184. — Aru Islands. 

Range.— Southeast Islands, Seranlaut, Goram, Kei Islands, Aru Islands, western 
Papuan Islands (Gebe, Kofiau, Misol, Salawati, Batanta, Waigeu) ; Japen, north- 
west New Guinea, in the south to the Onin Peninsula, in the north to the Sepik 
River. 

Forest, edge of forest, second growth, and open country in the lowlands up to 
1000 m. 

Cacomantis variolosus oreophilus Hartert 

Cacomantis variolosus oreophilus Hartert, 1925, Novit. Zool., 32, p. 168. — 
Hydrographer Mts., southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Eastern New Guinea, westward in the north to Astrolabe Bay, in the 
south to the foot of the Snow Mountains (Mimika and Setekwa Rivers). 

From the lowlands up to 1250 m. 

Cacomantis variolosus fortior Rothschild and Hartert 
Cacomantis assiinilis fortior Rothschild and Hartert, 1914, Novit. Zool., 21, 

p. 4. — Goodenough Island. 

Range. — Fergusson and Goodenough Islands, D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago; also 

Rook, Dampier (Karkar) and Vulcan (Manam) Islands. 

Cacomantis variolosus chivae Mayr and de Schauensee 
Cacomantis variolosus chivae Mayr and de Schauensee, 1939, Proc. Acad. Nat. 
Sci. Philadelphia, 91, p. 23.— Korrido, Biak Island. 
Range.— Biak Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Cacomantis variolosus obscuratus Stresemann and Paludan 
Cacomantis variolosus obscuratus Stresemann and Paludan, 1932, Novit. 
Zool., 38, p. 202.— Numfor. 

Range. — Numfor Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Cacomantis variolosus variolosus (Vigors and Horsfield) 
Cuculus variolosus Vigors and Horsfield, 1826, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 15, 
p. 300.— Paramatta. New South Wales. 

Range.— Victoria, New South Wales and South Queensland. On migration to 
the Moluccas. Aru Islands, western Papuan [stands and New Guinea (Geelvink 
Bay, I'takwa River, Fly River, Astrolabe Bay). Most migrants are young birds 



72 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

and can not be determined subspecifically. The specimens from some of these 
localities may belong to tymbonomus. 

Cacomantis variolosus tymbonomus (S. Miiller) 

Cuculus tymbonomus S. Muller, 1843, Verh. Nat. Gesch., 1 (Land-en Volken- 
kunde), p. 177. — Timor. 

Cuculus dumetorum Gould, 1845, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 19. — Port Essing- 
ton, Northern Territory. 

Range. — Northern Australia from northwestern Australia to northern Queens- 
land. Partly migratory. Specimens apparently belonging to this race have been 
obtained on Timor, Bat j an, the Kei Islands, in southern and northern New Guinea. 
The distinctness of this race from typical variolosus requires confirmation. 

Cacomantis pyrrhophanus excitus Rothschild and Hartert 

Cacomantis excitus Rothschild and Hartert, 1907, Novit. Zool., 14, p. 436. — 
Angabunga River, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea, Herzog, Saruwaged, Oranje, 
Nassau (Utakwa River), Weyland and Arfak Mountains. 

Mountain forest, second growth and clearings from 1400 m. to 2800 m. 

Cacomantis pyrrhophanus prionurus * (Lichtenstein) 

Cuculus prionurus Lichtenstein, 1823, Verz. Doubl. Mus. Berlin, p. 9. — New 
South Wales. 
Range. — Australia and Tasmania. On migration to the Aru Islands. 

Cacomantis castaneiventris castaneiventris (Gould) 

Cuculus {Cacomantis) castaneiventris Gould, 1867, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (3) 
20, p. 269. — Cape York, Queensland. 

Range. — Cape York and (subsp.) Aru Islands. 

Cacomantis castaneiventris arfakianus Salvadori 

Cacomantis arfakianus Salvadori, 1889, Ornit. Pap. Mol., Agg., p. 49. — Arfak 
Mts. 

Range. — Misol (subsp.), Salawati and northwestern New Guinea at least to 
the head of Geelvink Bay; specimens from Japen, the Weyland, Nassau and 
Oranje Mountains appear intermediate between this and the following subspecies. 

Forest, edge of forest and secondary growth from sea level to 2000 m., most 
common between 800 m. and 1400 m. 

Cacomantis castaneiventris weiskei Reichenow 

Cacomantis weiskei Reichenow, 1900, Ornith. Monatsber., 8, p. 186. — Aroa 
River, southeastern New Guinea. 

Cacomantis castaneiventris bihagi Mathews, 1914, Austr. Av. Record, 2, p. 92. — 
Mambare River, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea, of the Huon Peninsula and 
of the Sepik region. 



1 Cacomantis flabelliformis, rubricatus, cinerascens auctorum. 



CUCULIDAE 



73 



Gems MISOCALIUS » Cabanis and Heine 
Misocalius osculans (Gould) 
Chalcites osculans Gould, 1847, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 32.— New South 
Wales. 
Range.— Australia. On migration to the Aru Islands, Kei Islands and Batjan. 

Genus CHALCITES Lesson 
Chalcites basalis (Horsfield) 
Cuculus basalis Horsfield, 1821, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 13, p. 179. — Java. 
Range. — Southern Australia and Tasmania. Migrating to the Lesser and Greater 
Sunda Islands. Casual to Celebes (once), Aru Islands and Cape York. 

Chalcites lucidus lucidus (Gmelin) 

Cuculus lucidus Gmelin, 1788, Syst. Nat., 1, pt. 1, p. 421.— New Zealand. 

Range. — Chatham Islands and New Zealand. Migrates through the Louisiade 
Archipelago (Woodlark, Misima) to the Solomon Islands and the Bismarck 
Archipelago. 

Chalcites lucidus plagosus (Latham) 

Cuculus plagosus Latham, 1801, Index Ornith., Suppl., p. 31. — Australia ( = 
New South Wales). 

Lamprococcyx poliums Salvadori, 1889, Ornit. Pap. Mol., Agg., p. 49. — Tarawai 
Island. 

Range. — Tasmania and southern Australia. On migration and wintering in 
northern Australia, Lesser Sunda Islands, New Guinea (not yet reported from 
western New Guinea, west of Fly/ River and Geelvink Bay), and Bismarck Archi- 
pelago (Rook Island, Witu Islands). 

Chalcites ruficollis (Salvadori) 

Lamprococcyx ruficollis Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 913. — 
Hatam, Arfak Mts. 

Range. — Arfak, Wandammen, Weyland and Herzog Mountains, and mountains 
of southeastern New Guinea. 

Mountain forest from 2000 m. to 3300 m., occasionally lower (down to 1300 m.). 

Chalcites malayanus poecilurus (Gray) 

Chrysococcyx poecilurus G. R. Gray, 1862, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1861, p. 
431.— Misol. 

Lamprococcyx poeciluroidcs Salvadori, 1878, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 13, p. 
460. — Warmon, opposite Sorong Island. 

Range.— Aru Islands, Misol, Waigeu, Tarawai, Manam, Karkar, Fergusson, 
Goodenough and Trobriand Islands, and all New Guinea except part of the south 
coast. 

Lowland forest, secondary growth and clearings, more common near the coast, 
but occasionally up to 1400 m. 



'-Type species: C. palliolatus Cabanis and Heine (nee Latham) = C. osculans 
Gould. The genus characterization ("intermediate between Chalcites and Caco- 
mantis") as well as the quotations Gould 1847 and Bonaparte 1854 refer unques- 
tionably to osculans. 



74 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Chalcites malayanus russatus (Gould) 
Chrysococcyx russata Gould, 1868, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 76. — Cape York. 
Range. — Cape York Peninsula and south New Guinea from the Mimika River 
to the Merauke district. 

Chalcites malayanus misoriensis (Salvadori) 
Lamprococcyx misoriensis Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 914. — 
Misori Island. 

Range. — Biak Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Chalcites malayanus crassirostris (Salvadori) 

Lamprococcyx crassirostris Salvadori, 1878, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 13, p. 460. 
— Tual, Lesser Kei Islands. 

Range. — Tenimber, Kei, Koer, Taam, Goram, Seran, Ambon, Buru, Ternate, 
Halmahera; "Sorong" (record very doubtful). 

Chalcites meyerii (Salvadori) 

Chrysococcyx meyerii Salvadori, 1874, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 6, p. 82. — New 
name for Chrysococcyx splendidus A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. 
Wien, 69, p. 81. — Hatam, Arfak Mts. (preoccupied by Gray). 

Range. — Mountains of New Guinea (Vogelkop, Onin Peninsula, Weyland, Nas- 
sau, Oranje, Cyclops, Sepik, Saruwaged and Herzog Mountains, and mountains of 
southeastern New Guinea). 

Hill forest, second growth and clearings from the foot of the mountains up to 
1500 m., most common around 800 m. 

Genus RHAMPHOMANTIS Salvadori 

Rhamphomantis megarhynchus megarhynchus (Gray) 
Cucidus megarhynchus G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 184. — Aru 

Islands. 

Thelazomenus poecilocercus Reichenow, 1915, Journ. f. Ornith., 63, p. 127. — 

Malu, lower Sepik. 

Range. — Aru Islands and New Guinea (Vogelkop, Mamberano, Sepik and 
Kumusi valleys). 
Lowland forest (very rare). 

Rhamphomantis megarhynchus sanfordi Stresemann and Paludan 
Rhamphomantis megarhynchus sanfordi Stresemann and Paludan, 1932, 
Ornith. Monatsber., 40, p. 17. — Waigeu. 
Range. — Waigeu Island. 

Genus MICRODYNAMIS Salvadori 

Microdynamis parva parva (Salvadori) 

Eudynamis parva Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 986. — "Tidore," 
error for: Northwestern New Guinea (restricted type locality). 

Rhamphomantis Rollesi Ramsay, 1883, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 8, 
p. 23. — Astrolabe Mountains. 

Range. — All New Guinea except part of the north (see following subspecies). 

Lowland and hill forest, edge of forest up to 1400 m. 



CUCULIDAE 



75 



Microdynamis parva grisescens Mayr and Rand 

Microdynamls parva grisescens Mayr and Rand, 1936, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 
868. p. 1— Madang, Astrolabe Bay. 

Range.— North New Guinea from Humboldt Bay to the Watut and Kumusi 
Rivers. 

Genus CALIECHTHRUS Cabanis and Heine 

Caliechthrus leucolophus (Miiller) 
Cucuhu leucolophus S. Muller, 1843, Verh. Nat. Gesch., 1 (Land-en Volken- 
Inmde), 1839-44, p. 22.— Lobo, Triton Bay. 

Range. — New Guinea, Salawati and (?) Waigeu. 

Forest, edge of forest and tall trees in clearings up to 1400 m. 

Genus EUDYNAMIS Vigors and Horsfield 

Eudynamis scolopacea rufiventer (Lesson) 

Cucuhu rufiventer Lesson, 1830, Voy. Coquille, Zool., p. 622. — Dorey, north- 
western New Guinea. 

Range. — Western Papuan Islands (Misol, Salawati, Batanta and Waigeu), Aru 
Islands, Traitor's Islands, Karkar Island, and all New Guinea except the ranges of 
minima and subcyanocephala. 

Lowland and hill forest, edge of forest and secondary growth up to 600 m. 

Eudynamis scolopacea minima van Oort 
Eudynamis minima van Oort, 1911, Notes Leyden Mus., 34, p. 54. — Noord River, 
south New Guinea. 

Range. — Known only from the Noord River, south New Guinea. 

Eudynamis scolopacea subcyanocephala Mathews 
Eudynamis orientalis subcyanocephalus Mathews, 1912, Austr. Av. Record, 1, 
pt. 1. p. 21. — Parry's Creek, northwestern Australia. 

Range. — Tropical northern Australia from northwestern Australia to the Cape 
York Peninsula ; south New Guinea from the Merauke district to the Fly River 
(Rand MS.). Some migrants (of this form or of cyanocephala) also on the Aru 
Islands. Kumusi River, and Traitor's Islands (Geelvink Bay). 

Genus URODYNAMIS Salvadori 

Urodynamis taitensis (Sparrman) 

Cucuhts taitensis Sparrman, 1787, Mus. Carlson., fasc. 2, pi. 32. — Tahiti. 

Range. — New Zealand (breeding). On migration and in the winter throughout 
Oceania from the Papuan Region (Misima), the Bismarck Archipelago and 
Micronesia in the west to the Marquesas and Tuamotus in the east. 

Genus SCYTHROPS Latham 

Scythrops novae-hollandiae Latham 

Scythrops novae-IIollandiae Latham, 1790, Index Ornith., 1, p. 141.— New 
South Wales. 

Range.— From Flores, Babar, Timorlaut and Celebes eastward to Australia. 
Bismarck Archipelago and the Papuan Region (New Guinea, Aru Islands, Waigeu, 



76 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Trobriand, Manam, Karkar Islands). The majority of the New Guinea birds are 
apparently winter visitors from Australia. 
Lowlands, particularly near the coast. 

Genus CENTROPUS Illiger 

Centropus menbeki aruensis (Salvadori) 
Nesocentor aruensis Salvadori, 1878, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 12, p. 317. — Aru 
Islands. 
Range. — Aru Islands. 

Centropus menbeki menbeki Lesson 

Centropus menbeki Lesson, 1828 (March), Voy. Coquille, Zool., Atlas, pi. 33. — 
Dorey, Vogelkop. 

Range. — Misol (subsp.), Salawati, Batanta and all New Guinea. 

Edge of forest, second growth, clearings and grasslands interspersed with trees 
and bushes, up to about 800 m. 

Centropus menbeki jobiensis Stresemann and Paludan 
Centropus menbeki jobiensis Stresemann and Paludan, 1932, Novit. Zool., 38, 
p. 236. — jobi Island. 

Range. — Japen Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Centropus chalybeus (Salvadori) 
Nesocentor chalybeus Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, p. 915. — Korido, 
Misori Island. 
Range. — Biak Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Centropus bernsteinii bernsteinii Schlegel 

Centropus Bernsteinii Schlegel, 1866, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 3, p. 251. — Salawati 
and New Guinea. 

Range. — Salawati (?), western and central New Guinea eastward in the north 
to the Huon Gulf (Finschhafen and Simbang) and in the south to the Fly River. 

Grassland up to 500 m. 

Centropus bernsteinii manam Mayr 
Centropus bernsteinii manam Mayr, 1937, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 939, p. 3. — 
Manam Island. 
Range. — Vulcan Island (Manam). 

Centropus phasianinus thierfelderi Stresemann 
Centropus phasianus thierfelderi Stresemann, 1927, Ornith. Monatsber., 35, p. 
111. — Merauke, southern New Guinea. 
Range. — Southern New Guinea between Merauke district and the Fly River. 

Centropus phasianinus nigricans (Salvadori) 

Polophilus nigricans Salvadori, 1876, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 9, p. 17. — Naiabui, 
Hall Sound, and Yule Island. 

Range. — South coast of southeastern New Guinea between Hall Sound and 
Milne Bay. 

Tree and bush savanna up to 500 m. 



TYTONIDAE 77 

Centropus phasianinus obscuratus Mayr 

Centropus phasianinus obscuratus Mayr, 1937, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 939, p. 4. 
— Fergusson Island. 

Range. — Fergusson and Goodenough Islands, D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago, and 
apparently (subsp. ?) north coast of southeastern New Guinea between East Cape 
and Huon Gulf. 

Centropus phasianinus propinquus Mayr 

Centropus phasianinus propinquus Mayr, 1937, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 939, p. 
4. — I far, Sentani Lake. 

Range. — Northern New Guinea between Astrolabe Bay and Humboldt Bay. 



Family TYTONIDAE 
Barn Owls 

Genus TYTO Billberg 

Tyto alba meeki (Rothschild and Hartert) 

Strix flatmnea mceki Rothschild and Hartert, 1907, Novit. Zool., 14, p. 446. — 
Collingwood Bay. 

Range. — Southeastern New Guinea, westward to Port Moresby and Collingwood 
Bay; Dampier (Karkar) and Vulcan (Manam) Islands. 

Lowland forest and edge of forest. 

Tyto novaehollandiae galei Mathews 

Tyto galei Mathews, 1914, South Austral. Ornith., 1, pt. 2, p. 12. — Pascoe 
River, northern Queensland. 

Range. — Northern Queensland and Merauke district of southern New Guinea. 
The application of the name galei to the New Guinea birds is provisional. 

Wooded savanna in lowlands. 

Tyto tenebricosa arfaki (Schlegel) 

Strix tenebricosa arfaki Schlegel, 1879, Notes Leyden Mus., 1, p. 101. — Arfak 
Mts. 

Mcgastrix tenebricosa perconfusa Mathews, 1916, Birds Austr., 5, p. 408. — 
British New Guinea. 

Range. — All New Guinea (Vogelkop, Geelvink Bay, Astrolabe Bay, Huon Penin- 
sula, southeastern New Guinea) and Japen Island. 

Forest and edge of forest up to 2000 m. 

Tyto longimembris papuensis Hartert 

Tyto longimembris papuensis Hartert, 1929, Novit. Zool., 35, p. 103. — Owgarra, 
Angabunga River. 

Range. — Known only from the type locality in southeastern New Guinea. 
Mid-mountain grasslands at about 2000 m. 



78 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Family STRIGIDAE 
Owls 

Genus OTUS Pennant 

Otus beccarii (Salvadori) 
Scops beccarii Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 906. — Sowek, 
Misori. 
Range. — Biak Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Genus NINOX 1 Hodgson 

Ninox theomacha hoedtii (Schlegel) 
Noctua Hoedtii Schlegel, 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 4 (1873), p. 3.— Misol 
Island. 

Range. — Misol and Waigeu Islands. 

Ninox theomacha theomacha (Bonaparte) 

Spiloglaux theomacha Bonaparte, 1855, Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris, 41, p. 
654.— Triton Bay. 

Ninox terricolor Ramsay, 1880, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 4, p. 466. — 
Goldie River, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — All New Guinea. 

Lowland and hill forest up to 1400 m. 

Ninox theomacha goldii Gurney 

Ninox goldii Gurney, 1883, Ibis, p. 171. — "S.E. New Guinea," error for Nor- 
manby Island, D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago. 

Ninox goodenoviensis De Vis, 1890, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1888-89, p. 58. 
— Goodenough Island. 

Range. — D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago (Goodenough, Fergusson and Normanby 
Islands). 

Ninox theomacha rosseliana Tristram 
Ninox rosseliana Tristram, 1889, Ibis, p. 557. — Rossel Island. 
Range. — Tagula and Rossel Islands, Louisiade Archipelago. 

Ninox novaeseelandiae pusilla Mayr and Rand 
Ninox novaeseelandiae pusilla Mayr and Rand, 1935, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 
814, p. 3. — Dogwa, Oriomo River. 

Range. — Known only from the Oriomo River, southern New Guinea. 
Wooded lowland savanna. 

Ninox connivens assimilis Salvadori and D'Albertis 
Ninox assimilis Salvadori and D'Albertis, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, 

p. 809.— Mt. Epa, Hall Sound. 
Ninox albomaculata Ramsay, 1879, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 3, p. 

249. — Laloki, southeastern New Guinea. 



1 Including Spiloglaux. 



rODARGIDAE 



79 



Range.— Eastern New Guinea, westward on the south coast to Merauke, on 
the north coast to the Ramu River; Karkar and Manam Islands. 
Wooded lowland savanna and secondary grasslands. 

Ninox rufa humeralis (Bonaparte) 
Athene humeralis Bonaparte, 1850, Consp. Gen. Av., 1, p. 40.— Triton Bay, 
southwestern New Guinea. 
Range. — Waigeu Island and all New Guinea. 
Lowland and lower mountain forest up to 1800 m. 

Ninox rufa aruensis (Schlegel) 
Xoetua aruensis Schlegel, 1866, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 3, p. 329.— Aru Islands. 
Range. — Aru Islands. 

Genus UROGLAUX i Mayr 

Uroglaux dimorpha (Salvadori) 
Athene dimorpha Salvadori, 1874, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 6, p. 308. — Sorong, 
western Yogelkop. 
Range. — Japen Island and all New Guinea. 
Lowland and hill forest up to 1200 m. 

Family PODARGIDAE 

Frog-mouths 
Genus PODARGUS Vieillot 

Podargus papuensis Quoy and Gaimard 

Podargus papuensis Quoy and Gaimard, 1830, Voy. Astrolabe, Zool., 1, p. 207 
(pi. 13). — Dorey, Yogelkop. 

Podargus papuensis conigravi Mathews, 1912, Novit. Zool., 18 (1911), p. 281.— 
Waigeu. 

Podargus papuensis pumilus Stresemann, 1927, Ornith. Monatsber., 35, p. 87. — 
Merauke, southern New Guinea. 

Range. — All New Guinea; Misol, Salawati, Batanta, Waigeu, Japen, Biak, 
Numfor and Aru Islands; northern Queensland. 

Forest, edge of forest, second growth formations and wooded savanna, from sea 
level up to 2000 m. 

Podargus ocellatus ocellatus Quoy and Gaimard 

Podargus ocellatus Quoy and Gaimard, 1830, Voy. Astrolabe, Zool., 1, p. 208 
(pi. 14). — Dorey, Yogelkop. 

Range. — All New Guinea; Misol, Salawati, Waigeu, Japen, Meos Num and Aru 
Islands. 

Forest up to 1300 m. 

Podargus ocellatus intermedius Hartert 
Podargus intermedius Hartert, 1895, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 5, p. 10.— Kiriwina, 
Trobriand Islands. 



1 1937, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 939, p. 6. 



80 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Range. — Trobriand Islands (Kiriwina and Kaileuna) and D'Entrecasteaux Archi- 
pelago (Fergusson, Normanby and Goodenough). 

Podargus ocellatus meeki Hartert 
Podargus meeki Hartert, 1898, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 8, p. 8. — Sudest Island. 
Range. — Tagula (Sudest) Island, Louisiade Archipelago. 

Family AEGOTHELIDAE 

Little Frog-mouths 

Genus AEGOTHELES Vigors and Horsfield 

Aegotheles cristatus major Mayr and Rand 
Aegotheles cristatus major Mayr and Rand, 1935, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 814, 
p. 4. — Dogwa, Oriomo River. 

Range. — Southern New Guinea from Tarara to the Oriomo River. 
Wooded lowland savanna. 

Aegotheles bennettii affinis Salvadori 
Aegotheles affinis Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 917. — War- 
mendi, Arfak Mts. 
Range. — Arfak Mountains. 
Lowland and hill forest up to 1000 m. 

Aegotheles bennettii wiedenfeldi Laubmann 

Aegotheles bennetti wiedenfeldi Laubmann, 1914, Ornith. Monatsber., 22, p. 7. 
— Sattelberg, Huon Peninsula. 

Range. — Northeastern New Guinea from the lower Sepik (Marienberg) east- 
ward to Holnicote Bay. 

Aegotheles bennettii plumiferus Ramsay 
Aegotheles ? plumifera Ramsay, 1883, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 8, 
p. 21. — "Southeastern New Guinea," error for Fergusson Island. 

Range. — D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago (Fergusson and Goodenough). 

Aegotheles bennettii bennettii Salvadori and D'Albertis 
Aegotheles bennettii Salvadori and D'Albertis, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 

7, p. 816. — Hall Sound, southeastern New Guinea. 
Aegotheles Loriae Salvadori, 1890, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 29, p. 564. — Rigo, 

southeastern New Guinea. 
Range. — South coast of southeastern New Guinea from the Oriomo River to 

Milne Bay. 

Edge of lowland forest up to 400 m. 

Aegotheles wallacii wallacii Gray 

Aegotheles wallacii G. R. Gray, 1859, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 154. — Dorey, 
Vogelkop. 

Caprimulgus brachyurus Rosenberg, 1866, Natuurk. Tijdschr. Nederl. Ind., 29, 
p. 145. — Aru Islands. 



AEGOTHELIDAE 



81 



Range— Vogelkop, southwestern New Guinea (Wataikwa and upper Fly River) 
and Aru Islands. 
Coastal forest. 

Aegotheles wallacii gigas Rothschild 
Aegotheles woilacei gigas Rothschild, 1931, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 268. — Mt. 
Derimapa, Weyland Mountains. 

Range. — Known only from the type locality. 
Mountain forest at 1500 m. 

Aegotheles albertisii albertisii Sclater 

Aegotheles albertisii Sclater, 1874 (March), Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1873, p. 
696. — Hatam, Arfak Mountains. 

Aegotheles dubius A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 69, p. 75. 
—Arfak Mountains (3550 ft.). 

Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop. 

Mountain forest above 1500 m. 

Aegotheles albertisii wondiwoi Mayr and Rand 
Aegotheles albcrtisi wondiwoi Mayr and Rand, 1936, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 
21, p. 242.— Mt. Wondiwoi. 
Range. — Mount Wondiwoi, Wandammen Peninsula. 

Aegotheles albertisii archboldi Rand 

Aegotheles albertisii archboldi Rand, 1941, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1102, p. 10. — 
9 km. northeast of Lake Habbema. 

Range. — Known only from the northern slope of Mount Wilhelmina between 
2200 and 3600 m. altitude. 

Aegotheles albertisii salvadorii Hartert 

Aegotheles salvadorii Hartert, 1892, Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., 16, p. 649. — Astro- 
labe Mts. 

Aegotheles rufescens Salvadori, 1896, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, (2) 16, p. 71. — 
Moroka, Owen Stanley Range. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea, and (subsp.) Saruwaged, 
Oranje (Mount Goliath) and Weyland Mountains. 

Mountain forest from 1000 m. to 2900 m. 

Aegotheles insignis insignis Salvadori 
Aegotheles insignis Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 916. — Hatam, 
Arfak Mts. 

Range.— Arfak, Weyland and Saruwaged Mountains. 

Aegotheles insignis pulcher Hartert 
Aegotheles pulcher Hartert, 1898, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 8, p. 8.— Mountains of 
British New Guinea (probably upper Aroa River). 
Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 

Aegotheles insignis tatei Rand 
Aegotheles insignis tatei Rand, 1941, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1102, p. 10.— 5 
miles below the Palmer Junction. 
Range.— Known only from Palmer Junction, Fly River, southern New Guinea. 



82 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Family CAPRIMULGIDAE 
Goatsuckers 

Genus CAPRIMULGUS Linnaeus 

Caprimulgus macrurus schillmolleri Stresemann 
Caprimulgus macrurus schillmolleri Stresemann, 1931, Ornith. Monatsber., 39, 
p. 170. — Halmahera. 

Range. — Northern Moluccas and western Papuan Islands (Waigeu, Batanta). 

Caprimulgus macrurus yorki Mathews 

Caprimulgus macrurus yorki Mathews, 1912, Novit. Zool., 18 (1911), p. 291. — 
Cape York, Queensland. 

Caprimulgus macrurus aruensis Mathews, 1918, Birds Austr., 7, p. 242. — Aru 
Islands. 

Caprimulgus macrurus albolaxatus Rothschild and Hartert, 1918, Novit. Zool., 
25, p. 323. — Vulcan (Manam) Island. 

Range. — Northern Australia, Aru Islands, all New Guinea, Fergusson Island, 
Japen, Biak; Manam, Karkar, Long and Rook Islands; New Britain. 

Edge of lowland forest, clearings, second growth formations and grasslands. 
Mostly found near the coast, but occasionally also inland and up to 500 m. Com- 
mon in certain districts and practically absent in others (for example around Huon 
Gulf). 

Caprimulgus macrurus meeki Rothschild and Hartert 
Caprimulgus macrurus meeki Rothschild and Hartert, 1918, Novit. Zool., 25, 
p. 321. — Sudest Island. 
Range. — Tagula (Sudest), Louisiade Archipelago. 

Caprimulgus indicus jotaka Temminck and Schlegel 
Caprimulgus jotaka Temminck and Schlegel, 1847, Fauna Japonica, Aves, p. 

37, pi. 12. — Japan. 

Caprimulgus melanopogon Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 918. — 

Mansinam, near Manokwari. 

Range. — Breeds in Japan and eastern Siberia and south to northern China, 
migrates through southern China, Indo-China and Burma to Malaysia. Once re- 
corded from the Papuan Region (type of melanopogon). 

Genus EUROSTOPODUS * Gould 

Eurostopodus mystacalis (Temminck) 

Caprimulgus mystacalis Temminck, 1826 (Oct.), Planch. Col. d'Ois., 69 e livr. 
(vol. 4, pi. 410).— New South Wales. 

Caprimulgus albogularis Vigors and Horsfield, 1826 (late, or Feb., 1827), 
Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 15, p. 194. — New South Wales. 

Range. — Breeding in eastern Australia from southern Australia to Queensland. 
As a migrant and winter visitor in eastern New Guinea, westward in the south 
as far as the Fly River, and in the north as far as Astrolabe Bay and the Ramu 
River. 

Coastal grasslands and forest edges. 



Including Lyncornis Gould (August, 1838). 



APODIDAI 



83 



Eurostopodus guttatus guttatus (Vigors and Horsfield) 
Caprimulgus guttatus Vigors and Horsfikld, 1826, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 

15, p. 192.— Parramatta, New South Wales. 
Caprimulgus argus Salvadori (ex Rosenberg), 1880, Ornit. Mol. Pap., 1, p. 532. 

— Aru Islands. 

Range.— Eastern Australia, Aru Islands (including Pulu Babi). In the Aru 

Islands possibly only as a migrant from Australia. 

Eurostopodus papuensis papuensis (Schlegel) 
Caprimulgus papuensis Schlegel, 1866, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 3, p. 340.— Sala- 
wati, Sorong and opposite coast of Vogelkop (New Guinea). 
Range. — Salawati and northwestern New Guinea (Vogelkop). 
Lowland forest and edge of forest, near human habitations. 

Eurostopodus papuensis astrolabae Ramsay 

Eurystopodus astrolabae Ramsay, 1883, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 8, 
p. 20. — Astrolabe Mts. 

Lyncornis clegans Reichenow, 1899, Ornith. Monatsber., 7, p. 130. — Ramu River. 

Range. — Eastern New Guinea, westward on the south coast to Mimika and 
Sctekwa Rivers, on the north coast at least to Astrolabe Bay and the Ramu River. 

Eurostopodus archboldi (Mayr and Rand) 
Lyncornis archboldi Mayr and Rand, 1935, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 814, p. 4. — 
lit Tafa, Central Division of Papua (Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 73, pi. 1). 
Range. — Known only from the type locality in southeastern New Guinea. 
Mountain forest at 2400 m. 

Family APODIDAE 
Swifts 

Genus APUS Scopoli 

Apus pacificus pacificus (Latham) 

H ir undo pacifica Latham, 1801, Index Ornith., Suppl., p. 58. — New South 
Wales ; breeding type locality restricted to Vladivostock, eastern Siberia. 

Range. — Breeding in eastern Siberia from the Lena River to Kamchatka, to 
North China and the Japanese Islands. Migrates through South China, Burma, 
Indo-China to Australia. Recorded in the Papuan Region from southern Dutch 
New Guinea from the Oriomo River and from the Port Moresby district. 

Genus CHAETURA Stephens 

Chaetura caudacuta caudacuta (Latham) 

Hirundo caudacuta Latham, 1801, Index Ornith., Suppl., p. 57. — New South 
Wales. 

Range. — Breeding from eastern Siberia to Mongolia, Sakhalin, Manchukuo and 

the Japanese Islands. Migrates through China to Australia and Tasmania. A 

number of records from the Papuan Region, mostly from southern and eastern 

Guinea ( Utakwa, Setekwa, Eilanden Rivers, Port Moresby district, Orangerie 

Bay, Huon Gulf, etc.). 



84 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Chaetura x novaeguineae novaeguineae D'Albertis and Salvadori 
Chaetura novae guineae D'Albertis and Salvadori, 1879, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 

14, p. 55.— Fly River (430 mi.). 
Range. — Southern New Guinea from the Mimika River eastward to the Port 

Moresby district (Galley Reach). 
Along the edge of the lowland forest, particularly along rivers. 

Chaetura novaeguineae biirgersi Reichenow 

Chaetura biirgersi Reichenow, 1917 (October), Journ. f. Ornith., 65, p. 514. — 
Malu, Sepik River. 

Chaetura novae-guineae mamberana Neumann, 1917 (November), Ornith. Mon- 
atsber., 25, p. 153. — Feba (=Teba), lower Mamberano River. 

Range. — Northern New Guinea from the Mamberano to the Sepik Rivers. 

Genus COLLOCALIA Gray 

Collocalia esculenta esculenta (Linnaeus) 

Hirundo esculenta Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., 10th ed., p. 191. — "China," error 
for Ambon (ex Rumphius). 

Collocalia hypoleuca Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 170. — Aru Islands. 

Collocalia spilura Gray, 1866, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., p. 120. — Bat j an. 

Collocalia nitens Ogilvie-Grant, 1914, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 35, p. 35. — Utakwa 
River (2900 ft.). 

Range. — Southern and northern Moluccas, western Papuan Islands, Aru Islands, 
islands of Geelvink Bay, New Guinea, Karkar Island, D'Entrecasteaux and 
Louisiade Archipelagoes. (The geographical variation within this range is not 
yet understood.) 

Collocalia esculenta erwini Collins and Hartert 

Collocalia esculenta erwini Collins and Hartert, 1927, Novit. Zool., 34, p. 50. — 
New name for Collocalia esculenta maxima Ogilvie-Grant, 1914, Bull. Brit. Orn. 
Club, 35, p. 35. — Upper Utakwa River (8000 ft.). Preoccupied by Collocalia 
maxima Hume. 

Range. — High mountains of New Guinea (Nassau Range, Oranje Range, Mount 
Albert Edward). 

Generally from 2400 m. to 4000 m., occasionally found below 1000 m. 

Collocalia hirundinacea hirundinacea Stresemann 

Collocalia fuciphaga hirundinacea Stresemann, 1914, Verh. Ornith. Ges. Bayern, 
12, p. 7. — "Utakwa" (= Setekwa) River, Dutch New Guinea. 

Collocalia fuciphaga pseudovestita Stresemann, 1923, Arch. Naturgesch., 89, 
Heft 8, p. 27. — Friedrich Wilhelmshafen (= Madang), Astrolabe Bay. 

Collocalia fuciphaga mayri Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 93. — Siwi, Arfak 
Mts. 

Range. — All New Guinea (except range of excelsa), Karkar and Goodenough 
Islands. 

Rare in the lowlands, more common in the hills and mountains, up to the highest 
peaks. 



J I prefer to retain this species in the genus Chaetura until the characters of 
Hirundapus and Mearnsia are better known. 



HEMIPROCNIDAE 



85 



Collocalia hirundinacea excelsa Ogilvie-Grant 
Collocalia hirundinacea excelsa Ogilvie-Grant, 1914, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 35, 
p. 34— Utakwa River (8000 ft.). 

Range. — Known only from the type locality. 

Collocalia hirundinacea baru Stresemann and Paludan 
C. vanikorensis baru Stresemann and Paludan, 1932, Novit. Zool., 38, p. 167. — 
K am pong Baru, Japen Island. 
Range. — Known only from the type locality. 

Collocalia vanikorensis tagulae Mayr 

Collocalia vanikorensis tagulae Mayr, 1937, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 915, p. 7. — 
Tagula (Sudest) Island. 

Range.— Tagula (Sudest) and Misima (St. Aignan) Islands, Louisiade Archi- 
pelago; (subsp.) Trobriand Islands and (subsp.) Woodlark Island. 

Collocalia vanikorensis granti Mayr 
Collocalia vanikorensis granti Mayr, 1937, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 915, p. 8. — 
Setekwa River, Nassau Mountains, Dutch New Guinea. 
Range. — All New Guinea, Japen and Fergusson Island; (subsp.) Aru Islands. 
From the lowlands up to about 1400 m. 

Collocalia vanikorensis steini Stresemann and Paludan 
C. vanikorensis steini Stresemann and Paludan, 1932, Novit. Zool., 38, p. 167. 
— Numfor Is., Geelvink Bay. 

Range. — Numfor and Biak Islands, Geelvink Bay. 

Collocalia vanikorensis waigeuensis Stresemann and Paludan 
C. vanikorensis waigeuensis Stresemann and Paludan, 1932, Novit. Zool., 38, 
p. 168. — Waigeu Is. 

Range. — Waigeu Island. 

Collocalia whiteheadi papuensis Rand 

Collocalia whiteheadi papuensis Rand, 1941, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1102, p. 
10. — 15 km. southwest of Bernhard Camp, 1800 m. 

Range. — Known from northern New Guinea (Hollandia, Idenburg River), from 
the northern and southern (Mt. Goliath) slopes of the Snow Mountains, and from 
southeastern New Guinea (Baroka, Hall Sound). 

From the lowlands up to 1800 m. 

Family HEMIPROCNIDAE 
Crested Swifts 

Genus HEMIPROCNE « Nitzsch 

Hemiprocne mystacea mystacea (Lesson) 
Cypselus mystaceus Lesson, 1827, Voy. Coquille, pi. 22 (1830, Zool., p. 647).— 
Dorey Harbour, Vogelkop. 



Macropteryx of Salvadori. 



86 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Range. — Western Papuan Islands (Misol, Batanta, Gebe, Waigeu), islands of 
Geelvink Bay (Japen, Numfor, Biak) and all New Guinea. 
Edge of forest, clearings, etc., up to 1200 m. 

Hemiprocne mystacea confirmata Stresemann 
Hemiprocne mystacea confirmata Stresemann, 1914, Novit. Zool., 21, p. 110. — 
Seran, Moluccas. 
Range. — Northern and southern Moluccas and Aru Islands. 

Family ALCEDINIDAE 

Kingfishers 

Genus ALCEDO Linnaeus 

Alcedo atthis hispidoides Lesson 

Alcedo hispidoides Lesson, 1837, Compl. de Buffon, 9, p. 345. — Buru Island, 
Moluccas. 

Alcedo ispida pelagica Stresemann, 1913, Novit. Zool., 20, p. 316. — St. Aignan, 
Louisiade Archipelago. 

Range. — Celebes, Moluccas, western Papuan Islands (Misol and Salawati), 
northeastern New Guinea between Astrolabe Bay and China Straits (Samarai), 
D'Entrecasteaux and Louisiade Archipelagoes, Bismarck Archipelago and Ad- 
miralty Islands. 

Genus ALCYONE Swainson 

Alcyone azurea wallaceana Mathews 
Alcyone azurea wallaceana Mathews, 1918, Birds Austr., 7, p. 94. — Aru Islands. 
Range. — Aru Islands. Doubtfully distinct from lessonii. 

Alcyone azurea lessonii Cassin 

Alcyone Lessonii Cassin, 1850, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 5, p. 69. — 
Dorey. 

Range. — Western Papuan Islands (Misol, Batanta, Waigeu), Fergusson Island, 
and all New Guinea except the range of ochrogaster. 

Shore of lowland rivers and creeks. 

Alcyone azurea ochrogaster Reichenow 

Alcyone ochrogaster Reichenow, 1903, Journ. f. Ornith., 51, p. 149. — Ramu 
River. 

Alcyone azurea distincta Mathews, 1918, Birds Austr., 7, p. 94. — Humboldt Bay. 

Range. — Northern New Guinea between Mamberano River in the west and 
Astrolabe Bay and the Ramu River in the east; Japen and Karkar Islands and 
(subsp.) Numfor and Biak Islands, Geelvink Bay. 

Alcyone pusilla pusilla (Temminck) 
Ceyx pusilla Temminck, 1836, Planch. Col. d'Ois., 5, pi. 595. — Lobo, Triton Bay. 
Alcyone assimilis Diggles, 1873, Trans. Phil. Soc. Queensland, 2, p. 6. — "Queens- 
land," error for Aru Islands (fide Mathews). 



ALCEDINIDAE 



87 



Range.— Western Papuan Islands (Kofiau, Misol, Batanta, Gagi and Waigeu), 
Aru Islands, islands of Torres Straits, Fergusson and Goodenough Islands and all 
New Guinea, except the north. 

Mangrove, tidal creeks, and large lowland streams. 

Alcyone pusilla laetior Rand 

Alcyone pusilla laetior Rand, 1941, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1102, p. 11. — Bern- 
hard Camp, Idenburg River. 

Range. — Probably all north New Guinea from Geelvink Bay to Astrolabe Bay; 
definitely known from Hollandia and the Idenburg River. 

Genus CEYX Lacepede 

Ceyx lepidus solitarius Temminck 

Ceyx solitaria Temminck, 1836, Planch. Col. d'Ois., pi. 595, fig. 2. — Lobo, Triton 
Bay." 

Alcyone bclla Diggles, 1873, Trans. Phil. Soc. Queensland, 2, p. 6. — Aru Islands. 

Alcyone laeta De Vis, 1894, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1893-94, p. 100.— Mt. 
Maneao, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Western Papuan Islands (Misol, Salawati, Batanta, Waigeu), Aru 
Islands, all New Guinea, Japen, Biak (subsp. ?), Karkar Island and D'Entrecasteaux 
Archipelago (Fergusson and Normanby Islands). 

Lowland forest and banks of small streams and creeks up to 1250 m. 

Genus SYMA Lesson 

Syma torotoro torotoro Lesson 

Syma torotoro Lesson, 1827, Bull. Sci. Nat. Ferussac, 11, p. 443. — Dorey, 
Yogelkop. 

Syma torotoro connect ens Mathews, 1918, Birds Austr., 7, p. 114. — Humboldt 
Bay. 

Range. — Western Papuan Islands (Misol, Salawati, Batanta, Waigeu), Japen 
Island and western New Guinea, eastward on the south coast as far as Etna Bay, 
on the north coast as far as Astrolabe Bay. 

Lowland forest, edge of forest, secondary growth up to 400 m., rarely up to 
1000 m. 

* 

Syma torotoro tentelare Hartert 
Syma torotoro tentelare Hartert, 1896, Novit. Zool., 3, p. 534.— Aru Islands. 
Range.— Aru Islands. 

Syma torotoro pseutes Mathews 
Syma torotoro pseutes Mathews, 1918, Birds Austr., 7, p. 113.— Mimika River. 
Range. — Southern New Guinea between Mimika River and the east bank of the 
Fly River, excluding the range of brevirostris. 

Syma torotoro brevirostris Rand 

Syma torotoro brevirostris Rand, 1938, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 990, p. 12. — 
Tarara, Wassi Kussa River, southern New Guinea. 

Range. — Southern New Guinea between the Wassi Kussa and the Morehead 
Rivers, replaced by pseutes east of the Oriomo River. 



88 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Syma torotoro meeki Rothschild and Hartert 

Syma torotoro meeki Rothschild and Hartert, 1901, Novit. Zool., 8, p. 147. — 
Milne Bay. 

Range. — Southeastern New Guinea, westward in the south to the Hall Sound, 
in the north to the Huon Peninsula (Finschhafen). 

Syma torotoro ochracea Rothschild and Hartert 

Syma torotoro ochracea Rothschild and Hartert, 1901, Novit. Zool., 8, p. 148. 
— Goodenough Island. 

Range. — D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago (Fergusson, Goodenough and Normanby 
Islands). 

Syma megarhyncha megarhyncha Salvadori 

Syma megarhyncha Salvadori, 1896, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, (2) 16, p. 70. — 
Moroka, southeastern New Guinea. 

Syma weiskei Reichenow, 1900, Ornith. Monatsber., 8, p. 186. — Astrolabe Mts. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea westward at least to the Watut 
drainage (Wau). 

Mountain forest and edge of forest from 800 m. to 2200 m. 

Syma megarhyncha sellamontis Reichenow 
Syma sellamontis Reichenow, 1919, Journ. f. Ornith., 67, p. 334. — Sattelberg, 
Huon Peninsula. 
Range. — Mountains of the Huon Peninsula. 

Syma megarhyncha wellsi Mathews 
Syma torotoro wellsi Mathews, 1918, Birds Austr., 7, p. 113. — Upper Utakwa 
River, Nassau Range. 
Range. — Oranje, Nassau and Weyland Mountains. 

Genus MELIDORA Lesson 

Melidora macrorhina waigiuensis Hartert 
Melidora macrorhina waigiuensis Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 99. — Waigeu 
Island. 

Range. — Waigeu Island. 

Melidora macrorhina macrorhina (Lesson) 

Dacelo macrorhinus Lesson, 1827, Bull. Sci. Nat. Ferussac, 12, p. 131. — Dorey 
Harbor. 

Range. — Misol, Salawati and Batanta; all New Guinea except the range occupied 
by the following form. ( ? Goodenough Island, fide De Vis.) 

Edge of forest from the lowlands, where most common, up to about 600 m. 
rarely up to 1250 m. 



Melidora macrorhina jobiensis Salvadori 
Melidora jobiensis Salvadori, 1880, Ornit. Pap. Mol., 1, p. 502. — Ansus, Jobi. 
Range. — Japen Island and northern New Guinea between the southeastern coast 
of Geelvink Bay (Siriwo River) and Astrolabe Bay (and the upper Ramu River). 






ALCEDINIDAE 



Genus CLYTOCEYX Sharpe 



89 



Clytoceyx rex septentrionalis Paludan 

Ciytoceyx rex septentrionalis Paludan, 1935, Ornith. Monatsber., 43, p. 54 — 
Sepik River. 

Range.— Northern New Guinea between the Mamberano River and Astrolabe 
Bay. [Doubtfully distinct.] 

Clytoceyx rex rex Sharpe 

Clytoceyx rex Sharpe, 1880, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (5) 6, p. 231.— East Cape, 
New Guinea. 

Range. — Southeastern New Guinea, westward in the south as far as the upper 
Fly River (Palmer River), in the north as far as Surprise Creek. 

Lowland and hill forest up to 2400 m., most frequent between 300 m. and 800 m. 

Clytoceyx rex imperator van Oort 

Clytoceyx rex imperator van Oort, 1909, Nova Guinea, 9 (Zool.), p. 79. — Noord 
River, foot of Hellwig Mts. 

Range. — Known only from the type locality. 

Genus DACELO Leach 

Dacelo leachii intermedia Salvadori 

Dacelo intermedins Salvadori, 1876, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 9, p. 21. — Hall 
Sound. 

Range. — Southeastern New Guinea from the Oriomo River to the Port Moresby 
district (Rigo). 

Lowland savanna up to 450 m. 

Dacelo leachii superflua Mathews 

Dacelo leachi superfluus Mathews, 1918, Birds of Austr., 7, p. 140. — Mimika 
River. 

Range. — From the Mimika River eastward about to the Merauke district, where 
it intergrades with intermedia. 

Genus SAUROMARPTIS Cabanis and Heine 

Sauromarptis gaudichaud (Quoy and Gaimard) 

Dacelo Gaudichaud Quoy and Gaimard, 1825, Voy. Uranie, Zool., p. 112, pi. 25. 
— Waigeu Island (restricted type locality). 

Sauromarptis Kubaryi Meyer, 1890, Ibis, p. 414. — Konstantin Harbor, Astrolabe 
Bay. 

Sauromarptis gaudichaud aruensis Meyer, 1890, Ibis, p. 415. — Aru Islands. 

Range. — Western Papuan Islands (Misol, Salawati, Batanta, Gebe and Waigeu), 
Aru Islands, islands of Geelvink Bay (Meos Num and Japen), Heath Island and 
all New Guinea. 

Edge of forest, second growth and tree savanna up to 500 m. 



90 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Sauromarptis tyro tyro (Gray) 
Dacelo tyro G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 171. — Aru Islands. 
Sauromarptis cyanophrys Salvadori, 1881, Atti R. Ac. Sci. Torino, 16, p. 621. — 
"New Guinea," in error for : Aru Islands. 
Range. — Aru Islands. 

Sauromarptis tyro archboldi Rand 

Sauromarptis tyro archboldi Rand, 1938, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 990, p. 13. — 
Tarara, Wassi Kussa River. 

Range. — Southern New Guinea between the Morehead and the Wassi Kussa 
Rivers. 

Lowland savanna. 

Genus HALCYON Swainson 

Halcyon nigrocyanea nigrocyanea Wallace 

Halcyon nigrocyanea Wallace, 1862, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 165. — Dorey, 
Vogelkop (restricted type locality). 

Range. — Salawati, Batanta; western New Guinea eastward to the head of Geel- 
vink Bay and on the south coast to Princess Marianne Straits. 

Lowland forest, usually near the coast, occasionally up to 600 m. 

Halcyon nigrocyanea stictolaema (Salvadori) 
Cyanalcyon stictolaema Salvadori, 1876, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 9, p. 20. — 
Upper Fly River. 

Range. — From the Fly River to Mount Cameron, southeastern New Guinea. 

Halcyon nigrocyanea quadricolor (Oustalet) 

Cyanalcyon quadricolor Oustalet, 1880 (Dec), Le Naturaliste, No. 41, p. 323. — 
Eastern coast of Geelvink Bay between 136° 30' and 137° East. 

Range. — Japen Island and northern New Guinea between the eastern coast of 
Geelvink Bay and Astrolabe Bay. 

Halcyon macleayii macleayii Jardine and Selby 

Halcyon macleayii Jardine and Selby, 1830, Illustr. Ornith., 2, pt. 7, pi. 101. — 
Port Essington, Northern Territory. 

Halcyon incinctus Gould, 1838, Synops. Birds Austr., App., p. 1. — New South 
Wales. 

Halcyon toriu W. Meyer, 1907, Ornith. Monatsber., 17, p. 34. — Toriu River, 
northern New Britain. 

Range. — Northern and eastern Australia; on migration on the Kei Islands, in 
eastern New Guinea (east of the Mimika River and Astrolabe Bay), Fergusson 
Island, Trobriand Islands, Woodlark Island, Misima and Tagula Islands and New 
Britain. 

Halcyon macleayii elisabeth (Heine) 

Cyanalcyon Elisabeth Heine, 1883, Journ. f. Ornith., 31, p. 222. — "Southwestern 
New Guinea," in error for : Astrolabe Bay. 

Range. — Eastern New Guinea, westward at least to Hall Sound and to Astrolabe 
Bay. 

Wooded savanna, usually near sea level, occasionally up to 450 m. 



ALCEDINIDAE 



91 



Halcyon macleayii insularis Bcrlepsch 
Halcyon macleayi insularis vox Berlepsch, 1911, Abh. Senck. Naturf. Ges., 34, 
p. 75. — Terangan, Aru Islands. 

Range. — Aru Islands (Doubtful form). 

Halcyon sancta sancta Vigors and Horsfield 

Halcyon sancta Vigors and Horsfield, 1827, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 15, p. 
206.— New South Wales. 

Range. — Breeds in eastern and southern Australia and in Tasmania. During 
migration and in the winter (single specimens throughout the year) in northern 
Australia, Solomon Islands, Bismarck Archipelago, the entire New Guinea region, 
the Moluccas and Lesser Sunda Islands (see 1914, Novit. Zool., 21, pp. 94-96). 

Halcyon chloris chloris (Boddaert) 

Alccdo chloris Boddaert, 1783, Tabl. Planch. Enlum., p. 49. — Buru Island. 

Range. — Celebes region, Moluccas, Lesser Sunda Islands, Misol, Salawati, Gagi, 
Waigeu (Saonek), and western and southern coast of the Vogelkop and the Onin 
Peninsula. 

Coastal forest, mangrove, particularly on small islands. 

Halcyon chloris sordida Gould 

Halcyon sordidus Gould, 1842, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 72. — Cape York 
Peninsula. 

Sauropatis grayi Cabanis and Heine, 1860, Mus. Hein., 2, p. 159. — Aru Islands. 

Halcyon chloris aruensis von Berlepsch, 1911, Abh. Senckenb. Naturf. Ges., 34, 
p. 75. — Dobo, Aru Islands. 

Sauropatis chloris hypcrpontia Oberholser, 1919, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 55, 
p. 386. — "Vate, New Hebrides," in error for : Cape York. 

Range. — Coast of northern Australia, islands of Torres Straits, Aru Islands 
and southern coast of New Guinea between the Mimika River and China Straits. 

Halcyon chloris colona Hartert 

Halcyon sordidus colonus Hartert, 1896, Novit. Zool., 3, p. 244. — Egum group, 
Louisiade Archipelago. 

Range. — Bonvouloir group, Alcester Island, Egum group, Duchateau Island, 
Misima, Tagula and Rossel Islands, Louisiade Archipelago. 

Halcyon saurophaga saurophaga Gould 

Halcyon saurophaga Gould, 1843, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 103. — Northern 
coast of New Guinea between D'Urville and Japen Islands. 

Range. — Obi, northern Moluccas, western Papuan Islands, islands of Geelvink 
Bay, islands off the coast of northern New Guinea from Sorong eastward, includ- 
ing Manam Island, D'Entrecasteaux and Louisiade Archipelagoes, Coutance Island, 
the entire northern coast of New Guinea (but apparently unknown from southern 
New Guinea) and the Bismarck Archipelago. 

Coast and small islands, usually found near coconut trees and coral cliffs. 

Genus TANYSIPTERA Vigors 

Tanysiptera hydrocharis Gray 

Tanysiptera hydrocharis G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 172. — 
Aru Islands. 



92 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Range. — Aru Islands and southern New Guinea from the Wassi Kussa River 
to the lower and middle Fly River. 
Edge of lowland forest. 

Tanysiptera galatea 1 galatea Gray 

Tanysiptera galatea G. R. Gray, 1859 (Oct. 1), Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 154. 
— Dorey. 

Tanysiptera galatea rubiensis A. B. Meyer, 1891, Abh. Ber. Zool. Mus. Dresden, 
3 (1890-91), No. 4, p. 8.— Rubi, Geelvink Bay. 

Range. — Salawati, Batanta, Waigeu and Gebe; northwestern New Guinea, east- 
ward on the southern coast to Triton Bay, on the northern coast to the eastern 
coast of Geelvink Bay (Siriwo River). Absent from Misol Island. 

Lowland forest, edge of forest and second growth up to 300 m. 

Tanysiptera galatea minor Salvadori and D'Albertis 
Tanysiptera galatea var. minor Salvadori and D'Albertis, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. 

Genova, 7, p. 815. — Mt. Epa and Hall Sound, southeastern New Guinea. 
Range. — Southeastern New Guinea, westward to the Digul and the Kumusi 

Rivers. 

Tanysiptera galatea meyeri Salvadori 

Tanysiptera meyeri Salvadori, 1889, Ornit. Pap. Mol., Agg., p. 54. — Kafu, north- 
ern New Guinea. 

Range. — Northern New Guinea from the Mamberano eastward to Astrolabe 
Bay and the upper Ramu; Karkar and Tarawai Islands. 

The species seems to be absent from northeastern New Guinea (between Astro- 
labe Bay and the Kumusi River) and from southwestern New Guinea (from Etna 
Bay to the Digul River). 

Tanysiptera galatea vulcani Rothschild and Hartert 
Tanysiptera hydrocharis vulcani Rothschild and Hartert, 1915, Novit. Zool., 
22, p. 42.— Vulcan Island. 
Range. — Vulcan Island (Manam). 

Tanysiptera galatea rosseliana Tristram 
Tanysiptera rosseliana Tristram, 1889, Ibis, p. 557. — Rossel Island. 
Range. — Rossel Island, Louisiade Archipelago. 

Tanysiptera (galatea) riedelii Verreaux 
Tanysiptera Riedelii Verreaux, 1866, Nouv. Arch. Mus. Paris, Bull., 2, p. 21. — 
"Celebes," error for: Biak. 
Range. — Biak Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Tanysiptera carolinae Schlegel 
Tanysiptera Carolinae Schlegel, 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 4, p. 13. — Mafor. 
Range.— Numfor Island, Geelvink Bay. 



1 Tanysiptera galatea, riedelii, ellioti, carolinae, nais, and margarethae belong to 
one superspecies. 






meropidai: 



93 



Tanysiptera ellioti Sharpe 
Tanysiptera ellioti Sharpe, 1869, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 630.— Kofiau Island 
(near Misol). 
Range.— Kofiau (= Popa) Island, near Misol. 

Tanysiptera nympha " Gray 

Tanysiptera nympha G. R. Gray, 1841, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (1) 6, p. 238.— 
"Philippines," error for: Vogelkop, northwestern New Guinea. 

Tanysiptera (Tanysiptera) nympha rothschUdi Laubmann, 1924, Verh. Ornith. 
Ges. Bayern. 16, p. 26. — Sattelberg, Huon Peninsula. 

Range.— Western coast of Vogelkop, Onin Peninsula to Etna Bay, head of 
Geelvink Bay (Rubi and lower Menoo River), Huon Peninsula (Sattelberg), 
Huon Gulf (Braunschweighafen) and upper Watut River (Surprise Creek). 

Second growth, edge of forest up to 1000 m., occasionally also mangrove. 

Tanysiptera danae Sharpe 

Tanysiptera danae Sharpe, 1880, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (5) 6, p. 231.— Milne 
Bay. 

Tanysiptera danae intensa Rothschild and Hartert, 1922, Bull. Brit. Orn. 
Club, 42, p. 91. — Hydrographer Range. 

Range. — Southeastern New Guinea, westward in the north as far as the Waria 
River, in the south as far as the Aroa River. 

Tanysiptera sylvia salvadoriana Ramsay 

Tanysiptera salvadoriana Ramsay, 1878, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 3, 
p. 259. — Near Port Moresby. 

Range. — Southeastern New Guinea from Hall Sound to the Kemp Welch River 
and Moroka district. 

Usually found near grasslands, at the edge of the open lowland forest. 

Tanysiptera sylvia sylvia Gould 

Tanysiptera sylvia Gould, 1850, in Jardine's Contr. Ornith., p. 105. — Cape York, 
Queensland. 

Tanysiptera sylvia mira Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 100. — I far, Sentani 
Lake. 

Range. — Northern Queensland. Wintering in southern New Guinea from the 
Setekwa to the Fly Rivers, also collected in northern New Guinea near Humboldt 
Bay. 

Family MEROPIDAE 
Bee-eaters 

Genus MEROPS Linnaeus 

Merops ornatus Latham 
Merops ornatus Latham, 1801, Index Ornith., Suppl., p. 35. — New South Wales. 
Range. — Breeding in Australia and the Southwest Islands (Moa). On migra- 
tion and in the winter from the Lesser Sunda Islands and Celebes in the west. 



1 Tanysiptera nympha and danae form a superspecies. 



94 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

throughout the Papuan Region, to the Bismarck Archipelago and the Solomon 
Islands. 
On migration, from the coast up to 2400 m. 

Merops philippinus salvadorii Meyer 

Merops Salvadorii A. B. Meyer, 1891, Ibis, p. 294. — Kurakakaul, northern coast 
of New Britain. 

Range. — New Britain, Long Island, northern coast of New Guinea (Sentani 
Lake, Astrolabe Bay), Markham Valley (?), and southern New Guinea (Princess 
Marianne Straits). 

Grassland in the lowlands. 

Family CORACIIDAE 
Rollers 

Genus EURYSTOMUS Vieillot 

Eurystomus orientalis waigiouensis x Elliot 
Eurystomus waigiouensis Elliot, 1871, Ibis, p. 203. — Waigeu. 
Range. — Misol, Batanta, Waigeu, all New Guinea, Japen, Karkar Island, 
D'Entrecasteaux and Louisiade Archipelagoes. 

Edge of forest, second growth, open savanna, from the coast up to 1600 m. 

Eurystomus orientalis pacificus (Latham) 

Coracias pacifica Latham, 1801, Index Ornith., Suppl., p. 27. — New South Wales. 

Range. — Breeding in Australia. On migration and during the winter from the 
Moluccas and Celebes to the New Guinea region and the Bismarck Archipelago 
(Witu). 

Family BUCEROTIDAE 

HORNBILLS 

Genus RHYTICEROS Reichenbach 

Rhyticeros plicatus ruficollis (Vieillot) 

Buceros ruficollis Vieillot, 1816, Nouv. Diet. d'Hist. Nat., nouv. ed., 4, p. 600. — 
Waigeu. 

Range. — Misol, Salawati, Batanta, Gebe, Waigeu; western and southern New 
Guinea, eastward to the head of Geelvink Bay and to the Noord River. 

Lowland and hill forest and second growth where tall trees are still standing, up 
to 1200 m., occasionally higher, up to 1600 m. 

Rhyticeros plicatus jungei Mayr 

Rhyticeros plicatus jungei Mayr, 1937, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 939, p. 13. — 
Madang, Astrolabe Bay. 

Range. — Japen Island; eastern New Guinea, westward at least to the Mam- 
berano River in the north, and the Fly River in the south; Fergusson and 
Goodenough Islands. 



Eurystomus crassirostris auctorum. 



PITTIDAE 95 

Family PITTIDAE 
Pittas 

Genus PITTA Vieillot 

Pitta erythrogaster kuehni Rothschild 

Pitta kuehni Rothschild, 1899, Bull. Brit. Om. Club, 10, p. 3— Kilsoein, Koer 
Islands. 

Range.— Southeast Islands (Teoer and Koer) and Kei Islands; hybridizing with 
macklotii on Misol Island. 

Pitta erythrogaster macklotii Temminck 

Pitta Macklotii Temminck, 1834, Planch. Col. d'Ois., 5, pi. 547.— Lobo, Triton 
Bay. southwestern New Guinea. 

Range. — Misol Island (population intergrading with kuehni) ; Salawati, Batanta, 
and Waigeu ; western and southern New Guinea, eastward in the north to the 
head of Geelvink Bay, in the south to the Port Moresby district; Cape York 
Peninsula, northern Queensland; Japen Island (with a tendency toward habenichti) ; 
Huon Peninsula. 

Lowland and hill forest, up to 1250 m. ; rather rare above 800 m. 

Pitta erythrogaster habenichti Finsch 

Pitta Habenichti Finsch, 1912, Ornith. Monatsber., 20, p. 102.— Potsdamhafen, 
northern New Guinea. 

Range. — Northern New Guinea, between the head of Geelvink Bay (Weyland 
Mountains) and Astrolabe Bay. 

Pitta erythrogaster oblita Rothschild and Hartert 

Pitta mackloti oblita Rothschild and Hartert, 1912, Novit. Zool., 19, p. 197. — 
Averra, upper Aroa River, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Only known from the typical series (see Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 
73 (1937), p. 89). 

Pitta erythrogaster loriae Salvadori 

Pitta Loriae Salvadori, 1890, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, (2) 9 (=29), p. 579.— 
Suau Island, opposite East Cape. 

Range. — Southeastern New Guinea, westward along the north coast as far as 
the Kumusi River, along the south coast to Cloudy Bay. 

Pitta erythrogaster aruensis Rothschild and Hartert 

Pitta mackloti aruensis Rothschild and Hartert, 1901, Novit. Zool., 8, p. 63. — 
Wokan, Aru Islands. 
Range.— Aru Islands. 

Pitta erythrogaster finschii Ramsay 

Pitta (Erythropitta) finschii Ramsay, 1884, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 
9, p. 864. — "Astrolabe Range, New Guinea;" error for Fergusson Island, D'Entre- 
casteaux Archipelago. 

Range. — Fergusson and Goodenough Islands, D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago. 



96 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Pitta erythrogaster meeki Rothschild 
Pitta meeki Rothschild, 1898, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 8, p. 6.— Rossel Island. 
Range. — Rossel Island, Louisiade Archipelago. 

Pitta versicolor simillima Gould 

Pitta simillima Gould, 1868, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 76. — Cape York, north- 
ern Queensland. 

Range. — Northern Queensland, islands of Torres Straits (York Island) and 
southern New Guinea (Katau River and Daru Island). — In New Guinea appar- 
ently only a winter visitor from Australia. 

Forest and open woods in the lowlands. 

Pitta sordida novae-guineae Muller and Schlegel 

Pitta novae-guineae S. Muller and Schlegel, 1842, Verh. Nat. Gesch. Nederl. 
Overz. Bezitt., Zool., Pitta, p. 19. — New name for Pitta atricapilla Quoy and 
Gaimard, 1830, Voy. Astrolabe, Zool., 1, p. 258, pi. 8, fig. 3. — Dorey Harbour, 
northwestern New Guinea. Preoccupied by Turdus [= Pitta] atricapilla Forster, 
1781. 

Pitta waigiounensis Salvadori, 1881, Ornit. Pap. Mol., 2, p. 385. — Waigeu [ex 
Schlegel MS.]. 

Range. — Western Papuan Islands (Misol, Kofiau, Salawati, Batanta, Gagi, 
Waigeu and Gebe), and the whole of New Guinea; Long Island. 

Lowland forest up to 300 m. 

Pitta sordida hebetior Hartert 
Pitta atricapilla hebetior Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 92. — Dampier Island. 
Range. — Dampier (Karkar) Island. 

Pitta sordida goodfellowi White 
Pitta novaeguineae goodfellozvi C. M. N. White, 1937, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
57, p. 136. — Silbattabatta, Aru Islands. 
Range. — Aru Islands. 

Pitta sordida mefoorana Schlegel 
Pitta Novae Guineae Mefoorana Schlegel, 1874, Mus. Pays-Bas, 3, Rev. Coll., 
Monogr. 37 (Pitta, Revue), p. 8. — Mefoor Island. 
Range. — Numfor Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Pitta sordida rosenbergii Schlegel 
Pitta Rosenbergii Schlegel, 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 4, p. 16. — Soek Island, 
Misori. 
Range. — Biak Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Family ALAUDIDAE 

Larks 

Genus MIRAFRA Horsfield 

Mirafra javanica subspecies 

Range. — Merauke district, southern New Guinea. (Only one specimen known. 
More material must be collected before the systematic position of the south New 
Guinea birds can be determined.) 

Grasslands in the lowlands. 



IURIXDINIDAE 



97 



Mirafra javanica aliena Greenway 
Mirafra javanica aliena GBEENWAY, 1935, Proc. New England Z06I. Club, 14, 
p. 50. — Biolowat, Morobc district, northeastern New Guinea. 
RANGE. — Known only from the type locality. 
Wooded savanna at 800 m. 

Mirafra javanica sepikiana Mayr 
Mirafra javanica sepikiana Mayr, 1938, Zool. Ser. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., 20, 
p. 4o6. — Marienberg, Sepik River, northern New Guinea. 
RANGE. — Known only from the type locality. 

Family HIRUNDINIDAE 

Swallows 
Genus HIRUNDO Linnaeus 

Hirundo rustica gutturalis Scopoli 

Hirundo gutturalis Scopoli, 1786, Del. Flor. et Faun. Insubr., 2, p. 96. — "New 
Guinea," error for Panay, Philippine Islands. 

Range. — Breeding in eastern Siberia, northern China, Korea, and Japan. Dur- 
ing migration and in the winter found over the entire Indo-Australian Region from 
India eastward to western New Guinea and northern Australia. In the Papuan 
Region collected at Mapia Island, Waigeu, Andai (Vogelkop), Setekwa River, 
Mimika River, and Aru Islands. 

Hirundo tahitica frontalis Quoy and Gaimard 

Hirundo frontalis Quoy and Gaimard, 1830, Voy. Astrolabe, Zool., 1, p. 204, 
pi. 12. — Dorey, northwestern New Guinea. 

Range. — New Guinea and neighboring islands (D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago, 
Karkar, Japen, Biak, Waigeu, Batanta, Salawati, Misol and Aru Islands) ; islands 
of Torres Straits, Moluccas, Celebes Region and Lesser Sunda Islands (subsp.?). 

Near human habitations, particularly along the coast ; rarely above 600 m., occa- 
sionally up to 2000 m. 

Genus PETROCHELIDON » Cabanis 

Petrochelidon nigricans nigricans (Vieillot) 

Hirundo nigricans Vieillot, 1817, Nouv. Diet. d'Hist. Nat., nouv. ed., 14, p. 
523. — Hobart, Tasmania. 

Hylochelidon nigricans papua Mathews, 1928, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 48, p. 83. — 
Key Islands. 

Range. — Breeding in Tasmania and Australia — On migration and wintering on 

Aru and Kei Islands, New Guinea, Bismarck Archipelago and Solomon Islands. 

Recorded in New Guinea at the following localities: Sorong, Mamberano River, 

Lake Sentani, Sepik River, Ramu River, Bubui River, Kumusi River, Hall Sound, 

rd River, Dourga River, and other places. 

Open country, often near rivers or lakes, generally in lowlands. 



1 The peculiar nesting habits of this species, totally different from those of any 
of the true cliff swallows, suggest the validity of the monotypic genus Hylochelidon 
Gould, erected for this species. 



98 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Family CAMPEPHAGIDAE 

Cuckoo-shrikes 

Genus CAMPOCHAERA Salvadori 

Campochaera sloetii sloetii (Schlegel) 

Campephaga sloetii Schlegel, 1866, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 3, p. 253. — Seleh, 
southwestern cape of the Vogelkop. 
Range. — Western part of the Vogelkop. 

Campochaera sloetii flaviceps Salvadori 

Campochaera flaviceps Salvadori, 1879, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 15, p. 38 (note). 
— Fly River [terra typica restricta] and Mt. Epa, Hall Sound. 

Range. — Southern New Guinea from the Mimika River eastward to the Astro- 
labe Mts. (Sogeri district and Goldie River). 

Lowland and hill forest up to 800 m. ; treetops. 

Genus LALAGE Boie 

Lalage atrovirens atrovirens (Gray) 

Campephaga {Lalage) atrovirens G. R. Gray, 1862, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 
1861, p. 430.— Misol. 

Range. — Misol, Salawati, Waigeu; western and eastern coast of Vogelkop, 
Geelvink Bay and northern New Guinea eastward to Astrolabe Bay and the Ramu 
River. Not yet recorded from the southern coast of western New Guinea 
(southern Vogelkop and Onin Peninsula). 

Forest, mangrove and secondary growth in the lowlands; rarely up to 500 m. ; 
usually found near water. 

Lalage atrovirens leucoptera (Schlegel) 

Campephaga leucoptera Schlegel, 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 4, p. 45. — 
Misori Island (Biak). 
Range. — Biak Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Lalage sueurii tricolor (Swainson) 

Ceblepyris tricolor Swainson, 1825, Zool. Journ., 1, p. 467. — "Australia," terra 
typica restricta (Mathews) : Sydney, New South Wales. 

Range. — Australia. In small numbers wintering in southeastern New Guinea 
(Port Moresby district and Bartle Bay). 

Lalage leucomela polygrammica (Gray) 

Campephaga polygrammica G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 179. — 
Aru Islands. 

Lalage karu microrhyncha Ogilvie-Grant, 1915, Ibis, Jubilee Suppl., 2, p. 118. — 
Mimika River. 

Range. — Aru Islands; eastern New Guinea, westward along the southern coast 
to the Mimika River, along the northern coast to the upper Watut River (Wau). 

Wooded savanna, gallery forest, second growth, clearings, and edge of forest, 
occasionally up to 1250 m. 



CAMPEPHAGIDAE 



99 



Lalage leucomela obscurior Rothschild and Hartcrt 
Lalage karu obscurior Rothschild and Hartert, 1917, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 

37, p. 16. — Fergusson Island. 

Range.— D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago (Fergusson, Goodenough, and Normanby 

Islands). 

Lalage leucomela trobriandi Mayr 
Lalage karu trobriandi Mayr, 1936, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 869, p. 1.— Kiriwina 
Island, Trobriand Islands. 

Range.— Kiriwina and Kaileuna, Trobriand Islands. 

Lalage leucomela pallescens Rothschild and Hartert 
Lalage karu pallescens Rothschild and Hartert, 1917, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
37, p. 17.— Sudest Island. 

Range. — Misima (St. Aignan) and Tagula (Sudest) Islands, Louisiade Archi- 
pelago. 

Genus EDOLISOMA Pucheran 

Edolisoma melan waigeuense Stresemann and Paludan 

Edolisoma melan waigeuense Stresemann and Paludan, 1932, Ornith. Mon- 
atsber., 40, p. 17. — Waigeu Island. 
Range. — Waigeu Island. 

Edolisoma melan tommasonis Rothschild and Hartert 
Edoliisoma melas tommasonis Rothschild and Hartert, 1903, Novit. Zool., 10, 
p. 206. — Jobi Island. 

Range. — Japen (=Jobi) Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Edolisoma melan melan (Lesson) 

Lanius melas Lesson, 1828, Man. d'Ornith., 1, p. 128. — Dorey, northwestern 
New Guinea. 

Range, — Batanta and Salawati Islands ; western New Guinea, eastward along 
the north coast as far as Astrolabe Bay and upper Ramu, along the south coast 
to the fore-land of the Snow Mts., where it intergrades with meeki (between 
Eilanden River and Fly River). 

Lowland forest up to 800 m., occasionally up to 1300 m. 

Edolisoma melan meeki Rothschild and Hartert 

Edoliisoma melas meeki Rothschild and Hartert, 1903, Novit. Zool., 10, p. 
207. — Milne Bay, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Eastern New Guinea, westward along the north coast as far as the 
Huon Gulf (Finschhafen), along the south coast as far as the Fly River, beyond 
which it merges with melan. 

Edolisoma melan goodsoni Mathews 

Edolisoma melan goodsoni Mathews, 1928, Novit. Zool., 34, p. 373. — Trangan 
Island, Aru Islands. 
Range. — Aru Islands. 



100 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Edolisoma schisticeps schisticeps (G. R. Gray) 

Campephaga schisticeps G. R. Gray, 1846, Genera Birds, 1, p. 283, based on Voy. 
Pole Sud, pi. 10, fig. 1. — Triton Bay, southwestern New Guinea. 

Edoliisoma schisticeps bernsteini Neumann, 1917, Ornith. Monatsber., 25, p. 154. 
— Sorong, western coast of Vogelkop. 

Range. — Northwestern New Guinea, eastward along the north coast as far as 
the head of Geelvink Bay, along the south coast as far as Etna Bay ; Misol Island. 

Lowland forest up to 800 m. 

Edolisoma schisticeps moszkowskii Neumann 
Edoliisoma schisticeps moszkowskii Neumann, 1917, Ornith. Monatsber., 25, 
p. 154. — Pamwi, lower Mamberano River. 
Range. — Mamberano Valley, northern New Guinea. 

Edolisoma schisticeps reichenowi Neumann 
Edoliisoma schisticeps reichenowi Neumann, 1917, Ornith. Monatsber., 25, p. 
153. — Etappenberg, Sepik River district. 
Range. — Sepik Valley, northern New Guinea. 

Edolisoma schisticeps poliopsa Sharpe 

Edoliisoma poliopsa Sharpe, 1882, Journ. Linn. Soc. London, Zool., 16, p. 318. — 
Moroka district, Astrolabe Mts., southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Southern New Guinea, from the Kapare River eastward at least as 
far as the Astrolabe Mountains. 

Edolisoma schisticeps vittatum Rothschild and Hartert 
Edolisoma schisticeps vittatum Rothschild and Hartert, 1914, Novit. Zool., 
21, p. 5. — Goodenough Island. 

Range. — D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago (Fergusson and Goodenough Islands). 

Edolisoma tenuirostre rostratum Hartert 
Edoliosoma rostratum Hartert, 1898, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 8, p. 20. — Rossel 
Island. 
Range. — Rossel Island, Louisiade Archipelago. 

Edolisoma tenuirostre tagulanum Hartert 
Edoliosoma amboinense tagulanum Hartert, 1898, Novit. Zool., 5, p. 524. — 
Sudest or Tagula Island. 
Range. — Tagula and Misima Islands, Louisiade Archipelago. 

Edolisoma tenuirostre mullerii Salvadori 

Edoliisoma mullerii Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 927. — New 
name for Ceblepyris plumbea S. Miiller, 1843, Verh. Nat. Gesch., 1 (Land-en 
Volkenkunde), p. 189. — New Guinea (restricted to Utanata River) 1 and Timor. — 
Preoccupied by Ceblepyris plumbea Wagler, 1827, Syst. Av., Corvus, App., sp. 4 
[new name for Corvus novaeguineae Gm. = Coracina striata (Bodd.)] 

Range. — Kofiau, Misol and Salawati; the whole of New Guinea (except the 
south), D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago, and Woodlark Island. 



i The type specimens (wing, d 1 122.5, $ 129 ; tail, o* 97, $ 99) clearly belong to the 
larger race. 



CAMPEPHAGIDAE 101 

Lowland, mainly in the open bush along the beach, savanna country and in the 
mangroves, rarely in the hill forest and its clearings up to 800 m. 

Edolisoma tenuirostre aruense Sharpe 

Edoliisoma aruensis SHARFE, 1878, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Dresden, 1, No. 3, p. 369. — 
Lutor, Aru Islands. 

Range. — Aru Islands and southern New Guinea from the Mimika River to the 
Fly River. 

Edolisoma tenuirostre nehrkorni Salvadori 
Edoliisoma nehrkorni Salvadori, 1890, Agg. Ornit. Pap. Mol., p. 91.— Waigeu 
Island. 
Range. — Known only from the type specimen. 

Edolisoma tenuirostre neglectum Salvadori 
Edoliosoma neglectum Salvadori, 1879, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 15, 1880, p. 36. — 
Mafoor Island. 
Range. — Numfor Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Edolisoma tenuirostre meyerii Salvadori 
Edoliosoma meyerii Salvadori, 1878, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 12, p. 327. — 
Misori (= Biak) Island. 
Range. — Biak Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Edolisoma morio incertum (A. B. Meyer) 

Campcphaga incerta A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 69, p. 
387. — Ansus, Jobi Island. 

Edoliisoma meyeri sharpei Rothschild and Hartert, 1903, Novit. Zool., 10, 
p. 209. — Northern coast of Dutch New Guinea (Dumas coll.). 

Range. — Waigeu (subsp.), Japen (=Jobi) Island; Meos Num, and whole of 
New Guinea (Arfak, Weyland, Nassau, Oranje, Cyclops, Sepik, Saruwaged, 
Herzog Mountains, and mountains of southeastern New Guinea). 

Hill forest from 500 to 1800 m. ; also edge of forest and occasionally single tall 
trees in native gardens. 

Edolisoma montanum montanum (Meyer) 

Campcphaga moniona A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 69, 
p. 386. — Arfak Mountains. 

Edoliisoma utakwensis Ogilvie-Grant, 1913, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 31, p. 105. — 
Utakwa River, Nassau Range. 

Range. — Mountains of western and central New Guinea (Tamrau, Arfak, Wey- 
land, Nassau, Cyclops, Sepik, Saruwaged, and Herzog Mts.). 

Edolisoma montanum minus Rothschild and Hartert 
Edoliisoma montana minus Rothschild and Hartert, 1907, Novit. Zool., 14, 
p. 464. — Bihagi, Mambare River. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea (Wharton Range, Owen Stan- 
ley Mts., etc.), westward as far as the Oranje Range. 
Mountain forest from 800 m. to 2000 m. 



102 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Genus CORACINA 1 Vieillot 

Coracina lineata axillaris (Salvadori) 

Graucalus axillaris Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 925. — Man- 
sema, Arfak Mountains. 

Range. — Waigeu and mountains of New Guinea (Tamrau and Arfak Mts., 
mountains in the hinterland of Astrolabe Bay, Saruwaged Mts., Herzog Mts., and 
mountains of southeastern New Guinea). 

Hill forest from 400 m. to 1300 m., occasionally lower. 

Coracina lineata maforensis (Meyer) 
Campephaga maforensis A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 69, 
p. 386. — Mafoor Island. 

Range. — Numfor Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Coracina lineata lineata (Swainson) 

Ceblepyris lineatus Swainson, 1825, Zool. Journ., I, pt. 4, p. 466. — Australia. 

Range. — Queensland and New South Wales. — Once recorded from southern 
New Guinea (Merauke) (see van Oort, 1909, Nova Guinea, 9 (Zool.), p. 87). 
This bird was most likely a straggler from Australia. 

Coracina boyeri boyeri (Gray) 

C[ampephaga] Boyeri G. R. Gray, 1846, Genera Birds, 1, p. 283 (ex Hombron 
and Jacquinot, Voy. Pole Sud, Atlas (Zool.), pi. 9, fig. 3). — Triton Bay, western 
New Guinea. 

Range. — Misol, Japen; from northwestern New Guinea eastward along the 
southern coast as far as Triton Bay, along the northern coast at least as far as the 
Kumusi River, possibly as far as Collingwood Bay where it intergrades with 
subalaris. 

Lowland forest up to 800 m. 

Coracina boyeri subalaris (Sharpe) 

Graucalus subalaris Sharpe, 1878, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Dresden, 1, No. 3, p. 364. — 
Fly River (restricted type locality) and Hall Sound. 

Range. — Southern New Guinea from the Mimika River eastward as far as 
Milne Bay. 

Coracina caeruleogrisea caeruleogrisea (Gray) 
Campephaga caeruleogrisea G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 179. — 
Aru Islands. 

Range. — Aru Islands and south New Guinea (Fly River). 

Coracina caeruleogrisea strenua (Schlegel) 

Campephaga strenua Schlegel, 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 4 (1873), p. 44. — 
Jobi and Arfak, restricted to Arfak Mts. by Hartert (1930). 

Range. — Japen Island and mountains of western and central New Guinea (Tam- 
rau, Arfak, Weyland, Nassau, Oranje, Cyclops and Sepik Mountains). 

Hill forest, occasionally, particularly on the islands, descending to the lowlands. 



1 Antedates Graucalus Cuvier. 



CAMPEPHAGlHAi: 



103 



Coracina caeruleogrisea adamsoni Mayr and Rand 
Coracina caeruUogrista adamsoni Mayr and Rand, 1936, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 

21, p. 245. — Mafulu, C. D., southeast New Guinea. 

Range. — Eastern New Guinea, westward along the north coast to the Astrolabe 

Bay, along the south coast to the Hall Sound district. 
Hill and mountain forest, edge of forest, from 500 m. to 2000 m. 

Coracina novaehollandiae novaehollandiae (Gmelin) 
Turdus novaehollandiae Gmelin, 1789, Syst. Nat., 1, pt. 2, p. 814.— Nova Hol- 

landia, in error for Adventure Bay, Tasmania. 
Range. — Breeding in Tasmania. Partly resident, partly wintering in Australia 

and in New Guinea (at least two records from the Port Moresby region). 

Coracina novaehollandiae melanops (Latham) 

Corvus melanops Latham, 1801, Index Orn., Suppl. 2, p. 24. — Sydney, New 
South Wales. 

Range. — Breeding in southern and eastern Australia. On migration and as 
winter visitor in eastern New Guinea, the D'Entrecasteaux and Louisiade Archi- 
pelagoes, east to Misima, the Bismarck Archipelago and Nissan Island. 

On migration found mainly along the sea shore, particularly in Casuarina groves. 

Coracina novaehollandiae didima Mathews 

Coracina novaehollandiae didimus Mathews, 1912, Austr. Av. Rec, 1, p. 42. — 
Melville Is., Northern Territory. 

Coracina novaehollandiae kuehni Hartert, 1916, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 36, p. 65. 
—Little Kei Islands. 

Range. — Northwestern and northern Australia. On migration and as winter 
visitor found from Flores, Sumba, Madu, the Sula Islands and Peling, to the 
southern Moluccas, western New Guinea and islands of Geelvink Bay. 

Coracina papuensis melanolora (Gray) 
Campephaga melanolora G. R. Gray, 1860, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 353. — 
Bat j an and Ternate. 
Range. — Obi, northern Moluccas, Kofiau, Misol and Gebe. 

Coracina papuensis papuensis (Gmelin) 

Corvus papuensis Gmelin, 1788, Syst. Nat., 1, pt. 1, p. 371. — New Guinea, re- 
stricted to Dorey (= Manokwari) by Stresemann (Journ. f. Ornith., 1913, p. 604). 

Graucalus stephani A. B. Meyer, 1891, Abh. Ber. Zool. Mus. Dresden, 3 (1890- 
1891), No. 4, p. 9.— Stephansort, Astrolabe Bay. 

Range. — Salawati, Batanta, Japen, from northwestern New Guinea eastward 
along the northern coast to the head of Huon Gulf where it intergrades with 
anyustifrons, along the southern coast as far as Etna Bay. 

Lowlands, particularly common in the immediate vicinity of the shore line, in 
mangrove swamps, savanna and other open formations; occasionally following the 
rivers inland up to 500 m., but generally found not above 100 m. 

Coracina papuensis intermedia Rothschild 
Coracina papuensis interincdia Rothschild, 1931, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 267. — 
Upper Setekwa River, southwestern New Guinea. 

Range. — Southern New Guinea from the Mimika River to the Noord River. 



104 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Coracina papuensis angustifrons (Sharpe) 

Graucalus angustifrons Sharpe, 1876 (Dec. 15), Journ. Linn. Soc. London, 
Zool., 13 (1878), p. 81.— Neighborhood of Port Moresby. 

Coracina papuensis meekiana Rothschild and Hartert, 1912, Novit. Zool., 19, 
p. 201. — Kumusi River. 

Range. — Southeastern New Guinea, westward in the north to Huon Gulf, in the 
south at least to Hall Sound. 

Coracina papuensis louisiadensis (Hartert) 
Graucalus hypoleucus louisiadensis Hartert, 1898, Novit. Zool., 5, p. 524. — 
Sudest Island. 
Range. — Tagula (= Sudest) Island, Louisiade Archipelago. 

Coracina papuensis oriomo Mayr and Rand 

Coracina papuensis oriomo Mayr and Rand, 1936, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 21, 
p. 244. — Wuroi, Oriomo River, south New Guinea. 

Range. — South New Guinea (Oriomo River district and probably also Merauke 
district). 

Wooded savanna. 

Coracina papuensis hypoleuca (Gould) 

Graucalus hypoleucus Gould, 1848, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 38. — Port Es- 
sington, Northern Territory. 

Graucalus mertoni von Berlepsch, 1911, Abh. Senckenb. Naturf. Ges., 34, p. 64. 
— Barkai Island, Aru Islands. 

Range. — Northwestern Australia, Northern Territory, and Aru Islands. 

Coracina longicauda longicauda (De Vis) 

Graucalus longicauda De Vis, 1890, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1888-89, p. 
59. — Musgrave Range, southeastern New Guinea. 

Graucalus comix Reichenow, 1900, Ornith. Monatsber., 8, p. 187. — Aroa River, 
southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea, Herzog Mountains (Mt. 
Misim), and Saruwaged Mountains. 

Mountain forest from 1900 m. to 3200 m. 

Coracina longicauda grisea Junge 
Coracina longicauda grisea Junge, 1939, Nova Guinea, (N.S.) 3, p. 5. — Hellwig 
Mountains (2600 m.), Oranje Range. 

Range. — Oranje Mountains, central New Guinea. 

Family MOTACILLIDAE 

Wagtails and Pipits 
Genus MOTACILLA Linnaeus 

Motacilla cinerea caspica (Gmelin) 

Parus caspicus S. G. Gmelin, 1774, Reise durch Russland, 3, p. 104. — Enseli, 
northern Persia. 

Budytes Novae Guineae A. B. Meyer, 1875, Sitzungsber. Abh. Nat. Ges. Isis 
Dresden, p. 74. — Arfak Mountains, northwestern New Guinea. 



MOTACILLIDAE 



105 






Range.— Breeding in the temperate zone of Asia from the Caucasus and the 
Ural eastward to Kamchatka and the Kurile Islands. On migration and during 
the winter found from India across the Indo-Australian islands as far as the 
Papuan Region, where it has been recorded so far from Misol, Batanta, Waigeu, 
Japen, Karkar, and New Guinea (Arfak, Kapaur, Takar, Nassau, Mamberano, 
and Saruwaged Mountains). 

On migration found along stony rivers and creeks, usually between 600 m. and 
1800 m., but also at sea level. 

Motacilla flava simillima Hartert 

Motacilla flava simillima Hartert, 1905, Vog. pal. Fauna, 1, p. 289. — Sulu 
Islands (on migration), presumably breeding on Kamchatka. 

Range. — Breeding in northeastern Siberia from the Chukches Peninsula down 
to Kamchatka. Wintering on the Sunda Islands and Moluccas. In the Papuan 
Region only recorded from the Mimika River, at the foot of the Nassau Moun- 
tains. One record from Dawson River, Queensland. 

Genus ANTHUS Bechstein 

Anthus gutturalis gutturalis De Vis 

Anthus gutturalis De Vis, 1894, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1893-94, p. 103 — 
Mt. Maneao, southeastern New Guinea. 
Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 

Alpine grasslands above 2600 m. Most frequent along the edge of the upper 
tree limit and in tree fern groves. 

Anthus gutturalis rhododendri Mayr 

Anthus gutturalis rhododendri Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 692. — 
Mongi-Busu, Saruwaged Mountains (2600 m.). 
Range. — Saruwaged Mountains, northeastern New Guinea. 

Anthus gutturalis wollastoni Ogilvie-Grant 

Anthus wollastoni Ogilvie-Grant, 1913, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 31, p. 105. — 
Utakwa River (11,800 ft.), Snow Mountains. 
Range. — Nassau and Oranje Mountains, central New Guinea. 

[Anthus richardi subspecies 
A specimen of this species is listed in the Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., 10 (1885), p. 
567, as having been taken by Wallace on Misol Island. The specimen does not 
seem to exist any more.] 

Anthus australis exiguus Greenway 

Anthus australis exiguus Greenway, 1935, Proc. New England Zool. Club, 14, 
p. 53. — Wau, Morobe district, northeastern New Guinea. 
Range. — Known only from the type locality. 
Grasslands at 1100 m. 



106 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Family " MUSCICAPIDAE " 1 
Old World Insect Eaters 

Subfamily TURDINAE 
Thrushes 

Genus SAXICOLA Bechstein 

Saxicola caprata belensis Rand 
Saxicola caprata belensis Rand, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1072, p. 4. — 
Balim River, 1600 m., Oranje Mountains. 
Range. — Oranje Mountains and mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 
Midmountain grasslands from 1200 m. to 2400 m. 

Saxicola caprata aethiops (Sclater) 

Poecilodryas aethiops Sclater, 1880, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 66, pi. 7. — 
Kabakadai, New Britain. 

Range. — New Britain and northern New Guinea between the Huon Peninsula 
and Humboldt Bay and Sentani Lake. 

Grasslands, bush savanna and second growth from the lowlands to 1800 m. 

Genus TURDUS Linnaeus 

Turdus poliocephalus versteegi Junge 
Turdus poliocephalus versteegi Junge, 1939, Nova Guinea, (N.S.) 3, p. 8. — 
Kajan Mts., Oranje Range. 
Range. — Oranje Mountains. 

Turdus poliocephalus papuensis (De Vis) 

Merula papuensis De Vis, 1890, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1888-89, p. 60 — 
Mt. Victoria, southeastern New Guinea. 

Merula melanaria Madarasz, 1900, Ornith. Monatsber., 8, p. 23. — Astrolabe Mts. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea (Wharton Range, Owen Stan- 
ley Range). 



1 The Papuan Region is the home of a group of about 50 genera of Oscines 
which offer a serious problem to the classifier. Many of these genera fit well into 
the conventional families of Turdidae, Sylviidae, and Muscicapidae, others combine 
the characters of two or three of these families, others — for the lack of any better 
arrangement — were placed in the Timaliidae, Prionopidae, and Laniidae, and still 
others were made types of monogeneric families. A very careful study of the 
questionable genera has convinced me that none of the previously proposed ar- 
rangements of this group is at all satisfactory, and that all family limits are arti- 
ficial. Dr. Hartert came to a similar conclusion when he treated the same group 
of genera in his "Vogel der Palaarkt. Fauna," in which he combined most of these 
"families" into one ("Muscicapidae"). Gadow (Bronn's Thierreich, 4, 4 Abt., 
pt. 2, p. 280) also discusses this vexing problem. 

In view of this the best solution seems to be to abandon any arrangement into 
definite families, and use subfamily names to group certain seemingly more closely 
related genera. The allocation of the following genera is particularly doubtful : 
Ifrita, Melampitta, Orthonyx, Peltops, and Pachycare. 



TURDINAE 



107 



Mountain forest, rhododendron and tree fern zone on upper tree limit from 
2400 m. to 3800 m. 

Turdus poliocephalus keysseri Mayr 
Turdus poliocephalus keysseri Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 692 — 
Mongi-Busu, Saruwaged Mts. 
Range. — Saruwaged Mountains. 

Turdus poliocephalus canescens (De Vis) 
Merula canescens De Vis, 1894, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1893-94, p. 105.— 
Goodenough Island. 
Range — Goodenough Island, D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago. 

Genus OREOCINCLA Gould 

Oreocincla dauma papuensis (Seebohm) 

Gcocichla papuensis Seebohm, 1881, Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., 5, p. 158, pi. 9. — "S.E. 
New Guinea. Goldie coll." 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea, Saruwaged Mountains (Sattel- 
berg) and Nassau Range (Utakwa River). 

Hill forest from 800 m. to 1300 m. 

Genus AMALOCICHLA » De Vis 

Amalocichla sclateriana sclateriana De Vis 
Amalocichla sclateriana De Vis, 1892, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1890-91, p. 
95. — Mt. Owen Stanley, southeastern New Guinea. 
Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 
Mountain forest from 2840 m. to 3680 m. 

Amalocichla sclateriana occidentalis Rand 
Amalocichla sclateriana occidentalis Rand, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1074, 
p. 1. — Lake Habbema, Snow Mountains. 

Range. — Oranje Mountains, central New Guinea. 

Amalocichla incerta incerta (Salvadori) 
Eupetes incertus Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 967. — Arfak 
Mountains. 

Range. — Arfak Mountains. 

Mountain forest from 1400 m. to 2200 m. 

Amalocichla incerta olivascentior Hartert 
Amalocichla incerta olivascentior Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 85. — Mt. 
Wondiwoi, Wandammen Mountains. 

Range. — Wandammen and Weyland Mountains. 

Amalocichla incerta brevicauda (De Vis) 

Drymoedus brevicauda De Vis, 1894, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1893-94, p. 
103. — Mt. Maneao, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea, Herzog, Saruwaged, Sepik 
(Schraderberg), and Oranje Mountains (Mt. Goliath). 



1 Synonym : Pseudopitta Reichenow, 1915. 



108 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Subfamily TIMALIINAE 
Babblers 

Genus MELAMPITTA Schlegel 

Melampitta lugubris lugubris Schlegel 

Melampitta lugubris Schlegel, 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 4, p. 47. — Arfak 
Mountains. 

Range. — Arfak Mountains, Saruwaged Mountains, and mountains of south- 
eastern New Guinea. 

Mountain forest from 1500 m. to 2840 m. 

Melampitta lugubris rostrata (Ogilvie-Grant) 

Mellopitta lugubris rostrata Ogilvie-Grant, 1913, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club., 31, p. 
104. — Utakwa River, Snow Mountains. 
Range. — Weyland and Nassau Mountains. 

Melampitta gigantea 1 (Rothschild) 

Mellopitta gigantea Rothschild, 1899, Ornith. Monatsber., 7, p. 137. — "Mt. 
Maori, west of Humboldt Bay," error for Mt. Moari, Arfak Mountains. 
Range. — Arfak and Nassau Mountains (Utakwa R.). 
Hill forest (along creeks?) at 800 m. to 1000 m. 

Genus CRATEROSCELIS Sharpe 

Crateroscelis murina murina (Sclater) 

Brachypteryx murinus Sclater, 1858, Journ. Linn. Soc. London, Zool., 2, p. 158. 
— Lobo, Triton Bay, southwestern New Guinea. 

Brachypteryx brunneiventris Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 69, 
p. 497. — Rubi, head of Geelvink Bay. 

Sericornis fulvipectoris Ramsay, 1880, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 4, 
p. 468. — Goldie River, southeastern New Guinea. 

Crateroscelis rufobrunnea Rothschild and Hartert, 1900, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
11, p. 25. — "Mt. Maori, Humboldt Bay," in error for: Mt. Moari, Arfak Mts. 

Range. — Salawati, Japen, and all New Guinea, except the range of the following 
form. 

Lowland and hill forest up to 1300 m. 

Crateroscelis murina pallida Rand 

Crateroscelis murina pallida Rand, 1938, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 991, p. 2. — 
East bank of Fly River, opposite Sturt Island. 

Range. — Known only from the middle and lower Fly River (Lake Daviumbu 
and Sturt Island), south New Guinea. 

Crateroscelis murina capitalis Stresemann and Paludan 
Crateroscelis murinus capitalis Stresemann and Paludan, 1932, Ornith. Mon- 
atsber., 40, p. 15. — Waigeu Island. 
Range. — Waigeu Island, Misol (subsp.). 



1 In spite of its lengthened tail this species is clearly congeneric with lugubris. 






TIMALIINAE 109 

Crateroscelis murina monacha (Gray) 
Alcippe monacha G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 175. — Aru 
Islands. 
Range. — Aru Islands. 

Crateroscelis nigro-rufa nigro-rufa (Salvadori) 

Sericornis nigro-rufa Salvadori, 1894, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, (2) 14, p. 151. — 
Moroka, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea, Herzog and Saruwaged 
Mountains. 

Lower mountain forest from 1300 m. to 1800 m. 

Crateroscelis nigro-rufa blissi Stresemann and Paludan 

Crateroscelis nigrorufa blissi Stresemann and Paludan, 1934, Ornith. Mo- 
natsber., 42, p. 46. — Mt. Kunupi, Weyland Mts. 
Range. — Weyland Mountains. 

Crateroscelis robusta robusta (De Vis) 

Gcrygone robusta l De Vis, 1898, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1896-97, p. 84 — 
Wharton Range, southeastern New Guinea. 

Crateroscelis pectoralis Rothschild and Hartert, 1900, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
11, p. 25. — Mt. Cameron, Owen Stanley Mts. 

Sericornis salvadorii Reichenow, 1901, Ornith. Monatsber., 9, p. 4. — South- 
eastern New Guinea (=Aroa River) (Weiske coll.). 

Crateroscelis albigula Reichenow, 1915, Journ. f. Ornith., 63, p. 128. — Schrader- 
berg, Sepik Mountains. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea, Herzog, Saruwaged and Sepik 
Mountains. 

Mountain forest from 1400 m. to 3680 m. 

Crateroscelis robusta deficiens Hartert 

Crateroscelis robusta deficie7is Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 81. — Cyclops 
Mountains. 

Range. — Cyclops Mountains. 

Crateroscelis robusta sanfordi Hartert 

Crateroscelis sanfordi Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 81. — Wondiwoi Moun- 
tains. 

Crateroscelis robusta steini Stresemann and Paludan, 1934, Ornith. Mo- 
natsber., 42, p. 46. — Mt. Kunupi, Weyland Mts. 

Range. — Wondiwoi Mountains, Wandammen district, Weyland and Oranje 
Mountains. 

Crateroscelis robusta peninsularis Hartert 
Crateroscelis robusta peninsularis Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 82. — 
Lehuma, Arfak Mountains. 
Range. — Arfak Mountains. 



? Crateroscelis montana De Vis, 1897, Ibis, p. 387. — Unidentifiable. 



110 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Crateroscelis robusta ripleyi Mayr and de Schauensee 
Crateroscelis robusta ripleyi Mayr and de Schauensee, 1939, Proc. Acad. Nat. 
Sci. Philadelphia, 91, p. 121. — Bon Kourangen, Tamrau Mts. 
Range. — Tamrau Mountains, Vogelkop. 

Genus ANDROPHOBUS 1 Hartert and Paludan 

Androphobus viridis (Rothschild and Hartert) 
Androphilus viridis Rothschild and Hartert, 1911, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 29, 
p. 33. — Mt. Goliath, Snow Mountains. 
Range. — Oranje and Weyland Mountains. 
Mountain forest at about 1500-2000 m. 

Genus DRYMODES Gould 

Drymodes superciliaris brevirostris De Vis 

Drymaoedus brevirostris De Vis, 1897, Ibis, p. 386. — [Boirave, Orangerie Bay], 
southeastern New Guinea. 

Drymodes beccarii adjacens Mathews, 1921, Birds Austr., 9, p. 218. — Aru 
Islands. 

Range. — Southeastern New Guinea, south New Guinea (Oriomo River) and 
Aru Islands. 

Lowland and hill forest. 

Drymodes superciliaris nigriceps Rand 
Drymodes superciliaris nigriceps Rand, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1074, p. 1. 
— Bernhard Camp, Idenburg River. 

Range. — Cyclops Mountains and northern slope of Oranje Mountains. 

Drymodes superciliaris beccarii Salvadori 
Drymoedus beccarii Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 965. — Profi, 
Arfak Mountains. 

Range. — Arfak and Wandammen Mountains. 
Hill forest from 500 m. to 1200 m. 

Genus CINCLOSOMA Vigors and Horsfield 

Cinclosoma ajax ajax (Temminck) 

Eupetes Ajax Temminck, 1835, Planch. Col. d'Ois., pi. 573. — Lobo, Triton Bay, 
southwestern New Guinea. 

Range. — Western coast of Geelvink Bay (Momi to Wanggar district) and 
Triton Bay. 

Lowland forest. 

Cinclosoma ajax muscalis Rand 
Cinclosoma ajax muscalis Rand, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1074, p. 2. — 
Palmer Junction, upper Fly River. 
Range. — Known only from the upper Fly River. 



1 Ornith. Monatsber., 42, 1934, p. 46. 






TIMALIINAE 



111 



Cinclosoma ajax alaris Mayr and Rand 
Cinclosoma ajax alaris Mayr and Rand, 1935, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 814, 
p. 6. — \Yuroi, Oriomo River, south New Guinea. 
Range. — Oriomo River; middle Fly River (subsp.). 

Cinclosoma ajax goldiei (Ramsay) 
Eupetcs goldiei Ramsay, 1879, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 3, p. 303 — 
Port Moresby, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range.— Southeastern New Guinea from Hall Sound to Milne Bay. 

Genus EUPETES " Temminck 

Eupetes castanonotus castanonotus Salvadori 
Eupctes castanonotus Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 966. — Mt. 
Morait, northwestern New Guinea. 
Range. — Hills of the Vogelkop. 
Hill forest from 600 m. to 1300 m. 

Eupetes castanonotus saturatus Rothschild and Hartert 
Eupctes castanonotus saturatus Rothschild and Hartert, 1911, Ornith. Mo- 
natsber., 19, p. 157. — [Setewka River], Snow Mountains. 
Range. — Nassau Mountains. 

Eupetes castanonotus uropygialis Rand 
Eupetes castanonotus uropygialis Rand, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1074, p. 
2. — Near Bernhard Camp, Idenburg River. 

Range. — Northern slope of Oranje Mountains, at the Idenburg River. 

Eupetes castanonotus biirgersi Mayr 
Eupetes castanonotus biirgersi Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 691. — 
Lordberg, Sepik Mountains. 

Range. — Sepik Mountains (Lordberg and Etappenberg). 

Eupetes castanonotus par Meise 
Eupetes castanonotus par Meise, 1930, Ornith. Monatsber., 38, p. 17. — Sattelberg. 
Range. — Saruwaged Mountains, northeastern New Guinea. 

Eupetes castanonotus pulcher Sharpe 

Eupetes pulcher Sharpe, 1882, Journ. Linn. Soc. London, Zool., 16, p. 319. — 
Taburi District, Astrolabe Mountains. 

Range. — Mountains in southeastern New Guinea, westward to the Herzog 
Mountains. 

Eupetes caerulescens caerulescens Temminck 

Eupetes caerulescens Temminck, 1835, Planch. Col. d'Ois., pi. 574. — Lobo, Triton 
Bay, southwestern New Guinea. 

Eupetes caerulescens occidentalis Neumann, 1924, Ornith. Monatsber., 32, p. 
39. — [Supposedly from] "Waigama, Misol" [bought from Frank]. 



1 I do not feel that the Papuan forms are sufficiently distinct from the Malayan 
macrocercus to justify the recognition of the genus Ptilorrhoa Peters (1940, Auk, 
57, p. 94). 



112 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Range. — Misol (?). From the Vogelkop (Sorong district) eastward along the 
northern coast as far as the head of Geelvink Bay (Menoo and Siriwo Rivers), 
along the southern coast eastward as far as Etna Bay. In the Wanggar District, 
southern Geelvink Bay, apparently occurring together with nigricrissus without any 
evidence of hybridization. 

Lowland forest up to 700 m., occasionally also in light secondary woods. 

Eupetes caerulescens neumanni Mayr and de Schauensee 
Eupetes caerulescens neumanni Mayr and de Schauensee, 1939, Proc. Acad. 

Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 91, p. 122. — Cyclops Mountains, north New Guinea. 
Range. — Entire north New Guinea from Astrolabe Bay westward at least as 

far as Takar. 

Eupetes caerulescens nigricrissus Salvadori 

Eupetes nigricrissus Salvadori, 1876, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 9, p. 36. — Naiabui, 
Hall Bay, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Southern New Guinea from Etna Bay and the head of Geelvink Bay 
eastward as far as Milne Bay. 

Eupetes caerulescens geislerorum Meyer 

Eupetes geislerorum A. B. Meyer, 1892, Journ. f. Ornith., 40, p. 259. — Butaueng, 
Huon Gulf. 

Range. — Northeastern New Guinea from the Huon Gulf (Finschhafen) east- 
ward to Collingwood Bay. 

Eupetes leucostictus leucostictus Sclater 
Eupetes leucostictus Sclater, 1873, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 690, pi. 52. — 
Hatam, Arfak Mountains. 
Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop (Arfak, Tamrau). 
Mountain forest from 1200 m. to 2000 m. 

Eupetes leucostictus mayri Hartert 
Eupetes leucostictus mayri Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 87. — Mt. Won- 
diwoi, Wandammen Mountains. 
Range. — Wandammen Mountains. 

Eupetes leucostictus centralis Mayr 

Eupetes leucostictus centralis Mayr, 1936, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 869, p. 1. — 
Weyland Mts. 

Range. — Weyland Mountains, mountains on the Mamberano River, Nassau and 
Oranje Mountains. 

Eupetes leucostictus sibilans Mayr 
Eupetes leucostictus sibilans Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 691. — 
Cyclops Mountains. 
Range. — Cyclops Mountains. 

Eupetes leucostictus amabilis Mayr 
Eupetes leucostictus amabilis Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 691. — 
Junzaing, Saruwaged Mountains. 
Range. — Saruwaged Mountains. 






TIMALIINAE 113 

Eupetes leucostictus loriae Salvadori 
I-upetes lorioi Salvadori, 1896, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, (2) 16 (= 36), p. 102. 

— Moroka, southeastern New Guinea. 

RANGE. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea, Herzog Mountains, and 
(suhsp.) Sepik Mountains (Schraderhcrg). 

Mountain forest from 1400 m. to 2400 m. 

Genus ORTHONYX Tkmminck 

Orthonyx temminckii novaeguineae Meyer 
Orthonyx Novai Guincac A. B. Mkvkr, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 
69, p. 83. — Arfak Mountains, northwestern New Guinea. 
Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop (Arfak, Tamrau). 
Mountain forest from 1200 m. to 2000 m. 

Orthonyx temminckii dorsalis Rand 
Orthonyx temminckii dorsalis Rand, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit, No. 1074, p. 2. — 
Bele River, north of Lake Habbema. 
Range. — Central range, between Lake Habbema and the Idenburg River. 

Orthonyx temminckii victoriana van Oort 

Orthonyx temminckii victoriana van Oort, 1909, Notes Leyden Mus., 30, p. 234. 
— Mt. Victoria, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea (Wharton Range, Mt. Vic- 
toria, Mt. Scratchley, Mt. Knutsford) and Herzog Mountains (Mt. Misim). 

Mountain forest from 2000 m. to 2900 m. 

Genus POMATOSTOMUS Cabanis 

Pomatostomus isidori isidori (Lesson and Garnot) 
Pomatorhinus Isidori Lesson and Garnot, 1829, Voy. Coquille, Zool., livr. 10, 
pi. 29 (and 1830, livr. 15, p. 680). — Dorey, northwestern New Guinea. 
Range. — Misol and all New Guinea, except the north. 
Lowland forest up to 300 m. 

Pomatostomus isidori calidus (Rothschild) 
Pomatorhinus isidori calidus Rothschild, 1931, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 266. — Siriwo 
River, southern Geelvink Bay. 
Range. — Northern New Guinea from the head of Geelvink Bay to Astrolabe Bay. 

Pomatostomus temporalis strepitans (Mayr and Rand) 
Pomatorhinus temporalis strepitans Mayr and Rand, 1935, Amer. Mus. Novit., 

No. 814, p. 6. — Dogwa, Oriomo River. 
Range. — Southern New Guinea, from Princess Marianne Straits and the Merauke 

district to the Oriomo River. 
Lowland savanna. 

Genus IFRITA Rothschild 

Ifrita kowaldi kowaldi (De Vis) 
Todopsis Kowaldi De \ is. 1890, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1888-89, p. 59.— 
[Owen Stanley Mountains]. 



114 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Ifrita coronata Rothschild, 1898, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 7, p. 54. — "Low country 
near Port Moresby," error for Owen Stanley Mountains. 

Ifrita kowaldi schaloiviana Stresemann, 1922, Ornith. Monatsber., 30, p. 8. — 
Schraderberg, Sepik Mountains. 

Range. — Mountains of central and eastern New Guinea (Idenburg, Sepik, and 
Saruwaged Mountains, mountains of southeastern New Guinea). 

Mountain forest from 1500 m. to 3680 m. 

Ifrita kowaldi brunnea Rand 

Ifrita kowaldi brunnea Rand, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit, No. 1074, p. 2. — Mt. 
Kunupi, Weyland Mts. 
Range. — Westernmost part of central range (Weyland and Nassau Mountains). 

Subfamily MALURINAE 
Wren Warblers 

Genus MALURUS Vieillot 

Malurus alboscapulatus alboscapulatus Meyer 

Malurus alboscapulatus A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 69, 
p. 469. — Arfak Mountains. 
Range. — Arfak Mountains. 

Malurus alboscapulatus aida Hartert 

Malurus alboscapulatus aida Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 78. — Ifar, Sentani 
Lake, northern New Guinea. 
Range. — Northern New Guinea, from the Weyland Mountains to Humboldt Bay. 

Malurus alboscapulatus tappenbecki (Reichenow) 

Musciparus tappenbecki Reichenow, 1897, Ornith. Monatsber., 5, p. 25. — Jagei 
(= Ramu) River, northern New Guinea. 
Range. — From the Sepik region to Astrolabe Bay and the upper Ramu River. 

Malurus alboscapulatus moretoni De Vis 

Malurus moretoni De Vis, 1892, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1890-91, p. 97.— 
Bartle Bay, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Southeastern New Guinea, westward in the north to the Huon Penin- 
sula, in the south to the Port Moresby district. 

Grasslands, intermixed with bushes and trees, and open secondary growth forma- 
tions, up to 600 m., occasionally up to 1200 m. 

Malurus alboscapulatus naimii Salvador! and D'Albertis 

Malurus naimii Salvadori and D'Albertis, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, 
p. 827. — Mon, Yule Island, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Southeastern New Guinea, from Galley Reach westward at least as 
far as Yule Island, probably to the head of the Gulf of Papua. 

Lowlands, up to about 400 m. 






MALURINAE 



115 



Malurus alboscapulatus mafulu Mayr and Rand 

Malurus alboscapulatus mafulu Mayr and Rand, 1935, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 
814. p. 10.— Mafulu, mountains of southeast New Guinea. 

Range.— Mid-mountain grasslands of southeast New Guinea, between 1000 m. 
and 2000 m., west to the upper Kikori River. 

Malurus alboscapulatus dogwa Mayr and Rand 
Malurus alboscapulatus dogwa Mayr and Rand, 1935, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 
814, p. 11. — Wuroi, Oriomo River, south New Guinea. 

Range. — South New Guinea, from the Fly River to Merauke. 

Malurus alboscapulatus lorentzi van Oort 
Malurus lorentzi van Oort, 1909, Nova Guinea, 9 (Zool.), p. 91. — Noord River, 
southern New Guinea. 
Range. — South New Guinea from the Noord River to the Mimika River. 

Malurus alboscapulatus balim Rand 

Malurus alboscapulatus balim Rand, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1072, p. 5. — 
Balim River (1600 m.), Oranje Mountains. 

Range. — Known only from the grasslands of the Balim and Bele Rivers (1600 
m. to 2300 m.), Oranje Mountains (Snow Mts.). 

Genus TODOPSIS Bonaparte 

Todopsis cyanocephala cyanocephala (Quoy and Gaimard) 

Todus cyanocephalus Quoy and Gaimard, 1830, Voy. Astrolabe, Zool., 1, p. 227, 
pi. 5, fig. 4. — Dorey, northwestern New Guinea. 

Todopsis cyanocephalus dohcrtyi Rothschild and Hartert, 1903, Novit. Zool., 
10, p. 477. — Takar, northern New Guinea. 

Range. — Salawati, western and northern New Guinea, eastward in the north 
to Astrolabe Bay and the upper Ramu River, in the south to Etna Bay; some 
infiltration of bonapartii blood noticeable between Onin Peninsula and the head of 
Geelvink Bay. 

Dense undergrowth in the forest and in secondary growth formations near rivers 
and along the coast; lowlands, but occasionally up to 800 m. 

Todopsis cyanocephala bonapartii Gray 

Todopsis bonapartii G. R. Gray, 1859, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 156. — Aru 
Islands. 

Range. — Aru Islands and (subsp. ?) southern New Guinea from the Mimika 
River eastward to Kapa Kapa (near the Astrolabe Mountains). 

Todopsis cyanocephala mysorensis Meyer 
Todopsis mysorensis A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 69, p. 
74. — Misori Island (= Biak). 
Range. — Biak Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Todopsis wallacii Gray 

Todopsis wallacii G. R. Gray, 1861, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 429, pi. 43.— 
Misol. 

Todopsis coronata Gould, 1878, Birds New Guinea, pt. 8.— Aru Islands. 

Range. — Aru Islands, Misol, Japen, and all New Guinea; ( ? Goodenough Is., 
fide De Vis). 

Lowland forest and dense secondary growth up to 900 m. 



116 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Genus CHENORHAMPHUS Oustalet 

Chenorhamphus grayi (Wallace) 

Todopsis grayi Wallace, 1862, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 166. — Sorong, north- 
western New Guinea. 

Chenorhamphus pileatus Reichenow, 1920, Journ. f. Ornith., 68, p. 399. — 
Maeanderberg, upper Sepik. 

Range. — Salawati and northern New Guinea from the Vogelkop to the Sepik 
region (Sorong, Wa Samson, Siwi (Arfak), Rumberpon (Amberpon), Weyland 
Mountains, Mamberano, Cyclops Mountains, Humboldt Bay, and Maeanderberg 
(Sepik Mountains)). 

Lowland and hill forest up to 900 m. 

Genus CLYTOMYIAS Sharpe 

Clytomyias insignis insignis Sharpe 
Clytomyias insignis Sharpe, 1879, Notes Ley den Mus., 1, p. 31. — Tjobonda, 
Arfak Mountains. 
Range. — Arfak Mountains. 

Clytomyias insignis oorti Rothschild and Hartert 

Clytomyias insignis oorti Rothschild and Hartert, 1907, Novit. Zool., 14, p. 
460. — Head of Aroa River, southeast New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea, Saruwaged and Oranje Moun- 
tains (Mt. Goliath). 

Mountain forest from 1600 m. to 2800 m. 

Subfamily SYLVIINAE (pt. 1) 
Grass Warblers 

Genus LOCUSTELLA Kaup 

Locustella fasciolata (Gray) 

Acrocephalus fasciolatus G. R. Gray, 1860, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 349. — 
Batjan, northern Moluccas. 

Range. — Nests in eastern Siberia south to Manchuoko and Korea, migrates 
through Japan and China, and winters in the Philippines, Celebes, South-East 
Islands, Moluccas and western New Guinea. In the Papuan Region so far re- 
corded from the following localities : Misol, Manokwari, Arfak Mountains, Onin 
Peninsula, Weyland Mountains, and Yamna Island. 

Lives in the winter quarters in open country, grassy hillsides, abandoned native 
plantations, etc. In the mountains up to 1600 m. 

Genus ACROCEPHALUS Naumann 

Acrocephalus arundinaceus australis (Gould) 

Calamoherpe australis Gould, 1838, in Lewin's Nat. Hist. Birds New South 
Wales, Index to syn. to pi. 18. — Parramatta, New South Wales. 

? Acrocephalus cervinus De Vis, 1897, Ibis, p. 386. — [Boirave, Orangerie Bay], 
southeastern New Guinea. 






SVLV1INAE 



117 



Range.— Australia and New Guinea. Known in New Guinea from Orangerie 
Bay, the middle Fly River (Lake Daviumlm), the Noord River, and the Anggi 
Lakes (2000 m.), Artak Mountains. 

Tall reeds, stands of phragmites, etc., at the edge of lakes and in marshes. From 
the lowlands up to 2000 m. 

Genus MEGALURUS Horsfield 

Megalurus timoriensis macrurus (Salvadori) 

SphenoeacMS macrurus Salvadori, 1876, Ann. Mus. Civ. Gcnova, 9, p. 35. — 
Xaiabui, Hall Sound. 

Megalurus punctatus De Vis, 1897, Ibis, p. 385. — Neneba, northern slope of Mt. 
Scratchley, 4000 feet. 

Range. — Southeastern New Guinea along the south coast as far as Hall Sound, 
along the north coast to the Herzog Mountains; ( ? Goodenough Is., fide De Vis). 

Grasslands and open secondary growth from sea level to 2000 m. 

Megalurus timoriensis alpinus Mayr and Rand 

Megalurus timoriensis alpinus Mayr and Rand, 1935, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 
814, p. 8.— Mt. Albert Edward (3680 m.), southeast New Guinea. 

Range. — Alpine grasslands on the Wharton Range, southeastern New Guinea, 
from 2800 m. to 3800 m. 

Megalurus timoriensis harterti Mayr 

Megalurus timoriensis harterti Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 686. — 
Ogeramnang, Saruwaged Mountains. 

Range.— Huon Peninsula, from 800 m. to 1800 m., and (subsp.?) from 2800 m. 
to 3800 m. 

Megalurus timoriensis mayri Hartert 

Megalurus timoriensis mayri Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 79. — Ifaar, 
northern New Guinea. 

Range. — Grasslands of northern New Guinea from Sentani Lake and Humboldt 
Bay to Astrolabe Bay. 

Grasslands at sea level and up to 400 m. 

Megalurus timoriensis stresemanni Hartert 

Megalurus timoriensis stresemanni Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 79. — Kofo, 
Anggi Lake. 

Range. — Grasslands and fern groves at Lake Anggi Gidji (1900 m.), Arfak 
Mountains. 

Megalurus timoriensis muscalis Rand 
Megalurus timoriensis musealis Rand, 1938, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 991, p. 4. — 
Lake Daviumbu, middle Fly River, south New Guinea. 

Range. — Known only from the grasslands of the middle Fly River. 

Megalurus albolimbatus (D'Albertis and Salvadori) 
Poodytes albo-limbatus D'Albertis and Salvadori, 1879, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 
14, p. 87.— Fly River (at 430 miles). 
Range. — South New Guinea (middle Fly River). 



118 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Genus CISTICOLA Kaup 

Cisticola exilis diminuta Mathews 

Cisticola exilis diminuta Mathews, 1922, Birds Austr., 9, p. 373. — Paterson 
Creek, Cape York, Queensland. 

Range. — Northern Queensland (north of 17° S.), islands of Torres Straits; 
eastern New Guinea westward along the south coast at least as far as the Oriomo 
River (Dogwa), along the north coast to Humboldt Bay and Sentani Lake; 
Fergusson and Goodenough Islands and Manam (Vulcan Island). Approaching 
C. e. polionota in the northern part of its range. 

Grasslands at low elevations, rarely up to 1200 m. 

Subfamily SYLVIINAE (pt. 2) 
Tree Warblers 

Genus SERICORNIS Gould 

Sericornis spilodera spilodera (Gray) 

Entomophila ? spilodera G. R. Gray, 1859, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 155. — 
Dorey [= Manokwari], northwestern New Guinea. 

Aethomyias nigrifrons Reichenow, 1915, Journ. f. Ornith., 63, p. 124. — Maean- 
derberg, Sepik Mountains. 

Gerygone stictilaema Reichenow, 1917, Journ. f. Ornith., 65, p. 514. — Maeander- 
berg, Sepik Mountains. 

Range. — Japen Island and western and northern New Guinea (Vogelkop, Wey- 
land Mountains, and Sepik Mountains). 

Hill forest from 400 m. to 1200 m., occasionally down to sea level. 

Sericornis spilodera granti (Hartert) 
Aethomyias spilodera granti Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 85. — Snow 
Mountains [= Utakwa River], southwestern New Guinea. 
Range. — Nassau and Oranje Mountains, central New Guinea. 

Sericornis spilodera wuroi Mayr 
Sericornis spilodera wuroi Mayr, 1937, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 904, p. 15. — 
Wuroi, Oriomo River, south New Guinea (lowlands). 
Range. — Known only from the type locality. 

Sericornis spilodera guttatus (Sharpe) 

Aethomyias guttata Sharpe, 1882, Journ. Linn. Soc. London, Zool., 16, p. 432. — 
Choqueri District, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea, in the north as far as the 
Huon Peninsula, on the south coast at least as far as Yule Island district (Matsika. 
Mafulu). 

Sericornis spilodera ferrugineus Stresemann and Paludan 
Sericornis spilodera ferruginea Stresemann and Paludan, 1932, Ornith. Mo- 
natsber., 40, p. 16. — Waigeu. 
Range. — Waigeu Island. 






SVI.VIINAE 



119 



Sericornis spilodera aruensis Ogilvie-Grant 
Sericornis aruensis Ogilvie-Grant, 1911, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 29, p. 29.— 
Wokan. Aru Islands. 
Range. — Aru Islands. 

Sericornis beccarii beccarii Salvadori 
Sericornis beccarii Salvadori, 1874, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 6, p. 79.— Wokan, 
Aru Islands. 

Range. — Aru Islands. 

Sericornis beccarii randi Mayr 
Sericornis beccarii randi Mayr, 1937, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 904, p. 10. — Wuroi, 
Oriomo River, south New Guinea. 

Range. — Known only from the type locality. 
Lowland forest. 

Sericornis beccarii cyclopum Hartert 
Sericornis magnirostris cyclopum Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 83. — Cyclops 
Mountains. 
Range. — Cyclops Mountains. 
Mountain forest from 600 m. to 1600 m. 

Sericornis beccarii weylandi Mayr 
Sericornis beccarii zceylandi Mayr, 1937, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 904, p. 11. — Mt. 
Kunupi, Weyland Mts. 
Range. — Weyland Mountains. 

Sericornis beccarii wondiwoi Mayr 
Sericornis beccarii wondiwoi Mayr, 1937, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 904, p. 11. — 
Wondiwoi Mts. (Wandammen district), northwest New Guinea. 
Range. — Wondiwoi Mountains. 
Mountain forest from 1200 m. to 1800 m. 

Sericornis beccarii imitator Mayr 
Sericornis beccarii imitator Mayr, 1937, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 904, p. 12. — 
Siwi, Arfak Mountains. 
Range.— Arfak Mountains (800 m. to 1400 m.). 

Sericornis beccarii cantans Mayr 

Sericornis magnirostris cantans Mayr, 1930, Ornith. Monatsber., 38, p. 177. — 
New name for Sericornis arfakiana Salvadori, 1876, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7 
(1875), p. 962. — Arfak Mountains. [Preoccupied by Gerygone (?) [= Sericornis] 
arfakiana Salvadori, ib., p. 960.] 

Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop (above 1400 m.). 

Sericornis beccarii jobiensis Stresemann and Paludan 
Sericornis magnirostris jobiensis Stresemann and Paludan, 1932, Novit. Zool., 
38, p. 230.— Japen Island. 

Range. — Japen Island, Geelvink Bay. 



120 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Sericornis beccarii idenburgi Rand 

Sericomis beccarii idenburgi Rand, 1941, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1102, p. 11. — 
6 km. southwest of Bernhard Camp, 1200 m. 

Range. — Known only from the slopes above the Idenburg River between 850 m. 
and 1200 m. altitude. 

Sericornis beccarii virgatus (Reichenow) 
Crateroscelis virgata Reichenow, 1915, Journ. f. Ornith., 63, p. 128. — Maeander- 
berg, middle Sepik River, at 600 m. 

Range. — Known only from the type locality. 

Sericornis (nouhuysi ?) pontifex Stresemann 

Sericornis arfakiana pontifex Stresemann, 1921, Anz. Ornith. Ges. Bayern, 1, 
p. 34. — Lordberg, Sepik Mountains. 

Range. — Lordberg (1000 m.) and Hunsteinspitze (1500 m.), middle Sepik River. 
(Possibly a subspecies of beccarii.) 

Sericornis nouhuysi nouhuysi van Oort 
Sericornis arfakiana nouhuysi van Oort, 1909, Nova Guinea, 9 (Zool.), p. 90. — 
Hellwig Mountains, Oranje Range. 
Range. — Weyland, Nassau and Oranje Mountains. 

Sericornis nouhuysi stresemanni Mayr 

Sericornis magnirostris stresemanni Mayr, 1930, Ornith. Monatsber., 38, p. 177. 
— New name for Sericornis arfakiana rufescens Stresemann, 1921, Anz. Ornith. 
Ges. Bayern, 1, p. 33. — Schraderberg, Sepik Mountains. (Preoccupied by Gery- 
gone (= Sericornis) rufescens Salvadori, 1876.) 

Range. — Eastern Sepik Mountains (Schraderberg). 

Sericornis nouhuysi oorti Rothschild and Hartert 

Sericornis arfakiana oorti Rothschild and Hartert, 1913, Novit. Zool., 20, p. 
503. — Bihagi, head of Mambare River, southeastern New Guinea. 

Sericornis arfakiana keysseri Stresemann, 1925, Ornith. Monatsber., 33, p. 59. — 
Rawlinson Mountains, Huon Peninsula. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea (lower altitudes), Herzog 
Mountains, and Saruwaged Mountains. 

Mountain forest from 1300 m. to 3300 m. 

Sericornis nouhuysi monticola Mayr and Rand 

Sericornis nouhuysi monticola Mayr and Rand, 1936, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 
21, p. 246.— Mt. Albert Edward (3680 m.). 

Range. — High mountains of southeast New Guinea (Mt. Albert Edward and 
mountains of the Kotoi district). 

Sericornis (rufescens) perspicillatus Salvadori 

Sericornis perspicillata Salvadori, 1896, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, (2) 16 (= 36), 
p. 99. — Moroka, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea, Saruwaged, Sepik, Nassau, 
Oranje, and Weyland Mountains. 

Mountain forest from 1300 m. to 2400 m. 



SYLVIINAE 



121 






Sericornis (rufescens) rufescens (Salvadori) 
Gerygone f rufescens Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 961.— Hatam, 
Arfak Mountains. 
Sericornis pcrspicillata goodsom Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 84.— Lehuma, 

Arfak Mountains. 
Ranch.— Mountains of the Vogelkop (Arfak, Tamrau). 
Mountain forest 1500 m. to 2000 m. 

Sericornis papuensis papuensis (De Vis) 
Acantkisa papuensis De Vis, 1894, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1893-94, p. 102. 
— Mt. Maneao, southeastern New Guinea. 

rygone brunnea De Vis, 1897, Ibis, p. 378.— Mountains of southeastern New 
Guinea. 
Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea, 
nntain forest from 2000 m. to 3700 m. 

Sericornis papuensis meeki Rothschild and Hartert 
Sericornis meeki Rothschild and Hartert, 1913, Novit. Zool., 20, p. 503. — Mt. 
Goliath, Snow Mountains. 
Range. — Oranje Mountains (Mt. Goliath, Hellwig Mountains). 

Sericornis papuensis biirgersi Stresemann 
Sericornis biirgersi Stresemann, 1921, Anz. Ornith. Ges. Bayern, 1, p. 34. — 
Schraderberg, Sepik Mountains. 
Range. — Sepik and Weyland Mountains. 

Sericornis arfakianus arfakianus (Salvadori) 

Gerygone (?) arfakiana Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 960. — 
Arfak Mountains. 

Range. — Tamrau and Arfak Mountains, Wandammen Mountains, Weyland 
Mountains (subsp. ?), and Nassau Mountains (subsp.?). 

Mountain forest from 700 m. to 1600 m. 

Sericornis arfakianus olivaceus Salvadori 

Sericornis oUvacea Salvadori, 1896, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, (2) 16 (=36), 
p. 100. — Moroka, southeastern New Guinea. 

Sericornis pusilla Rothschild and Hartert, 1903, Novit. Zool., 10, p. 228. — 
Mt. Gayata, Richardson Range, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea, Saruwaged Mountains, Sepik 
Mountains, and (subsp.) Cyclops Mountains. 

Genus ACANTHIZA Vigors and Horsfield 

Acanthiza murina (De Vis) 
Gerygone murina De Vis, 1897, Ibis, p. 377. — Mt. Scratchley. 
Range. — High mountains of southeastern New Guinea (Mt. Scratchley and 
r harton Range) and Oranje Mountains (Kajan Mts.). 
High mountain forest from 2400 to 3680 m. 



122 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Genus GERYGONE i Gould 

Gerygone cinerea Salvadori 

Gerygone ? cinerea Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 958. — Hatam, 
Arfak Mountains. 

Range. — Tamrau, Arfak, Wandammen, Weyland, Nassau (Utakwa River), and 
Herzog Mountains, and mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 

Mountain forest from 1000 m. (Wandammen) to 2400 m. (southeast New 
Guinea). 

Gerygone chrysogaster chrysogaster Gray 

Gerygone chrysogaster G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 174. — Aru 
Islands. 

Gerygone chrysogaster guineensis Mathews, 1928, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 48, p. 
91. — Mimika River. 

Range. — Aru Islands; southern and eastern New Guinea, westward along the 
south coast to the Mimika River, along the north coast to the Kumusi River ; 
northern New Guinea between the Mamberano and the Sepik Rivers ; Japen Island. 

Rain forest up to 800 m. 

Gerygone chrysogaster leucothorax Mayr 
Gerygone chrysogaster leucothorax Mayr, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1091, 
p. 2. — Wanggar, Geelvink Bay. 
Range. — Head of Geelvink Bay. 

Gerygone chrysogaster dohertyi Rothschild and Hartert 
Gerygone neglecta dohertyi Rothschild and Hartert, 1903, Novit. Zool., 10, 

p. 473. — Kapaur, Onin Peninsula. 
Sylvia virescens Blyth (ex S. Miiller MS.), 1870, Ibis, p. 169. — Lobo, Triton 

Bay (nee Sylvia [= Vireosylvia] virescens Vieillot, 1807, Ois. Am. Sept., 2, p. 42). 
Range. — Southwestern New Guinea from Triton Bay to the Onin Peninsula. 

Gerygone chrysogaster notata Salvadori 

Gerygone notata Salvadori, 1878, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 12, p. 344. — Wa 
Samson River, western Vogelkop. 

Leptotodus tenuis A. B. Meyer, 1884, Zeitschr. ges. Ornith., 1, p. 197. — Amber- 
baken, Vogelkop. 

Range. — Misol, Batanta, and Vogelkop as far as Siwi and Mt. Moari (Arfak). 



1 The following species were described in the genus Gerygone, but have been 

transferred to other genera : 

Gerygone arfakiana Salvadori, 1876, to Sericomis (see p. 119) 
Gerygone brunnea De Vis, 1897, to Sericomis (see p. 121) 
Gerygone giulianettii Salvadori, 1896, to Phylloscopus (see p. 126) 
Gerygone maforensis Meyer, 1874, to Phylloscopus (see p. 126) 
Gerygone murina De Vis, 1897, to Acanthiza (see p. 121) 
Gerygone poliocephala Salvadori, 1876, to Phylloscopus (see p. 126) 
Gerygone robusta De Vis, 1898, to Crater oscelis (see p. 109) 
Gerygone rufescens Salvadori, 1876, to Sericomis (see p. 121) 
Gerygone stictilaema Reichenow, 1917, to Sericomis (see p. 118) 
For a more detailed account of the genus see Meise, 1931, Novit. Zool., 36, pp. 

317-378. 



SYLVIINAE 



123 



Gerygone chrysogaster neglecta Wallace 

Gerygone neglecta Wallace, 1865, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 475.— Waigeu 
(restricted type locality) and Misol. 

Cryptohpha waigiuensis Hartert, 1903, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 13, p. 70 — 
WaigCU Island. 

Ranch. — Waigeu Island. 

Gerygone chloronota cinereiceps (Sharpe) 

Pseudo gerygone cinereiceps Sharpe, 1886, Nature, 34, p. 340. — Sogeri district, 
Astrolabe Mountains, southeastern New Guinea. 

Gerygone placida Madarasz, 1900, Ornith. Monatsber., 8, p. 3. — Sattelberg, Huon 
Peninsula. 

Range. — South New Guinea (Wuroi), southeastern New Guinea, Watut Valley 
(Biolowat), Huon Peninsula and Vogelkop. 

Open forest and secondary growth formations from the lowlands up to 1000 m. 

Gerygone chloronota aruensis Biittikofer 

Gerygone aruensis Bxjttikofer, 1893, Notes Leyden Mus., 15, p. 259. — Aru 
Islands. 

Gerygone chloronota meisci Stresemann and Paludan, 1932, Ornith. Mo- 
natsber., 40, p. 16. — Waigeu. 

Range. — Aru Islands and Waigeu Island. 

Gerygone palpebrosa tarara Rand 

Gerygone palpebrosa tarara Rand, 1941, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1102, p. 11. — 
Tarara, Wassi Kussa River. 

Range. — Southern New Guinea between the Morehead River and the mouth of 
the Fly River. 

Gerygone palpebrosa inconspicua Ramsay 

Gerygone inconspicua Ramsay, 1878, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 3, p. 
116. — Laloki River, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Hill country along the southern slopes of southeastern New Guinea; 
specimens f r om the southern slopes of the Snow Mountains (Eilanden River to 
Kapare River) are intermediate between inconspicua and palpebrosa. 

From 100 m. to 1250 m. 

Gerygone palpebrosa palpebrosa Wallace 

Gerygone palpebrosa Wallace, 1865, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 475. — Aru 
Islands. 

Gerygone melanothorax Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 956. — 
Profi and Mori, Arfak Mountains. 

Range. — Aru Islands, western Papuan Islands (Misol and Waigeu) and north- 
western New Guinea (Vogelkop and Onin Peninsula). 

Gerygone palpebrosa wahnesi (Meyer) 

Pseudogerygone wahnesi A. B. Meyer, 1899, Ornith. Monatsber., 7, p. 144. — 
Bongu, Astrolabe Bay. 

Range. — Japen Island and all northern New Guinea from the head of Geelvink 
Bay (Weyland Mountains) eastward to the Hydrographers Mountains, where it 
begins to intergrade with inconspicua Ramsay. 



124 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

From the lowlands to 1500 m., most common at 600-900 m. Rain forest, edge 
of forest, and secondary growth formations. 

Gerygone magnirostris brunneipectus (Sharpe) 

Pseudogerygone brunneipectus Sharpe, 1879, Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., 4, p. 221. — 
Am Islands. 

Range. — Aru Islands, Daru Island and southern New Guinea from the Katau 
River to Hall Sound. 

Gerygone magnirostris mimikae (Ogilvie-Grant) 

Pseudogerygone conspicillata mimikae Ogilvie-Grant, 1915, Ibis, Jubilee Suppl., 
2, p. 168. — Mimika River, southern New Guinea. 

Range. — Southwestern New Guinea from the Noord River westward at least to 
the Onin Peninsula (Kapaur). 

Gerygone magnirostris cobana (Mathews) 

Ethelornis magnirostris cobana Mathews, 1926, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 47, p. 40. 
— New name for Zoster ops [= Gerygone\ fusca Bernstein, 1864, Journ. f. Ornith., 
12, p. 406. — Waigeu Island. (Preoccupied by Ptilotis [= Gerygone] fuscus Gould, 
1838.) 

Range. — Western Papuan Islands (Waigeu, Batanta and Salawati). 

Gerygone magnirostris conspicillata (Gray) 

Microeca conspicillata G. R. Gray, 1859, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 156. — Dorey, 
northwestern New Guinea. 

Range. — Vogelkop, northwestern New Guinea from Sorong (subsp.) to Manok- 
wari and Warbusi; Wandammen district (subsp.?). 

Gerygone magnirostris affinis Meyer 

Gerygone affinis A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 70, p. 117. — 
Jobi Island (restricted type locality) and Passim, Geelvink Bay. 

Gerygone ramuensis Reichenow, 1897, Ornith. Monatsber., 5, p. 26. — Ramu 
River, northern New Guinea. 

Range. — Japen, Manam (= Vulcan Island) and Karkar (= Dampier Island) ; 
northern New Guinea from Passim, Geelvink Bay, eastward to Haidana, Colling- 
wood Bay. 

Mangrove, coastal and river vegetation, edge of sago swamps, occasionally dry 
woods on edge of grasslands. 

Gerygone magnirostris hypoxantha Salvadori 

Gerygone hypoxantha Salvadori, 1878, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 12, p. 345. — 
Misori (= Biak) Island. 
Range. — Biak Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Gerygone magnirostris proxima Rothschild and Hartert 
Gerygone magnirostris proxima Rothschild and Hartert, 1918, Novit. Zool., 
25, p. 319. — Fergusson Island. 

Range. — Fergusson and Goodenough Islands, D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago. 






SYLVIINAE 



125 



Gerygone magnirostris onerosa Hartert 
Gerygone rosscliana onerosa Hartert, 1899, Novit. Zool., 6, p. 209.— St. Aignan 
Island. 

Range— Misima (= St. Aignan) Island, Louisiade Archipelago. 

Gerygone magnirostris tagulana Rothschild and Hartert 
Gerygone magnirostris tagulana Rothschild and Hartert, 1918, Novit. Zool., 
25, p. '318.— Sudest Island. 

Range.— Tagula (= Sudest) Island, Louisiade Archipelago. 

Gerygone magnirostris rosseliana Hartert 
Gerygone rosscliana Hartert, 1899, Novit. Zool., 6, p. 79.— Rossel Island. 
Range.— Rossel Island, Louisiade Archipelago. 



.: 



Gerygone fusca pallida Finsch 
Gerygone pallida Finsch, 1898, Notes Leyden Mus., 20, p. 134.— Lobo, Triton 
y, southwestern New Guinea. 

Range. — Southern New Guinea (Triton Bay, mouth of Mimika River, Daru 
Island, and mouth of the Oriomo River). 
Mangrove zone. 



Gerygone ruficollis ruficollis Salvadori 

Gerygone ? ruficollis Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 959. — Hatam, 
Arfak Mountains. 

Gerygone biviaculata A. B. Meyer, 1884, Zeitschr. ges. Ornith., 1, p. 198. — Hatam 
and Sanuibu, Arfak Mountains. 

Range. — Arfak Mountains. 

Gerygone ruficollis insperata De Vis 

Gerygone insperata De Vis, 1892, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1890-91, p. 
94. — Mt. Suckling, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea (Mt. Suckling, Wharton Range 
and Herzog Mountains) and mountains of the Huon Peninsula. 

From 1600 m. upward to at least 3000 m., perhaps to timber line, open forest, 
edge of forest, and secondary growth formations, especially abandoned native 
gardens. 

Gerygone olivacea cinerascens Sharpe 

Gerygone cinerascens Sharpe, 1878, Journ. Linn. Soc. London, Zool., 13, p. 494. 
— Port Moresby, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Southern coast of southeastern New Guinea (Port Moresby and lower 
Aroa River). 

Lowland savanna. 

Genus EUGERYGONE Finsch 

Eugerygone rubra rubra (Sharpe) 
Pseudogerygone rubra Sharpe, 1878, Notes Leyden Mus., 1, p. 29. — Tjobonda, 
Arfak Mountains. 
Range. — Arfak Mountains. 



126 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Eugerygone rubra saturatior Mayr 

Eugerygone rubra saturatior Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 678. — 
Junzaing, Saruwaged Mountains. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea, Herzog (Mt. Misim), Saru- 
waged, Oranje, and Weyland Mountains. 

Mountain forest from 1500 to 3700 m. 

Genus PHYLLOSCOPUS Boie 

Phylloscopus trivirgatus 1 poliocephala (Salvadori) 
Gerygone ? poliocephala Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 960. — 

Arfak Mountains. 

Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop (Tamrau, Arfak) and (subsp.?) Wandam- 

men Mountains. 

Lower mountain forest from 800 m. to 1600 m. 

Phylloscopus trivirgatus albigularis Hartert and Paludan 

Phylloscopus trivirgatus albigularis Hartert and Paludan, 1936, Mitt. Zool. 
Mus. Berlin, 21, p. 218. New name for Phylloscopus trivirgatus albigula Roth- 
schild, 1931, Novit. Zool., 36, p 262. — Mt. Derimapa, Weyland Mts. (Preoccupied 
by Phylloscopus indicus albigula Hesse, 1912.) 

Range. — Weyland Mountains. 

Phylloscopus trivirgatus cyclopum Hartert 

Phylloscopus trivirgatus cyclopum Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 65. — Cy- 
clops Mountains. 
Range. — Cyclops Mountains. 

Phylloscopus trivirgatus giulianettii (Salvadori) 

Gerygone giulianettii Salvadori, 1896, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, (2) 16 (=36), 
p. 81. — Moroka, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Sepik Mountains (subsp.?), Saruwaged Mountains, Herzog Mountains, 
and mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 

Mountain forest, edge of forest and secondary growth formations from 1200 m. 
to 2400 m. 

Phylloscopus trivirgatus hamlini Mayr and Rand 

Phylloscopus trivirgatus hamlini Mayr and Rand, 1935, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 
814, p. 8. — Goodenough Island, D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago. 
Range. — Goodenough Island, D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago. 

Phylloscopus (trivirgatus) maforensis (Meyer) 

Gerygone maforensis A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 70, 
p. 119.— Mafor. 

Range. — Numfor Island, Geelvink Bay. 



1 1 can find no definite characters by which this species and its relatives would 
have to be excluded from the genus Phylloscopus. Ph. poliocephala can also be 
treated as a separate species of the superspecies trivirgatus. 



MUSCICAPINAE 



127 



Phylloscopus (trivirgatus) misoriensis Meise 

Pkylloscopus trwtrgahu misoriensis Meise, 1031, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 318.— New 
name for Sericornis ? trochtioides Salvudori, 1876, Ann. Mus. Civ, Genova, 7, p. 
961— Misori Island. (Preoccupied by Acanthiza (= Phylloscopus) trochiloides 
Sundevall, 1838.) 

Range. — Biak Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Subfamily MUSCICAPINAE 
Flycatchers 

Genus PELTOPS Wagler 

Peltops blainvillii (Lesson and Garnot) 

Eurylaimus Blainvillii Lesson and Garnot, 1827, Voy. Coquille, pi. 19, fig. 2, 
p. 595. — Dorey, northwestern New Guinea. 

P[eltops] minor De Vis, 1894, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1893-94, p. 100. — 
Southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Misol, Salawati, Waigeu, and all New Guinea (possibly absent in some 
regions, as for example at the Huon Gulf). 

Tree tops in forest, edge of forest and secondary growth up to 500 m. 

Peltops montanus Stresemann 

Peltops btamvUlm montanus Stresemann, 1921, Anz. Ornith. Ges. Bayern, 1, 
p. 35. — Hunsteinspitze, Sepik Mountains. 

Range. — Tamrau, Arfak, Weyland, Nassau, Oranje, Sepik, Saruwaged Moun- 
tains, and mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 

Tree tops in hill forest, edge of forest and secondary growth from 800 m. to 
1600 m., occasionally up to 2400 m. 

Genus RHIPIDURA Vigors and Horsfield 

Rhipidura threnothorax threnothorax Miiller 

Rhipidura threnothorax S. Muller, 1843, Verh. Nat. Gesch., 1 (Land-en Volken- 
kunde), p. 185 (note). — Lobo, Triton Bay, southwest New Guinea. 

Rhipidura ambusta Ramsay, 1879, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 3, p. 
270. — Port Moresby, southeastern New Guinea. 

Rhipidura rosenbergi Buttikofer, 1892, Notes Leyden Mus., 15, p. 88. — Aru 
Islands. 

Sctosura threnothorax novae-guineensis Mathews, 1928, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
48, p. 92. — Mimika River, southwest New Guinea. 

Range. — Aru Islands, Waigeu, Salawati, and all New Guinea. 

Lowland forest up to 900 m., occasionally higher, more common on edge of 
forest, particularly in wet situations. 

Rhipidura threnothorax fumosa Schlegel 

Rhipidura fumosa Schlegel, 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 4, p. 42. — Jobi Island, 
Geelvink Bay. 

Rhipidura threnothorax niyrivertex Stresemann and Paludan, 1932, Novit. 
Zool., 38, p. 228.— Japen Island. 

Range. — Japen Island, Geelvink Bay. 



128 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Rhipidura maculipectus Gray 

Rhipidura maculipectus G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 176. — Aru 
Islands. 

Rhipidura saturata Salvadori, 1878, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 12, p. 323. — 
Salawati Island, western Papuan Islands. 

Setosura maculipectus mimika Mathews, 1928, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 48, p. 91. — 
Mimika River, southwestern New Guinea. 

Range. — Aru Islands, western Papuan Islands (Misol, Salawati, and Batanta), 
western and southern New Guinea eastward along the north coast to Warbusi 
(Geelvink Bay), along the south coast at least to Hall Sound, possibly to Orangerie 
Bay. 

Lowlands. 

Rhipidura leucothorax leucothorax Salvadori 

Rhipidura leucothorax Salvadori, 1874, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 6, p. 311. — 
Hatam, Arfak Mts. (== ? error for Andai, Geelvink Bay). 

Range. — From northwest New Guinea (Sorong) eastward along the north coast 
to Astrolabe Bay (Stephansort), along the south coast to the Port Moresby district. 

Secondary growth formations and open woods in the lowlands, particularly in 
swampy regions along rivers and lakes. 

Rhipidura leucothorax episcopalis Ramsay 

Rhipidura episcopalis Ramsay, 1878, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 2, 
p. 371. — No locality, hereby fixed to south coast of southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Southeastern New Guinea westward along the south coast as far as 
Kapa Kapa, along the north coast to Astrolabe Bay, where it intergrades with 
leucothorax. 

Rhipidura rufifrons squamata Miiller 

Rhipidura squamata S. Mtuller, 1843, Verh. Nat. Gesch., 1 (Land-en Volken- 
kunde), p. 184 (note). — Banda, southern Moluccas. 

Rhipidura griseicauda Salvadori, 1876, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 924. — 
Waigeu Island, western Papuan Islands. 

Range. — Western Papuan Islands (Waigeu, Salawati, Schildpad Is., and Misol), 
and Banda Islands. 

Rhipidura rufifrons henrici Hartert 

Rhipidura squamata henrici Hartert, 1918, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 38, p. 59.— 
Kilsoein, Koer Islands, Kei Islands. 

Range. — Southeast islands (Koer, Manggoer group, Taam, Seran Laut), Kei 
Islands and Pulu Babi (Aru Islands). 

Rhipidura rufifrons streptophora Ogilvie-Grant 
Rhipidura streptophora Ogilvie-Grant, 1911, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 29, p. 25.— 
Mimika River, south New Guinea. 
Range. — Known only from the type locality. 
Mangrove and coastal growth. 

Rhipidura rufifrons louisiadensis Hartert 

Rhipidura louisiadensis Hartert, 1899, Novit. Zool., 6, p. 78. — Rossel Island. 

Range. — Rossel and Misima (= St. Aignan) Islands, Louisiade Archipelago, 
and Bonvouloir group (Hastings and East Islands). 



MUSCICAPINAE 



129 



Rhipidura rufifrons rufifrons (Latham) 

Muscicapa rufifrons Latham, 1801, Index Orn., Suppl., p. 1.— Sydney, New 
South Wales. 

Range. — Southeastern Australia. — On migration and as winter visitor in northern 
Queensland and south New Guinea (Fly River, Gulf of Papua). 

Rhipidura rufidorsa rufidorsa Meyer 

Rhipidura rufidorsa Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 70, p. 200 — 
Rubi and Jobi. 

Rhipidura rufidorsa nova Mathews, 1928, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 48, p. 92. — 
Mimika River, southwest New Guinea. 

Range. — Misol, Japen, and western New Guinea, eastward in the south to the 
Fly River, in the north at least to Geelvink Bay, probably to Astrolabe Bay. 

Edge of forest and dense secondary growth from the lowlands to 900 m. 

Rhipidura rufidorsa kumusi Mathews 

Rhipidura rufidorsa kumusi Mathews, 1928, Novit. Zool., 34, p. 373. — Kumusi 
River, southeast New Guinea. 

Range. — North coast of southeastern New Guinea between Kumusi River and 
Collingwood Bay. 

Rhipidura rufidorsa kubuna Rand 
Rhipidura rufidorsa kubuna Rand, 1938, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 991, p. 9. — 
Kubuna, southeastern New Guinea. 
Range. — South coast of southeastern New Guinea. 

Rhipidura brachyrhyncha devisi North 

Rhipidura devisi North, 1897, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 22, p. 444. — 
New name for Rhipidura albicauda De Vis, 1897, Ibis, p. 375. — No type locality 
given (== ? Mt. Scratchley). (Preoccupied by Rhipidura albicauda North, 1895.) 

Rhipidura laetiscapa De Vis, 1898, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1896-97, p. 83.— 
Wharton Range, southeastern New Guinea. 

Rhipidura montana Mathews, 1928, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 48, p. 92.— Mt. Albert 
Edward, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Weyland, Oranje, Sepik, and Saruwaged Mountains, and mountains of 
southeastern New Guinea. 

Mountain forest from 1700 m. to 3700 m. 

Rhipidura brachyrhyncha brachyrhyncha Schlegel 
Rhipidura brachyrhyncha 1 Schlegel, 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 4, p. 42. — 

Arfak Mountains, northwestern New Guinea. 

Rhipidura rufa Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 923. — Arfak 

Mountains, northwestern New Guinea. 
Range. — Arfak Mountains. 

Rhipidura fuliginosa phasiana De Vis 
Rhipidura phasiana De Vis, 1884, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland, 1, p. 156. — Nor- 
man River, northwest Queensland. 



1 Xcc Salvadori, 1881, Orn. Pap. Mol., 2, p. 72 (=atra). 



130 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Range. — North Queensland and south New Guinea (Yule Island and Hall 
Sound). 
Coastal vegetation. 

Rhipidura atra atra Salvadori 

Rhipidura atra Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 922. — Hatam, 
Arfak Mountains. 

Rhipidura meyeri Buttikofer, 1892, Notes Leyden Mus., 15, pp. 82, 114. — New 
name for Rhipidura brachyrhyncha auctorum, nee Schlegel. 

Rhipidura cinnamomea Meyer, 1886, Zeitschr. ges. Ornith., 3, p. 17. — Hufeisenge- 
birge, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Arfak, Wandammen, Weyland, Nassau, Oranje, Sepik and Saruwaged 
Mountains, and mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 

Mountain forest from 1000 m. to 2400 m. 

Rhipidura atra vulpes Mayr 
Rhipidura atra vulpes Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 684. — Cyclops 
Mountains, northern New Guinea. 
Range. — Cyclops Mountains. 

Rhipidura hyperythra hyperythra Gray 
Rhipidura hyperythra G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 176. — Aru 
Islands. 
Range. — Aru Islands. 

Rhipidura hyperythra miilleri Meyer 

Rhipidura Miilleri A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 69, p. 
502. — New name for Rhipidura rufiventris S. Miiller, 1843, Verh. Nat. Gesch., 1 
(Land-en Volkenkunde), p. 184 (note). — Lobo, Triton Bay. (Preoccupied by 
Platyrhynchus (= Rhipidura) rufiventris Vieillot, 1818.) 

Range. — Japen Islands ; western New Guinea eastward on the north coast to the 
Astrolabe Bay, on the south coast to the upper and lower Fly River. 

Lowland and hill forest up to 1300 m. 

Rhipidura hyperythra castaneothorax Ramsay 

Rhipidura castaneothorax Ramsay, 1879, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 3, 
p. 270. — Goldie River, southeastern New Guinea. 

Rhipidura manayoensis De Vis, 1894, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1893-94, p. 
101. — Mt. Maneao, British New Guinea. 

Range. — Southeast New Guinea, westward along the north coast to the Saru- 
waged Mountains and the Watut Valley, on the south coast to the Angabunga 
River. 

Rhipidura albolimbata albolimbata Salvadori 
Rhipidura albo-limbata Salvadori, 1874, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 6, p. 312. — 
Hatam, Arfak Mountains. 
Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop (Arfak, Tamrau). 

Rhipidura albolimbata lorentzi van Oort 
Rhipidura albo-limbata lorentzi van Oort, 1909, Nova Guinea, 9 (Zool.), p. 
85. — Hellwig Mountains. 
Range. — Oranje Mountains. 



Ml'SCICAPINAE 131 

Rhipidura albolimbata auricularis De Vis 

Rhipidura auricularis De Vis, 1890, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1888-89, p. 
59. — Musgrave Range, southwest New Guinea. 

Rhipidura concinna De Vis, 1892, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1890-91, p. 94.— 
Mt. Suckling, southeast New Guinea. 

Range. — Weyland, Nassau, Cyclops, Sepik, Saruwaged and Herzog Mountains, 
and mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 

Mountain forest from 1500 m. to 3680 m. 

Rhipidura rufiventris vidua Salvadori and Turati 

Rhipidura vidua Salvadori and Turati, 1874, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 6, p. 313. 
— Kavijaaw (= Kofiau). 
Range. — Kofiau (= Popa), Gagi and Gebe, western Papuan Islands. 

Rhipidura rufiventris gularis -Miiller 

Rhipidura gularis S. Mxjller, 1843, Verh. Nat. Gesch., 1 (Land-en Volken- 
kunde), p. 185 (note). — Lobo Bay, southwest New Guinea. 

Rhipidura orcas De Vis, 1897, Ibis, p. 375. — Southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — All New Guinea, and the following islands: Misol, Salawati, Batanta, 
Waigeu, Meos Num, Japen, Manam (Vulcan Is.), Fergusson and Goodenough 
Islands. 

Lowland forest, edge of forest, secondary growth formations, mangrove swamps, 
edge of creeks, etc., up to 800 m., occasionally up to 1600 m. (Cyclops Mountains). 

Rhipidura rufiventris nigromentalis Hartert 

Rhipidura setosa nigromentalis Hartert, 1898, Novit. Zool., 5, p. 526. — Sudest 
Island. 
Range. — Louisiade Archipelago (Tagula and Misima). 

Rhipidura rufiventris kordensis Meyer 

Rhipidura kordensis A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 70, p. 
201.— Misori (= Biak) Island. 

Range. — Biak Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Rhipidura leucophrys l melaleuca 2 (Quoy and Gaimard) 

Muscipeta melaleuca Quoy and Gaimard, 1830, Voy. Astrolabe, Zool., 1, p. 180. 
—New Ireland. 

Rhipidura atripennis Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 175. — Aru Islands. 

R[hipidura] mimoides Gray (ex Miiller MS.), ibid. — No locality = Lobo, Triton 
Bay, New Guinea. 

Range. — Moluccas, New Guinea Region, Bismarck Archipelago and Solomon 
Islands. 

Sea coast, mangrove, lowland lakes and rivers ; rarely more than 100 m. above sea 
level, but occasionally following the rivers inland up to 1000 m. 



1 Turdus z'olitans Latham, 1801, is possibly an older name for this species 
(Mathews, 1936). 

2 Rhipidura tricolor auctorum. 



132 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Rhipidura leucophrys picata Gould 
Rhipidura picata Gould, 1848, Birds Austr., p. 40. — Port Essington, Northern 
Territory. 
Range. — Northern Australia and (subsp.?) southern New Guinea (Merauke). 

Genus SEISURA Vigors and Horsfield 

Seisura inquieta nana Gould 
Seisura nana Gould, 1870, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (4) 6, p. 224. — Northern Ter- 
ritory. 
Range. — Northern Australia and southern New Guinea (Merauke district). 

Genus MONARCHA Vigors and Horsfield 

Monarcha axillaris axillaris Salvador! 

Monarcha axillaris Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 921. — Profi, 
Arfak Mountains. 

Monarcha axillaris ernesti Rothschild, 1931, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 264. — Ge- 
broeders Mountains, Weyland Mountains. 

Range. — Arfak, Wandammen, and Weyland Mountains. 

Mountain forest from 800 m. to 1700 m. 

Monarcha axillaris fallax (Ramsay) 

Rhipidura fallax Ramsay, 1885, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1884, p. 580. — Astro- 
labe Mountains. 

Piesorhynchus reichenowi Madarasz, 1900, Ornith. Monatsber., 8, p. 2. — Sattel- 
berg, Huon Peninsula. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea, Herzog, Saruwaged, Sepik, 
Oranje, and Nassau Mountains. 

Monarcha rubiensis (Meyer) 

Tchitrea rubiensis A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 69, p. 
494. — Rubi, head of Geelvink Bay. 

Bathmisyrma rufum Reichenow, 1897, Ornith. Monatsber., 5, p. 161. — Gogol 
( = Ramu) River, northeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Northern New Guinea from the Geelvink Bay (Andai, Momi, Windesi 
and Rubi), to the Mamberano, Humboldt Bay, Sepik and Ramu; southwestern 
New Guinea (Triton Bay and Setekwa River). 

Lowland forest. 

Monarcha alecto chalybeocephalus (Garnot) 

Muscicapa chalybeocephalus Garnot, 1828, Voy. Coquille, Zool. (Atlas), pi. 15, 
fig. 1. — Port Praslin, New Ireland. 

Pie2orhynchus alecto novae -guineensis Mathews, 1928, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
48, p. 92. — Mimika River, south New Guinea. 

Range. — Western Papuan Islands (Kofiau, Misol, Salawati, Batanta and Wai- 
geu), all New Guinea, islands of Geelvink Bay (Kurudu, Japen, Numfor and 
Biak), Karkar (Dampier Island), Bismarck Archipelago, Admiralty Islands. 

Edge of forest and dense secondary growth up to 300 m. 






MUSCICAPINAE 133 

Monarcha alecto manumudari Rothschild and Hartert 
Monarcha chalybcoccphalus mamimudari Rothschild and Hartert, 1915, Novit. 
Zool., 22, p. 43. — Vulcan Island. 
Range. — Manam (= Vulcan) Island. 

Monarcha alecto lucidus (Gray) 

Myiagra lucida G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 176.— Sudest 
Island, Louisiade Archipelago. 

Piezorhynckus alecto zvoodlarkensis Mathews, 1928, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 48, 
p. 93. — Woodlark Island. 

Range. — D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago (Fergusson, Goodenough, Normanby, and 
Dobu), Amphlett group, Trobriand and Woodlark Islands, and Louisiade Archi- 
pelago (Joannet, Misima and Tagula). 

Monarcha alecto rufolateralis (Gray) 
Piezorhynckus rufolateralis G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 176. — 
Aru Islands. 
Range. — Aru Islands. 

Monarcha alecto nitidus (Gould) 
Piezorhynckus nitidus Gould, 1841, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1840, p. 171. — Port 
Essington, Northern Territory. 
Range. — Northern Australia and Daru Island, southern New Guinea. 

Monarcha cinerascens inornatus (Garnot) 

Muscicapa inornnta Garnot, 1829, Voy. Coquille, Zool. (Atlas), pi. 16, fig. 2. — 
Dorey, northwestern New Guinea. 

Range. — Aru Islands (subsp. ?) ; Misol, Waigeu and northern coast of Vogelkop, 
from Sorong to Manokwari. 

On small coral islands; occasionally on the mainland along the shore line. 

Monarcha cinerascens steini Stresemann and Paludan 
Monarcha cinerascens steini Stresemann and Paludan, 1932, Novit Zool., 38, 
p. 196. — Numfor. 
Range. — Numfor Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Monarcha cinerascens geelvinkianus Meyer 
Monarcha geelvinkianus A. B. Meyer, 1884, Sitzungsber. Abh. Nat. Ges. Isis 
Dresden, Abh. 1, p. 23. — Jobi (restricted type locality) and Misori. 
Range. — Japen, Biak and Meos Korwar, Geelvink Bay. 

Monarcha cinerascens fuscescens Meyer 

Monarcha fuscescens A. B. Meyer, 1884, Sitzungsber. Abh. Nat. Ges. Isis 
Dresden, Abh. 1, p. 23. — Jamna Island. 

Range. — Islands off the coast of north New Guinea between the Mamberano 
River and Humboldt Bay. 

Monarcha cinerascens nigrirostris Neumann 

Monarcha cinerascens nigrirostris O. Neumann, 1929, Journ. f. Ornith., 77, p. 
197.— "Sattelberg" = coast of Huon Gulf. 

Range.— Manam and Karkar; coast of northeastern New Guinea from Tarawai 
east to Huon Gulf. 



134 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Monarcha cinerascens rosselianus Rothschild and Hartert 
Monarcha cinerascens rosselianus Rothschild and Hartert, 1916, Novit. Zool., 
23, p. 297.— Rossel Island. 

Range. — D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago (Fergusson and Goodenough Islands), 
Amphlett group, Trobriand Islands, Woodlark Islands, Bonvouloir group, and 
Louisiade Archipelago (Renard, Misima, Tagula and Rossel Islands). 

Monarcha melanopsis melanopsis (Vieillot) 

Muscicapa melanopsis Vieillot, 1818, Nouv. Diet. d'Hist. Nat., nouv. ed., 21, p. 
450. — Sydney, New South Wales. 

Range. — Northern and eastern Australia. — On migration and in the winter in 
southeast New Guinea, westward on the south coast as far as Hall Sound ( ? Fly 
River), on the north coast to the Huon Gulf (Finschhafen) ; Fergusson, Good- 
enough, Tagula and Trobriand Islands. 

Secondary growth and open woods along the coast. 

Monarcha melanopsis subspecies 
See: Mayr and Rand, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 73 (1937), p. 148. 
Range. — South New Guinea from Merauke to the Oriomo River. 

Monarcha f rater f rater Sclater 
Monarcha frater Sclater, 1874, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1873, p. 691. — Hatam, 
Arfak Mountains. 

Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop. 
Hill forest from 700 to 1300 m. 

Monarcha frater kunupi Hartert and Paludan 
Monarcha frater kunupi Hartert and Paludan, 1934, Ornith. Monatsber., 42, 
p. 45. — Mt. Kunupi, Weyland Mountains. 
Range. — Weyland Mountains. 

Monarcha frater periophthalmicus Sharpe 

Monarcha periophthalmicus Sharpe, 1882, Journ. Linn. Soc. London, Zool., 16, 
p. 318 (and 430). — Moroka District, Astrolabe Mountains. 

Range. — Mountains of eastern and central New Guinea westward as far as the 
Nassau Mountains (Utakwa River) and Sepik Mountains (Lordberg). 

Monarcha manadensis (Quoy and Gaimard) 

Muscicapa manadensis Quoy and Gaimard, 1830, Voy. Astrolabe, Zool., 1, p. 
174. — "Manado, Celebes," error for: Dorey, New Guinea. 

Monarcha dichroa G. R. Gray, 1859, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 156. — Dorey, 
northwestern New Guinea. 

Range. — All New Guinea. 

Rain forest up to 400 m. 

Monarcha guttula (Garnot) 

Muscicapa guttula Garnot, 1829, Voy. Coquille, Atlas (Zool.), pi. 16, fig. 2, p. 
591. — Dorey, northwestern New Guinea. 

Monarcha griseogularis G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 177. — 
Aru Islands. 






MUSCICAPINAE 



135 



Monarcha htterurus Salvadori, 1896, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, (2) 16 (=36), 
p. 74— Vikaiku, St. Josephs River, southeastern New Guinea. 

Rkipidura nigrifrons De Vis, 1897, Ibis, p. 374— No type locality given (proba- 
bly: Boirave, Orangerie Bay). 

Range.— All New Guinea; Aru, Misol, Kofiau, Gagi, Gebe, Batanta, Waigeu, 
Ifeos Num and Japen Islands; D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago (Fergusson, Good- 
enough and Normanby) and Louisiade Archipelago (Misima and Tagula). 

Rain forest up to 800 m., rarely up to 1200 m., edge of forest. 

Monarcha trivirgatus subspecies 
War albh'cntris Gould or gouldi Gray (see Rand, 1938, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 
991, p. 8). 

Range. — Middle Fly River and Wassi Kussa River, south New Guinea. 
Lowland forest. 

Monarcha trivirgatus bernsteini Salvadori 
Monarcha bcmstcini Salvadori, 1878, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 12, p. 322. — 
Salawati. 
Range. — Salawati, western Papuan Islands. 

Monarcha trivirgatus melanopterus Gray 

Monarcha melanoptera G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 178. — 
Round Island (near Tagula), Louisiade Archipelago. 

Range. — Louisiade Archipelago (Rossel, Tagula, Misima, Alcester, East and 
Hastings Islands). 

Monarcha brehmii Schlegel 
Monarcha Brehmii Schlegel, 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 4, p. 14. — Soek. 
Range. — Biak Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Monarcha chrysomela kordensis Meyer 

Monarcha kordensis Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 69, p. 202. — 
Misori (= Biak) Island. 

Range. — Biak Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Monarcha chrysomela melanonotus Sclater 

Monarcha melanonotus Sclater, 1877, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 100. — "New 
Guinea," type locality restricted to the slopes of the Arfak Mountains (Hartert). 

Range. — Misol, Salawati, Waigeu, and northwestern New Guinea, eastward on 
the south coast to Etna Bay, on the north coast as far as Wandammen. 

Lowland forest up to 600 m. 



Monarcha chrysomela aurantiacus Meyer 

Monarcha melanonotus aurantiacus A. B. Meyer, 1891, Abh. Ber. Zool. Mus. 
Dresden, 3 (1890-91), No. 4, p. 9.— Kafu and Stephansort (Astrolabe Bay), north 
New Guinea. 

Range. — North New Guinea from the head of Geelvink Bay eastward to Astro- 
labe Bay and the upper Ramu River; upper Mamberano basin (subsp.?). 



136 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Monarcha chrysomela praerepta White 

Monarcha chrysomela praerepta C. M. N. White, 1935, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
56, p. 38. — Fergusson Island. 

Poecilodryas nitida De Vis, 1897, Ibis, p. 376. — Boirave, Orangerie Bay. (Pre- 
occupied by Monarcha nitida Gould, 1841.) 

Range. — Fergusson, Goodenough and Normanby Islands ; eastern and southern 
New Guinea, westward in the north to the Huon Peninsula, in the south to the 
Fly River. 

Monarcha chrysomela aruensis Salvadori 

Monarcha aruensis Salvadori, 1874, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 6, p. 309. — Aru 
Islands. 

Range. — Aru Islands; southern New Guinea, between Mimika and Noord 
Rivers. 

Genus ARSES Lesson 

Arses telescophthalmus telescophthalmus (Garnot) 
Muscicapa telescophthalmus Garnot, 1827, Voy. Coquille, Atlas (Zool.), pi. 18, 

fig. 1, p. 593. — Dorey, northwestern New Guinea. 

Range. — Misol (subsp.), Salawati and northwestern New Guinea, eastward along 

the south coast to Etna Bay, along the north coast to the head of Geelvink Bay. 
Lowland forest, edge of forest, and secondary growth up to 600 m. ; in secondary 

growth formations occasionally up to 1500 m. 

Arses telescophthalmus batantae Sharpe 
Arses batantae Sharpe, 1878, Notes Leyden Mus., 1 (1879), p. 21. — Batanta 
Island. 
Range. — Waigeu and Batanta Islands. 

Arses telescophthalmus aruensis Sharpe 
Arses aruensis Sharpe, 1878, Notes Leyden Mus., 1 (1879), p. 22. — Aru Islands. 
Range. — Aru Islands. 

Arses telescophthalmus harterti van Oort 
Arses telescophthalmus harterti van Oort, 1909, Nova Guinea, 9 (Zool.), p. 86. 
— Noord River, south New Guinea. 

Range. — South New Guinea from the Mimika to the Purari River. 

Arses telescophthalmus henkei Meyer 

Arses henkei Meyer, 1886, Zeitschr. ges. Ornith., 3, p. 16, pi. 3, figs. 1 and 2. — 
Astrolabe Mountains, southeastern New Guinea. 

Arses orientalis Salvadori, 1890, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, (2) 9, p. 566. — Rigo 
District, southeast New Guinea. 

Range. — South coast of southeastern New Guinea, from Hall Sound eastward 
probably to Orangerie Bay. 

Arses telescophthalmus lauterbachi Reichenow 

Arses lauterbachi Reichenow, 1897, Ornith. Monatsber., 5, p. 161. — Finschhafen, 
Huon Gulf. 

Range. — Northern coast of southeastern New Guinea, from the Huon Peninsula 
to Milne Bay. 



MUSCICAPINAE 137 

Arses telescophthalmus insularis (Meyer) 

Monarcha insularis A. B. MEYER, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 69, p. 
395. — Ansus. Jobi. 

Arsis fcnichcli MadabASZ, 1894, Aquila, 1, p. 92.— Bongu, Astrolabe Bay. 

Range. — Japen and northern New Guinea, from the Mamberano to Astrolabe 
Ray and the upper Ramu. 

Genus MYIAGRA Vigors and Horsfield 

Myiagra rubecula rubecula (Latham) 

Todus rubecula Latham, 1801, Index Orn., Suppl., p. 32. — Sydney, New South 
Wales. 

Range. — Breeding in southern and eastern Australia from south Australia to 
southern Queensland. On migration and in winter in northern Queensland and 
southern New Guinea (Daru, lower and middle Fly River). 

Myiagra rubecula papuana Rothschild and Hartert 
Myiagra rubecula papuana Rothschild and Hartert, 1918, Novit. Zool., 25, p. 

317. — Kumusi River, British New Guinea. 

Range. — Eastern and southern New Guinea, westward on the south coast to 

Triton Bay, on the north coast to the Kumusi River. 

Wooded savanna, second growth, edge of forest in lowlands, occasionally up to 

450 m. 

Myiagra rubecula sciurorum Rothschild and Hartert 
Myiagra rubecula sciurorum Rothschild and Hartert, 1918, Novit. Zool., 25, 

p. 318. — Rossel Island. 

Range. — Louisiade Archipelago (Rossel, Tagula and Misima), Conflict Group 

and D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago (Fergusson and Dobu Islands). 

Myiagra cyanoleuca (Vieillot) 

Platyrhynchos cyanolcucus Vieillot, 1818, Nouv. Diet. d'Hist. Nat., nouv. ed., 
27, p. 11. — "Timor," by error for: Sydney, New South Wales. 

Myiagra nitida Gould, 1838, Synops. Birds Austr., pt. 4, App. p. 1. — Sydney, 
New South Wales. 

Myiagra nupta Hartert, 1898, Novit. Zool., 5, p. 526. — Sudest Island, Louisiade 
Archipelago. 

Myiagra novae pomeraniae Reichenow, 1899, Ornith. Monatsber., 7, p. 8. — Ralum, 
New Britain. 

Range. — Breeds in Tasmania and eastern Australia. — As migrant and winter 
visitor: Louisiade Archipelago (Misima and Tagula), D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago 
(Fergusson and Goodenough Islands), Woodlark Island, Karkar (= Dampier I.), 
Manam ( = Vulcan I.), New Britain and southern New Guinea from the Noord 
River eastward at least to the Port Moresby district. 

Myiagra ruficollis mimikae Ogilvie-Grant 

Myiagra mimikae Ogilvie-Grant, 1911, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 29, p. 26. — Mouth 
of the Mimika River. 

Range. — Northern Queensland, islands of Torres Straits, Aru Islands, Daru 
Island, and south New Guinea from the Laloki River to the Mimika River. 

Mangrove. 



138 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Myiagra atra Meyer 
Myiagra atra A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien., 69, p. 498 — 
Mafoor and Mysore Islands. 
Range. — Numfor and Biak Islands, Geelvink Bay. 
Lowland forest. 

Genus MACHAERIRHYNCHUS Gould 

Machaerirhynchus flaviventer albifrons Gray 
Machaerirhynchus albifrons G. R. Gray, 1861, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 429, 
pi. 43. — Waigeu (restricted type locality) and Misol. 
Range. — Waigeu and Salawati Islands. 

Machaerirhynchus flaviventer albigula Mayr and de Schauensee 
Machaerirhynchus flaviventer albigula Mayr and de Schauensee, 1939, Proc. 
Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 91, p. 128. — Siwi, Arfak Mountains. 

Range. — Misol, the Vogelkop and western New Guinea, eastward along the 
south coast to Triton Bay, along the north coast at least to Humboldt Bay, prob- 
ably to Astrolabe Bay. 

Lowland and hill forest up to 1000 m., more common on edge of forest and in 
secondary growth. 

Machaerirhynchus flaviventer novus Rothschild and Hartert 
Machaerirhynchus flaviventer novus Rothschild and Hartert, 1912, Novit. 
Zool., 19, p. 200. — Haidana, Collingwood Bay. 

Range. — North coast of southeast New Guinea from Collingwood Bay to the 
Huon Peninsula (Heldsbach Coast) and the Watut Valley. 

Machaerirhynchus flaviventer xanthogenys Gray 

Machaerirhynchus xanthogenys G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 
176. — Aru Islands. 

Range. — Aru Islands and south New Guinea from the Mimika River east to 
Milne Bay. 

Machaerirhynchus nigripectus nigripectus Schlegel 
Macheirhynchus nigripectus Schlegel, 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 4, p. 43. — 
Arfak Mountains. 

Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop (Arfak, Tamrau). 

Mountain forest, edge of forest, secondary growth from 1400 m. to 2600 m. 

Machaerirhynchus nigripectus saturatus Rothschild and Hartert 
Machaerirhynchus nigripectus saturatus Rothschild and Hartert, 1913, Novit. 
Zool., 20, p. 498. — Mt. Goliath, Snow Mountains. 
Range. — Weyland, Nassau, Oranje and Sepik Mountains. 

Machaerirhynchus nigripectus harterti van Oort 

Machaerirhynchus nigripectus harterti van Oort, 1909, Notes Leyden Mus., 30, 
p. 235. — Owen Stanley Range, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Saruwaged Mountains, and mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 



MUSCICAPINAE 139 

Genus MUSCICAPA Linnaeus 

Muscicapa griseisticta (Swinhoe) 

Hemichclidon griseisticta Swinhoe, 1861, Ibis, p. 330. — Amoy and Taku, China. 

Range. — Breeds in eastern Siberia and the Kurile Islands. — Migrates through 
China and winters in the Philippines, the islands of the Celebes group, the Moluccas 
and Kei Islands. — Recorded also from the Vogelkop, western New Guinea (Sain- 
kedoek, Andai and Manokwari) and from Misol, Waigeu, Mapia and Japen Islands. 

Genus MICROECA Gould 

Microeca leucophaea zimmeri Mayr and Rand 
Microeca leucophaea zimmeri Mayr and Rand, 1935, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 
814, p. 7. — Port Moresby, southeastern New Guinea. 
Range. — Known only from the type locality. 
Lowland savanna. 

Microeca flavigaster tarara Rand 

Microeca flavigaster tarara Rand, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1074, p. 3. — 
Tarara, Wassi Kussa River, Western Division. 

Range. — South New Guinea from the Wassi Kussa River to (subsp.?) the 
Mimika River. 

Microeca flavigaster terraereginae Mathews 

Microeca flavigaster terraereginae Mathews, 1912, Novit. Zool., 18 (1911), p. 
303. — Cairns, north Queensland. 

Range. — Northern Queensland from the Cairns district to Cape York and south- 
eastern New Guinea from Yule Island to Port Moresby and the Kemp Welch River. 

Lowland savanna, up to 700 m. 

Microeca flavigaster laeta Salvadori 

Microeca laeta Salvadori, 1878, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 12, p. 323. — Wandam- 
men, Geelvink Bay. 
Range. — Wandammen, west coast of Geelvink Bay, and Astrolabe Bay. 

Microeca griseoceps griseoceps De Vis 

Microeca griseoceps De Vis, 1894, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1893-94, p. 101. 
— Maneao, southeastern New Guinea. 

Microeca griseiceps bartoni Ogilvie- Grant, 1915, Ibis, Jubilee Suppl., 2, p. 174. 
— Southern slope of Owen Stanley Range, 5000 feet. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea and Herzog Mountains, also 
lowlands of south New Guinea (Oriomo River). 

Microeca griseoceps poliocephala Reichenow 

Microeca poliocephala Reichenow, 1915, Journ. f. Ornith., 63, p. 124. — Lord- 
berg, Sepik Mountains. 

Range. — Cyclops, Sepik, Mamberano (Doormanpaad), and Weyland Mountains. 
Hill forest from 600 m. to 1600 m. 



140 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Microeca griseoceps occidentalis Rothschild and Hartert 
Microeca griseiceps occidentalis Rothschild and Hartert, 1903, Novit. Zool., 
10, p. 471. — Warmendi, Arfak Mountains. 
Range. — Arfak Mountains. 

Microeca flavovirescens flavovirescens Gray 

Microeca ? flavo-virescens G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 178. — 
Aru Islands. 

Range. — Aru Islands and south New Guinea between the Wassi Kussa River 
and the lower, middle and upper Fly River. 

Microeca flavovirescens cuicui (De Vis) 
Zosterops cuicui De Vis, 1897, Ibis, p. 384. — Boirave, Orangerie Bay. 
Range. — Misol, Batanta, Waigeu, Japen and all New Guinea, except the south. 

Microeca papuana Meyer 

Microeca papuana A. B. Meyer, 1875 (April), Sitzungsber. Abh. Nat. Ges. Isis 
Dresden, p. 74. — Arfak Mountains. 

Microeca punctata De Vis, 1894, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1893-94, p. 101 — 
Mt. Maneao, southeastern New Guinea. 

Zosterops laeta De Vis, 1897, Ibis, p. 385. — Southeastern New Guinea. 

Microeca viridiflava Rothschild and Hartert, 1900, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 11, 
p. 26. — Mt. Cameron, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Tamrau, Arfak, Wandammen, Weyland, Nassau, Oranje, Sepik, Saru- 
waged, Herzog Mountains, and mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 

Mountain forest from 1500 to 2600 m. 

Genus MONACHELLA Salvadori 

Monachella miilleriana miilleriana (Schlegel) 

Muscicapa Miilleriana Schlegel, 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 4 (1873), p. 40. — 
Lobo, Triton Bay, southwest New Guinea. 

Monachella saxicolina Salvadori, 1874, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 6, p. 83. — Hatam, 
Arfak Mountains. 

Poecilodryas loralis De Vis, 1897, Ibis, p. 377. — No exact type locality given, 
southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — All New Guinea ( ? Goodenough Is., fide De Vis). 

Tumbling brooks and stony rivers from the sea level up to 1000 m. 

Genus PETROICA Swainson 

Petroica bivittata bivittata De Vis 
Petroeca bivittata De Vis, 1897, Ibis, p. 376.— Mt. Scratchley. 
Range. — High mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 
Mountain forest from 2800 m. to 3700 m. 

Petroica bivittata caudata Rand 
Petroica bivittata caudata Rand, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1072, p. 5. — 
Northeast of Lake Habbema (2850 m.), Snow Mts. 
Range. — Oranje Mountains. 












MUSCICAPINAE 



141 



Petroica archboldi Rand 
Petroka archboldi Rand, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1072, p. 5.— Mt. Wilhcl- 
mina (4100 m.), Oranje Mountains. 

RANGE. — Known only from the type locality. 
Rocky slopes and cliffs from 4000 to 4300 m. 

Genus TREGELLASIA Mathews 

Tregellasia leucops leucops (Salvadori) 
Leucophantes leucops Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 921. — Profi 
and Mori, Arfak Mountains. 
Range.— Mountains of the Vogelkop (Arfak, Tamrau). 
Hill forest from 700 m. to 1500 m. 

Tregellasia leucops mayri (Hartert) 
Poecilodryas leucops mayri Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 67. — Mt. Wondi- 
woi, Wandammen District. 

Range. — Wandammen and Weyland Mountains. 

Tregellasia leucops nigroorbitalis (Rothschild and Hartert) 
Poecilodryas leucops nigro-orbitalis Rothschild and Hartert, 1913, Novit. 
Zool., 20, p. 497. — Snow Mountains (Utakwa River). 
Range. — Southern slope of Nassau and Oranje Mountains. 

Tregellasia leucops heurni (Hartert) 
"Poecilodryas" leucops heurni Hartert, 1932, Nova Guinea, 15 (Zool.), p. 467. — 
Doormanpaad Bivak, Mamberano Mountains. 
Range. — Weyland -Mountains, and mountains on the upper Mamberano River. 

Tregellasia leucops nigriceps (Neumann) 
Poecilodryas leucops nigriceps Neumann, 1922, Verh. Ornith. Ges. Bayern, 15, 
p. 237. — Hunsteinspitze, Sepik Mountains. 

Range. — Sepik Mountains and southern slope of eastern Snow Mountains. 

Tregellasia leucops melanogenys (Meyer) 

Poecilodryas melanogenys A. B. Meyer, 1893, Abh. Ber. Zool. Mus. Dresden, 4 
(1892-93), no. 3, p. 12.— Sattelberg, Huon Peninsula. 

Poecilodryas salvadorii Madarasz, 1900, Ornith. Monatsber., 8, p. 1. — Sattelberg, 
Huon Peninsula. 

Range. — Hills of northern New Guinea from the Cyclops Mountains to the 
Aicora River. Specimens from the Herzog Mountains are somewhat intermediate 
between this and the following form. 

Tregellasia leucops albifacies (Sharpe) 

Poecilodryas albifacies Sharpe, 1882, Journ. Linn. Soc. London, Zool., 16, p. 
318. — Chogeri, southeastern New Guinea. 

Monachella viridis De Vis, 1894, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1893-94, p. 101.— 
Mt. Maneao, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea, on the north coast as far as 
the Mambare River. 



142 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Tregellasia leucops auricularis (Mayr and Rand) 
Microeca leucops auricularis Mayr and Rand, 1935, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 
814, p. 7. — Wuroi, Oriomo River, south New Guinea (lowlands). 
Range. — Known only from the unique type. 

Genus POECILODRYAS Gould 

Poecilodryas brachyura brachyura (Sclater) 
Leucophantes brachyurus Sclater, 1874, Proc. Zool. Soc. London 1873, p. 691, 
pi. 53. — "Hatam, Arfak Mountains," error for Andai, northwestern New Guinea. 
Range. — Vogelkop, Wandammen and Weyland Mountains. 
Hill forest from 200 m. to 700 m. 

Poecilodryas brachyura albotaeniata (Meyer) 
Amaurodryas albotaeniata A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 
69, p. 498.— Jobi Island. 
Range. — Japen Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Poecilodryas brachyura dumasi Ogilvie-Grant 
Poecilodryas brachyura dumasi Ogilvie-Grant, 1915, Ibis, Jubilee Suppl., 2, p. 
163. — Northern New Guinea {= near Humboldt Bay). 
Range. — Northern New Guinea from the Sepik to the Mamberano River. 

Poecilodryas hypoleuca steini Stresemann and Paludan 
Poecilodryas hypoleuca steini Stresemann and Paludan, 1932, Novit. Zool., 
38, p. 157.— Waigeu. 
Range. — Waigeu Island. 

Poecilodryas hypoleuca hypoleuca (Gray) 

Petroica hypoleuca G. R. Gray, 1857, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 155. — Dorey, 
Vogelkop. 

Poecilodryas minor A. B. Meyer, 1884, Sitzungsber. Abh. Nat. Ges. Isis Dresden, 
Abh. 1, p. 27. — Northwestern New Guinea (— Karons, Vogelkop). 

Range. — Misol, Salawati ; northwestern New Guinea to the head of Geelvink 
Bay, and south New Guinea, eastward at least to the Port Moresby district. 

Lowland forest up to 300 m. 

Poecilodryas hypoleuca hermani Madarasz 

Poecilodryas hermani Madarasz, 1894, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 3, p. 47. — Bongu, 
Finisterre Mountains (Astrolabe Bay). 

Range. — Northern New Guinea from the Mamberano River at least to the upper 
Watut River (Morobe district). 

Poecilodryas placens (Ramsay) 

Eopsaltria placens Ramsay, 1879, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 3, p. 272. 
— Goldie River, southeastern New Guinea. 

Poecilodryas placens steini Hartert and Paludan, 1936, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 
21, p. 211. — Lower Menoo River, head of Geelvink Bay. 

Poecilodryas placens clara Stresemann and Paludan, 1937, Ornith. Monatsber., 
45, p. 86. — New name for Poecilodryas placens steini, 1936, preoccupied by Poecilo- 
dryas hypoleuca steini Stresemann and Paludan, 1932. 



Ml\M U Al'INAK 



143 



RANGE.— Probably all New Guinea, but SO far recorded only from three widely 
separated localities (.south coast of southeastern New Guinea, Astrolabe Bay, and 
head of Gcelvink Bay). 

Lowland forest, up to 300 m. 

Poecilodryas albonotata albonotata (Salvadori) 
hlegalestes albonotata Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 770. — 
Arfak Mountains. 

Range.— Mountains of the Vogelkop (Arfak, Tamrau). 

Poecilodryas albonotata griseiventris (Rothschild and Hartert) 

Poecilodryas (Mcgalcstcs) albonotata griseiventris Rothschild and Hartert, 
1913, Novit. Zool., 20, p. 496.— Mount Goliath, Snow Mountains. 
Range. — Weyland, Oranje, and Sepik Mountains (Schraderberg). 

Poecilodryas albonotata correcta Hartert 
Poecilodryas albonotatus corrcctus Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 68.— Mt. 
Cameron, Owen Stanley Range, southeastern New Guinea. 
Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea and Saruwaged Mountains. 
Mountain forest from 1400 m. to 2800 m. 

Poecilodryas pulverulenta pulverulenta (Bonaparte) 

Myiolestes pulverulcntus Bonaparte, 1851, Consp. Gen. Av., 1, p. 358. — Utanata 
River, south New Guinea. 

Poecilodryas cinerea Sharpe, 1878, Notes Leyden Mus., 1, p. 25. — "Noisaroe, 
Arfak Mountains (Bruijn coll.)" = Geelvink Bay. 

Quoyornis leucurus mimika Mathews, 1932, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 52, p. 25. — 
Mimika River. 

Range. — South New Guinea from Killerton Island in the east (near East Cape) 
to the Utanata River in the west; Geelvink Bay and Humboldt Bay. 

Mangrove. 

Poecilodryas pulverulenta leucura (Gould) 
Eopsaltria leucura Gould, 1869, Birds Australia, Suppl., pt. 5, pi. 18. — Cape York 
Peninsula. 

Range. — Aru Islands and Cape York Peninsula, north Queensland. 

Genus PENEOTHELLO Mathews 

Peneothello sigillatus saruwagedi (Mayr) 

Poecilodryas sigillata saruzvagedi Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 
680. — Mongi-Busu, Saruwaged Mountains. 
Range. — Saruwaged Mountains. 
Edge of forest and rhododendron bushes near timber line from 2400 m. to 3400 m. 

Peneothello sigillatus sigillatus (De Vis) 
Poecilodryas (?) sigillata De Vis, 1890, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1888-89, 
p. 59. — Mt. Victoria, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range.— High mountains of southeastern New Guinea, from 2400 m. to 3700 m. 



144 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Peneothello sigillatus quadrimaculatus (van Oort) 
Poecilodryas quadrimaculatus van Oort, 1910, Notes Leyden Mus., 32, p. 213. — 
Hellwig Mountains (2600 m.). 
Range. — Nassau and Oranje Mountains, from 2600 m. to 3100 m. 

Peneothello cryptoleucus cryptoleucus (Hartert) 
Poecilodryas cryptoleucus Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 67. — Lehuma, 
Arfak Mountains. 
Range. — Arfak Mountains. 
Mountain forest from 1600 m. to 2200 m. 

Peneothello cryptoleucus albidior (Rothschild) 
Poecilodryas cryptoleucus albidior Rothschild, 1931, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 263. — 
Gebroeder Mountains, Weyland Mountains. 
Range. — Weyland Mountains. 

Peneothello cyanus cyanus (Salvadori) 
Myiolestes ? cyanus Salvadori, 1874, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 6, p. 84. — Hatam, 
Arfak Mountains. 
Range. — Arfak Mountains. 

Peneothello cyanus atricapilla Hartert and Paludan 
Poecilodryas cyana atricapilla Hartert and Paludan, 1934, Ornith. Monatsber., 

42, p. 45. — Mt. Kunupi, Weyland Mts. 

Range. — Wandammen, Weyland, Cyclops Mountains, and mountains of central 

New Guinea (Nassau, Mamberano, Oranje) ; Sepik Mountains (subsp.). 

Peneothello cyanus subcyaneus (De Vis) 

Poecilodryas subcyanea De Vis, 1897, Ibis, p. 377. — Mountains of southeastern 
New Guinea. 

Poecilodryas cyanus salvadorii Rothschild and Hartert, 1900 (November), 
Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 11, p. 26. — Mt. Cameron, southeastern New Guinea. 

Poecilodryas cyanopsis Sharpe, 1901, Hand-List, 3, p. 235. — New name for 
salvadorii Rothschild and Hartert (Nov. 1900, preoccupied by Poecilodryas salva- 
dorii Madarasz, Jan. 1900). 

Range. — Saruwaged Mountains, and mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 

Mountain forest from 1400 m. to 2400 m., occasionally down to 1000 m. 

Peneothello bimaculatus bimaculatus (Salvadori) 

Myiolestes ? bimaculatus Salvadori, 1874, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 6, p. 84. — 
Putat, Arfak Mountains. 

Poecilodryas sylvia Ramsay, 1883, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 8, p. 19. 
— Astrolabe Mountains, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Arfak, Weyland and Nassau Mountains, and southern slopes of moun- 
tains of southeastern New Guinea. 

Edge of forest and secondary growth from 600 m. to 1000 m. 

Peneothello bimaculatus vicarius (De Vis) 
Paecilodryas vicaria De Vis, 1892, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1890-91, p. 94.— 
Mount Suckling, southeastern New Guinea. 



MUSCICAPINAE 



145 



Poecilodryas mgriventris Hartert, 1907, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 19, p. 51.— Lower 
ilambare River. 

Range.— Northern coast of southeast New Guinea from Collingwood Bay (Mt. 
Suckling) westward to the Huon Peninsula (Sattelberg). 

Genus HETEROMYIAS Sharpe 

Heteromyias albispecularis albispecularis (Salvadori) 
Pachycephalia albispecularis Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 931. 
— Arfak Mountains. 

Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop (Arfak, Tamrau). 
Mountain forest from 1500 m. to 2400 m. 

Heteromyias albispecularis rothschildi Hartert 
Heteromyias albispecularis rothschildi Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 70.— 
Mt. Goliath, Snow Mountains. 
Range. — Weyland, Nassau, and Oranje Mountains. 

Heteromyias albispecularis centralis Rand 

Heteromyias albispecularis centralis Rand, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1074, 
p. 4. — Near Bernhard Camp, Idcnburg River, at 2150 m. 

Range. — Northern slope of central range from the Idenburg River to (subsp.) 
the Sepik River. 

Heteromyias albispecularis atricapilla Mayr 
Heteromyias albispecularis atricapilla Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, 
p. 681. — Ogeramnang, Saruwaged Mountains. 
Range. — Saruwaged Mountains. 

Heteromyias albispecularis armiti (De Vis) 
Poecilodryas armiti De Vis, 1894, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1893-94, p. 101. 
— Mt. Maneao, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Herzog Mountains and mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 

Genus PACHYCEPHALOPSIS Salvadori 

Pachycephalopsis hattamensis hattamensis (Meyer) 
Pachycephala hattamensis A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 
69, p. 391. — Hatam, Arfak Mountains. 

Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop (Arfak, Tamrau). 
Hill forest from 800 m. to 1500 m. 

Pachycephalopsis hattamensis ernesti Hartert 
Pachycephalopsis hattamensis ernesti Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 69. — 
Wondiwoi Mountains, Wandammen. 

Range. — Wandammen Mountains, west coast of Geelvink Bay. 

Pachycephalopsis hattamensis axillaris Mayr 
Pachycephalopsis hattamensis axillaris Mayr, 1931, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 51, 
p. 59. — Utakwa River, Snow Mountains. 

Range. — Weyland, Nassau, and Oranje Mountains. 



146 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Pachycephalopsis poliosoma albigularis (Rothschild) 
Pachycephala poliosoma albigularis Rothschild, 1931, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 260. — 
Gebroeder Mountains, Weyland Mountains. 
Range. — Weyland Mountains. 

Pachycephalopsis poliosoma approximans (Ogilvie-Grant) 

Pachycephala poliosoma approximans Ogilvie-Grant, 1911, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
29, p. 26. — Iwaka River. 

Range. — Nassau Mountains (Iwaka, Utakwa Rivers) and (subsp.) Oranje 
Mountains (Hellwig Mountains). 

Pachycephalopsis poliosoma balim Rand 

Pachycephalopsis poliosoma balim Rand, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1074, p. 
4. — Balim River, 1600 meters, Dutch New Guinea. 

Range. — Known only from 1600 m. to 2200 m. in the valleys of the Bele and 
Balim Rivers north of Mt. Wilhelmina, Oranje Mountains. 

Pachycephalopsis poliosoma idenburgi Rand 

Pachycephalopsis poliosoma idenburgi Rand, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1074, 
p. 5. — Near Bernhard Camp, Idenburg River, 1200 m. 

Range. — Northern slopes of central range, above the Idenburg River. 

Pachycephalopsis poliosoma hunsteini (Neumann) 
Pachycephala poliosoma hunsteini Neumann, 1922, Verh. Ornith. Ges. Bayern, 
15, p. 237. — Hunsteinspitze, upper Sepik. 
Range. — Mountains on the upper Sepik. 

Pachycephalopsis poliosoma poliosoma (Sharpe) 

Pachycephala poliosoma Sharpe, 1882, Journ. Linn. Soc. London, Zool., 16, p. 
318. — Astrolabe Mountains. 

Pachycephala strenua De Vis, 1898, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1896-97, p. 
85. — Wharton Range (?), southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea; (subsp.) Herzog Mountains. 

Pachycephalopsis poliosoma hypopolia Salvadori 

Pachycephalopsis hypopolia Salvadori, 1899, Boll. Mus. Zool. Torino, 15 (= 14) 
No. 360, p. 2. — Sattelberg, northeastern New Guinea. 
Range. — Saruwaged Mountains. 
Hill forest from 800 m. to 1700 m. 

Subfamily PACHYCEPHALINAE 

Whistlers or Thickheads 

Genus PACHYCARE Gould 

Pachycare flavogrisea flavogrisea (Meyer) 
Pachycephala flavogrisea A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 
69, p. 495. — Arfak Mountains, northwestern New Guinea. 



PACHYCEPHALIAS 



147 



Range.— Mountains of the Vogelkop. Wandanmien and (subsp.) Sepik Moun- 
tains. 1 

Hill forest from 800 m. to 1600 m. 

Pachycare flavogrisea subaurantia Rothschild and Hartert 
Packycare flavogrisea subottrantia Rothschild and Hartert, 1911, Ornith. Mo- 
natsber., 19, p. 157.— Snow Mountains (=Utakwa River). 
Range. — Weyland (subsp.), Nassau and Oranje Mountains. 

Pachycare flavogrisea subpallida Hartert 

Pachycare flavogrisea subpallida Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 53.— Bihagi, 
Mambare River. 

Range.— Mountains of southeastern New Guinea, Herzog and Saruwaged Moun- 
tains. 

Genus RHAGOLOGUS - Stresemann and Paludan 

Rhagologus leucostigma leucostigma (Salvadori) 
Pachycephala leucostigma Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 933. — 
Arfak Mountains. 
Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop (Arfak, Tamrau). 

Rhagologus leucostigma novus Rand 
Rhagologus leucostigma novus Rand, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1072, p. 7. — 
Weyland Mountains (1500 m.). 

Range. — Weyland and Nassau Mountains (Utakwa River). 

Rhagologus leucostigma obscurus Rand 

Rhagologus leucostigma obscurus Rand, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1072, p. 
7. — Mafulu (1250 m.), Central Division, southeast New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern and central New Guinea, westward on the 
southern slope to Mt. Goliath, on the northern slope to the Idenburg River; moun- 
tains of the Huon Peninsula. 

Mountain forest from 1300 m. to 2400 m. 

Genus PACHYCEPHALA Vigors 

Pachycephala pectoralis balim Rand 

Pachycephala pectoralis balim Rand, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1072, p. 8. — 
Balim River (1600 m.), Oranje Mountains. 

Range. — Known from the Balim and Bele valleys between 1600 and 2400 meters 
on the north slopes of Mt. Wilhelmina, Oranje Mountains. 

Pachycephala pectoralis spinicauda (Pucheran) 

Pteruthius spinicaudus Pucheran, 1853, Voy. Pole Sud, Zool., 1, p. 58. — Warrior 
Island, Torres Straits. 



1 Sepik birds are intermediate between subpallida and subaurantia and resemble 
superficially typical flavogrisea. 

2 Ornith.' Monatsber., 42 (1934), p. 45. 



148 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Pachycephala robusta Masters, 1876, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 1, 
p. 49. — Cape York, Queensland. 

Range. — Cape York, islands of Torres Straits, and south New Guinea from 
Merauke at least to Yule Island and Hall Sound, probably as far as Milne Bay 
and Killerton Island. 

Coastal formations and secondary growth, particularly on small islands off the 
coast. 

Pachycephala pectoralis fergussonis Mayr 
Pachycephala pectoralis fergussonis Mayr, 1936, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 869, 
p. 2. — Fergusson Island. 
Range. — Fergusson Island, D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago. 

Pachycephala pectoralis collaris Ramsay 

Pachycephala collaris Ramsay, 1878, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 3, 
p. 74. — "Courtance Island," by error for Teste Island (see ibidem, p. 281). 

Pachycephala innominata Salvadori, 1881, Ornit. Pap. Mol., 2, p. 222. — Teste 
Island, Louisiade Archipelago. 

Range. — Teste Island, Conflict group (Panasesa), Bonvouloir group (East, 
Hastings), and Egum Islands (Alcester). 

Pachycephala pectoralis misimae Rothschild and Hartert 
Pachycephala pectoralis misimae Rothschild and Hartert, 1918, Novit. Zool., 
25, p. 311. — Misima Island. 

Range. — Misima Island and Deboyne group (Pani-pom-pom), Louisiade Archi- 
pelago. 

Pachycephala pectoralis rosseliana Hartert 
Pachycephala rosseliana Hartert, 1898, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 8, p. 8. — Rossel 
Island. 

Range. — Rossel Island, Louisiade Archipelago. 

Pachycephala soror soror Sclater 

Pachycephala soror Sclater, 1873, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 692. — Hatam, 
Arfak Mountains. 

Pachycephala affinis Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 69, p. 392. — 
Arfak Mountains. 

Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop. 

Pachycephala soror klossi Ogilvie-Grant 

Pachycephala soror klossi Ogilvie-Grant, 1915, Ibis, Jubilee Suppl., 2, p. 88. — 
Utakwa River, Snow Mountains. 

Range. — Weyland Mountains, Nassau, Oranje, Mamberano, and Sepik Moun- 
tains. 

Hill forest from 700 m. to 1600 m. 

Pachycephala soror bartoni Ogilvie-Grant 

Pachycephala soror bartoni Ogilvie-Grant, 1915, Ibis, Jubilee Suppl., 2, p. 89. — 
British New Guinea. 

Range. — Saruwaged Mountains (subsp.), mountains of southeastern New Guinea 
and (subsp.?) Goodenough Island. 



PACHYCEPHALINAE 



149 



Pachycephala schlegelii schlegelii Schlegel 

Pachycephala Schlegelii Schlegel (ex Rosenberg MS.), 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. 
Dicrk.. 4 (1873), p. 43.— "Interior of New Guinea," = Arfak Mountains. 

Range.— Mountains of the Vogelkop (Arfak, Tamrau) and W'andammen Moun- 
tains. 

Pachycephala schlegelii viridipectus Hartert and Paludan 
Pachycephala schlegelii viridipectus Hartert and Paludan, 1936, Mitt. Zool. 
Mus. Berlin. 21, p. 203.— Mt. Kunupi, Weyland Mts. 
Range.— Central range (Weyland, Nassau and Oranje Mountains). 

Pachycephala schlegelii cyclopum Hartert 
Pachycephala schlegelii cyclopum Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 54 — 
Cyclops Mountains. 
Range. — Cyclops Mountains. 

Pachycephala schlegelii obscurior Hartert 

Pachycephala schlcgeli obscurior Hartert, 1896, Novit. Zool., 3, p. 15. — Eafa 
District. Owen Stanley Mountains. 

Poccilodryas caniceps De Vis, 1897, Ibis, p. 377.— Mountains of southeastern 
New Guinea. 

Pachycephala sororcula De Vis, 1897, Ibis, p. 380.— Mountains of southeastern 
New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea, Saruwaged Mountains, and 
Sepik Mountains. 

Mountain forest from 1500 m. to 3700 m., rarely lower, down to about 1200 m. 

Pachycephala aurea Reichenow 

Pachycephala aurea Reichenow, 1899, Ornith. Monatsber., 7, p. 131.— Ramu 
River, northern New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea, upper Ramu Valley, southern 
slopes of central ranges (Mimika, Setekwa, Noord Rivers) and Weyland Moun- 
tains. 

Secondary growth along river beds up to 600 m. 

Pachycephala lorentzi 1 Mayr 

Pachycephala schlegelii lorentzi Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 673. 
— New name for Poccilodryas caniceps pectoralis van Oort, 1910, Notes Leyden 
Mus.. 32, p. 213. — Hell wig Mountains (2600 m.). Preoccupied by Muscicapa 
[= Pachycephala] pectoralis Latham, 1801. 

Range. — Oranje Mountains and mountains on upper Mamberano (Doorman- 
paad). 

Mountain forest from 2500 m. to 3000 m. 

Pachycephala meyeri Salvadori 
Pachycephala meyeri Salvadori, 1890, Aggiunte Ornit. Pap. Mol., p. 104.— New 
name for Pachycephala affinis Meyer, 1884, Zeitschr. ges. Ornith., 1, p. 200.— 
Arfak Mountains. Preoccupied by Pachycephala affinis Meyer, 1874. 



1 This is a good species, according to kind information from Dr. Rand. 



150 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop (Arfak, Tamrau). 
Hill forest from 1000 m. to 1500 m. 

Pachycephala griseiceps 1 waigeuensis Stresemann and Paludan 
Pachyccphala griseiceps waigeuensis Stresemann and Paludan, 1932, Novit. 
Zool., 38, p. 153. — Waigeu Island. 

Range. — Waigeu Island and (?subsp.) the islands of Gebe and Batanta. 

Pachycephala griseiceps gagiensis Mayr 
Pachycephala griseiceps gagiensis Mayr, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1091, 
p. 3. — Gagi Island. 

Range. — Gagi Island, west of Waigeu. 

Pachycephala griseiceps griseiceps Gray 

Pachycephala griseiceps G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 178. — Aru 
Islands. 

Pachycephala squalida Oustalet, 1877, Bull. Soc. Philom. Paris, (7) 2, p. 56. — 
Amberbaken, Vogelkop. 

Pachycephala griseiceps rubiensis Meise, 1929, Abh. Ber. Mus. Tierk. Dresden, 
17 (1927-29), No. 4, p. 15.— Rubi, head of Geelvink Bay. 

Range. — Aru Islands, Misol, Salawati, and Vogelkop eastward to the head of 
Geelvink Bay. 

Lowland and hill forest up to 1200 m., occasionally edge of forest and dense 
secondary growth. 

Pachycephala griseiceps perneglecta Hartert 

Pachycephala griseiceps perneglecta Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 56. — 
"Snow Mountains" (near Utakwa River). 

Range. — Foot of Weyland Mountains (southeastern Geelvink Bay), and south 
New Guinea from the Mimika River to Galley Reach, west of Port Moresby. 

Pachycephala griseiceps miosnomensis Salvadori 
Pachycephala miosnomensis Salvadori, 1879, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 15, p. 46. — 
Miosnom Island. 
Range. — Meos Num, Geelvink Bay. 

Pachycephala griseiceps jobiensis Meyer 

Pachycephala griseiceps var. jobiensis A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. 
Wiss. Wien, 69, p. 394.— Jobi Island. 

Pachycephala griseiceps subflavidior Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 56. — 
Cyclops Mountains. 

Range. — Japen Island and north New Guinea from the east coast of Geelvink 
Bay to Astrolabe Bay. Hybridizing with dubia in the hinterland of Astrolabe Bay. 

Pachycephala griseiceps dubia Ramsay 
Pachyccphala dubia Ramsay, 1879, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 4, p. 
99. — New name for Eopsaltria (?) brunnea Ramsay, 1877, Proc. Linn. Soc. New 
South Wales, 1, p. 391. — Laloki River, southeastern New Guinea. Preoccupied by 
Pachycephala brunnea Wallace, 1865. 



1 This species is probably conspecific with P. simplex Gould, 1843, North. Terr. 
Australia. 



PACHYCEPHALINAE 



151 



Range.— Southeastern New Guinea westward on the south coast to the Sogeri 

District and Laloki River, on the north coast to the 11 vi' mi Peninsula (Saru waged 

Mountains and upper Markham River); D'Kntrecasteaux Archipelago (FergUSSOn, 
Goodenough and Normanby Islands). 

Pachycephala griseiceps sudestensis (De Vis) 

Hopsaltria sudestensis De Vis, 1892, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1892, p. 96.— 
Sudest Island. 

Pachycephala alberti Hartert, 1898, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 8, p. 9.— Sudest 
Island. 

Range.— Tagula (= Sudest) Island, Louisiade Archipelago. 

Pachycephala hyperythra hyperythra Salvadori 
Pachycephala hyperythra Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 932 — 
Arfak Mountains (restricted type locality). 
Range. — Yogelkop, Onin Peninsula, Wandammen and Weyland Mountains. 
Hill forest from 600 m. to 1200 m. 

Pachycephala hyperythra sepikiana Stresemann 
Pachycephala hyperythra sepikiana Stresemann, 1921, Anz. Ornith. Ges. Bayern, 
1, p. 36. — Maeanderberg, Sepik Mountains. 
Range. — Sepik Mountains. 

Pachycephala hyperythra reichenowi Rothschild and Hartert 
Pachycephala hyperythra reichenowi Rothschild and Hartert, 1911, Ornith. 
Monatsber.. 19, p. 178. — Sattelberg, Huon Peninsula. 
Range. — Saruwaged Mountains. 

Pachycephala hyperythra salvadorii Rothschild 

Pachycephala salvadorii Rothschild, 1897, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 7, p. 22. — New 
name for Pachycephala sharpei Salvadori, 1896, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, (2) 16, 
p. 88. — Moroka District, southeast New Guinea. Preoccupied by Pachycephala 
sharpei A. B. Meyer, 1885. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 

Pachycephala phaionotum (Bonaparte) 

Myiolcstcs phaionotus Bonaparte, 1850, Consp. Gen. Av., 1, p. 358. — Banda 
Islands. 

Range. — Banda, Seranlaut, northern Moluccas, Pulu Babi (Aru), Misol, Schild- 
pad Island, Salawati, Sorong, Waigeu, and small islands in Geelvink Bay. 

Coastal vegetation on small islands. 

Pachycephala modesta modesta (De Vis) 

Poecilodryas modesta De Vis, 1894, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1893-94, p. 
101.— Mt. Maneao, southeast New Guinea, 5000 feet. 

Pachycephala moroka Rothschild and Hartert, 1903, Novit. Zool., 10, p. 106. — 
Moroka District, southeast New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of southeast New Guinea and Herzog Mountains. 

Mountain forest from 2000 m. to 3680 m., occasionally down to 1400 m. 



152 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Pachycephala modesta hypoleuca Reichenow 
Pachyccphala hypoleuca Reichenow, 1915, Journ. f. Ornith., 63, p. 125. — Schra- 
derberg, Sepik Mountains. 

Range. — Sepik and Saruwaged Mountains. 
Mountain forest from 1800 m. to 3400 m. 

Pachycephala monacha x monacha Gray 
Pachyccphala monacha G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 179. — Aru 
Islands. 
Range. — Aru Islands. 

Pachycephala monacha dorsalis Ogilvie-Grant 

Pachycephala dorsalis Ogilvie-Grant, 1911, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 29, p. 26 — 
Mimika River. 

Range. — Known from scattered localities in New Guinea (Utanata River, 
Mimika River, Ramu River, Snake River, and foot of Astrolabe 2 Mountains). 

Dense secondary growth along rivers and creeks up to 1000 m. 

Pachycephala rufiventris leucogaster Salvadori and D'Albertis 
Pachycephala leucogastra Salvadori and D'Albertis, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. 

Genova, 7, p. 822. — Mt. Epa, southeast New Guinea. 
Range. — South coast of southeastern New Guinea from Hall Sound to Port 

Moresby. 
Found up to 1250 m. 

Pachycephala rufiventris meeki Hartert 
Pachycephala meeki Hartert, 1898, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 8, p. 15.— Rossel 
Island. 
Range. — Rossel Island, Louisiade Archipelago. 

Pachycephala rufinucha rufinucha Sclater 
Pachycephala rufinucha Sclater, 1874, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1873, p. 692. — 
Hatam, Arfak Mountains. 
Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop. 
Mountain forest from 1400 m. to 2000 m. 

Pachycephala rufinucha niveifrons Hartert 
Pachycephala rufinucha niveifrons Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 57. — 
Wondiwoi, Wandammen Mountains. 

Range. — Wandammen, Weyland, Nassau, Oranje and Sepik Mountains. 

Pachycephala rufinucha lochmia Mayr 
Pachycephala rufinucha lochmia Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 
674. — Ogeramnang, Saruwaged Mountains. 
Range. — Saruwaged Mountains. 



1 Pachycephala lugubris Miiller, a name on the label of a specimen in the Leyden 
Museum from Utanata River, was never published with a valid description. It 
was, however, quoted several times as a synonym of monacha. 

2 The species can be united with rufiventris (see Stresemann, 1924, Journ. f. 
Ornith., 72, pp. 540-542), if this southeast New Guinea record is invalid. 



PACIIYCEPHALINAE 



153 



Pachycephala rufinucha prasinonota Mayr 
Pachycephalia rufinucha prasinonota Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, 
p. 674. — Dawong, Herzog Mountains. 
Range. — Herzog Mountains. 

Pachycephala rufinucha gamblei Rothschild 
Pachycephala gamblei Rothschild, 1897, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 7, p. 22.— Mt. 
Cameron, Owen Stanley Mts. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 
Mountain forest from 1400 m. up to 3680 m. 

Pachycephala tenebrosa tenebrosa Rothschild 

Pachycephala tenebrosa Rothschild, 1911, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 29, p. 20.— 
Mt. Goliath, Oranje Range. 

Melanorhectes uvibrinus Reichenow, 1915, Journ. f. Ornith., 63, p. 125. — Schra- 
derberg, Sepik Mountains. 

Range. — Nassau, Oranje, and Sepik Mountains. 

Mountain forest from 1600 m. to 2000 m. 

Pachycephala tenebrosa atra Rothschild 
Pachycephala tenebrosa atra Rothschild, 1931, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 260. — Ge- 
broeder Mts., Weyland Mts. 
Range. — Weyland Mountains. 

Genus MYIOLESTES l Bonaparte 

Myiolestes megarhynchus affinis Gray 
Myiolcstcs affinis G. R. Gray, 1861, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 430. — "Gagie," 
error for Waigeu. 

Range.— Waigeu Island. 

Myiolestes megarhynchus batantae (Meise) 
Pinarolestes megarhynchus batantae Meise, 1929, Abh. Ber. Mus. Tierk. Dresden, 
17 (1927-29), No. 4, p. 18.— Batanta. 
Range. — Batanta Island. 

Myiolestes megarhynchus misoliensis (Meise) 
Pinarolestes megarhynchus misoliensis Meise, 1929, Abh. Ber. Mus. Tierk. 
Dresden, 17 (1927-29), No. 4, p. 18.— Misol. 
Range. — Misol Island. 

Myiolestes megarhynchus megarhynchus (Quoy and Gaimard) 
Muscicapa megarhyncha Quoy and Gaimard, 1830, Voy. Astrolabe, Zool., 1, p. 
172, pi. 3, fig. 1. — Dorey (= Manokwari), Vogelkop. 

Range. — Salawati ; Vogelkop, south to the Wandammen district and Onin Penin- 
sula (Kapaur) ; (subsp.) foot of Nassau and Oranje Mountains. 
Lowland forest up to 800 m., edge of forest and secondary growth up to 1600 m. 



1 It is doubtful whether this genus can be upheld as distinct from Pachycephala. 
Myiolestes (March, 1850) has priority over Pinarolestes, Calcya, etc. 



154 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Myiolestes megarhynchus ferrugineus Hartert and Paludan 
Myiolestes megarhynchus ferrugineus Hartert and Paludan, 1936, Mitt. Zool. 
Mus. Berlin, 21, p. 206. — Lower Menoo River, head of Geelvink Bay. 
Range. — Head of Geelvink Bay (foot of Weyland Mountains). 

Myiolestes megarhynchus aruensis Gray 
Myiolestes aruensis G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 180. — Aru 
Islands. 
Range. — Aru Islands. 

Myiolestes megarhynchus goodsoni (Hartert) 
Pinarolestes megarhynchus goodsoni Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 59. — 
Merauke, south New Guinea. 
Range. — South New Guinea (Merauke District). 

Myiolestes megarhynchus wuroi Mayr and Rand 
Myiolestes megarhynchus wuroi Mayr and Rand, 1936, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 
21, p. 247. — Wuroi, Oriomo River. 

Range. — South New Guinea from the Oriomo to the Morehead River. 

Myiolestes megarhynchus palmeri Rand 

Myiolestes megarhynchus palmeri Rand, 1938, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 991, p. 
10. — Palmer River, south New Guinea. 

Range. — In the Fly River basin, from the headwaters along the west bank to 
Lake Daviumbu, at the east bank to its mouth (Gaima). 

Myiolestes megarhynchus despectus (Rothschild and Hartert) 
Pinarolestes megarhyncha despectus Rothschild and Hartert, 1903, Novit. 

Zool., 10, p. 100. — Milne Bay, southeastern New Guinea. 
Range. — South coast of southeast New Guinea from Milne Bay westward at 

least to the Hall Sound and Angabunga River (Purari River?). 

Myiolestes megarhynchus superfluus (Rothschild and Hartert) 
Pinarolestes megarhynchus superfluus Rothschild and Hartert, 1912, Novit. 

Zool., 19, p. 205. — Kumusi River, British New Guinea. 

Range. — North coast of southeast New Guinea from the Collingwood Bay to 

the Aicora River. 

Myiolestes megarhynchus neos Mayr 
Myiolestes megarhynchus neos Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 716. — 
Mallalo, near Salamoa. 
Range. — Herzog Mountains, south coast of Huon Gulf, and upper Watut River. 

Myiolestes megarhynchus madaraszi (Rothschild and Hartert) 
Pinarolestes megarhyncha madaraszi Rothschild and Hartert, 1903, Novit. 
Zool., 10, p. 100. — Sattelberg, Huon Peninsula. 
Range. — Huon Peninsula. 

Myiolestes megarhynchus tappenbecki (Reichenow) 
Colluricincla tappenbecki Reichenow, 1899, Journ. f. Ornith., 47, p. 118. — 
Friedrich Wilhelms Hafen (= Madang), Astrolabe Bay. 



PACHYCEPHALINAE 



155 



Pinarolcstcs dissimilis MadabAsz, 1900, Ornith. Monatsber., 8, p. 2.— Erima, 
Astrolabe Bay. 

Range. — From the Astrolabe Bay and the upper Ramu westward to lower and 
middle Sepik. 

Myiolestes megarhynchus maeandrinus (Stresemann) 
Pinarolcstcs megarhynchus maeandrinus Stresemann, 1921, Anz. Ornith. Ges. 
Bayern, 1, p. 36. — Maeanderberg. 
Range. — Upper Sepik (Maeanderberg). 

Myiolestes megarhynchus idenburgi Rand 
Myiolestes megarhynchus idenburgi Rand, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit, No. 1072, 
p. 9. — 7 km. southwest of Bernhard Camp, Idenburg River. 

Range. — Slopes south of the Idenburg River (850 m. to 1200 m.). 

Myiolestes megarhynchus hybridus (Meise) 
Pinarolcstcs megarhynchus hybridus Meise, 1929, Abh. Ber. Mus. Tierk. Dresden, 
17 (1927-29), No. 4, p. 17.— Tana Mera, north New Guinea. 
Range. — North New Guinea between Humboldt Bay and the Mamberano River. 

Myiolestes megarhynchus obscurus (Meyer) 
Rcctcs obscura A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 69, p. 390. — 
Ansus, Jobi. 

Range. — Japen Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Myiolestes megarhynchus melanorhynchus Meyer 
Myiolestes melanorhynchus A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 
69, p. 494. — Mysore Island. 

Range. — Biak Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Myiolestes megarhynchus fortis (Gadow) 

Pachycephala fortis Gadow, 1883, Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., 8, p. 369.— "Astrolabe 
Mts.," error for D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago. 

Range. — D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago (Normanby, Fergusson and Goodenough 
Islands). 

Myiolestes megarhynchus trobriandi (Hartert) 
Pachycephala fortis trobriandi Hartert, 1896, Novit. Zool., 3, p. 236. — Kiriwina, 
Trobriand Islands. 

Range. — Trobriand Islands. 

Myiolestes megarhynchus discolor (De Vis) 
Colluricincla discolor De Vis, 1890, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1888-89, p. 
60.— Sudest Island. 

Range. — Tagula (= Sudest), Louisiade Archipelago. 

Genus COLLURICINCLA Vigors and Horsfield 

Colluricincla harmonica tachycrypta Rothschild and Hartert 
Colluricincla brunnea tachycrypta Rothschild and Hartert, 1915, Novit. Zool., 
22, p. 60.— Milne Bay. 



156 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Range. — Southeastern New Guinea westward along the south coast to the 
Merauke district, along the north coast to the Ramu River. 

Secondary growth and open bush along the coast, rarely up to 450 m. 

Genus PITOHUI * Lesson 

Pitohui kirhocephalus kirhocephalus (Lesson and Garnot) 
Lanius kirhocephalus Lesson and Garnot, 1827, Voy. Coquille, Zool., Atlas, pi. 

11. — Dorey (= Manokwari), Vogelkop. 
Range. — Northeastern coast of Vogelkop southward about to Momi (Geelvink 

Bay). 
Lowland forest and edge of forest up to 600 m., occasionally up to 1000 m. 

Pitohui kirhocephalus salvadorii Meise 

Pitohui kirhocephalus salvadorii Meise, 1929, Abh. Ber. Mus. Tierk. Dresden, 
17 (1927-29), No. 4, p. 20.— Warbusi, west coast of Geelvink Bay. 

Range. — Vicinity of Warbusi (population of hybrids between kirhocephalus and 
dohertyi). 

Pitohui kirhocephalus dohertyi Rothschild and Hartert 
Pitohui dohertyi Rothschild and Hartert, 1903, Novit. Zool., 10, p. 95. — Ron 
Island, Geelvink Bay. 
Range. — Islands and peninsulas of the Wandammen District, Geelvink Bay. 

Pitohui kirhocephalus decipiens (Salvadori) 
Rectes decipiens Salvadori, 1878, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 12, p. 473. — Kapaur. 
Pitohui kirhocephalus obscurus van Oort, 1907, Notes Leyden Mus., 29, p. 73. — 
Sekru. 
Range. — Onin Peninsula (Kapaur and Sekru). 

Pitohui kirhocephalus stramineipectus van Oort 
Pitohui kirhocephalus stramineipectus van Oort, 1907, Notes Leyden Mus., 29, 
p. 73. — Lobo Bay. 
Range. — Triton Bay district (Distinct from rubiensis?) . 

Pitohui kirhocephalus rubiensis (Meyer) 
Rhectes rubiensis A. B. Meyer, 1884, Sitzungsber. Abh. Nat. Ges. Isis Dresden, 
Abh. 1, p. 33. — Rubi, head of Geelvink Bay. 

Range. — Head of Geelvink Bay (to Etna Bay?). 

Pitohui kirhocephalus brunneivertex Rothschild 
Pitohui jobiensis brunneivertex Rothschild, 1931, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 262. — 
Siriwo River, southeastern Geelvink Bay. 
Range. — Southeast coast of Geelvink Bay (Siriwo to Wanggar River). 

Pitohui kirhocephalus jobiensis (Meyer) # 

Rectes jobiensis A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 69, p. 205. — 
Ansus, Jobi Island. 

Range. — Japen and Kurudu Islands, Geelvink Bay. 



Pitohui Lesson (1830) antedates Rectes Reichenbach (1850). 






PACHYCEPHALINAE 157 

Pitohui kirhocephalus meyeri Rothschild and Hartcrt 
Pitohui meyeri Rothschild and Hartert, 1903, Novit. Zool., 10, p. 96.— Takar, 

north New Guinea. 

Range. — North coast of New Guinea from the lower Mamberano River to the 

Tor River, also Idenburg River (upper Mamberano). 

Pitohui kirhocephalus proteus Hartert 
Pitohui kirhocephalus proteus Hartert, 1932, Nova Guinea, 15 (Zool.), p. 469. — 
Ifaar, Sentani Lake. 
Range. — North coast of New Guinea from Tana Mera Bay to the Tami River. 

Pitohui kirhocephalus senex Stresemann 

Pitohui kirhocephalus senex Stresemann, 1922, Ornith. Monatsber., 30, p. 9. — 
Maeanderberg, upper Sepik. 

Range. — Upper Sepik valley, intergrading with brunncicaudus along the middle 
Sepik River. 

Pitohui kirhocephalus brunneicaudus (Meyer) 

Rhcctcs brunncicaudus A. B. Meyer, 1891, Abh. Ber. Zool. Mus. Dresden, 3 
(1890-91), No. 4, p. 10.— Stephansort, Astrolabe Bay. 

Range. — North New Guinea between the lower Sepik, Astrolabe Bay and the 
upper Ramu. (The species is apparently missing between Huon Gulf and Col- 
lingwood Bay.) 

Pitohui kirhocephalus meridionalis (Sharpe) 
Rectcs meridionalis Sharpe, 1888, Ibis, p. 437. — Astrolabe Mts. 
Range. — Southeastern New Guinea, westward along the north coast to Chads 
Bay (= Awaiama Bay), along the south coast to the Yule Island district. 

Pitohui kirhocephalus brunneiceps (D'Albertis and Salvadori) 
Rectcs brunneiceps D'Albertis and Salvadori, 1879, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 14, 

p. 70.— Middle Fly River between 300 and 420 miles. 
Rhcctes phaeocephalus Reichenow, 1900, Ornith. Monatsber., 8, p. 187. — Bailalla 

River, Gulf of Papua. 
Range. — South New Guinea, from the Fly River to the Gulf of Papua (Purari 

and Vailalla Rivers). 

Pitohui kirhocephalus nigripectus van Oort 
Pitohui aruensis nigripectus van Oort, 1909, Nova Guinea, 9 (Zool.), p. 93. — 
Noord River, south New Guinea. 
Range. — South New Guinea between Mimika River and upper Eilanden River. 

Pitohui kirhocephalus aruensis (Sharpe) 
Rectes aruensis Sharpe, 1877, Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., 3, p. 285. — Aru Islands. 
Rhectes analogus A. B. Meyer, 1884, Zeitschr. ges. Ornith., 1, p. 284. — Aru 
Islands. 
Range. — Aru Islands. 

Pitohui kirhocephalus uropygialis (Gray) 
Rectes uropygialis G. R. Gray, 1861, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 430. — Mysol 
Island. 

Range. — Misol and Salawati. 



158 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Pitohui kirhocephalus tibialis (Sharpe) 
Rectes tibialis Sharpe, 1877, Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., 3, p. 285. — Sorong district, 
western New Guinea. 

Range. — Western half of Vogelkop (Sorong, Loewelala). 

Pitohui kirhocephalus pallidus van Oort 
Pitohui cerviniventris pallidus van Oort, 1907, Notes Leyden Mus., 29, p. 71. — 
Batanta. 
Range. — Batanta Island and Sagewin Island, off Salawati. 

Pitohui kirhocephalus cerviniventris (Gray) 
Rectes cerviniventris G. R. Gray, 1861, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 430. — 
"Gagie Island," by error for : Waigeu. 
Range. — Waigeu and Gemien. 

Pitohui dichrous dichrous (Bonaparte) 

Rhectes dichrous Bonaparte, 1850, Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris, 31, p. 563. — 
Lobo, Triton Bay. 

Range. — Northwestern and northern New Guinea, westward along the south 
coast to Etna Bay, along the north coast to the Huon Peninsula; Japen Island. 

Hill forest from 400 m. to 1200 m., occasionally down to sea level. 

Pitohui dichrous monticola Rothschild 

Pitohui dichrous monticola Rothschild, 1904, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 14, p. 79. — 
Upper Aroa River, British New Guinea. 

Range. — Southeastern and southern New Guinea, westward along the north coast 
to the Herzog Mountains, along the south coast to the Nassau Mountains (Utakwa 
River). 

Pitohui incertus van Oort 
Pitohui incertus van Oort, 1909, Nova Guinea, 9 (Zool.), p. 94. — Noord River, 
south New Guinea. 

Range. — South New Guinea, from the Noord River to the upper Fly River. 
Lowland forest. 

Pitohui ferrugineus leucorhynchus (Gray) 
Rectes leucorhynchus G. R. Gray, 1861, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 430. — 
"Gagie," error for : Waigeu. 
Range. — Waigeu and (subsp.) Batanta Islands. 

Pitohui ferrugineus brevipennis (Hartert) 
Rhectes ferrugineus brevipennis Hartert, 1896, Novit. Zool., 3, p. 354. — Aru 
Islands. 
Range. — Aru Islands. 

Pitohui ferrugineus ferrugineus (Bonaparte) 

Rhectes ferrugineus Bonaparte, 1850, Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris, 31, p. 
563. — Lobo, Triton Bay, southwestern New Guinea. 

Range. — Misol, Salawati and northwestern New Guinea, eastward along the 
south coast as far as Etna Bay, along the north coast at least as far as Wandam- 



PACHYCEPHALINAE 159 

men, darkening as the range of holerythrus is approached. Slightly darker popu- 
lations on the southern slopes of Nassau and Oranje Mountains, and similar ones 
in north New Guinea between Humboldt Bay and Sepik River. 
Lowland forest up to 600 m. 

Pitohui ferrugineus holerythrus (Salvadori) 

Rectes holerythra Salvadori, 1878, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 12, p. 474. — Jobi 
Island. 

Pitohui ferrugineus heurni Hartert, 1932, Nova Guinea, 15 (Zool.), p. 470. — 
Prauwenbivak, Idenburgfluss, Mamberano. 

Range. — Japen Island and opposite part of north New Guinea; intergrading with 
ferrugineus at the head of Geelvink Bay and on the Weyland Mountains; getting 
consistently paler along the north coast of New Guinea as one moves eastward, 
until a pure chirus population is reached east of the Sepik River. 

Pitohui ferrugineus clarus (Meyer) 

Rhcctcs ferrugineus clarus A. B. Meyer, 1894, Journ. f. Ornith., 42, p. 91. — 
Finschhafen, northeastern New Guinea (restr. type locality). 

Range. — Southeast New Guinea, westward along the south coast to the Eilanden 
River, along the north coast to the Astrolabe Bay. 

Pitohui cristatus cristatus (Salvadori) 

Rectes cristata Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 930. — Mt. Morait, 
north coast of Vogelkop. 

Range. — Vogelkop, Onin Peninsula, Weyland and Nassau Mountains. 
Hill forest from 500 m. to 1000 m., occasionally down to the lowlands. 

Pitohui cristatus arthuri Hartert 

Pitohui cristatus arthuri Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 61. — Cyclops Moun- 
tains. 

Range. — Cyclops and Sepik Mountains (Maeanderberg) ; also an indistinguish- 
able population in the lowlands of south New Guinea (Oriomo River). 

Pitohui cristatus kodonophonos Mayr 

Pitohui cristatus kodonophonos Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 676. 
— Aroa River, southeast New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of southeast New Guinea. 

Pitohui nigrescens nigrescens (Schlegel) 

Rectes nigrescens Schlegel, 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 4 (1873), p. 46. — Arfak 
Mountains. 
Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop (Arfak, Tamrau). 
Mountain forest from 1200 m. to 1800 m. 

Pitohui nigrescens wandamensis Hartert 

Pitohui nigrescens wandamensis Hartert. 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 59. — Mt. 
Wondiwoi, Wandammen district. 
Range. — Wandammen Peninsula. 



160 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Pitohui nigrescens biirgersi Stresemann 
Pitohni nigrescens biirgersi Stresemann, 1922, Journ. f. Ornith., 70, p. 406. — 
Schraderberg, Sepik Mountains. 
Range. — Sepik Mountains. (Doubtfully distinct from meeki.) 

Pitohui nigrescens meeki Rothschild and Hartert 
Pitohui meeki Rothschild and Hartert, 1913, Novit. Zool., 20, p. 507. — Mt. 
Goliath, Snow Mountains. 
Range. — Weyland, Nassau and Oranje Mountains. 

Pitohui nigrescens schistaceus (Reichenow) 

Rhectes nigrescens schistaceus Reichenow, 1900, Ornith. Monatsber., 8, p. 187. — 
Aroa River, southeast New Guinea. 

Poecilodryas pachydemas Reichenow, 1901, Ornith. Monatsber., 9, p. 5. — South- 
east New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of southeast New Guinea, as far as Herzog Mountains. 

Pitohui nigrescens harterti (Reichenow) 
Melanorectes harterti Reichenow, 1911, Ornith. Monatsber., 19, p. 184. — Interior 
of Huon Peninsula. 
Range. — Saruwaged Mountains. 

Subfamily FALCUNCULINAE 

Shrike-Tits 

Genus EULACESTOMA De Vis 

Eulacestoma nigropectus nigropectus De Vis 

Eulacestoma nigropectus De Vis, 1894, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1893-94, 
p. 102. — Mt. Maneao, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea, westward in the north as far 
as the Herzog Mountains, in the south as far as the Wharton Range. 

Mountain forest from 1800 m. to 2900 m. 

Eulacestoma nigropectus clara Stresemann and Paludan 
Eulacestoma nigropectus clara Stresemann and Paludan, 1934, Ornith. Mo- 
natsber., 42, p. 44. — Mt. Kunupi, Weyland Mts. 

Range. — Weyland Mountains and Mt. Goliath, Oranje Mountains. 

Family LANIIDAE 
Shrikes 

Genus LANIUS Linnaeus 

Lanius schach stresemanni Mertens 
Lanius schach stresemanni Mertens, 1923, Senckenbergiana, 5, p. 228. — Kulung- 
tufu, Saruwaged Mountains. 



ARTAMIDAE-STURNIDAE 161 

Range. — Hinterland of Huon Gulf and Huon Peninsula from the Snake River 
(Dawong) to the Koruba Region (Macclay coast) ; southern slopes of the moun- 
tains of southeastern New Guinea (upper Auga and Vanapa Rivers). 

Secondary growth and open country in the mid-mountain grassland from 800 m. 
to 1900 m. 

Family ARTAMIDAE 
Wood-swallows 

Genus ARTAMUS Vieillot 

Artamus leucorhynchus leucopygialis Gould 

Artamus leucopygialis Gould, 1842, Birds Austr., pt. 4 (vol. 2, pi. 33). — Namoi 
River, New South Wales. 

Artamus papuensis Bonaparte, 1850, Consp. Gen. Av., 1, p. 344. — "New Guinea," 
cotypes from the Utanata River and from Triton Bay. 

Range. — Moluccas, Kei Islands, Aru Islands, western Papuan Islands (Misol, 
Salawati, Batanta, Waigeu), all New Guinea, Fergusson Island, Amphlett group, 
and northern and eastern Australia (see Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 73 (1937), 
pp. 184-185). 

Grasslands or any other kind of open country in the lowlands, particularly near 
water and human habitations, up to 500 m. 

Artamus maximus Meyer 

Artamus maximus A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 69, p. 
203. — Hatam, Arfak Mountains. 

Range. — Arfak, Weyland, Nassau, Oranje, Bismarck, Herzog, and Saruwaged 
Mountains, mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 

Grasslands and open secondary growth from 700 m. to 2000 m. 

Artamus cinereus venustus Sharpe 

Artamus venustus Sharpe, 1878, Rowley's Ornith. Misc., 3, p. 198. — Victoria 
River, Northern Territory. 

Range. — Northwestern Australia and (subsp.) south New Guinea (Princess 
Marianne Straits). 

Lowland savanna. 

Family STURNIDAE 
Starlings 

Genus APLONIS » Gould 

Aplonis cantoroides (Gray) 
Calomis cantoroides G. R. Gray, 1862, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1861, p. 431. — 
Misol, western Papuan Islands. 



1 1 have been unable to check on the priority of the recently excavated spelling 
Aplornis (Ibis, 1938, p. 343). 



162 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Range. — Solomon Islands, Bismarck Archipelago, Louisiade Archipelago (Tagula 
and Misima), Woodlark Island, Conflict group, D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago, New 
Guinea, Karkar, Tarawai, Yamna, western Papuan Islands (Waigeu, Batanta, 
Salawati and Misol), and Aru Islands. 

Edge of forest, secondary growth, near human habitations, in the lowlands, 
usually near the coast, up to 300 m. 

Aplonis mysolensis 1 mysolensis (Gray) 

Calomis mysolensis G. R. Gray, 1862, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1861, p. 431. — 
Misol, western Papuan Islands. 

Calomis fasco-virescens Salvadori, 1880, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 16, p. 194. — 
Sorong. 

Range. — Western Papuan Islands (Misol, Gebe, Waigeu, Salawati and Batanta, 
and small islands off the west coast of the Vogelkop (Sorong district)). 

Lowland forest, edge of forest, second growth. 

Aplonis magna 2 magna (Schlegel) 

Lamprotornis magnns Schlegel, 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 4 (1873), p. 18. — 
Soek, Misori. 
Range. — Biak Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Aplonis magna brevicauda (van Oort) 
Macruropsar magnns brevicauda van Oort, 1908, Notes Ley den Mus., 30, p. 70. 
— Mefoor. 

Range. — Numfor Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Aplonis mystacea (Ogilvie-Grant) 

Calomis mystacea Ogilvie-Grant, 1911, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 29, p. 28. — Mimika 
River, southwestern New Guinea. 

Range. — Head of Geelvink Bay (Wanggar River) and southern New Guinea 
from the Mimika River to the upper Fly River. 

Edge of forest, clearings, etc., in the lowlands. 

Aplonis metallica metallica (Temminck) 

Lamprotornis metalliciis Temminck, 1824, Planch. Col. d'Ois., pi. 266. — "Celebes," 
by error for Amboina, Moluccas. 

Calomis viridescens G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 181. — Aru 
Islands. 

Calomis gularis G. R. Gray, 1862, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1861, p. 431. — Misol 
Island. 

Range. — Moluccas, Aru Islands, western Papuan Islands, Japen and Meos Num, 
Kumamba Island, Karkar, D'Entrecasteaux and Louisiade Archipelagoes, and all 
New Guinea. 

Open country in the lowlands, edge of forest, secondary growth, particularly near 
human habitations, up to 300 m. 






1 Aplonis fuscns auctorum. 

2 Macruropsar auctorum (see: Mayr and de Schauensee, Proc. Acad. Nat. 
Sci. Philadelphia, 91 (1939), p. 33). 



ORIOLIDAE 163 

Aplonis metallica inornata (Salvadori) 
Calornis inornata Salvadori, 1880, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 16, p. 194. — Mysori 
Island. 
Range. — Biak and Numfor Islands, Gcclvink Bay. 

Genus MELANOPYRRHUS Bonaparte 

Melanopyrrhus anais anais (Lesson) 
Scriculus a>iais Lesson, 1839, Rev. Zool., p. 44. — "Papouasie." 
Range. — Salawati and west coast of Yogelkop (Sorong district). 
Edge of forest in lowlands, up to 300 m. 

Melanopyrrhus anais orientalis (Schlegel) 

Gracula anais orientalis Schlegel, 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 4 (1873), p. 52. — 
Bondey on the west coast of Geelvink Bay, opposite Ron Island. 

Range. — Japen Island; northern New Guinea from the Wandammen district 
(Geelvink Bay) and the Onin Peninsula (Kapaur and Sekru), eastward to Astro- 
labe Bay. 

Melanopyrrhus anais robertsoni (D'Albertis) 
Mino robertsoni D'Albertis, 1877, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 10, p. 12. — Fly River. 
Range. — South New Guinea from the Kapare River to Milne Bay. 

Genus MINO Lesson 

Mino dumontii dumontii Lesson 

Mino dumontii Lesson, 1827, Bull. Sci. Nat. (Ferussac), 10, p. 159. — Dorey, 
Yogelkop. 

Mino dumontii aruensis Stresemann, 1922, Journ. f. Ornith., 70, p. 405. — 
Terangan, Aru Islands. 

Range. — Western Papuan Islands (Salawati, Batanta and Waigeu), northwestern 
New Guinea eastward on the north coast to the head of Geelvink Bay, and all 
south Xew Guinea eastward to Milne Bay ; Aru Islands. 

Lowlands up to 450 m., rain forest, edge of forest and secondary growth. 

Mino dumontii violaceus Berlepsch 

Mino dumonti violaceus Berlepsch, 1911, Abh. Senckenb. Natur# Ges., 34, p. 
62. — Konstantinhafen, Astrolabe Bay. 

Range. — Japen Island and northern New Guinea from the Mamberano River to 
Collingwood Bay. 

Family ORIOLIDAE 
Orioles 

Genus ORIOLUS Linnaeus 

Oriolus szalayi (Madarasz) 
Mimeta szalayi Madarasz, 1900, Termes. Fiizetek, 24, pp. 76, 80. — Finschhafen, 
Huon Gulf. 



164 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Mimeta granti Mathews, 1916, Ibis, p. 297, new name for Oriolus striatus Quoy 
and Gaimard, 1830, Voy. Astrol., Zool., 1, p. 195 (pi. 9, fig. 2).— Dorey, NW. New 
Guinea (not Oriolus striatus Hermann, 1783). 

Oriolus scalayi substriatus Stresemann and Paludan, 1932, Novit. Zool., 38, 
p. 142. — Waigeu. 

Range. — Misol, Salawati, Batanta, Waigeu and all New Guinea. 

Lowland forest and secondary growth up to 600 m., rarely up to 1250 m. 

Oriolus flavocinctus mulleri (Bonaparte) 

Mimeta mulleri Bonaparte, 1851, Consp. Gen. Av., 1, p. 346. — Dourga River 
( = Princess Marianne Straits), south New Guinea. 

Range. — Southern New Guinea from the Wassi Kussa River to Princess Mari- 
anne Straits; Aru Islands and (subsp.) Roma Island. 

Tree savanna in the lowlands. 

Oriolus sagittatus magnirostris van Oort 
Oriolus sagittata magnirostris van Oort, 1910, Notes Leyden Mus., 32, p. 82. — 
Merauke, southern New Guinea. 
Range. — Southern New Guinea from the Oriomo River to the Merauke district. 
Tree savanna in the lowlands. 

Genus SPHECOTHERES Vieillot 

Sphecotheres vieilloti salvadorii Sharpe 
Sphecotheres salvadorii Sharpe, 1877, Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., 3, p. 224, pi. 12. — 
Port Moresby, southeast New Guinea. 
Range. — Port Moresby district, southeastern New Guinea (east at least to Rigo). 
Tree savanna in the lowlands. 

Family GRALLINIDAE 

Magpie-Larks 

Genus POMAREOPSIS Oustalet 

Pomareopsis bruijni (Salvadori) 

Grallina bruijni Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 929. — Arfak 
Mountains, northwestern New Guinea. 

Symmorp^s nigripectus De Vis, 1894, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1893-94, 
p. 102. — Mt. Maneao, southeast New Guinea. 

Range. — Tamrau, Arfak, Nassau, Sepik, Saruwaged and Herzog Mountains, 
mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 

Banks of mountain rivers from 800 m. to 1800 m. 

Family CRACTICIDAE 
Bell Magpies 

Genus CRACTICUS Vieillot 

Cracticus cassicus cassicus (Boddaert) 
Ramphastos cassicus Boddaert, 1783, Tabl. Planch. Enlum., p. 83. — New Guinea, 
hereby restricted to the Vogelkop. 



CRACTICIDAE 165 

Range. — Aru Islands, western Papuan Islands (Misol, Gebe, Salawati, Batanta, 
Waigeu), islands of Geelvink Bay (Kurudu, Japen, Numfor, Biak) and all New 
Guinea. 

Lowland forest, edge of forest and secondary growth up to 600 m. 

Cracticus cassicus hercules Mayr 

Cracticus cassicus hercules Mayr, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1091, p. 3. — 
Kaileuna Island, Trobriand Islands. 

Range. — Trobriand Islands (Kiriwina, Kitawa, Kaileuna) and D'Entrecasteaux 
Archipelago (Fergusson and Goodenough). 

Cracticus louisiadensis Tristram 
Cracticus louisiadensis Tristram, 1889, Ibis, p. 555. — Sudest Island. 
Strepera rosa-alba De Vis, 1890, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1888-89, p. 59.— 
Sudest Island. 

Range. — Tagula Island, Louisiade Archipelago. 
Lowland forest. 

Cracticus mentalis mentalis Salvadori and D'Albertis 

Cracticus mentalis Salvadori and D'Albertis, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, 
p. 824. — Nicura, Ethel River, Hall Sound. 

Range. — From Merauke eastward as far as Port Moresby. 
Edge of forest and wooded savanna, up to 450 m. 

Cracticus quoyi quoyi (Lesson) 

Barita quoyi Lesson, 1827, Bull. Sci. Nat. (Ferussac), 10, p. 289. — Dorey, north- 
west New Guinea. 

Range. — Misol, Salawati, Waigeu, Japen and all New Guinea. 
Lowland and hill forest up to 1000 m., rarely up to 1400 m. 

Cracticus quoyi spaldingi Ramsay 

Cracticus spaldingi Ramsay, 1878, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 2, p. 211. 
— Port Darwin, Northern Territory. 

Cracticus quoyi tunneyi Hartert, 1905, Novit. Zool., 12, p. 228. — Alligator River, 
Northern Territory. 

Range. — Northern Territory, north Queensland and Aru Islands. 

Genus GYMNORHINA Gray 

Gymnorhina tibicen papuana Bangs and Peters 

Gymnorhina tibicen papuana Bangs and Peters, 1926, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 
Cambridge, 67, p. 431. — Princess Marianne Straits, south New Guinea. 

Range. — Southern New Guinea from Princess Marianne Straits to the Oriomo 
River. 

Tree savanna near the coast. 



166 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Family DICRURIDAE 
Drongos 

Genus DICRURUS Vieillot 

Dicrurus bracteatus bracteatus Gould 

Dicrurus bracteatus Gould, 1843, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1842, p. 132. — 
Queensland. 

Range. — New South Wales and northern Australia. — As a migrant found in 
south New Guinea between the Wassi Kussa River and the Fly River (up to 200 
miles). A single bird in breeding condition obtained at Bugi, south New Guinea, 
on January 3, 1937 (Archbold Exped.). 

Dicrurus bracteatus carbonarius Bonaparte 

Dicrourus carbonarius Bonaparte, 1851, Consp. Gen. Av., 1, p. 352. — New 
Guinea (type from Lobo, Triton Bay, in the Leiden Museum). 

Dicrurus bracteatus stellatus Neumann, 1922, Verh. Ornith. Ges. Bayern, 15, 
p. 236. — Friedrich Wilhelmshafen ( = Madang), Astrolabe Bay. 

Range. — Kofiau (subsp.), Misol, Gebe, Salawati, Batanta, Waigeu; islands of 
Geelvink Bay (Japen, Numfor, Biak) ; all New Guinea. (Smaller in south New 
Guinea between Onin Peninsula and Noord River and tending toward propinquus 
in eastern New Guinea.)! 

Lowland forest, edge of forest and secondary growth up to 450 m. 

Dicrurus bracteatus ultramontanus Stresemann 

Dicrurus bracteatus ultramontanus Stresemann, 1923, Arch. Naturgesch., 89, 
Abt. A, Heft 7, p. 47. — New name for Dicrurus assimilis Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. 
Soc. London, p. 178. — Aru Islands (not Corvus (= Dicrurus) adsimilis Bechstein, 
1794). 

Range. — Aru Islands. 

Dicrurus bracteatus propinquus (Tristram) 
Chibia propinqua Tristram, 1889, Ibis, p. 556. — D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago. 
Range. — D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago and Trobriand Islands. 

Dicrurus bracteatus dejectus (Hartert) 
Chibia carbonaria dejecta Hartert, 1898, Novit. Zool., 5, p. 522. — Sudest Island. 
Range. — Tagula, Louisiade Archipelago. 

Genus CHAETORHYNCHUS Meyer 

Chaetorhynchus papuensis Meyer 

Chaetorhynchus papuensis A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 
69, p. 493. — Arfak Mountains. 

Monarcha divaga De Vis, 1897, Ibis, p. 374. — Boirave, southeast New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of all New Guinea (Tamrau, Arfak, Wandammen, Weyland, 
Nassau, Oranje, Mamberano, Sepik, Saruwaged Mountains, and mountains of 
southeastern New Guinea). 

Hill forest from 700 m. to 1400 m. 



CORVIDAE-PARADISAEIDAE 167 

Family CORVIDAE 
Crows 

Genus CORVUS Linnaeus 

Corvus orru orru Bonaparte 

Corvus orru Bonaparte, 1851, Consp. Gen. Av., 1, p. 385.— Lobo, Triton Bay, 
southwestern New Guinea. 

Range. — Obi, northern Moluccas, western Papuan Islands, Japen, Numfor, Biak, 
all of New Guinea (except the range of the next form), the D'Entrecasteaux 
Archipelago, the Trobriand Islands, Woodlark Island and the Louisiade Archi- 
pelago. 

Lowland forest up to 500 m., secondary growth, plantations and near human set- 
tlements, more common near the coast. 

Corvus orru salvadorii Finsch 
Corvus salvadorii Finsch, 1884, Mitt. Orn. Vereins Wien, p. 109. — Port Moresby. 
Range. — Southeastern New Guinea from Port Moresby and Rigo to the Merauke 
district. 

Corvus (Macrocorax) fuscicapillus fuscicapillus Gray 
Corvus fuscicapillus G. R. Gray, 1859, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 157. — "Dorey, 
northwestern New Guinea," by error for Aru Islands (Ibis, 1863, pp. 100-102). 
Range. — Aru Islands and lower Mamberano River (Taua). 
Lowland forest. 

Corvus (Macrocorax) fuscicapillus megarhynchus Bernstein 
Corvus megarhynchus Bernstein, 1864, Journ. f. Ornith., 12, p. 407. — Waigeu 
Island. 

Range. — Waigeu and Gemien Islands, western Papuan Islands. 

Genus GYMNOCORVUS 1 Lesson 

Gymnocorvus tristis (Lesson and Garnot) 

Corvus tristis Lesson and Garnot, 1827, Bull. Sci. Nat. Ferussac, 10, p. 291. — 
Dorey, northwestern New Guinea. 

Corvus senex Lesson, 1828 (Nov. 29th), Voy. Coquille, Zool., livr. 8, pi. 24. — 
Based on the same specimen. 

Range. — Salawati, Batanta, Ron, Japen, the D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago and 
all New Guinea. 

Lowland and hill forest up to 1400 m., occasionally up to 2000 m. 

Family PARADISAEIDAE 
Birds of Paradise 

Genus MANUCODIA Boddaert 

Manucodia ater ater (Lesson) 
Phonygama ater Lesson, 1830, Voy. Coquille, Zool., 1, p. 638. — Dorey, north- 
western New Guinea. 



Gymnocorax Sundevall. 



168 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Range. — Misol, Salawati, Batanta, Gemien, Waigeu and New Guinea, from the 
Vogelkop eastward in the north to the Huon Gulf, and in the south to about the 
Noord River. 

Lowland forest up to 250 m., occasionally up to 900 m. 

Manucodia ater subalter Rothschild and Hartert 

Mamie odia ater subalter Rothschild and Hartert, 1929, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
49, p. 110.— Dobbo, Aru Islands. 

Range. — Aru Islands, southeastern New Guinea, westward on the south coast 
to about the Noord River, along the north coast to the Kumusi River. 

Manucodia ater alter Rothschild and Hartert 
Manucodia ater altera Rothschild and Hartert, 1903, Novit. Zool., 10, p. 84. — 
Sudest Island. 
Range. — Tagula Island, Louisiade Archipelago. 

Manucodia jobiensis jobiensis Salvadori 
Manucodia jobiensis Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 969. — Wonapi, 
Jobi Island. 

Range. — Japen Island. 

Manucodia jobiensis rubiensis Meyer 

Manucodia rubiensis A. B. Meyer, 1885, Zeitschr. ges. Ornith., 2, p. 374. — Rubi, 
Geelvink Bay. 

Range. — From the head of Geelvink Bay (Rubi, Siriwo, Waropen) south to the 
Setekwa River, eastward to Astrolabe Bay and the upper Ramu. 

Lowland forest up to 500 m. 

Manucodia chalybatus x (Pennant) 

Paradisea chalybata Pennant, 1781, in Forster's Zool. Ind., Faunula Indica, p. 
40. — "New Guinea," restricted to the Arfak Mts. 

Manucodia orientalis Salvadori, 1896, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, (2) 16, p. 103. — 
Gerekanumu, Astrolabe Mts. 

Range. — Misol and all New Guinea. 

Hill forest from 600 m. to 1400 m., occasionally up to 1800 m. and down to sea 
level. 

Manucodia comrii comrii Sclater 

Manucodia comrii Sclater, 1876, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 459, pi. 42. — 
"Huon Gulf," error for Fergusson Island. 

Range. — Fergusson, Goodenough and Normanby Islands, D'Entrecasteaux Archi- 
pelago. 

Lowland forest. 

Manucodia comrii trobriandi Mayr 
Manucodia comrii trobriandi Mayr, 1936, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 869, p. 3. — 
Kaileuna, Trobriand Islands. 

Range. — Kiriwina and Kaileuna Islands, Trobriand Islands. 



1 Manucodia chalybatus and comrii belong apparently to one superspecies. 



PARADISAEIDAE 



Genus PHONYGAMMUS Lesson and Garnot 



169 



Phonygammus keraudrenii keraudrenii (Lesson and Garnot) 

Barita keraudrenii Lesson and Garnot, 1826 (March), Bull. Sci. Nat. Ferussac, 
8, p. 110. — Dorey. northwestern New Guinea. 

Range. — Vogelkop, Onin Peninsula and Weyland Mountains. 
Primeval forest from the lowlands up to about 1000 m. 

Phonygammus keraudrenii jamesii Sharpe 

Phonygama jamesii Sharpe, 1877, Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., 3, p. 181.— Aleya, Hall 
Sound. Brit. New Guinea. 

Range. — Aru Islands; southern New Guinea from the Mimika River in the 
west, eastward at least to Hall Sound. 

Lowland forest, up to 600 m. 

Phonygammus keraudrenii purpureo-violaceus Meyer 

Phonygama purpurco-violacea A. B. Meyer, 1885, Zeitschr. ges. Ornith., 2, p. 
375, pi. 15.— Astrolabe Mts. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea to Herzog Mountains. — There 
are no trustworthy records from the Huon Peninsula. 

Mountain forest from 700 m. to 1800 m. 

Phonygammus keraudrenii neumanni Reichenow 

Phonygammus neumanni Reichenow, 1918, Journ. f. Ornith., 66, p. 438. — Lord- 
berg. 

Range. — Lordberg (1500 m.), Sepik Mountains. 

Phonygammus keraudrenii hunsteini Sharpe 

Phonygama hunsteini Sharpe, 1882, Journ. Linn. Soc. London, Zool., 16, p. 442. 
— "East Cape, New Guinea," error for Normanby Island, D'Entrecasteaux Archi- 
pelago. 

Manucodia thomsoni Tristram, 1889, Ibis, p. 554. — D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago. 

Range. — Fergusson, Goodenough and Normanby Islands, D'Entrecasteaux Archi- 
pelago. 

Genus MACGREGORIA De Vis 

Macgregoria pulchra pulchra De Vis 

Macgregoria pulchra De Vis, 1897, Ibis, p. 251, pi. 7. — Mt. Scratchley, south- 
eastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea (Mt. Scratchley, Mt. Victoria, 
Mt. Batchelor, Murray Pass and Mt. Albert Edward). 

Mountain forest from 2800 m. to 3700 m. 

Macgregoria pulchra carolinae Junge 

Macgregoria pulchra carolinae Junge, 1939, Nova Guinea, (N.S.) 3, p. 82. — 
Oranje Mountains (3800 m.). 
Range. — Oranje Mountains. 



170 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Genus PARADIGALLA Lesson 

Paradigalla (carunculata) carunculata Lesson 
Paradigalla carunculata Lesson, 1835, Hist. Nat. Ois. Parad., p. 242.— Arfak 
Mountains. 
Range. — Arfak Mountains. 
Mountain forest from 1500 m. to 2200 m. 

Paradigalla (carunculata) brevicauda Rothschild and Hartert 
Paradigalla brevicauda Rothschild and Hartert, 1911, Novit. Zool., 18, p. 159. 

— Mt. Goliath, Dutch New Guinea. 

Paradigalla intermedia Ogilvie-Grant, 1913, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 31, p. 105. — 

Utakwa River, Nassau Range, at 5500 feet. 
Range. — Weyland, Nassau, Oranje and Sepik Mountains (Schraderberg). 

Genus DREPANORNIS Sclater 

Drepanornis albertisii albertisii (Sclater) 
Drepanephorus albertisii Sclater, 1873 (June), Nature, 8, p. 151, and Proc. 
Zool. Soc. London, p. 557, pi. 47. — Hatam, Arfak Mountains. 
Range. — Arfak and Wandammen Mountains. 
Mountain forest from 1400 m. to 2200 m. 

Drepanornis albertisii inversus Rothschild 

Drepanornis albertisi inversa Rothschild, 1936, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 21, p. 
188.— Mt. Kunupi, Weyland Mts. 

Range. — Northern slopes of central range, from the Weyland to the Sepik 
Mountains (Lordberg). 

Drepanornis albertisii geisleri Meyer 
Drepanornis geisleri Meyer, 1893, Abh. Ber. Zool. Mus. Dresden, 4 (1892-93), 
No. 3, p. 15. — Sattelberg, Huon Peninsula. 
Range. — Mountains of the Huon Peninsula (Saruwaged, etc.). 

Drepanornis albertisii cervinicauda Sclater 
Drepanornis albertisii cervinicauda Sclater, 1883, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 
578.— "Vicinity of Port Moresby." 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea west to the Herzog Mountains. 

Drepanornis bruijnii Oustalet 

Drepanornis Bruijnii Oustalet, 1880, Ann. Sci. Nat., (6) 9, art. 5, and Bull. Ass. 
Sci. de France, p. 172. — "Coast of Geelvink Bay between 136° 3' and 137°." 

Range. — From the east coast of Geelvink Bay (Waropen) and the Mamberano 
basin eastward to the Tami River, east of Humboldt Bay. 

Lowland forest, particularly near rivers and near the coast. 

Genus EPIMACHUS Cuvier 

Epimachus fastosus fastosus (Hermann) 
Promerops fastosus Hermann, 1783, Tab. Aff. Anim., p. 194 (based on Planch. 
Enlum., pis. 638-639). — New Guinea, restricted to the Arfak Mountains by Hartert, 
1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 33). 



PARADISAEIDAE 171 

Falcincllus striates or speciosus auctorum. 

Range.— Mountains of the Vogelkop (Arfak, Tamrau). 

Mountain forest from 1600 to 2400 m. 

Epimachus fastosus atratus (Rothschild and Hartert) 
Falcincllus striatus atratus Rothschild and Hartert, 1911, Novit. Zool., 18, 
p. 160.— Mt. Goliath, Dutch New Guinea. 

Range.— Wandammen (Mt Wondiwoi), Weyland, Nassau and Oranje Moun- 
tains. 

Epimachus fastosus stresemanni Hartert 

Epimachus fastosus stresemanni Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 34— Schra- 
derberg, Sepik Mountains. 
Range. — Schraderberg, Sepik Mountains. 

Epimachus meyeri meyeri Finsch 

Epimachus meyeri Finsch, 1885, Zeitschr. ges. Ornith., 2, p. 380. — Hufeisenge- 
birge, southeastern New Guinea. 

Epimachus maclcayanac Ramsay, 1887, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 12, 
p. 239. — Astrolabe Mountains. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea westward to Mt. Misim, Herzog 
Mountains. 

Mountain forest from 1700 m. to 2800 m. 

Epimachus meyeri albicans (van Oort) 

Falcincllus meyeri albicans van Oort, 1915, Zool. Mededeelingen, 1, p. 228. — 
Treub Mts. (2366 m.). 

Range. — Oranje and Weyland Mountains. 

Genus ASTRAPIA Vieillot 

Astrapia nigra 1 (Gmelin) 

Paradisea nigra Gmelin, 1788, Syst. Av., 1, pt. 1, p. 401. — New Guinea, restricted 
to the Arfak Mountains. 
Range. — Arfak Mountains. 
Mountain forest from 1700 m. to 2200 m. 

Astrapia splendidissima splendidissima Rothschild 

Astrapia splendidissima Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool., 2, p. 59, pi. 5.— "Prob- 
ably Charles-Louis Mts.," type came almost certainly from the Weyland Mts. 
Range. — Weyland Mountains. 

Astrapia splendidissima helios Mayr 

Astrapia splendidissima helios Mayr, 1936, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 869, p. 3 — 
Mount Goliath, Oranje Range, Dutch New Guinea. 

Range. — Oranje Mountains and (subsp.) Nassau Mountains. 



1 All the species of Astrapia form one superspecies. 



172 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Astrapia feminina Neumann 

Astrapia stephaniae feminina Neumann, 1922, Verh. Ornith. Ges. Bayern, 15, 
p. 236. — Schraderberg, Sepik Mts., 60 miles north of Hagen Mountains. 

Astrapia maycri Stonor, 1939 (Feb.), Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 59, p. 57.— "Eighty 
to a hundred miles west of Mt. Hagen." 

Taeniaparadisea macnicolli Kinghorn, 1939 (Dec.), Austr. Zoologist, 9, p. 295, 
pi. 25. — West and northwest of Mt. Hagen between longitude 143° 30' and 142° 
30' E. on both sides of the Strickland-Sepik Watershed. 

Range. — Mountains of central New Guinea in the Hagen-Sepik district. 

Mountain forest from 2400 m. to 3000 m. 

Astrapia stephaniae ducalis Mayr 
Astrapia stephaniae ducalis Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 711. — 
Dawong, Herzog Mts. 
Range. — Herzog Mountains. 

Astrapia stephaniae stephaniae (Finsch and Meyer) 
Astrarchia stephaniae Finsch and Meyer, 1885, Zeitschr. ges. Ornith., 2, p. 378. 
— Hufeisengebirge, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea (Owen Stanley Range, etc.). 
Mountain forest from 1600 m. to 2800 m. 

Astrapia rothschildi Foerster 

Astrapia rothschildi Foerster, 1906, Two New Birds of Paradise, p. 2. — Rawlin- 
son Mts., northeastern New Guinea. 

Astrapia alboundata Reichenow, 1918, Journ. f. Ornith., 66, p. 244. — "Probably 
the eastern part of Kaiser Wilhelmland" [= ?]. 

Range. — Mountains of the Huon Peninsula. 

Mountain forest from 1500 m. to 2200 m. 

Genus PAROTIA Vieillot 

Parotia sefilata 1 (Pennant) 

Paradisea sefilata Pennant, 1781, in Forster's Zool. Ind., Faunula Indica, p. 40. — 
New Guinea, restricted to the Arfak Mountains. 

Paradisea sexpennis Boddaert, 1783, Tabl. Planch. Enlum., p. 38. (Also based 
on Planch. Enlum., 633.) 

Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop (Arfak, Tamrau) and Wandammen Moun- 
tains. 

Mountain forest from 1200 m. to 1800 m. 

Parotia carolae carolae Meyer 
Parotia carolae A. B. Meyer, 1894, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 4, p. 6. — "Ambernoh 
River" (but apparently from the Weyland Mts.). 
Range. — Weyland Mountains. 

Parotia carolae meeki Rothschild 
Parotia carolae meeki Rothschild, 1910, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 27, p. 35. — 
Setekwa River, Dutch New Guinea. 
Range. — Nassau and Oranje Mountains. 



1 All the species of Parotia form one superspecies. 






PARADISAEIDAE 



173 



Parotia carolae chalcothorax Stresemann 
Parotia carolae chalcothorax Stresemann, 1934, Ornith. Monatsber., 42, p. 145. 
— Doormanpaad, upper Mamberano (Idenburg River). 
Range.— Known only from the type locality. 

Parotia carolae berlepschi Kleinschmidt 

Parotia berlepschi Kleinschmidt, 1897, Ornith. Monatsber., 5, p. 46.— New 
Guinea. 

Range. — Unknown. Possibly mountains on the lower Mamberano (van Rees 
Gebergte). 

Parotia carolae chrysenia Stresemann 
Parotia carolae chrysenia Stresemann, 1934, Ornith. Monatsber., 42, p. 147. — 
Lordberg, Sepik Mts. 
Range. — Sepik Mountains (Lordberg and Hunsteinspitze). 

Parotia lawesi fuscior Greenway 
Parotia laivcsi fuscior Greenway, 1934, Proc. New England Zool. Club, 14, 
p. 2. — Mt. Misim, Morobe district. 
Range. — Herzog Mountains. 

Parotia lawesi lawesi Ramsay 

Parotia lawesi Ramsay, 1885, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 10, p. 243. — 
Astrolabe Mountains. 

Range. — Southern slopes of mountains in southeastern New Guinea (Wharton 
Range, Owen Stanley Range, Mt. Suckling, Mt. Maneao, etc.). 

Mountain forest from 1000 m. to 1400 m. 

Parotia lawesi helenae De Vis 

Parotia helenae De Vis, 1891, p. 390. — Neneba, upper Mambare River, north of 
Mt. Scratchley. 

Range. — Northern slopes of mountains of southeastern New Guinea (Hydro- 
grapher Mountains, upper Mambare River (Neneba, Bihagi) and upper Waria 
River). 

Parotia wahnesi Rothschild 
Parotia wahnesi Rothschild, 1906, Two New Birds of Paradise, p. 2. — Rawlin- 
son Mts. 

Range. — Mountains of the Huon Peninsula. 
Mountain forest from 1200 m. to 1700 m. 

Genus LOPHORINA Vieillot 

Lophorina superba superba (Pennant) 

Paradisea superba Pennant, 1781, in Forster's Ind. Zool., Faunula Indica, p. 40 
(based on Daubenton, Planch. Enlum., 632). — New Guinea, restricted to the Arfak 
Mountains. 

Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop (Arfak, Tamrau). 

Mountain forest from 1000 m. to 1600 m. 



174 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Lophorina superba niedda Mayr 
Lophorina superba niedda Mayr, 1930, Ornith. Monatsber., 38, p. 179— Wondi- 
woi, Wandammen Mountains. 

Range. — Mt. Wondiwoi, Wandammen district. 

Lophorina superba feminina Ogilvie-Grant 

Lophorina superba feminina Ogilvie-Grant, 1915, Ibis, Jubilee Suppl., 2, p. 27. — 
Utakwa River, Nassau Range. 

Range. — Oranje, Nassau, Weyland Mountains and mountains on upper Mam- 
berano (Doormanpaad). 

Lophorina superba pseudoparotia Stresemann 
Lophorina superba pseudoparotia Stresemann, 1934, Ornith. Monatsber., 42, 
p. 144. — Hunsteinspitze, middle Sepik. 
Range. — Sepik Mountains. 

Lophorina superba latipennis Rothschild 
Lophorina minor latipennis Rothschild, 1907, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 19, p. 92. — 
Rawlinson Mountains. 
Range. — Mountains of the Huon Peninsula (Saruwaged, etc.). 

Lophorina superba connectens Mayr 
Lophorina superba connectens Mayr, 1930, Ornith. Monatsber., 38, p. 180. — Da- 
wong, Herzog Mountains. 
Range. — Herzog Mountains, Morobe district. 

Lophorina superba minor Ramsay 

Lophorina superba minor Ramsay, 1885, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 
10, p. 242. — Astrolabe Mountains. 

Lophorina superba lehunti Rothschild, 1932, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (10) 10, 
p. 126. — Mekeo, southeast New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of southeast New Guinea. 

Mountain forest from 1100 m. to 2000 m. 

Lophorina superba sphinx Neumann 

Lophorina superba sphinx Neumann, 1932, Ornith. Monatsber., 40, p. 121. — Type 
from an unknown locality. 

Range. — Unknown. Possibly the mountains at the extreme southeast of New 
Guinea. 

Genus CRASPEDOPHORA Gray 

Craspedophora magnifica magnifica (Vieillot) 

Falcinellus magnificus Vieillot, 1819, Nouv. Diet. d'Hist. Nat., nouv. ed., 28, 
p. 167. — "Nouvelle Guinie," restricted to Dorey, Vogelkop. 

Range. — From northwestern New Guinea eastward in the north to the Sepik 
River, in the south to the Fly River. 

Primeval forest up to 1400 m. 

Craspedophora magnifica intercedens (Sharpe) 
Ptilorhis intercedens Sharpe, 1882, Journ. Linn. Soc. London, Zool., 16, p. 444. — 
Milne Bay and East Cape, southeastern New Guinea. 



I'AKADISAEIDAE 



175 



Range— Eastern New Guinea, westward in the south to the Hall Sound, in the 
north to Astrolabe Bay. 

Genus SELEUCIDES Lesson 

Seleucides ignotus ignotus (Forster) 

Paradisea ignota Forster, 1781, Zool. Ind., pp. 31 and 36, No. 6 (ex Valentyn). 
— Xcw Guinea, restricted to the Vogelkop. 

Paradisea mekmoUuca Daudin, 1800, Traite d'Ornith., 2, p. 278.— "Waigiou," 
in error for Salawati or the Vogelkop. 

Range. — Salawati and all of New Guinea, except the north coast. 

Lowland forest, particularly near the coast, near lakes and rivers, and most 
frequent in sago swamps. 

Seleucides ignotus auripennis Schliiter 

Seleucides ignotus auripennis Schluter, 1911, Falco, 7, p. 2. — Dallmannshafen, 
German New Guinea. 

Range. — Northern New Guinea from the Mamberano River to Astrolabe Bay 
and the Ramu River. 

Genus DIPHYLLODES Lesson 

Diphyllodes magnificus magnificus (Pennant) 

Paradisea tnagnifica Pennant, 1781, in Forster's Zool. Ind., Faun. Ind., p. 40 
(based on Planch. Enlum., 631). — New Guinea, restricted to the Arfak Mountains. 

Diphyllodes rothschildi Ogilvie-Grant, 1915, Ibis, Jubilee Suppl., 2, p. 24. — 
Salawati Island. 

Range. — Misol, Salawati, Vogelkop, Wandammen district and Onin Peninsula. 

Hill forest from the foot of the mountains to 1200 m. ; absent from the flat 
country. 

Diphyllodes magnificus intermedius Hartert 
Diphyllodes magnificus intermedins Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 36. — Snow 
Mountains (= upper Setekwa River). 
Range. — Southern slopes of the Nassau and (subsp.) Oranje Mountains. 

Diphyllodes magnificus chrysopterus Elliot 

Diphyllodes speciosus var. chrysopterus Elliot, 1873, Monogr. Birds Parad., p. 
13. — "Jobi Island." 

Diphyllodes jobiensis Meyer, 1885, Zeitschr. ges. Ornith., 2, p. 388.— Jobi Island. 

Range. — Japen and northern New Guinea between the head of Geelvink Bay 
( Weyland Mts.) and the Sepik valley, probably as far as Astrolabe Bay and upper 
Ramu. 

Diphyllodes magnificus hunsteini Meyer 

Diphyllodes Hunsteini A. B. Meyer, 1885, Zeitschr. ges. Ornith., 2, p. 389, pi. 
21 . — Huf eisengebirge. 

Diphyllodes chrysoptera scptcntrionalis A. B. Meyer, 1892, Journ. f. Ornith., 
40, p. 261.— Bubui River, Huon Gulf. 

Diphyllodes xanthoptera Salvadori, 1896, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, (2) 16, p. 
111. — Moroka, southeast New Guinea. 



176 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Range. — Eastern New Guinea, westward in the north to the Huon Peninsula 
(Sattelberg, etc.), in the south at least to the mountains back of Hall Sound. 
Mountain forest from 600 m. to 1300 m. 

Diphyllodes respublica 1 (Bonaparte) 

Loph[orina] respublica Bonaparte, 1850 (Feb.), Compt. Rend. Acad. Sci. Paris, 
30, p. 131. — "New Guinea" = Waigeu. 

Paradisea wilsoni Cassin, 1850 (August), Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 
p. 57. — Based on the same specimen (see Sclater, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1857, 
P. 6). 

Range. — Batanta and Waigeu. 

Hill forest. 

Genus CICINNURUS Vieillot 

Cicinnurus regius regius (Linnaeus) 
Paradisea regia Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat., 10th ed., p. 110. — "East Indies" — 
Aru Islands (Berlepsch, 1911). 
Range. — Aru Islands. 

Cicinnurus regius rex (Scopoli) 

Paradisaea Rex Scopoli, Del Faun, et Flor. Insubr., pt. 2, p. 88 (based on 
Sonnerat, 1776, Voy. Nouv. Guinee, p. 156, pi. 95). — "New Guinea" = Sorong dis- 
trict, Vogelkop. 

Cicinnurus spintumix Lesson, 1835, Hist. Nat. Ois. Parad., p. 182, pis. 16, 17, 
18 (Syn., p. 14). — Dorei = Manokwari, Vogelkop. 

Cicinnurus regius claudii Ogilvie-Grant, 1915, Ibis, Jubilee Suppl., 2, p. 16. — 
Mimika River, southwestern New Guinea. 

Range. — Misol, Salawati, Batanta and all New Guinea, except the north between 
the head of Geelvink Bay and the Huon Gulf. 

Lowland forest up to 600 m. 

Cicinnurus regius gymnorhynchus Stresemann 
Cicinnurus regius gymnorhynchus Stresemann, 1922, Journ. f. Ornith., 70, p. 
405. — Heldsbachkiiste near Finschhafen. 

Range. — Northwestern coast of Huon Gulf. 

Cicinnurus regius similis Stresemann 

Cicinnurus regius similis Stresemann, 1922, Journ. f. Ornith., 70, p. 405. — 
Stephansort, Astrolabe Bay. 

Range. — From the Astrolabe Bay and the upper Ramu westward at least to the 
Humboldt Bay and the upper Mamberano basin (Idenburg River). 

Cicinnurus regius cryptorhynchus Stresemann 

Cicinnurus regius cryptorhynchus Stresemann, 1922, Journ. f. Ornith., 70, p. 
405. — Taua, lower Mamberano River. 

Range. — Eastern coast of Geelvink Bay and northern New Guinea near the 
mouth of the Mamberano River. 



1 Schlegelia respublica auctorum. 



PARADISAEIDAK 177 

Cicinnurus regius coccineifrons Rothschild 
Cicinnurus rcgius coccineifrons Rothschild. 1896, Novit. Zool., 3, p. 10.— Jobi. 
Range. — Japcn Island. 

Gems PARADISAEA Linnaeus 

Paradisaea apoda ! apoda Linnaeus 
Paradisaea apoda Linnaeus. 1758, Syst. Nat., 10th ed., 1, p. 110.— "India" = 
Aru Islands. 

Range. — Aru Islands. 

Paradisaea apoda novaeguineae D'Albertis and Salvadori 
Paradisca apoda Linnaeus, var. novae guincac D'Albertis and Salvadori, 1879, 

Ann. Mus. Civ. Geneva. 14, p. 96.— Middle Fly River (150-450 miles upstream). 
Range.— South New Guinea from the Mimika River eastward to a line along 

the Dutch-Papuan border from the coast to the middle Digul and Fly Rivers, 

where it hybridizes ("luptoni") with salvadorii. 

Paradisaea apoda salvadorii Mayr and Rand 

Paradisaea apoda salvadorii Mayr and Rand, 1935, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 814, 
p. 11. — Yanumai, Centr. Div. Papua, southeast New Guinea. 

Range.— From the Oriomo River and the Fly River in the west eastward to the 
Port Moresby region and Cloudy Bay. 

Primeval forest, edge of forest and dense secondary growth from sea level to 
1300 m., rare in the flat country and most common between 500 m. and 1000 m. 

Paradisaea apoda raggiana Sclater 
Paradisea raggiana Sclater, 1873, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 559. — Orangerie 
Bay. 
Range. — Extreme southeastern New Guinea from Orangerie Bay to Milne Bay. 

Paradisaea apoda intermedia De Vis 

Paradisea intermedia De Vis, 1894, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1893-94, p. 
105. — Kumusi River. 

Paradisea raggiana sororia Menegaux, 1913, Rev. Franc. d'Ornith., 3, p. 50. — 
"New Guinea" [bought from the dealer Mantoul 

Range. — From Collingwood Bay (where the plumes are a little more reddish) 
to Holnicote Bay, Kumusi River, and the lower Mambare River. 

Paradisaea apoda granti North 

Paradisea granti North, 1906, Victorian Naturalist, 22, p. 156. — "German New 
Guinea?" 

Paradisea apoda subintermedia Rothschild, 1921, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 41, p. 
-38.— "Inland from Huon Gulf." 

Range. — Somewhere between the Mambare River and Salamoa, Huon Gulf, 
probably a changing population connecting intermedia with axigustaevictoriac. 

Paradisaea apoda augustaevictoriae Cabanis 
Paradisca Augustae Victoriae Cabanis. 1888, Journ. f. Ornith., 36, p. 119. — 
"Kaiser Wilhelm's Land," restricted to Finschhafen. 



1 The species rubra, apoda, decora and minor are geographical representatives. 



178 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Range. — The coast of the Huon Gulf and the Markham River valley up to the 
Uria River, a tributary of the upper Ramu, where it hybridizes ("mixta") with 
P. minor finschi. 

Paradisaea minor finschi Meyer 

Paradisca Finschi A. B. Meyer, 1885, Zeitschr. ges. Ornith., 2, p. 383. — Karau, 
between Aitape and the mouth of the Sepik. 

Range. — From the Finsch coast (Aitape district) and the Sepik basin east to 
Astrolabe Bay and the upper Ramu River (Karamari), where it begins to hybridize 
with P. apoda augustaevictoriae. 

Paradisaea minor jobiensis Rothschild 
Paradisea minor jobiensis Rothschild, 1897, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 6, p. 46. — 
Jobi Island. 
Range. — Japen Island. 

Paradisaea minor minor Shaw 

Paradisca minor Shaw, 1809, Gen. Zool., 7, pt. 2, p. 486. — "New Guinea," re- 
stricted to Dorey. 

Range. — Western New Guinea, along the north coast as far as Humboldt Bay, 
along the south coast to Etna Bay. 

Lowland and hill forest up to 1000 m. 

Paradisaea minor pulchra Mayr and de Schauensee 
Paradisaea minor pulchra Mayr and de Schauensee, 1939, Proc. Acad. Nat. 
Sci. Philadelphia, 91, p. 151.— Tip, Misol. 
Range. — Misol Island. 

Paradisaea decora Salvin and Godman 

Paradisea decora Salvin and Godman, 1883 (January), Ibis, p. 131. — Fergusson 
Island. 

Paradisea susannae Ramsay, 1883 (June), Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 
8, p. 21. — D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago. 

Range. — Fergusson and Normanby Islands, D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago. 

Paradisaea rubra Daudin 
Paradisea rubra Daudin, 1800, Traite d'Ornith., 2, p. 271. — "New Guinea," in 
error for Waigeu. 

Range. — Waigeu, Batanta and ? Ghemien (fide Bernstein). 
Lowland forest. 

Paradisaea guilielmi Cabanis 
Paradisea Guilielmi Cabanis, 1888, Journ. f. Ornith., 36, p. 119. — "Kaiser Wil- 
helm's Land," restricted to the Sattelberg. 
Range. — Mountains of the Huon Peninsula. 
Hill forest from 1000 m. to 1700 m. 

Paradisaea rudolphi rudolphi (Finsch) 
Paradisornis Rudolphi Finsch, 1885, Zeitschr. ges. Ornith., 2, p. 385, pi. 20. — 
Southeast New Guinea. 
Paradisornis rudolphi hunti Le Souef, 1907, Emu, 6, p. 119. — Brit. New Guinea. 



PARADISAKIDAE 179 

Ranch— Mountains of southeast New Guinea (Wharton Range, Owen Stanley 
Range), westward in the north as far as the Mamhare River. 

Paradisaea rudolphi ampla Greenway 

Paradisea rudolphi ampin Green way, 1934, Proc. New England Zool. Club, 14, 
p. 1. — Mt. Misiin. Morohe district. 

RANGE. — From the Herzog Mountains westward to (subsp.) the Kraetke Moun- 
tains. 

Mountain forest from 1400 m. to 1900 m. 

Genus PTERIDOPHORA Meyer 

Pteridophora alberti alberti Meyer 

Pteridophora alberti A. B. Mkver, 1894, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 4, p. 11.— "Moun- 
tains on the Ambernofa River," type came apparently from the Weyland Mts. 

Range. — Weyland Mountains and (?) mountains on the lower Mamberano River 
(van Rees Mountains). 

Mountain forest from 1500 m. to 2000 m. 

Pteridophora alberti biirgersi Rothschild 

Pteridophora alberti biirgersi Rothschild, 1931, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 253— Schra- 
derberg, Sepik Mountains. 

Range. — Ranges of central New Guinea, in the north from the Sepik Mountains 
(Schraderberg) east to the Kraetke Mountains, and in the south (subsp.) in the 
Oranje Mountains (Treubbivak, Mount Goliath). 

Genus LORIA Salvadori 

Loria loriae inexpectata Junge 
Loria loriae inexpectata Junge, 1939, Nova Guinea, (N.S.) 3, p. 77. — Bijenkorf, 
Oranje Mountains. 

Range. — Oranje Mountains. 

Loria loriae loriae Salvadori 

Loria loriae Salvadori, 1894 (May), Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, (2) 14, p. 151. — 
Moroka, Owen Stanley Range. 

Cncmophilus mariae De Vis, 1894 (late), Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1893-94, 
p. 104. — Mt. Maneao, southeast New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of southeast New Guinea, Herzog Mountains, Nassau Range 
and Weyland Mountains. 

Mountain forest from 1400 m. to 2400 m. 

Loria loriae amethystina Stresemann 
Loria loria amethystina Stresemann, 1934, Ornith. Monatsber., 42, p. 144. — 
Schraderberg, Sepik Mountains. 
Range. — Schraderberg, Sepik Mountains. 

Genus LOBOPARADISEA Rothschild 

Loboparadisea sericea sericea Rothschild 
Loboparadisca sericea Rothschild, 1896, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 6, p. 16.— "Dutch 
New Guinea." The type was bought at Kurudu Island and had undoubtedly come 
from the Weyland Mts. 



180 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Range. — Weyland, Nassau (Utakwa River), and Oranje (Mount Goliath) Moun- 
tains. 



Loboparadisea sericea aurora Mayr 
Loboparadisea sericea aurora Mayr, 1930, Ornith. Monatsber., 38, p. 147. — Da- 



wong, Herzog Mountains. 
Range. — Herzog Mountains, Morobe district. 
Mountain forest from 1300 m. to 1900 m. 



Hybrid Birds of Paradise 
(a) Intergeneric Hybrids 

Astrapia nigra X Epimachus fastosus = la 1 and lb. 
Cicinnurus regius X Diphyllodes magnificus = 12a, 12b, 13. 
Craspedophora magnifica X Lophorina superba = 7. 
" " X Seleucides ignotus = 8. 

X Paradisaea (minor 2 ) = 10. 
Diphyllodes magnificus X Lophorina superba = 6. 
X Paradisaea minor = 11. 
" X Cicinnurus regius = 12a, 12b, 13. 

Drepanornis. No hybrids known. 
Epimachus fastosus X Astrapia nigra = la and lb. 
" X Paradigalla carunculata = 2. 
Loboparadisea. No hybrids known. 
Lophorina superba X Parotia sefilata = 4. 

" X Paradigalla carunculata — 5. 
" X Diphyllodes magnificus = 6. 
" X Craspedophora magnifica = 7. 
Loria. No hybrids known. 
Macgregoria. No hybrids known. 
Manucodia. No hybrids known. 
Paradigalla carunculata X Epimachus fastosus = 2. 

X Parotia sefilata = 3. 
Paradisaea (minor) X Seleucides ignotus = 9. 

" X Craspedophora magnifica = 10. 
minor X Diphyllodes magnificus = 11. 
Parotia sefilata X Paradigalla carunculata = 3. 

" X Lophorina superba = 4. 
Phony gammus. No hybrids known. 
Pteridophora. No hybrids known. 
Seleucides ignotus X Craspedophora magnifica = 8. 
" X Paradisaea (minor) = 9. 



1 Figures refer to the subsequent list of names given to such hybrids. 

2 It is not always known which species of the genus is the parent of the hybrid. 
I have listed the most probable one. For further details see Stresemann, 1930, 
Novit. Zool., 36, pp. 6-15. 



PARADISAEIDAE 



181 



(1)) Intkagene&ic Hybrids 

Paradisaca apoda augustaevictoriae X P. guUelmii = 14. 
Paradisaea minor fmschi X P. guilelmU = 15. 

Paradisaea minor fmschi X P. apoda augustaevictoriae = 16. 

Paradisaca apoda HOVOegumeae X P. a. salivdorii = 17. 




Diagram of the known intergeneric Paradisaeidae hybrids. 

A = Paradigalla, B = Epimachus, C = Astrapia, D = Parotia, E = Lophorina, 
F = Craspcdophora, G = Selcucidcs, H = Diphyllodcs, I = Cicinnurus, K ^ Para- 
disaca. The numbers refer to species names of the subsequent list of hybrids. 

A. — Intergeneric Hybrids 

1. — Astrapimachus ellioti (Ward) 

a. Epiwachus ellioti Ward, 1873, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 742. (Fig. Sharpe, 
Parad., 1, pi. 16.) 

b. Epimachus astrapioides Rothschild, 1897, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 7, p. 22. — 
Dutch New Guinea. 



2. — Pseudastrapia lobata Rothschild 

Pscudastrapia lobata Rothschild, 1907, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 21, p. 25.— Dutch 
New Guinea. 

3. — Loborhamphus ptilorhis Sharpe 

Loborhamphus ptilorhis Sharpe, 1908, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 21, p. 67.— Dutch 
New Guinea. 



182 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

4. — Parotia duivenbodei Rothschild 
Parotia duivenbodei Rothschild, 1900, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 10, p. 100. (Fig. 
Ibis, 1911, pi. 5.)— Dutch New Guinea. 

5. — Loborhamphus nobilis Rothschild 
Loborhamphus nobilis Rothschild, 1901, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 12, p. 34. — Dutch 
New Guinea. 

6. — Lamprothorax wilhelminae Meyer 
Lamprothorax wilhelminae Meyer, 1894, Abh. Ber. Zool. Mus. Dresden, 5, No. 
2, p. 3. — Arfak Mountains. 

7. — Paryphephorus duivenbodei (Meyer) 
Craspedophora duivenbodei Meyer, 1890, Ibis, p. 449, pi. 12. — Mountains of 
northwest New Guinea. (See also Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 15 (1904), p. 7.) 

8. — Heteroptilorhis mantoui (Oustalet) 

a. Craspedophora Mantoui Oustalet, 1891 (Nov.), Naturaliste, 13, p. 260, and 
1892, Nouv. Arch. Mus. Paris, (3) 4, p. 218, pi. 15.— "Northwest New Guinea." 

b. Craspedophora Bruyni Buttikofer, 1895, Notes Leyden Mus., 16, p. 161. — 
Arfak Mountains. 

9. — Janthothorax mirabilis (Reichenow) 
Paradisea mirabilis Reichenow, 1901, Ornith. Monatsber., 9, p. 185. (Fig. 
Journ. f. Ornith., 1902, pi. 1.) — Madang, Astrolabe Bay. 

10. — Janthothorax bensbachi Buttikofer 
Janthothorax Bensbachi Buttikofer, 1895, Notes Leyden Mus., 16, p. 163. — 
Arfak Mountains. 

11. — Neoparadisea ruysi van Oort 
Neoparadisea ruysi van Oort, 1906, Notes Leyden Mus., 28, p. 129. — Near 
Warsembo, west coast of Geelvink Bay. 

12. — Cicinnurus lyrogyrus Currie 

a. Cicinnurus lyrogyrus Currie, 1900, Proc. U. S. Nat. Mus., 22, p. 497.— New 
Guinea. 

b. Cicinnurus goodfellowi Ogilvie-Grant, 1902, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 19, p. 39. 
— Cyclops Mountains. 

13. — Rhipidornis gulielmitertii (Meyer) 
Diphyllodes gulielmitertii A. B. Meyer, 1875, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 31. 
(Fig. Sharpe, Parad., 1, pi. 32.)— "Waigeu" (error!). 

B. — Intrageneric Hybrids 

14. — Paradisaea maria Reichenow 
Paradisea maria Reichenow, 1894, Ornith. Monatsber., 2, p. 22.— Finisterre 
Mountains, 1500 feet. (Fig. Journ. f. Ornith., 1897, pi. 5.) 

15. — Paradisaea duivenbodei Menegaux 
Paradisea duivenbodei Menegaux, 1913, Rev. Franc. d'Ornith., 5, p. 49.— Near 
Jaur, Geelvink Bay (error!), probably back of Astrolabe Bay. 



PTILONORHYNCHIDAE 



183 



16. — Paradisaea mixta Rothschild 
Parodist* mixta ROTHSCHILD, 1921. Hull. Brit. Orn. Club, 41, p. 127.— Unknown, 
probably upper Ramu. 

17. — Paradisaea apoda luptoni Lowe 
Paradisea apoda luptoni Lowe, 1923, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club. 43, p. 110.— Merauke 
district. 

Family PTILONORHYNCHIDAE 
Bovver Birds 

Genus CNEMOPHILUS De Vis 

Cnemophilus macgregorii De Vis 

Cnemophilus macgregorii De Vis, 1890 (Feb. 22), Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 
1888-89. p. 62.— Mt. Knutsford, Owen Stanley Range. 

Xontkomelus macgregori Goodwin, 1890 (April), Ibis, p. 153.— Mt. Musgrave, 
Owen Stanley Range. 

Range. — Known only from the mountains of southeastern New Guinea from 
Mt. Knutsford west to the Wharton Range. 

Mountain forest from 2400 m. to 2900 m. 

Genus ARCHBOLDIA * Rand 

Archboldia papuensis Rand 

Archboldia papuensis Rand, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1072, p. 9.— Bele 
River (2200 m.), 18 km. north of Lake Habbema. 

Range. — Known only from the area between Mt. Wilhelmina, Oranje Mountains, 
and the Idenburg River. 

intain forest from 2100 m. to 2800 m. 

Genus AMBLYORNIS Elliot 

Amblyornis inornatus (Schlegel) 

Ptilorhynchus inornatus Schlegel, 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 4 (1873), p. 51. — 
Arfak Mountains, northwestern New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop (Arfak, Tamrau) and Wandammen Moun- 
tains. 

Mountain forest from 1200 m. to 1800 m. 

i 

Amblyornis macgregoriae mayri Hartert 

Aviblyornis inornatus mayri Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 30. — "Probably 
Karon, northern Vogelkop," error for: Weyland Mts. (restricted type locality). 

Amblyornis inornatus lonyicristatus Mavr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, 
p. 649. — Mt. Goliath, Oranje Range. 

Ra.v.e.— Weyland, Tabi, Nassau and Oranje Mountains. 



1 Amer. Mus. Novit.. No. 1072, p. 9. 



184 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Amblyornis macgregoriae macgregoriae De Vis 

Amblyornis macgregoriae De Vis, 1890 (Feb. 22), Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 
1888-89, p. 61.— Musgrave Range. 

Amblyornis musgravii Goodwin, 1890 (April 1st), Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1889, 
p. 451. — Mt. Belford, Musgrave Range. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 

Mountain forest from 1200 m. to 2800 m. 

Amblyornis macgregoriae aedificans Mayr 
Amblyornis inornatus aedificans Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 648. 
— Dawong, Herzog Mountains. 

Range. — Herzog Mountains, mountains on upper Waria River (Mt. Bachelor) 
and (subsp.) mountains on Sepik River. 

Amblyornis macgregoriae germanus Rothschild 
Amblyornis subalaris germanus Rothschild, 1910, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 27, p. 
13. — Rawlinson Mts. 
Range. — Mountains of the Huon Peninsula (Saruwaged Range). 

Amblyornis subalaris Sharpe 
Amblyornis subalaris Sharpe, 1884, Journ. Linn. Soc. London, Zool., 17, p. 408. — 
Mts. Brit. New Guinea. 
Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 
Hill forest from 700 m. to 1100 m. 

Amblyornis flavifrons Rothschild 
Amblyornis flavifrons Rothschild, 1895, Novit. Zool., 2, p. 480. (Fig. Novit. 
Zool., 3, pi. 1, figs. 3 and 4.) — "Dutch New Guinea." 

Range. — Unknown, but probably somewhere in Dutch New Guinea. 

Genus XANTHOMELUS Bonaparte 

Xanthomelus aureus aureus (Linne) 

Coracias aurea Linne, 1758, Syst. Nat., 10th ed., p. 108. — "Asia," error for: 
Vogelkop, northwestern New Guinea (restricted type locality). 

Range. — Northwestern New Guinea (Vogelkop, Wandammen, Onin Peninsula 
(Fak-fak), and head of Geelvink Bay (Gebroeders Mountains)). 

Hill forest from the foot of the hills up to 1400 m. 

Xanthomelus aureus ardens D'Albertis and Salvadori 
Xanthomelus ardens D'Albertis and Salvadori, 1879, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 

14, p. 113. — Upper Fly River. 
Range. — Southern New Guinea from the Wataikwa River eastward to the upper 

Fly River. 

Xanthomelus (aureus) bakeri Chapin 
Xanthomelus bakeri Chapin, 1929, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 367, p. 1. — Madang, 
Astrolabe Bay, northern New Guinea. 
Range. — Hinterland of Madang, Astrolabe Bay. 



PTILONORHYNCHIDAE 185 

Genus CHLAMYDERA Gould 

Chlamydera cerviniventris Gould 

Chlamydia cerviniventris Gould, 1850, Jardine's Contr. Ornith., p. (160=) 106 
(Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1850, p. 201).— Cape York, N. Queensland. 

Chlamydera recondite A. B. Meyer, 1895, Abh. Ber. Zool. Mus. Dresden, 5, No. 
10, p. 2. — Based on an uncertain egg from Konstantinhafen, Astrolabe Bay. 

Alphachlamydera cerviniventris nova Mathews, 1915, Austr. Av. Record, 2, p. 
132. — New Guinea. 

Range. — Cape York Peninsula, islands of Torres Straits and eastern New Guinea 
westward in the south to the Oriomo River, in the north as far as Humboldt Bay 
and the Sentani Lake. Supposedly also Sudest Island (see De Vis, 1892, Ann. 
Queensland Museum, No. 2, p. 9). 

Grasslands up to 500 m., occasionally up to 1400 m. 

Chlamydera lauterbachi lauterbachi Reichenow 

Chlamydodera lauterbachi Reichenow, 1897, Ornith. Monatsber., 5, p. 24. — Jagei 
River, upper Ramu, German New Guinea. 

Range. — Valleys of the Ramu and Sepik, northern New Guinea. 
Forest in the valleys of big lowland rivers. 

Chlamydera lauterbachi uniformis Rothschild 

Chlamydera lauterbachi uniformis Rothschild, 1931, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 250. — 
Siriwo River, head of Geelvink Bay. 

Range. — Siriwo River, and south New Guinea from the Kamura River east- 
ward, probably as far as the Digul River (doubtfully distinct from lauterbachi) . 

Genus AILUROEDUS l Cabanis 

Ailuroedus crassirostris melanotis (Gray) 

Ptilonorhynchus melanotis G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 181. — 
Aru Islands. 

Range. — Aru Islands and southern New Guinea (Oriomo and Fly Rivers). 
Lowland forest. 

Ailuroedus crassirostris facialis Mayr 

Ailuroedus crassirostris facialis Mayr, 1936, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 869, p. 4. — 
Snow Mts. (Utakwa River), Dutch New Guinea. 

Range. — Nassau and Oranje Mountains, Dutch New Guinea. 

Ailuroedus crassirostris melanocephalus Ramsay 

Aclurocdus melanocephalus Ramsay, 1882, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 
8, p. 25. — Astrolabe Mts., southeast New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea, westward in the south to the 
Angabunga River, in the north to Mt. Misim (Morobe district). 

Mountain forest from 800 m. to 1400 m. 



It is doubtful whether this genus really belongs to the Ptilonorhynchidae. 



186 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Ailuroedus crassirostris astigmaticus Mayr 

Ailuroedus melanotis astigmaticus Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 
647. — Ogeramnang, northeast New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of the Huon Peninsula from 1400 m. to 1800 m. 

Ailuroedus crassirostris guttaticollis Stresemann 

Ailuroedus melanotis guttaticollis Stresemann, 1922, Ornith. Monatsber., 30, 
p. 35. — Hunsteinspitze, Sepik Mountains. 
Range. — Known only from the type locality. 

Ailuroedus crassirostris jobiensis Rothschild 

Aeluroedus jobiensis Rothschild, 1895, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 4, p. 26. — "J°bi 
Islands," probably in error for Weyland Mts. 

Range. — Type came with other trade skins of that period, which were also 
labelled Jobi, but are now known to have been collected in the Weyland Mountains 
(as for example Amblyornis macgregoriae mayri). 

Ailuroedus crassirostris arfakianus Meyer 

Ailuroedus arfakianus A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 69, 
p. 82. — Arfak Mountains. 
Range. — Arfak Mts. 
Mountain forest from 800 m. to 1400 m. 

Ailuroedus crassirostris misoliensis Mayr and de Schauensee 

Ailuroedus crassirostris misoliensis Mayr and de Schauensee, 1939, Proc. Acad. 
Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 91, p. 152.— Tip, Misol. 
Range. — Misol Island. 
Lowland forest. 

Ailuroedus buccoides oorti Rothschild and Hartert 

Ailuroedus buccoides oorti Rothschild and Hartert, 1913, Novit. Zool., 20, 
p. 526. — W'aigeu. 

Range. — Waigeu, Batanta, Salawati, Vogelkop, and coast of Geelvink Bay to 
the Siriwo River. 

Lowland forest, up to 700 m. 

Ailuroedus buccoides buccoides (Temminck) 

Kitta buccoides Temminck, 1835, Planch. Col. d'Ois., pi. 575 (97 e livr.). — Lobo, 
Triton Bay. 
Range. — South New Guinea from Triton Bay eastward to the Eilanden River. 

Ailuroedus buccoides stonii Sharpe 

Aeluraedus stonii Sharpe, 1876, Nature, p. 339. — Laloki River, southeast New 
Guinea. 

Aeluroedus sidicaudalis De Vis, 1897, Ibis, p. 390. — Mt. Scratchley, Brit. New 
Guinea. 

Range. — South coast of southeast New Guinea from Hall Sound to the Port 
Moresby district. 






NE0SITT1DAE 187 

Ailuroedus buccoides geislerorum Meyer 

Aehtroedus geislerorum A. B. Meyer, 1891, Abh. Ber. Zool. Mus. Dresden, 3 
(1890-91), No. 4, p. 12.— Astrolabe Bay (restr. type locality, Novit. Zool., 35, p. 
59) and northern coast of Huon Gulf (Lolebu and Bussum). 

Ailuroedus buccoides moUstus Rothschild and Hartert, 1929, Novit. Zool., 35, 
p. 59. — Haidana, Collingwood Bay. 

Range. — Japen Island and northern New Guinea from the Mamberano River to 
Collingwood Bay. 

Family NEOSITTIDAE 
Australian Nuthatches 

Genus DAPHOENOSITTA De Vis 

Daphoenositta miranda miranda De Vis 
Daphoenositta miranda De Vis, 1897, Ibis, p. 380.— Mt. Scratchley. 
Range. — Mountains of southeast New Guinea (Mt. Tafa and Mt. Scratchley). 
Mountain forest from 2000 m. to 2400 m., occasionally up to 3700 m. 

Daphoenositta miranda frontalis van Oort 
Daphoenositta miranda frontalis van Oort, 1910, Notes Leyden Mus., 32, p. 214. 
— Hellwig Mts. (2600 m.). 

Range. — Oranje Range, Dutch New Guinea. 

Genus NEOSITTA Hellmayr 

Neositta papuensis papuensis (Schlegel) 
Sitta papuensis Schlegel, 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 4 (1873), p. 47.— Arfak 
Mountains. 

Range. — Arfak Mountains. 

Mountain forest and high trees on edge of forest from 1500 m. to 2200 m. 

Neositta papuensis alba Rand 

Xeositta papuensis alba Rand, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1072, p. 10. — 15 km. 
southwest of Bernhard Camp, Idenburg River. 

Range. — Northern slopes of central range south of the Idenburg River (1800m.). 

Neositta papuensis toxopeusi Rand 

Xeositta papuensis toxopeusi Rand, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1072, p. 11. — 
Bele River (2200 m.), 18 km. north of Lake Habbema. 

Range.— Northern slopes of the Oranje Mountains and (subsp.?) Nassau Moun- 
tains (Utakwa River). 

Mountain forest from 1800 m. to 2700 m. 

Neositta papuensis albifrons (Ramsay) 

Sittella albifrons Ramsay, 1883, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 8, p. 24. — 
Astrolabe Mountains. 

Sittella griseiceps De Vis, 1894, Ann. Report Brit. New Guinea, 1893-94, p. 102. 
— Mt. Maneao. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 



188 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Family CERTHIIDAE 

Tree Creepers 

Genus CLIMACTERIS Temminck 

Climacteris placens placens Sclater 

Climacteris placens Sclater, 1874, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1873, p. 693. — Hatam, 
Arfak Mountains. 
Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop (Arfak, Tamrau). 
Mountain forest from 1500 m. to 1800 m. 

Climacteris placens steini Mayr 

Climacteris placens steini Mayr, 1936, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 869, p. 5. — Mt. 
Sumuri, Weyland Mts. 
Range. — Weyland Mountains from 1500 m. to 2300 m. 

Climacteris placens inexpectata Rand 

Climacteris placens inexpectata Rand, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1072, p. 
11. — 9 km. northeast of Lake Habbema at 2800 m. 
Range. — Northern slopes of Oranje Mountains (Mt. Wilhelmina). 

Climacteris placens meridionalis Hartert 

Climacteris placens meridionalis Hartert, 1907, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 21, p. 27. — 
Owgarra, Angabunga River, Brit. New Guinea. 

Climacteris placens stevensi Greenway, 1934, Proc. New Eng. Zool. Club, 14, 
p. 2. — Mt. Misim, Morobe district, N.E. New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of southeast New Guinea and Herzog Mountains. 

Family NECTARINIIDAE 

SUNBIRDS 

Genus CINNYRIS Cuvier 

Cinnyris sericea cochrani Stresemann and Paludan x 

Cinnyris sericeus cochrani Stresemann and Paludan, 1932 (January), Ornith. 
Monatsber., 40, p. 15. — Waigeu. 

Cinnyris sericea olympia Stresemann and Paludan, 1932 (December), Novit. 
Zool., 38, p. 150.— Misol. 

Range. — Waigeu, Misol, Kofiau (subsp.) and Salawati (subsp.). 

Cinnyris sericea chlorocephala Salvadori 

Chalcostetha chlorocephala Salvadori, 1874, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 6, p. 78. — 
Wokan, Aru Islands. 

Range. — Aru Islands (doubtfully distinct from sericea). 



1 Bernstein's record of C. s. aiiriccps (Gray) from Gebe requires confirmation. 



NECTARINIIDAE 



189 






Cinnyris sericea sericea Lesson 

Cinnyris sericeus Lesson, 1827, Diet. Sci. Nat. (Levrault), 1, p. 21.— Dorey. 

Cinnyris aspasia Lesson and Garnot, 1828 (June 21), Voy. Coquille, Zool., 
livr. 7, pL 30, fig. 4 (livr. 15, p. 676, 1830).— Dorey. 

Chalcostetha aspasia var. jobiensis A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. 
Wien, 70, p. 124.— Ansus, Jobi. 

Range.— Japen and Kurudu Islands in Geelvink Bay and all New Guinea, except 
the range of the next form; Karkar, Manam (slightly larger). 

Edge of lowland forest, second growth, gardens and plantations up to 250 m. 

Cinnyris sericea vicina Mayr 

Cinnyris sericea vicina Mayr, 1936, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 869, p. 5.— Simbang, 
Huon Gulf. 

Range. — North coast of southeast New Guinea from Finschhafen, Huon Gulf, 
to Collingwood Bay; Doini Island. 

Cinnyris sericea christianae Tristram 
Cinnyris christianae Tristram, 1889, Ibis, p. 555.— St. Aignan. 
Range.— Southeast Papuan Archipelago: Tagula (Sudest), Misima (St. Aignan), 

Dugumenu, Gawa, Amphlett group, Woodlark, Trobriand Islands, Dobu, Fergusson 

and Goodenough Islands. 

Cinnyris sericea cornelia (Salvadori) 

Hermotimia cornelia Salvadori, 1878, Atti R. Ac. Sci. Torino, 13, p. 319. — 
Tarawai Island. 

Range. — Known only from the type locality. 

Cinnyris sericea mysorensis (Meyer) 

Chalcostetha aspasia var. mysorensis A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. 
Wiss. Wien, 70, p. 124. — Misori. 

Range. — Biak Island, Geelvink Bay; Kumamba Islands (subsp.?) (see de Beau- 
fort, 1909, Nova Guinea, 5 (Zool.), p. 419). 

Cinnyris sericea maforensis (Meyer) 

Chalcostetha aspasia var. maforensis A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. 
Wiss. Wien, 70, p. 123.— Mafoor. 

Range. — Numfor Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Cinnyris sericea nigriscapularis (Salvadori) 

Hermotimia nigriscapularis Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 937. — 
Miosnom Island. 

Range. — Meos Num Island and Rani Island (8 miles south of Biak), Geelvink 
Bay. 

Cinnyris sericea salvadorii Shelley 

Cinnyris salvadorii Shelley, 1877, Monogr. Sunbirds, p. 105 (pi. 35, fig. 2). — 
"Ansus, Jobi." 

Range. — Probably small islands off the coast of western Japen Island or Meos 
War. Meyer and Doherty collected at Ansus only C. s. sericea. 



190 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Cinnyris jugularis frenata (Miiller) 

Nectarinia frenata S. Muller, 1843, Verh. Nat. Gesch., 1 (Land-en Volken- 
kunde), p. 173. — Lobo, Triton Bay. 

Range. — Sula Islands, northern Moluccas, western Papuan Islands, Aru Islands, 
islands of Geelvink Bay; western and northern New Guinea, eastward in the south 
to Etna Bay, in the north to Astrolabe Bay (except the upper Mamberano basin). 

Usually near the coast, occasionally inland and up to 500 m. ; second growth 
formations, native gardens, open country near human habitations. 

Cinnyris jugularis valia (Mathews) 

Cyrtostomus frenatus valia Mathews, 1929, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 50, p. 11. — 
New name for Cyrtostomus frenatus olivaceus Mathews (not Smith, 1839), 1926, 
Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 47, p. 68. — Goodenough Island. 

Range. — D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago; eastern and southern New Guinea, in 
the north to the Huon Peninsula, in the south to the Mimika River. 

Cinnyris jugularis idenburgi Rand 
Cinnyris jugularis idenburgi Rand, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1072, p. 12. — 
Bernhard Camp (50 m.), Idenburg River. 
Range. — Lowlands of upper Mamberano River. 

Family MELIPHAGIDAE 
Honey-eaters 

Genus TIMELIOPSIS Salvadori 

Timeliopsis griseigula griseigula (Schlegel) 

Euthyrhynchus griseigula Schlegel, 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 4 (1873), p. 
39. — Sorong (restr. type locality) and west coast of Geelvink Bay. 

Euthyrhynchus flavigula Schlegel, 1871, op. cit., p. 40. — Sorong and west coast 
of Geelvink Bay [immature plumage]. 

Range. — Vogelkop and northern New Guinea eastward to Humboldt Bay. 

Edge of lowland forest. 

Timeliopsis griseigula fulviventris (Ramsay) 

Plectorhyncha? fulviventris Ramsay, 1882, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 
6, p. 718. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Southeast New Guinea westward on the south coast to the Port 
Moresby district, on the north coast to the Kumusi River. 

Timeliopsis fulvigula fulvigula (Schlegel) 
Euthyrhynchus fulvigula Schlegel, 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 4 (1873), p. 
40. — Arfak Mountains. 
Range. — Arfak Mountains. 
Mountain forest and edge of mountain forest from 1400 m. to 1800 m. 

Timeliopsis fulvigula montana Mayr 
Timeliopsis fulvigula montana Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 659. — - 
Mt. Goliath, Oranje Range. 
Range. — Weyland and Oranje Mountains. 






MEUPHAGIDAE 1 ( ^1 

Timeliopsis fulvigula meyeri (Salvadori) 

Euthyrhynchus meyeri Salvadori, 1896, Ann. Mas. Civ. Genova, (2) 16 (=36), 
p. 97. — Moroka, southeast Now Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of southeast New Guinea, approaching the following form 
in the mountains at the head of the Mambare and Watut Rivers. 

Timeliopsis fulvigula fuscicapilla Mayr 
Timeliopsis fulvigula fuscicapilla Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 
658. — Junzaing, Huon Peninsula. 

Range. — Mountains of the Huon Peninsula. 

Genus GLYCICHAERA Salvadori 

Glycichaera fallax pallida Stresemann and Paludan 
Glycichacra fallax pallida Stresemann and Paludan, 1932, Ornith. Monatsber., 
40, p. 15. — Waigeu. 

Range. — Waigeu Island. 

Glycichaera fallax poliocephala Salvadori 

Glycichacra poliocephala Salvadori, 1878, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 12, p. 336. — 
Andai (restr. type locality) and Hatam, Vogelkop. 

Tcphras wkitei Ramsay, 1882, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 357. — Aru Islands. 

Range. — Aru Islands (subsp.), Misol, and northwestern New Guinea eastward 
to Onin Peninsula (Kapaur) and the head of Geelvink Bay (Lower Menoo River). 

Glycichaera fallax fallax Salvadori 

Glycichacra fallax Salvadori, 1878, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 12, p. 335. — Naiabui, 
Hall Sound (restr. tvpe locality by Mayr and Rand, 1936, Ornith. Monatsber., 44, 
p. 43). 

Sericomis sylvia Reichenow, 1899, Journ. f. Ornith., 47, p. 118. — Kaiser Wil- 
helmshafen (= Madang), Astrolabe Bay. 

Range. — Japen, and all New Guinea, except the range of the previous form. 

Edge of forest and secondary growth up to 1300 m. 

Genus OEDISTOMA Salvadori 

Oedistoma pygmaeum pygmaeum Salvadori 
Oedistoma pygmaeum Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 952. — Profi, 
Arfak Mountains. 

Range. — Misol, Waigeu, and all New Guinea. 

Lowland and particularly hill forest from sea level to 1250 m. 

Oedistoma pygmaeum meeki (Hartert) 
Anthrcptes meeki Hartert, 1896, Novit. Zool., 3, p. 239. — Fergusson Island. 
Range. — Fergusson and Goodenough, D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago. 

Genus MELITHREPTUS Yikillot 

Melithreptus lunatus albogularis Gould 
Melilhreptus albogularis Gould, 1848 (March 1st), Birds Austr., No. 30, and 
Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1847, p. 220. — Port Essington, Northern Territory. 



192 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Melithreptus hmatus yorki Mathews, 1912, Austr. Av. Record, 1, p. 98.— Cape 
York, North Queensland. 

Range. — Northwest Australia, Northern Territory, north Queensland, and south- 
ern New Guinea from the Oriomo River eastward to the Port Moresby district. 

Open country and secondary growth up to 450 m. 

Genus ENTOMYZON Swainson 

Entomyzon cyanotis harterti Robinson and Laverock 

Entomyza cyanotis harterti Robinson and Laverock, 1900, Ibis, p. 635. — Cook- 
town, Queensland. 

Entomiza cyanotis griseigularis van Oort, 1909, Nova Guinea (Zool.), 9, p. 97. 
— Merauke, south New Guinea. 

Entomyzon cyanotis hedleyi Mathews, 1912, Austr. Av. Record, 1, p. 101. — Cape 
York, Queensland. 

Range. — North Queensland and south New Guinea, from the Merauke district 
(Anai) in the west to the Wassi Kussa River (Tarara, Penzara) in the east. 

Open tree savanna near the coast. 

Genus RAMSAYORNIS Mathews 

Ramsayornis modestus (Gray) 

Glyciphila modesta G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 174. — Aru 
Islands. 

Range. — North Queensland, Aru Islands, Salawati, Batanta, Waigeu, Good- 
enough and Fergusson Islands, and most of New Guinea. — So far not yet recorded 
from northern New Guinea between Mamberano River and Milne Bay. 

Mangrove, coastal vegetation, and along big rivers; usually at sea level, along 
the Fly River 420 miles upstream. 

Genus CONOPOPHILA Reichenbach 

Conopophila albogularis mimikae Mathews 

Conopophila albogularis mimikae Mathews, 1924, Birds Austr., 11, p. 390. — 
Mimika River, southwest New Guinea. 

Range. — Aru Islands; south New Guinea from Triton Bay east to the Port 
Moresby district (Kemp Welch River) and north New Guinea (Sepik River). 

Mangrove and coastal vegetation. 

Genus MYZOMELA Vigors and Horsfield 

Myzomela 1 obscura fumata (Bonaparte) 

Ptilotis fumata Bonaparte, 1850, Consp. Gen. Av., 1, p. 392. — Utanata River, 
southwest New Guinea. 

Myzomela obscura meeki Rothschild and Hartert, 1907, Novit. Zool., 14, p. 
479.— "Upper" (= lower) Aroa River. 

Range. — Misol and south New Guinea from Seleh on the Vogelkop to the Kemp 
Welch River, east of Port Moresby. 

Edge of lowland forest up to 100 m. 



1 Myzomela rubrocucuUata Tristram, 1889, Ibis, p. 229. — "St. Aignan" is, un- 
doubtedly, a specimen with a wrong locality, and possibly a synonym of lifuensis. 



MELIPHAC.IDAE 



193 



Myzomela obscura aruensis Kinnear 
Myxomela obscura aruensis Kin near. 1024, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 44, p. 69.— 
Aru Islands. 
Range. — Aru Islands. 

Myzomela (obscura) rubrobrunnea Meyer 
Myzomela rubrobrunnea A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 70, 
p. 203. — Misori Island. 

Range. — Biak (= Misori) Island. 

Myzomela albigula albigula Hartert 
Myxomela albigula Hartert, 1898, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 8, p. 20.— Rossel Island. 
Range. — Rossel Island. 

Myzomela albigula pallidior Hartert 

Myxomela pallidior Hartert, 1898, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 8, p. 21.— St. Aignan 
(Misima) Island. 

Range.— Western Louisiades (Misima, Deboyne Islands, Conflict group and 
Bonvouloir Islands). 

Myzomela eques eques (Lesson) 
Citmyris eques Lesson, 1827, Bull. Sci. Nat. Ferussac, 11, p. 386.— Waigeu (re- 
stricted type locality) and Dorei. 

Range. — Misol, Salawati and Waigeu; Vogelkop and Onin Peninsula. 
Lowland forest and edge of forest up to 400 m., less common up to 1000 m. 

Myzomela eques nymanni Rothschild and Hartert 
Myxomela eques nymanni Rothschild and Hartert, 1903, Novit. Zool., 10, p. 

22.\ — Simbang, Huon Gulf. 

Range. — Eastern and southern New Guinea, westward on the south coast to the 

Mimika River, on the north coast to the Huon Gulf (Finschhafen). 

Myzomela eques primitiva Stresemann and Paludan 
Myzomela eques primitiva Stresemann and Paludan, 1932, Novit. Zool., 38, 

p. 143. — Gratlager, middle Sepik. 

Range. — North New Guinea, from the head of Geelvink Bay (Rubi) east to 

Astrolabe Bay. 

Myzomela erythrocephala erythrocephala Gould 

Myzomela erythrocephala Gould, 1840, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1839, p. 144. — 
Port Essington, Northern Territory. 

Range. — Northern Territory, north Queensland, islands of Torres Straits and 
southeast New Guinea (Hall Sound). 

Mangrove. 

Myzomela erythrocephala infuscata ' Forbes 
Myzomela infuscata Forbes, 1879, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 263. — Aru Islands. 
Range. — Aru Islands and south New Guinea between Triton Bay and the mouth 
of the Fly River; Daru Island. 



1 Glyciphila nisoria Salvadori, 1878, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 12, p. 335. — Lobo, 
Triton Bay, is possibly an older name for this form. (Type in Leyden Mus. 
examined. ) 



194 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Myzomela adolphinae Salvadori 

Myzomela adolphinae Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 946. — Arfak 
Mountains. 

Range. — Arfak, Saruwaged, Herzog Mountains and mountains of southeastern 
New Guinea. 

Mountain forest, edge of forest and tall trees in native gardens from 1200 m. to 
2000 m., occasionally down to 900 m. 

Myzomela sclateri Forbes 

Myzomela sclateri Forbes, 1879, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 265, pi. 25, fig. 2 — 
Palakiiru Island (= Credner Island) off New Britain. 

Range. — Small coral islets off the coast of New Britain and Dampier Island 
(Karkar). 

Myzomela cruentata cruentata Meyer 

Myzomela cruentata A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 70, p. 
202. — Arfak Mountains. 

Range. — Japen and all New Guinea. 

Hill forest from 600 m. to 1300 m., also edge of forest and secondary growth 
formations. 

Myzomela nigrita steini Stresemann and Paludan 
Myzomela nigrita steini Stresemann and Paludan, 1932, Ornith. Monatsber., 
40, p. 14. — Waigeu. 

Range. — Waigeu Island. 

Myzomela nigrita nigrita Gray 
Myzomela nigrita G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 173. — Aru 
Islands. 

Range. — Aru Islands and southern New Guinea between Fly and Eilanden Rivers. 
Lowland forest. 

Myzomela nigrita meyeri Salvadori 

Myzomela meyeri Salvadori, 1881, Ornit. Pap. Mol., 2, p. 292. — Rubi, Geelvink 
Bay (based on: Myzomela erxthrocephala, Meyer (nee Gould), 1874, Sitzungsber. 
Akad. Wiss. Wien, 70, p. 204). 

Range. — Japen, and all New Guinea, except part of the south coast. 

Edge of mountain forest and second growth from 600 m. to 1000 m., less common 
up to 1300 m. and down to sea level. 

Myzomela nigrita pluto Forbes 
Myzomela pluto Forbes (or Salvadori?), 1879, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 266. — 
Jobi and Miosnom (restricted type locality). 
Range. — Meos Num, Geelvink Bay. 

Myzomela nigrita louisiadensis Hartert 
Myzomela nigrita louisiadensis Hartert, 1898, Novit. Zool., 5, p. 527. — Sudest 
Island. 



MKLIPHAGIDAE 1 ( >^ 

Range.— Louisiade Archipelago (Woodlark, Misima and Tagula) (possibly not 
distinct from meyeri). 

Myzomela nigrita forbesi Ramsay 

Mycomela forbesi Ramsay, 1880, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 4 (1879), 
p. 469. — "Woodlark Island." error for Fergusson Island. 

Range. — D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago (Fergusson, Goodenough, and Dobu In- 
lands). 

Myzomela rosenbergii rosenbergii Schlegel 

Myzomela Rosenbergii Schlegel, 1871, Ned. Tijdschr. Dierk., 4 (1873), p. 38. — 
Arfak Mountains. 

Range.— High mountains of New Guinea (Arfak, Weyland, Nassau, Oranje, 
Sepik, Cyclops, Saruwaged, and southeast New Guinea mountains). 

Mountain forest, edge of forest and second growth from 1300 m. to 3680 m. 

Myzomela rosenbergii longirostris Mayr and Rand 

Myzomela rosenbergi longirostris Mayr and Rand, 1935, Amer. Mus. Novit., 
No. 814, p. 12. — Goodenough Island. 
Range. — Mountains of Goodenough Island, D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago. 

Genus TOXORHAMPHUS Stresemann 

Toxorhamphus novae-guineae novae-guineae (Lesson) 

Cinnyris Xoiwe-Guineae Lesson, 1827, Diet. Sci. Nat. (Levrault), 1, p. 22 (1828, 
Voy. Coquille, Zool., 1, p. 677). — Dorey. 

Melilestes chloreus Reichenow, 1915, Journ. f. Ornith., 63, p. 126. — Lordberg, 
middle Sepik. 

Range. — Misol, Salawati, Batanta, Waigeu, Japen; western New Guinea, east- 
ward on the north coast as far as Astrolabe Bay and upper Ramu, on the south 
coast as far as Etna Bay. 

Lowland and hill forest up to 1200 m. 

Toxorhamphus novae-guineae flaviventris (Rothschild and Hartert) 

Melilestes novae-guineae flaviventris Rothschild and Hartert, 1911, Bull. Brit. 
Orn. Club, 28, p. 44.— Aru Islands. 

Range. — Aru Islands and south New Guinea between the Utakwa River and the 
middle Fly River. 

Toxorhamphus iliolophus cinerascens Stresemann and Paludan 

Toxorhamphus iliolophus cinerascens Stresemann and Paludan, 1932, Novit. 
Zool., 38, p. 144.— Waigeu. 
Range.— Waigeu Island. 

Toxorhamphus iliolophus affinis (Salvadori) 

Melilestes affinis Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 952. — Arfak 
Mountains (restricted type locality) and Waigeu. 

Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop (Arfak, Tamrau). 






196 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Toxorhamphus iliolophus iliolophus (Salvadori) 

Melilestes iliolophus Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 951. — 
Miosnom and Jobi. 

Range. — Japen, Meos Num, and all northern and central New Guinea from 
Geelvink Bay to the Huon Peninsula, including Weyland, Nassau, Oranje and 
Sepik Mountains. 

Hill forest from 400 m. to 1400 m., occasionally in the lowlands. 

Toxorhamphus iliolophus flavus Mayr and Rand 

Toxorhamphus iliolophus flavus Mayr and Rand, 1935, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 
814, p. 13. — Wuroi, Oriomo River. 
Range. — South and southeastern New Guinea. 

Toxorhamphus iliolophus fergussonis (Hartert) 
Melilestes fergussonis Hartert, 1896, Novit. Zool., 3, p. 237. — Fergusson Island. 
Range. — D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago (Fergusson, Goodenough and Normanby 
Islands). 

Toxorhamphus poliopterus poliopterus (Sharpe) 
Melilestes polioptera Sharpe, 1882, Journ. Linn. Soc. London, Zool., 16, p. 318. — 
Astrolabe Mts, 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 
Hill forest from 400 m. to 1800 m. 

Toxorhamphus poliopterus septentrionalis Mayr and Rand 
Toxorhamphus poliopterus septentrionalis Mayr and Rand, 1935, Amer. Mus. 
Novit., No. 814, p. 14. — Hompua, Saruwaged Mountains. 
Range. — Mountains of the Huon Peninsula. 

Toxorhamphus poliopterus maximus Rand 

Toxorhamphus poliopterus maximus Rand, 1941, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1102, 
p. 13. — 15 km. southwest of Bernhard Camp, 1500 m. 

Range. — Northern slope of the central ranges from the Weyland Mountains to 
the mountains above the Idenburg River. 

Genus MELILESTES Salvadori 

Melilestes megarhynchus megarhynchus (Gray) 

Ptilotis megarhynchus G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 174. — Aru 
Islands. 

Range. — Aru Islands, Misol, Salawati, and all New Guinea, except the north. 

Lowland forest, edge of forest and secondary growth up to 1000 m., occasionally 
up to 1400 m. 

Melilestes megarhynchus stresemanni Hartert 

Melilestes megarhynchus stresemanni Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 45. — 
Hollandia, Humboldt Bay. 

Range. — Japen and all northern New Guinea between the Mamberano River and 
Astrolabe Bay. 



MKI.ll'lIAClDAE 197 

Melilestes megarhynchus vagans (Bernstein) 
Arachnothera vagans Bernstein, 1864, Journ. f. Ornith., 12, p. 405.— Waigeu 
Island. 

Range. — Waigeu Island. 

Genus MELIPOTES Sclater 

Melipotes gymnops 1 Sclatcr 
MeHpotes gymnops Sclater, 1873, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 695, pi. 56. — 

Hatam, Arfak Mountains. 

RANGE, — Mountains of, the Vogelkop (Arfak, Tamrau) and Mount Wondiwoi. 
Mountain forest from 1200 m. to 2000 m. 

Melipotes fumigatus goliathi Rothschild and Hartert 
Melipotes gymnops goliathi Rothschild and Hartert, 1911, Bull. Brit. Orn. 

Club, 29, p. 34.— Mt. Goliath, Dutch New Guinea. 
Melipotes fumigatus antlwphilus Stresemann, 1921, Anz. Ornith. Ges. Bayern, 

1, p. 35. — Hunsteinspitze, upper Sepik valley. 
Range. — Weyland, Nassau, Oranje, Cyclops, and Sepik Mountains. 

Melipotes fumigatus fumigatus Meyer 

Melipotes fumigatus A. B. Meyer, 1886, Zeitschr. ges. Ornith., 3, p. 22. — 
Hufeisengebirge, southeast New Guinea. 

Melipotes maculata De Vis, 1892, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1890-91, p. 94.— 
Mt. Suckling, southeast New Guinea. 

Melipotes atriceps Ogilvie-Grant, 1895, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 5, p. 15. — Owen 
Stanley Mountains. 

Melipotes gymnops carpophagns Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 713. 
— Dawong, Herzog Mountains. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 

Mountain forest from 1400 m. to 2800 m. 

Melipotes ater Rothschild and Hartert 
Melipotes ater Rothschild and Hartert, 1911, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 29, p. 13. — 
Rawlinson Mountains, Huon Peninsula. 
Range. — Mountains of the Huon Peninsula. 
Mountain forest from 1300 m. to 3000 m. 

Genus MELIDECTES Sclater 

Melidectes fuscus fuscus (De Vis) 
Acanthochoera fusca De Vis, 1897, Ibis, p. 383.— Mt. Scratchley. 
Range. — High mountains of southeast New Guinea. 
Mountain forest from 2800 m. to 3700 m. 

Melidectes fuscus occidentalis Junge 
Melidectes fuscus occidentalis Junge, 1939, Nova Guinea, (N.S.) 3, p. 59. — 
Wichmann Mountains. 

Range. — Oranje and Nassau Mountains. 



1 The species gymnops, fumigatus, and ater form one superspecies. 



198 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Melidectes nouhuysi (van Oort) 
Melirrhophetes nouhuysi van Oort, 1910, Notes Leyden Mus., 32, p. 215. — 
Oranje Mts. (3800 m.). 
Range. — Oranje Mountains. 
Upper mountain forest from 3000 m. to 3800 m. 

Melidectes ochromelas ochromelas (Meyer) 

Melirrhophetes ochromelas A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 
70, p. 111.— Hatam, Arfak Mountains. 
Range. — Arfak and Tamrau Mountains and Mount Wondiwoi (Wandammen). 
Mountain forest from 1600 m. to 2000 m. 

Melidectes ochromelas batesi (Sharpe) 

Melirrhophetes batesi Sharpe, 1886, Nature, 34, p. 340. — Sogeri district, Brit. 
New Guinea. 

Melirrhophetes collaris De Vis, 1894, Ann. Report Brit. New Guinea, 1893-94, 
p. 103. — Mt. Maneao, Brit. New Guinea. 

Range. — Weyland and Nassau Mountains, and mountains of southeastern New 
Guinea. 

Melidectes ochromelas lucifer Mayr 

Melidectes ochromelas lucifer Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 661. — 
Ogeramnang, Huon Peninsula. 
Range. — Mountains of the Huon Peninsula. 

Melidectes leucostephes * (Meyer) 

Melirrhophetes leucostephes A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 
70, p. 110. — Arfak Mountains. 
Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop (Arfak, Tamrau). 
Mountain forest and edge of forest from 1000 m. to 1800 m. 

Melidectes belfordi joiceyi (Rothschild) 

Melirrhophetes belfordi joiceyi Rothschild, 1921, Novit. Zool., 28, p. 285. — Mt. 
Kunupi, Weyland Mountains. 
Range. — Weyland Mountains. 

Melidectes belfordi kinneari Mayr 

Melidectes belfordi kinneari Mayr, 1936, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 57, p. 42.— 
Utakwa River. 

Range. — Nassau Mountains and western part of Oranje Mountains (upper 
Noord River). 

Melidectes belfordi griseirostris (Rothschild and Hartert) 

Melirrhophetes belfordi griseirostris Rothschild and Hartert, 1911, Bull. Brit. 
Orn. Club, 29, p. 34.— Mt. Goliath. 
Range. — Mount Goliath, eastern Oranje Mountains. 



1 The species leucostephes and belfordi form one superspecies. 






MELIPHAGIDAE 199 

Melidectes belfordi belfordi (De Vis) 

Melirrhophctes belfordi De Vis, 1890, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1888-89, p. 
60.— Mt. Knutsford. southeast Now Guinea. 

Range.— Mount Knutsford and Mount Albert Edward (3680 m.) and probably 
other high peaks in southeast New Guinea. 

Alpine forest above 3680 m. 

Melidectes belfordi brassi Mayr and Rand 
Melidectes leucostephes brassi Mayr and Rand, 1936, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 
21, p. 247.— Mt. Tafa, southeast New Guinea. 

Range.— Mountains of southeastern New Guinea from 1600 m. to 2800 m. 

Melidectes belfordi stresemanni Mayr 
Melidectes leucostephes stresemanni Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 
713. — Dawong, Herzog Mountains. 
Range. — Herzog Mountains. 

Melidectes belfordi rufocrissalis (Reichenow) 
Melirrhophctes rufocrissalis Reichenow, 1915, Journ. f. Ornith., 63, p. 126.— 
Schraderberg, Sepik Mountains. 
Range. — Schraderberg, Sepik Mountains. 

Melidectes belfordi foersteri (Rothschild and Hartert) 
Melirrhophctes foersteri Rothschild and Hartert, 1911, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 
29, p. 12. — Rawlinson Mountains, Huon Peninsula. 
Range. — Saruwaged Mountains, Huon Peninsula. 
Mountain forest from 2000 m. to 3400 m. 

Melidectes torquatus torquatus Sclater 
Melidectes torquatus Sclater, 1873, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 694, pi. 55. — 
Hatam, Arfak Mountains. 
Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop (Arfak, Tamrau). 
Forest, edge of forest and second growth from 800 m. to 1600 m. 

Melidectes torquatus nuchalis Mayr 

Melidectes torquatus nuchalis Mayr, 1936, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 869, p. 7. — 
YYeyland Mts. 

Range. — Weyland, Nassau and Oranje Mountains, and mountains on upper 
Mamberano. 

Melidectes torquatus mixtus Rand 
Melidectes torquatus mixtus Rand, 1941, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1102, p. 14. — 
Balim River, 1600 m. 

Range.— Balim River area, central New Guinea, 1600-2200 m. 

Melidectes torquatus cahni Mertens 
Melidectes torquatus cahni Mertkns, 1923, Senckenbergiana, 5, p. 229. — (Kulung- 
tufu), Huon Peninsula. 

Range.— Mountains of the Huon Peninsula. 

Edge of forest, second growth and native plantations from 1000 m. to 1700 m. 



200 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Melidectes torquatus polyphonus Mayr 
Melidectes torquatus polyphonus Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 
660. — Dawong, Herzog Mountains. 
Range. — Herzog Mountains. 

Melidectes torquatus emilii Meyer 

Melidectes Emilii A. B. Meyer, 1886, Zeitschr. ges. Ornith., 3, p. 22. — Hufeisen- 
gebirge, southeast New Guinea. 

Melirrhophetes ornatus De Vis, 1894, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1893-94, p. 
103. — Mt. Maneao, Brit. New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of southeast New Guinea. 

Genus OREORNIS van Oort 

Oreornis chrysogenys van Oort 
Oreornis chrysogenys van Oort, 1910, Notes Leyden Mus., 32, p. 215. — Oranje 
Mts. (4150 m.). 
Range. — Oranje Mountains. 
High mountain forest from 3500 m. to 4000 m. 

Oreornis obscurus 1 (De Vis) 

Ptilotis obscura De Vis, 1897, Ibis, p. 383.— Mt. Scratchley. 

Ptilotis diops Salvadori, 1899, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, (2) 19, p. 581. — Purari 
River, Gulf of Papua. 

Xanthotis chlorolaema Reichenow, 1915, Journ. f. Ornith., 63, p. 127. — Etappen- 
berg, Sepik Mountains. 

Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop (Tamrau), central range (Weyland, Nas- 
sau, Oranje and Sepik Mountains), and mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 

Hill forest from 150 m. to 1000 m. 

Oreornis subfrenatus subfrenatus (Salvadori) 
Ptilotis subfrenata Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 948. — Hatam, 
Arfak Mountains. 
Range. — Arfak Mountains. 

Oreornis subfrenatus melanolaema (Reichenow) 

Xanthotis melanolaema Reichenow, 1915 (early), Journ. f. Ornith., 63, p. 127. — 
Schraderberg, Sepik Mountains. 

Ptilotis salvadorii utakwensis Ogilvie-Grant, 1915 (late), Ibis, Jubilee Suppl., 
2, p. 71. — Utakwa River, Nassau Range. 

Xanthotis frenata olivascentior Rothschild, 1931, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 258. — Mt. 
Derimapa, Weyland Mountains. 

Range. — Weyland, Nassau, Oranje and Sepik Mountains. 

Oreornis subfrenatus salvadorii (Hartert) 
Ptilotis salvadorii Hartert, 1896, Novit. Zool., 3, p. 531. — Owen Stanley Moun- 
tains [Mt. Victoria]. 



1 The two species obscurus and subfrenatus are included in the genus Oreornis 
only for the present time. A thorough study of the Australian relatives is still 
wanting. 



MELIPIIAGIDAE 



201 



Ptilotis lacrimans Dfl Vis, 1S ( )7, Ibis, p. 382.— Mt. Scratchley. 
Xantlwtis subfrenaia kmgwalip Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 663.— 
Ogeramnang, Huon Peninsula. 
Range.— Mountains of southeastern New Guinea and Saruwaged Mountains. 
Mountain forest, forest glades, and edge of forest from 1500 m. to 3680 m. 

Genus XANTHOTIS Reichenbach 

Xanthotis chrysotis fusciventris Salvadori 
XatUkoHs fuscizrntris Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 947 — 
Batanta Island. 

Range. — Waigeu and Batanta Islands. 

Xanthotis chrysotis chrysotis (Lesson and Garnot) 

Philedon chrysotis Lesson and Garnot, 1828 (March), Voy. Coquille, livr. 6, 
pi. 21 (Zool., 1, p. 645). — Dorey, northwest New Guinea. 

Mycantha flaviventer Lesson, 1828 (June), Man. d'Ornith., 2, p. 67.— Dorey, 
northwest New Guinea. 

Xanthotis lessoni Sharpe, 1909, Handl. Birds, 5, p. 85.— New name for Philedon 
chrysotis Lesson, 1828, not Ccrthia chrysotis Latham, 1801. 

Range. — Misol (subsp.), Salawati; Vogelkop and Onin Peninsula. 

Lowland forest, edge of forest, and second growth from sea level up to 1200 m. 

Xanthotis chrysotis rubiensis (Meyer) 

Ptilotis flaviventer rubiensis A. B. Meyer, 1884, Zeitschr. ges. Ornith., 1, p. 
289.— Rubi, head of Geelvink Bay. 

Xanthotis chrysotis mayeri Rothschild, 1931, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 258. — Ge- 
broeders Mts., Weyland Mountains. 

Range. — The south coast of Geelvink Bay. 

Xanthotis chrysotis saturatior (Rothschild and Hartert) 
Ptilotis chrysotis saturatior Rothschild and Hartert, 1903, Novit. Zool., 10, 

p. 445. — Wanambai, Kobroor Island, Aru Islands. 

Range. — Aru Islands; south New Guinea between Mimika River and middle 

and lower Fly River. 

Xanthotis chrysotis giulianettii Mayr 
Xanthotis chrysotis giulianettii Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 663. — 
Avera, Aroa River. 
Range. — Southeast New Guinea between upper Fly River and Port Moresby. 

Xanthotis chrysotis visi (Hartert) 
Ptilotis visi Hartert, 1896, Novit. Zool., 3, p. 15. — Mailu, 25 miles west of 
Orangerie Bay. 

Ptilotis sibisibina De Vis, 1897, Ibis, p. 381. — Boirave, near Orangerie Bay. 
Range. — Southeast New Guinea between Cloudy Bay and Milne Bay. 

Xanthotis chrysotis kumusii Mayr 
Xanthotis chrysotis kumusii Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 663. — 
Kumusi River. 



202 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Range. — North coast of southeast New Guinea between Collingwood Bay and 
Aicora River. 

Xanthotis chrysotis madaraszi (Rothschild and Hartert) 
Ptilotis chrysotis madaraszi Rothschild and Hartert, 1903, Novit. Zool., 10, 

p. 446. — Simbang, Huon Gulf. 

Range. — Entire Huon Peninsula, Markham Valley and upper Watut River 

(Morobe district). 

Xanthotis chrysotis philemon Stresemann 

Xanthotis flaviventer philemon Stresemann, 1921, Anz. Ornith. Ges. Bayern, 
1, p. 35. — Malu, Sepik River. 

Range. — All north New Guinea from the Astrolabe Bay to the Mamberano 
River. 

Xanthotis chrysotis meyeri Salvadori 

Xanthotis meyeri Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 947. — New 
name for Ptilotis pyrrhotis A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 
70, p. 206. — Ansus, Jobi (preoccupied by Ptilotis pyrrotis Lesson, 1840, Rev. Zool., 
3, p. 271). 

Range. — Japen Island. 

Xanthotis chrysotis spilogaster (Ogilvie-Grant) 

Ptilotis spilogaster Ogilvie-Grant, 1896, Ibis, p. 251. — "Port Moresby," error 
for Fergusson Island, D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago. 

Range. — D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago (Fergusson, Goodenough and Normanby 
Islands) and Trobriand Islands. 

Xanthotis polygramma polygramma (Gray) 
Ptilotis polygramma G. R. Gray, 1861, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 429. — 
Waigeu Island. 
Range. — Waigeu Island. 

Xanthotis polygramma kuehni Hartert 
Xanthotis polygramma kuehni Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 49. — Misol. 
Range. — Misol Island. 

Xanthotis polygramma poikilosternos Meyer 

Xanthotis poikilosternos A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 70, 
p. 112. — Andai, northwest New Guinea. 

Range. — Salawati, Vogelkop, Weyland, Nassau (Utakwa River), and Oranje 
Mountains. 

Hill forest and edge of forest from 500 m. to 1400 m. 

Xanthotis polygramma candidior Mayr and Rand 
Xanthotis polygramma candidior Mayr and Rand, 1935, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 
814, p. 15. — Wuroi, Oriomo River. 
Range. — South New Guinea, at the Oriomo River. 

Xanthotis polygramma lophotis Mayr 
Xanthotis polygramma lophotis Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 664. 
— Junzaing, Saruwaged Mountains. 



Ml l.ll'll \i.ll>\! 

Xanikotis polygramma Upidota 1'\m ith. Mod '• '. p. 54.— 

i. Neu Guinea," probably \ >. 

Range. Mountaii tern New Guinea and ol the H 

( Saruwaged Mountains). 

Xanthotis polygramma scptcntrionalis M.ivr 
Xanthotit polyg ram ma stpttntrumalu Mayk. 1931, Mnt. ZooL Ifus. Berlin, 17, 
p. 665. — llaeanderbergi Sepflc region. 
Range.— North New Guinea (Sepflc region and Cy< 

rua LICHMERA Cabanis 

Lichmera indistincta ocularis (Gould) 
GlyciphUa (?) ocularis Gould, 1838, Synops. Birda Austr., pt. 4, Appu, p, 6. — 
New South Wales. 
Rah thorn and eastern Australia; .south New Guinea from the Merauke 

district to the middle Fly River (Lake Daviumbu). 

Lichmera indistincta nupta (Stresemann) 
Stigmatops indistincta nupta Stresemann, 1912, Norit Zool., 19, p. 344.— 

Manien. Aru Islands. 
Range. — Aru Islands. 

Lichmera alboauricularis alboauricularis (Ramsay) 
Stigmatops albo-auricutaris Ramsay, 1878, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South W 

3, p. 75. — Heath Island, off the east end of New Guinea. 

RANGE. — Known from three localities: Heath Island, Doini Island, and Baroka 

(Bioto Creek. Hall Sound). 
Small islands and coastal vegetation. 

Lichmera alboauricularis olivacea Mavr 

Lichmera alboauricularis olivacea Mayr, 1938, Zool. Ser., Field Mus. Nat. I 
20, p. 468. — I far, Sentani Lake, northern Xew Guinea. 

RANGE. — Northern New Guinea, known from I far, Sentani Lake, from Marien- 
berg, Sepik River, and from the lower Ramu River. 

Lichmera argentauris argentauris (Finsch) 

Ptilotis argentauris Finsch, 1870, Abh. Nat. Yer. Bremen, 2, p. 364. — Type 
locality uncertain, restricted to Waigeu Island. 

Stigmatops chloris Salvadori, 1878, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 12, p. 337. — Gebeh, 
Damar and Misol. 

RANGE. — Halmahera. Damar near Halmahera, Gebe, Waigeu, Misol and Schild- 
pad Islands. 

Small islands, particularly in coconut groves. 

Genus MELIPHAGA Lewin 

Meliphaga virescens versicolor (Gould) 
Ptilotis versicolor Gould, 1H43, Proc. Zool. Soc. Load p, 136. — Cape 

north Queensland. 



204 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Range. — Cape York, islands of Torres Straits and coast of south New Guinea 
between Merauke and Port Moresby. 

Meliphaga virescens intermedia Mayr and Rand 

Meliphaga virescens intermedia Mayr and Rand, 1935, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 
814, p. 15. — Samarai Island. 

Range. — Samarai, Doini and Killerton Islands, off the east end of New Guinea. 

Meliphaga virescens sonoroides (Gray) 

Ptilotis sonoroides G. R. Gray, 1861, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 428. — Waigeu 
Island. 

Range. — Misol, Salawati, Batanta, Waigeu, Japen, Fergusson Islands; the entire 
north coast of New Guinea from the Vogelkop (Sorong) to the Huon Gulf. 

Coconut plantations, coastal vegetation, and small islands off the coast. 

Meliphaga flavescens germana (Ramsay) 

Ptilotis germana Ramsay, 1878, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 3, p. 2. — 
"Torres Straits," error for Laloki River, Port Moresby district. 
Range. — Port Moresby district, southeast New Guinea. 
Savanna. 

Meliphaga aruensis aruensis (Sharpe) 

Ptilotis aruensis Sharpe, 1884, Rep. Voy. Alert, p. 19. — Aru Islands. 

Range. — Aru Islands and southern New Guinea from the Setekwa River to 
Milne Bay. Specimens from southeast New Guinea (Port Moresby to Milne Bay) 
show a tendency toward the next form. 

Meliphaga aruensis sharpei (Rothschild and Hartert) 

Ptilotis auriculata auctorum, nee Shaw. 

Ptilotis aruensis sharpei Rothschild and Hartert, 1903, Novit. Zool., 10, p. 
442. — Dorey, Vogelkop. 

Range. — The western Papuan Islands (Batanta, Waigeu), western New Guinea 
(Vogelkop) and northern New Guinea from Geelvink Bay to the Kumusi River, 
the D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago and the Trobriand Islands (Kiriwina). 

Forest, edge of forest and second growth up to 1600 m. 

Meliphaga montana auga Rand 
Meliphaga montana auga Rand, 1936, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 872, p. 6. — 
Mafulu, Central Division, Terr, of Papua. 
Range. — The southern slopes of the mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 
Mountain forest from 1200 m. to 1450 m. 

Meliphaga montana setekwa Rand 
Meliphaga montana setekwa Rand, 1936, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 872, p. 6. — 
Upper Setekwa River, Nassau Range, Dutch New Guinea. 
Range. — Nassau and Oranje Mountains. 

Meliphaga montana montana (Salvadori) 
Ptilotis montana Salvadori, 1880, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 16, p. 77. — Arfak Mts. 






M I.I.I 1'llAGlDAE 205 

Range. — Yogelkop, Onin Peninsula (Kapaur) and Wcyland Mountains. 
Recorded between 500 and 1500 m. on the Yogelkop and at 300 m. in the Wey- 
land Mountains. 

Meliphaga montana sepik Rand 
MeHphaga montana sepik Rand, 1936, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 872, p. 7. — 
Hunsteinspitze, Sepik district, New Guinea. 
Range. — The mountains of the upper Sepik River from 1000 m. to 1500 m. 

MeHphaga montana steini Stresemann and Paludan 

Meliphaga montana steini Stresemann and Paludan, 1932, Novit. Zool., 38, 
p. 222.— Jobi. 

Range. — Japen Island at 850 m. 

Meliphaga montana germanorum Hartert 

MeHphaga montam germanorum Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 47. — Cyclops 
Mountains. 

Range. — Cyclops Mountains, northern New Guinea. 

Meliphaga montana huonensis Rand 

Meliphaga montana huonensis Rand, 1936, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 872, p. 8. — 
Junzaing, Huon Peninsula, New Guinea. 
Range. — Mountains of the Huon Peninsula. 

Meliphaga montana aicora Rand 

Meliphaga montana aicora Rand, 1936, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 872, p. 9. — Aicora 
River, Northern Division, Terr, of Papua. 

Range. — The northern slopes of the mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 

Meliphaga mimikae mimikae (Ogilvie-Grant) 

Ptilotis mimikae Ogilvie-Grant, 1911, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 29, p. 27. — Mimika 
River. 

Range. — Nassau and Oranje Mountains. 

Meliphaga mimikae granti Rand 

Meliphaga mimikae granti Rand, 1936, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 872, p. 4. — Ma- 
fulu, Central Division, Terr, of Papua. 
Range. — The mountains of southeast New Guinea. 
Mountain forest from 800 m. to 1400 m. 

Meliphaga orientalis orientalis (Meyer) 

Ptilotis ftavirictus orientalis A. B. Meyer, 1894, Journ. f. Ornith., 42, p. 92 — 
Southeast New Guinea, probably from the Port Moresby district. 

Range. — The mountains of southeastern New Guinea, westward along the south 
coast to the Angabunga River on the north coast to the upper Mambare. 

Mountain forest between 770 m. and 1250 m. 



206 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Meliphaga orientalis becki Rand 

Meliphaga orientalis becki Rand, 1936, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 872, p. 17. — 
Zakaheme, Huon Peninsula, New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains in northeast New Guinea (Saruwaged Mountains and Mo- 
robe district) from 1200 m. to 1500 m. 

Meliphaga orientalis facialis Rand 

Meliphaga orientalis facialis Rand, 1936, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 872, p. 16. — 
Siwi, Arfak Mts., New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of central and western New Guinea (Oranje, Nassau and 
Weyland Mountains, and mountains of the Vogelkop) ; Waigeu Island. 

Meliphaga gracilis gracilis (Gould) 
Ptilotis gracilis Gould, 1866, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 217. — Cape York. 
Range. — Cape York, Aru Islands and the lowlands of south New Guinea from 
Triton Bay to the Oriomo River. 

Meliphaga gracilis cinereifrons Rand 

Meliphaga gracilis cinereifrons Rand, 1936, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 872, p. 20. — 
Rona, Central Division, Terr, of Papua. 

Range. — Southeastern New Guinea, at least from the vicinity of Hall Sound to 
Milne Bay. 

Lowland forest and second growth up to 450 m. 

Meliphaga gracilis stevensi Rand 

Meliphaga gracilis stevensi Rand, 1936, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 872, p. 20. — 
Biolowat, upper Watut River, Morobe district. 

Range. — Northern slope of southeastern New Guinea up to 800 m. (Hydro- 
grapher Range, Kumusi River, upper Watut River). 

Meliphaga vicina (Rothschild and Hartert) 

Ptilotis analog a vicina Rothschild and Hartert, 1912, Novit. Zool., 19, p. 
203. — Sudest Island. 
Range. — Tagula (= Sudest) Island. 

Meliphaga analoga longirostris (Ogilvie-Grant) 
Ptilotis longirostris Ogilvie-Grant, 1911, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 29, p. 27.— 
Wamma Is., Aru Islands. 
Range. — Aru Islands. 

Meliphaga analoga analoga (Reichenbach) 

Ptilotis analoga Reichenbach, 1852, Handb. spec. Ornith., Abt. 2 (Meropinae), 
p. 103, tab. 467.— Triton Bay. 

Ptilotis similis Jacquinot and Pucheran, 1853, Voy. Pole Sud., Zool., 3, p. 80 
(based on same bird). 

Range. — Misol, Salawati, Batanta and Waigeu; all New Guinea, excepting the 
ranges of flavida and citreola; Meos Num (subsp.?). 

Edge of forest and second growth up to 1200 m. 






MELIPHAGIDAE 



207 



Meliphaga analoga flavida Stresemann and Paludan 
Meliphaga analoga flavida Stiesemann and Paludan, 1932, Novit. Zool., 38, 

p. 147. — Japen Island. 

RANGE.— Japen Island and the north coast of New Guinea, probably from Geel- 

vink Hay to Astrolabe Bay. 

Meliphaga analoga citreola Rand 
Meliphaga analoga citreola Rand, 1941, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1102, p. 14 — 
6 km. southwest oi Bernhard Camp, 1200 m. 

Range. — Slopes above the Idenburg River between 850 and 1200 m. 

Meliphaga albonotata (Salvadori) 
Ptilotis albonotata Salvadori. 1876, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 9, p. 33. — Naiabui, 
Hall Sound, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Recorded from a number of localities scattered all over New Guinea. 
Lowland forest. 

Meliphaga flavirictus flavirictus (Salvadori) 

Ptilotis flavirictus Salvadori. 1880, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 16, p. 76. — Fly 
River (150 miles upstream). 

Range. — South New Guinea (Oriomo River) and southern slopes of moun- 
tains of southeast New Guinea. 

From the lowlands up to 1250 m. 

Meliphaga flavirictus crockettorum Mayr and de Schauensee 
Meliphaga flavirictus crockettorum Mayr and de Schauensee, 1939, Proc. Acad. 

Nat. Sci. Philadelphia. 91, p. 142. — Bamoskabu, Karoon, Vogelkop, northwestern 

New Guinea (700 m. ). 

Range. — Vogelkop, (subsp.) Nassau Mountains (Utakwa River) and (subsp.) 

upper Watut River (Herzog Mountains). 

Genus PTILOPRORA De Vis 

Ptiloprora plumbea plumbea (Salvadori) 
Ptilotis plumbea Salvadori, 1894, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, (2) 14, p. 151. — 
Moroka, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea and Herzog Mountains. 
Mountain forest from 1200 m. to 1600 m. 

Ptiloprora plumbea granti Mayr 
Ptiloprora plumbea granti Mayr, 1931, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 51, p. 59.— Utakwa 
River. 
Range. — Nassau Mountains (Utakwa River). 

Ptiloprora meekiana meekiana (Rothschild and Hartert) 
Ptilotis meekiana x Rothschild and Hartert, 1907, Novit. Zool., 14, p. 482. — 
Upper Arua River (4600 feet), southeast New Guinea. 



1 Should the name Meliomis schistacea De Vis, 1897, Ibis, p. 381, refer to a 
specimen of this species? The description reads as follows: 
Meliomis schistacea De Vis, 1897, Ibis, p. 381. 

"Above brown, slightly washed with ash-grey; feathers of head and mantle 



208 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Range. — Mountains of southeast New Guinea, Herzog Mountains (Mount Misim) 
and Saruwaged Mountains. 
Edge of forest from 1500 m. to 2000 m. 

Ptiloprora meekiana occidentalis Rand 
Ptiloprora meekiana occidentalis Rand, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1072, p. 
13.— Bele River (2200 m.), 18 km. north of Lake Habbema. 
Range. — Northern slope of Oranje Mountains. 
Mountain forest from 2200 m. to 2800 m. 

Ptiloprora erythropleura erythropleura (Salvadori) 

Ptilotis erythropleura Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 949. — 
Arfak Mountains. 
Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop (Arfak, Amberbaken). 
Mountain forest from 1500 m. to 2200 m. 

Ptiloprora erythropleura dammermani Stresemann and Paludan 

Ptiloprora erythropleura dammermani Stresemann and Paludan, 1934, Ornith. 
Monatsber., 42, p. 44. — Mt. Sumuri, Weyland Mountains. 
Range. — Weyland and Nassau Mountains. 

Ptiloprora guisei mayri Hartert 
Ptiloprora guisei mayri Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 49. — Cyclops Moun- 
tains. 

Range. — Cyclops Mountains. 

Mountain forest from 1300 m. to 2170 m. 

Ptiloprora guisei umbrosa Mayr 

Ptiloprora guisei umbrosa Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 666. — 
Schraderberg (2000 m.), Sepik Mountains. 
Range. — Known only from the type locality. 

Ptiloprora guisei guisei (De Vis) 
Ptilotis (?) guisei De Vis, 1894, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1893-94, p. 103.— 
Mt. Maneao, southeastern New Guinea, 5650 feet. 






with obscure fuscous shaft-streaks ; below ashy brown ; chin and throat mottled 
with greyish-white tips ; abdomen obscurely streaked with the same ; tips over vent 
and under tail-coverts purer white; lores and cheeks minutely mottled with white 
tips ; ear-coverts greyish brown ; wings and tail brown, paler below ; two outer 
rectrices largely tipped with brownish grey; under wing-coverts brown; thighs 
paler brown; bill brown-black; tarsi and toes horn-blue. Length 155 mm., wing 
76, tail 67, culmen (estimated) 14, tarsus 22. 

"This Honey-eater, described from a spirit specimen, has all the structural char- 
acters of a Meliornis, yet I am by no means satisfied that it can be properly placed 
in that genus. The general habit of the bird and its total want of bright colouring 
militate much against it; the bill, however, in this example is so much injured (the 
upper mandible being half blown away) that I prefer to wait for a more perfect 
specimen before proposing generic distinction for it." 

Other possibilities are : Pycnopygius ixoides and Rhagologus leucostigma. The 
type is apparently lost. 






MELIPIIAGIDAE 



209 



Ptilotis praecipua Hartkkt, 1897, Novit. Zool., 4, p. 370.— Between Mt. Mus- 
grave and Mt. Scratchley, 5000-6000 feet, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range.— Lower altitudes of mountains of southeastern New Guinea (1500 in. to 
2840 m.), Herzog and Saruwaged Mountains. 

Ptiloprora guisei perstriata (De Vis) 

rtilotis perstriata De Vis, 1898, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1896-97, p. 86.— 
Wharton Range ( ? Mt. Scratchley). 

Range.— Highest peaks of southeast New Guinea (above 3000 m.). Definitely 
known only from Mount Albert Edward at 3680 m. and from the type locality. 

Ptiloprora guisei lorentzi (van Oort) 

Ptilotis crythroplcura lorentzi van Oort, 1909, Nova Guinea, 9 (Zool.), p. 95 — 
Hellwig Mountains. Oranje Range. 

Ptilotis praccipua mgritergum Rothschild and Hartert, 1911, Bull. Brit. Orn. 
Club, 29, p. 35.— Mt. Goliath. 

Range. — Oranje, Nassau and Weyland Mountains. 

Ptiloprora guisei praedicta Hartert 
Ptiloprora guisei praedicta Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 49. — Wondiwoi. 
Range. — Mount Wondiwoi, Wandammen. 
Mountain forest from 1500 m. to 2000 m. 

Genus PYCNOPYGIUS Salvadori 

Pycnopygius stictocephalus (Salvadori) 

Pycnonotus? stictocephalus Salvadori, 1876, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 9, p. 34. — 
Xaiabui, Hall Sound. 

Range. — Aru Islands, Salawati and all New Guinea. Rare in all parts of its 
range, but recorded from at least 12 different localities in all parts of New Guinea. 

Lowland forest, apparently not above 300 m. 

Pycnopygius cinereus cinereus (Sclater) 
Ptilotis cincrca Sclater, 1873, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 693. — Hatam, Arfak 
Mountains. 

Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop (Tamrau, Arfak). 
Hill forest and edge of forest from 800 m. to 1600 m. 

Pycnopygius cinereus dorsalis Stresemann and Paludan 
Pycnopygius cinereus dorsalis STRESEMANN and Paludan, 1934, Ornith. Mo- 
ratsber., 42, p. 44.— Mt. Kunupi, 1300 m., Weyland Mts. 
Range. — Weyland Mountains. 

Pycnopygius cinereus marmoratus (Sharpe) 

Ptilotis marmorata Sharpe, 1882, Journ. Linn. Soc. London, Zool., 16, p. 319 
and p. 438. — Moroka district, Astrolabe Mountains. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea, Herzog, Saruwaged, Oranje, 
and Nassau Mountains. 

From 1000 m. to 2000 m., occasionally down to 500 m. 



210 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Pycnopygius ixoides ixoides (Salvadori) 

Ptilotis? ixoides Salvadori, 1878, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 12, p. 338. — Sorong, 
west New Guinea. 

Range. — Northwest New Guinea, eastward to the head of Geelvink Bay (Menoo 
River) and the southern slopes of the Nassau Mountains (Mimika and Kapare 
Rivers). 

Lowlands. 

Pycnopygius ixoides proximus (Madarasz) 

Ptilotis proximo, Madarasz, 1900, Ornith. Monatsber., 8, p. 3. — Erima, Astrolabe 
Bay. 

Ptilotis simplex Reichenow, 1915, Journ. f. Ornith., 63, p. 126. — Maeanderberg, 
Sepik Mountains. 

Range. — Northern New Guinea from the Mamberano River basin to Astrolabe 
Bay. 

Edge of forest and second growth up to 600 m. 

Pycnopygius ixoides unicus Mayr 
Pycnopygius ixoides unicus Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 666. — 
Sattelberg, at 600 m. 
Range. — Sattelberg (Huon Peninsula) and Wau, upper Bulolo River. 

Pycnopygius ixoides finschi (Rothschild and Hartert) 

Ptilotis finschi Rothschild and Hartert, 1903, Novit. Zool., 10, p. 448. — 
"Mountains of Brit. New Guinea, Weiske coll." (= ? Aroa River). 

Range. — Southeastern New Guinea, on the north coast between Kumusi River 
and Milne Bay, but no definite records from the south coast. 

Genus PHILEMON Vieillot 

Philemon meyeri Salvadori 

Philemon meyeri Salvadori, 1878, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 12, p. 339. — New 
name for Tropidorhynchus inomatus A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. 
Wien, 70, p. 212. — Rubi, Geelvink Bay. Preoccupied by Tropidorhynchus inor- 
natus Gray, 1846 (Timor). 

Ptilotis fulvo-cinerea Finsch and Meyer, 1886, Zeitschr. ges. Ornith., 3, p. 24, 
pi. 5. — Astrolabe Mountains. 

Philemonopsis meyeri canescens Reichenow, 1915, Journ. f. Ornith., 63, p. 126. — 
Etappenberg, Sepik Mountains. 

Range. — Eastern New Guinea, westward along the south coast to the Fly River, 
along the north coast to the head of Geelvink Bay (Rubi). 

Forest, edge of forest and second growth up to 1000 m. 

Philemon brassi Rand 

Philemon brassi Rand, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1072, p. 13.— Bernhard 
Camp (50 m.), Idenburg River. 
Range. — Upper Mamberano basin. 
Lowlands. 






MELITHAClDAi: 



211 



Philemon citreogularis papuensis Mayr and Rand 
Philemon citreogularis papuensis Mayr and Rand, 1935, Amer. Mus. Novit., 
No. 814, p. 15. — Dogwa, Oriomo River. 
Range. — South New Guinea (Oriomo River) and Merauke district. 
Tree savanna at sea level. 

Philemon corniculatus ellioti Mathews 
Philemon corniculatus ellioti Mathews, 1912, Novit. Zool., 18 (1911), p. 423.— 
lit Elliot, Queensland. 
Range.— North Queensland and south New Guinea (Oriomo River). 
Tree savanna at sea level. 

Philemon novaeguineae aruensis (Meyer) 

Tropidorhynchus aruensis A. B. Meyer, 1884, Zeitschr. ges. Ornith., 1, p. 216. — 
Aru Islands. 
Range. — Aru Islands. 

Philemon novaeguineae novaeguineae (Miiller) 

Tropidorhynchus Xovae Guincae S. Muller, 1843, Verh. Nat. Gesch., 1 (Land-en 
Yolkenkunde") , 1839-1844, p. 153.— Lobo, Triton Bay. 

Range. — Kofiau (subsp. ?), Misol, Salawati, Batanta, Waigeu; northwest New 
Guinea eastward to Etna Bay and the head of Geelvink Bay; (subsp.) south- 
eastern New Guinea westward in the south to the Oriomo River, in the north to 
the Kumusi River. 

Lowland forest, edge of forest, second growth and open country near human 
habitations from the coast up to 500 m. 

Philemon novaeguineae brevipennis Rothschild and Hartert 

Philemon novaeguineae brevipennis Rothschild and Hartert, 1913, Novit. Zool., 
20, p. 513. — "Snow Mountains" (= Utakwa River), Dutch New Guinea. 
Range. — Southwestern New Guinea between Mimika and Eilanden Rivers. 

Philemon novaeguineae subtuberosus Hartert 

Philemon novaeguineae subtuberosus Hartert, 1896, Novit. Zool., 3, p. 238. — 
Fergusson Island. 

Range. — D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago (Fergusson, Goodenough and Normanby) 
and Trobriand Islands (Kiriwina, Kitava and Kaileuna). 

Philemon novaeguineae tagulanus Rothschild and Hartert 
Philemon novaeguineae tagulanus Rothschild and Hartert, 1918, Novit. Zool., 
25, p. 319.— Tagula (Sudest Island). 

Range. — Tagula Island, Louisiade Archipelago. 

Philemon novaeguineae jobiensis (Meyer) 

Tropidorhynchus jobiensis A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. YVien. 
70, p. 113.— Ansus, Jobi. 

Range. — Japen and north New Guinea from the Mamberano River to the south 
coast of the Huon Gulf (Malalo). 



212 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Family DICAEIDAE 
Flower-peckers 

Genus DICAEUM Cuvier 

Dicaeum pectorale x S. Miiller 

Dicacum pectorale S. Muller, 1843, Verh. Nat. Gesch., 1 (Land-en Volken- 
kunde), 1839-1844, p. 162.— Lobo, Triton Bay. 

Range. — Western Papuan Islands (Misol, Salawati, Batanta, Waigeu) ; north- 
west New Guinea eastward along the south coast at least to Triton Bay, on the 
north coast to the head of Geelvink Bay (lower Menoo River). 

Forest, edge of forest and second growth up to 1900 m. 

Dicaeum geelvinkianum maforense Salvadori 
Dicaeum maforense Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 944. — Mafor 
(= Numfor). 
Range. — Numfor Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Dicaeum geelvinkianum mysoriense Salvadori 

Dicaeum mysoriense Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 945. — Korido, 
Misori. 
Range. — Biak Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Dicaeum geelvinkianum geelvinkianum Meyer 

Dicacum geelvinkianum A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 70, 
p. 120. — Ansus, Jobi (restricted type locality). 

Dicaeum jobiense Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 945. — Ansus, 
Jobi. 

Range. — Japen and Kurudu Islands, Geelvink Bay. 

Dicaeum geelvinkianum setekwa Rand 

Dicaeum geelvinkianum setekwa Rand, 1941, Amer. Mus. Novit, No. 1102, p. 
14.— Setekwa River, 2000 ft., Nassau Mts. 
Range. — Southern slopes of Snow Mountains. 

Dicaeum geelvinkianum centrale Rand 

Dicaeum geelvinkianum centrale Rand, 1941, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1102, p. 
15.— Balim River, 1600 m. 
Range. — Known only from the Balim valley, central New Guinea. 

Dicaeum geelvinkianum diversum Rothschild and Hartert 
Dicaeum geelvinkianum diversum Rothschild and Hartert, 1903, Novit. Zool., 

10, p. 215. — Lower Mamberano. 
Dicaeum geelvinkianum simillimum Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 51. — 

Hollandia, north New Guinea. 

Range. — North New Guinea between the Mamberano River and Humboldt Bay. 

1 The three species pectorale, geelvinkianum and nitidum represent each other 
and belong to the superspecies D. erythrothorax. 












DICAEIDAE 213 

Dicaeum geelvinkianum rubrocoronatum Sharpc 

Dicacum rubrocoronatum Sharpf, 1876, Nature, p. 339. — Port Moresby. 

Dicaeum pulchrius Sharpe, 1884, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 1883, p. 579. — Astro- 
labe Mountains. 

Range. — Karkar and Manam ; southeast New Guinea, westward on the north 
coast to the Sepik region, on the south coast to the Purari River. 

Dicaeum geelvinkianum violaceum Mayr 

Dicacum geelvinkianum violaceum Mayr, 1936, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 869, p. 
6. — Goodenough Island, D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago. 

Range. — D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago (Fergusson, Goodenough and Dobu Is- 
lands). 

Dicaeum geelvinkianum rubrigulare D'Albertis and Salvadori 

Dicacum rubrigulare D'Albertis and Salvadori, 1879, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 
14, p. 74.— Fly River (200-430 miles upstream). 

Range. — South New Guinea on the Fly River from Palmer Junction to the 
mouth (Gaima). 

Dicaeum geelvinkianum albo-punctatum D'Albertis and Salvadori 

Dicacum albo-punctatum D'Albertis and Salvadori, 1879, Ann. Mus. Civ. 
Genova, 14, p. 75. — Katau River. 

Range. — Daru Island and south New Guinea from the Oriomo River at least 
to the Morehead River; (subsp.) Merauke district and Digul River. 

Dicaeum nitidum nitidum Tristram 
Dicacum nitidum Tristram, 1889, Ibis, p. 555. — Sudest Island. 
Range. — Tagula (Sudest) and Misima (St. Aignan) Islands, Louisiade Archi- 
pelago. 

Dicaeum nitidum rosseli Rothschild and Hartert 

Dicaeum geelvinkianum rosseli Rothschild and Hartert, 1918, Novit. Zool., 25, 
p. 32. — Rossel Island. 

Range. — Rossel Island, Louisiade Archipelago. 

Dicaeum hirundinaceum ignicolle Gray 

Dicacum ignicolle G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 173. — Aru 
Islands. 
Range. — Aru Islands. 

Genus MELANOCHARIS " Sclater 

Melanocharis arfakiana (Finsch) 

Dicaeum arfakianum Finsch, 1900, Notes Leyden Mus., 22, p. 70. — Arfak Moun- 
tains. 

Range. — Known from only two specimens, one from Moris, Arfak Mountains, 
the other from Matsika, southeast New Guinea (950 m.). 



1 Includes Urocharis Salvadori. 



214 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Melanocharis nigra pallida Stresemann and Paludan 
Mclanocharis nigra pallida Stresemann and Paludan, 1932, Novit. Zool., 38, 
p. 151. — Waigeu Island. 
Range. — Waigeu Island. 

Melanocharis nigra nigra (Lesson) 

Dicacum nigcr Lesson, 1830, Voy. Coquille, Zool., p. 673. — Dorey, western New 
Guinea. 

Range. — Misol, Salawati; western New Guinea, eastward to Triton Bay and to 
the head of Geelvink Bay (Wanggar). 

Melanocharis nigra chloroptera Salvadori 

Melanocharis chloroptera Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 987. — 
Aru Islands. 

Range. — Aru Islands and south New Guinea from the Mimika River to the Fly 
River. 

Melanocharis nigra unicolor Salvadori 

Melanocharis unicolor Salvadori, 1878, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 12, p. 333. — 
Jobi Island. 

Melanocharis bicolor Ramsay, 1879, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 3, p. 
277. — Goldie River, southeast New Guinea. 

Range. — Japen, Meos Num, and northern and eastern New Guinea, westward on 
the south coast to the Angabunga River, on the north coast to the Mamberano 
River. 

Forest, edge of forest and second growth up to 1250 m. 

Melanocharis longicauda longicauda Salvadori 

Melanocharis longicauda Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 942. — 
Arfak Mountains. 

Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop (Tamrau, Arfak) and Mount Wondiwoi, 
Wandammen. 

Mountain forest and edge of forest from 1000 m. to 1800 m. 

Melanocharis longicauda chloris Stresemann and Paludan 
Melanocharis longicauda chloris Stresemann and Paludan, 1934, Ornith. Mo- 
natsber., 42, p. 45.— Mt. Kunupi (1200 m.). 
Range. — Weyland and Oranje Mountains. 

Melanocharis longicauda umbrosa Rand 

Melanocharis longicauda umbrosa Rand, 1941, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1102, p. 
15. — 6 km. southwest of Bernhard Camp. 
Range. — Slopes above the Idenburg River at 1200 m. 

Melanocharis longicauda orientalis Mayr 

Melanocharis longicauda orientalis Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 
669.— Aroa River. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 






DICAEIDAE 215 

Melanocharis longicauda captata Mayr 
MeUmocharis longicauda captata Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 
668. — Junzaing. Huon Peninsula. 
Range. — Saruwaged Mountains. 

Genus PRISTORHAMPHUS Finsch 

Pristorhamphus versteri versteri Finsch 
Pristorhampkus versteri Finsch, 1876 (about April 1st), Proc. Zool. Soc. 
London, 1875, p. 641. — Arfak Mountains. 
Range. — Arfak Mountains. 
Mountain forest from 1400 m. to 2400 m. 

Pristorhamphus versteri meeki Rothschild and Hartert 
Pristorhamphus versteri meeki Rothschild and Hartert, 1911, Bull. Brit. Orn. 
Club, 29, p. 36.— Mt. Goliath, central Dutch New Guinea. 
Range. — Weyland, Nassau (Utakwa River) and Oranje Mountains. 

Pristorhamphus versteri virago Stresemann 
Pristorhamphus versteri virago Stresemann, 1923, Arch. Naturgesch., 89, Abt. 
A, Heft 7, p. 68. — Schraderberg, Sepik Mts. 
Range. — Sepik and Cyclops Mountains. 

Pristorhamphus versteri maculiceps (De Vis) 

Sargamira maculiceps De Vis, 1898, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1896-97, p. 
87. — Wharton Range. 

Pristorhamphus versteri albescens Rothschild and Hartert, 1911, Bull. Brit. 
Orn. Club, 29, p. 36. — Kotoi district, southeastern New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea, Herzog Mountains and Saru- 
waged Mountains. 

Mountain forest from 1400 m. to 3680 m. 

Genus NENEBA De Vis 

Neneba striativentris axillaris Mayr 
Xeneba striativentris axillaris Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 670. — 
Snow Mountains (= Utakwa River). 
Range. — Weyland, Nassau (Utakwa River) and Oranje Mountains. 

Neneba striativentris striativentris (Salvadori) 

Melanocharis striativentris Salvadori, 1894, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, (2) 14, p. 
150. — Moroka, Owen Stanley Range. 

Neneba prasina De Vis, 1897, Ibis, p. 384. — Neneba, north slope of Mt. Scratch- 
ley. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea and Herzog Mountains. 

Neneba striativentris chrysocome Mayr 
Xeneba striativentris chrysocome Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 
670. — Junzaing, Huon Peninsula. 
Range. — Saruwaged Mountains. 
Mountain forest from 1500 m. to 2000 m. 



216 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Genus RHAMPHOCHARIS Salvadori 

Rhamphocharis crassirostris crassirostris Salvadori 

Rhamphocharis crassirostris Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 943. — 
Hatam, Arfak Mountains. 

Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop (Arfak, Tamrau) and Oranje Range 
(Mount Goliath, Treubbivak). 

Mountain forest from 1200 m. to 2200 m. 

Rhamphocharis crassirostris piperata (De Vis) 

Ptilotis piperata De Vis, 1898, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1896-97, p. 86.— 
Suku, Vanapa Valley. 

Eafa maculata Rothschild and Hartert, 1903, Novit. Zool., 10, p. 448, pi. 14, 
fig. 1. — Eafa district, Owen Stanley Mts. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea west to Angabunga and Mam- 
bare Rivers. 

Rhamphocharis crassirostris viridescens Mayr 

Rhamphocharis crassirostris viridescens Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, 
p. 715. — Dawong, Herzog Mountains. 

Range. — Herzog Mountains (Dawong and Mount Misim). 

Genus OREOCHARIS Salvadori 

Oreocharis arfaki (Meyer) 

Parus (?) Arfaki A. B. Meyer, 1875 (April 1st), Sitzungsber. Nat. Ges. Isis, 
Dresden, p. 75. — Arfak Mountains. 

Range. — Arfak, Weyland, Nassau, Oranje, Sepik (Schraderberg) and Saru- 
waged Mountains, and mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 

Mountain forest, edge of forest and dense second growth from 1600 m. to 2900 m. 

Genus PARAMYTHIA De Vis 

Paramythia montium montium De Vis 

Paramythia montium De Vis, 1892, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1890-91, p. 95. 
— Mt. Suckling. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea, and Saruwaged Mountains, 
Huon Peninsula. 

Mountain forest and edge of forest from 2300 m. to 3800 m. (timberline). 

Paramythia montium olivaceum van Oort 

Paramythia montium olivaceum van Oort, 1910, Notes Leyden Mus., 32, p. 213. — 
Oranje Mts. (3500 m.). 
Range. — Weyland, Nassau (Utakwa River) and Oranje Mountains. 



I 



ZOSTEROPIDAE 217 

Family ZOSTEROPIDAE » 

White-eyes 

Genus ZOSTEROPS Vigors and Horsfield 

Zosterops palpebrosa albiventris Reichenbach 

Zosterops albizrntris Reichenbach, 1852, Handb. spec. Ornith., Abt. 2 (Mero- 
pinae), 1, p. 92 (based on Hombron et Jacq., Voy. Pole Sud, pi. 19, fig. 3).— War- 
rior Island, Torres Straits. 

Range.— Islands of Torres Straits (Warrior, Deliverance, Cairncross) and small 
islands on the coast of Cape York. 

On small islands. 

Zosterops chloris chloris Bonaparte 

Zosterops chloris Bonaparte, 1850, Consp. Gen. Av., 1, p. 398. — Banda Island. 

Zosterops rufifrons Salvadori, 1874, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 6, p. 79. — Gesser, 
Ceramlaut. 

Zosterops brunneicauda Salvadori, 1880, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 16, p. 82. — 
Emended name for rufifrons. 

Range. — Pulu Babi near Aru Islands, Schildpad Islands near Misol, Soa Island 
near Little Kei, small islands from Kei to Gissar and Banda Islands. 

On small islands. 

Zosterops fuscicapilla fuscicapilla Salvadori 

Zosterops fuscicapilla Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 955. — Arfak 
Mountains. 

Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop (Arfak, Tamrau), Weyland, Nassau 
(Utakwa River), Oranje and Cyclops Mountains. 

Mountain forest and edge of forest from 1200 m. to 1900 m. 

Zosterops fuscicapilla crookshanki Mayr and Rand 
Zosterops fuscicapilla crookshanki Mayr and Rand, 1935, Amer. Mus. Novit., 
Xo. 814, p. 16. — Goodenough Island. 
Range. — Mountains of Goodenough Island, D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago. 

Zosterops mysorensis Meyer 
Zosterops mysorensis A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 70, 
p. 116. — Misori Island. 
Range.— Biak Island, Geelvink Bay. 

Zosterops minor sharpei Finsch 

Zosterops sharpei Finsch, 1901, Zosteropidae, in Tierreich, p. 34. — New name 
for Zosterops frontalis Salvadori, 1878, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 12, p. 342. — Aru 
Islands (nee Z. [— Oreosterops] frontalis Reichenbach). 

Range. — Aru Islands. 



1 Erroneously described in the genus Zosterops: 
Zosterops fusca Bernstein, see Gerygone maynirostris cobana Mathews. 
Zosterops laeta De Vis, see Microeca papuana Meyer. 
Zosterops cuicui De Vis, see Microeca flavovirescens Gray. 

Range erroneously given as New Guinea : 
Zosterops hypoleuca Salvadori 1878 = Zosterops fuscifrons Salvadori 1878 (Hal- 

mahera). 



218 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Zosterops minor chrysolaema Salvadori 

Zosterops chrysolaema Salvadori, 1875, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 7, p. 954. — 
Arfak Mountains. 

Range. — Arfak Mountains and (subsp.) Onin Peninsula. 

Hill forest, edge of forest and second growth formations from about 500 m. 
up to 1300 m. 

Zosterops minor rothschildi Stresemann and Paludan 
Zosterops minor rothschildi Stresemann and Paludan, 1934, Ornith. Mo- 
natsber., 42, p. 44. — Mt. Derimapa, Gebroeders, Weyland Mts. 

Range. — Weyland Mountains and (subsp.?) Nassau Mountains (Iwaka River). 

Zosterops minor minor Meyer 

Zosterops albiventer minor A. B. Meyer, 1874, Sitzungsber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 
70, p. 115.— J obi. 

Zosterops aureigula Salvadori, 1878, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 12, p. 340. — Jobi. 

Range. — Japen Island and mountains of northern New Guinea (Cyclops and 
Sepik Mountains). 

Zosterops minor gregaria Mayr 
Zosterops minor gregaria Mayr, 1933, Ornith. Monatsber., 41, p. 53. — Sattelberg. 
Range. — Mountains of the Huon Peninsula. 

Zosterops minor tenuifrons Greenway 

Zosterops minor tenuifrons Greenway, 1934, Proc. New England Zool. Club, 14, 
p. 3. — Wau, Morobe district. 

Range. — Mountains on north coast of southeastern New Guinea from the Herzog 
to the Hydrographer Mountains; (subsp.) Tamrau Mountains, Vogelkop. 

Zosterops minor delicatula Sharpe 
Zosterops delicatula Sharpe, 1882, Journ. Linn. Soc. London, Zool., 16, p. 318 
and p. 440. — Astrolabe Mts., southeast New Guinea. 

Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea (southern slopes). 
Edge of forest and second growth formations from 800 m. to 1400 m. 

Zosterops minor pallidogularis Stresemann 
Zosterops delicatula pallidogularis Stresemann, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 
17, p. 222. — Fergusson Island. 
Range. — Fergusson and Goodenough Islands, D'Entrecasteaux Archipelago. 

Zosterops minor meeki Hartert 
Zosterops meeki Hartert, 1898, Novit. Zool., 5, p. 528. — Sudest Island. 
Range. — Tagula (Sudest) Island, Louisiade Archipelago. 

Zosterops novaeguineae novaeguineae Salvadori 
Zosterops novaeguineae Salvadori, 1878, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 12, p. 341. — 
Arfak Mountains. 
Range. — Vogelkop (Arfak Mountains). 



PLOCEIDAE 



219 



Zosterops novaeguineae oreophila Mayr 
Zostcrops novaeguineae oreophila Mayr, 1931, Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 17, p. 
671. — Junzaing. 

Range. — Saruwaged Mountains. 

Zosterops novaeguineae crissalis Sharpe 
Zosterops crissalis Sharpe, 1884, Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., 9, p. 165.— Astrolabe Mts. 
Range. — Mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 
Tree-tops, edge of forest and second growth formations from 1250 m. to 2400 m. 

Zosterops novaeguineae wuroi Mayr and Rand 
Zosterops novaeguineae wuroi Mayr and Rand, 1935, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 
814, p. 16. — Wuroi, Oriomo River. 

Range. — South New Guinea at the Wuroi River; (subsp.) Aru Islands. 
Lowland forest and edge of forest. 

Zosterops griseotincta longirostris Ramsay 

Zosterops longirostris Ramsay, 1879, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 3, 
p. 288. — Heath Island, off the eastern tip of New Guinea. 

Range. — Heath Island (Rogeia), East and Hastings Islands (Bonvouloir group) 
and Alcester Island. 

Zosterops griseotincta griseotincta Gray 
Zosterops griseotincta G. R. Gray, 1858, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 175. — 
Duchateau Island, Louisiade Archipelago. 
Range. — Duchateau Island and Conflict group, Louisiade Archipelago. 

Zosterops griseotincta aignani Hartert 
Zosterops aignani Hartert, 1899, Novit. Zool., 6, p. 210. — St. Aignan. 
Range. — Misima (= St. Aignan) and Deboyne group, Louisiade Archipelago. 

Zosterops griseotincta pallidipes De Vis 
Zosterops pallidipes De Vis, 1890, Ann. Rep. Brit. New Guinea, 1888-89, p. 60.— 
Rossel Island. 
Range. — Rossel Island, Louisiade Archipelago. 

Family PLOCEIDAE 

Weaver Finches 

Genus ERYTHRURA Swainson 

Erythrura trichroa sigillifera (De Vis) 

Lobospingus sigillifer De Vis, 1897, Ibis, p. 389. — Mountains of southeastern 
New Guinea, apparently Mount Scratchley. 

Erythrura trichroa goodfellowi Ogilvie-Grant, 1911, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 29, 
p. 29. — Moroka district, southeast New Guinea. 

Range. — Cape York Peninsula, Queensland; mountains of New Guinea: Arfak, 
Weyland, Sepik (Schraderberg and Peripatusberg), Saruwaged and Herzog Moun- 
tains, and mountains of southeastern New Guinea; Goodenough Island, Tagula, 
Karkar, Manam and New Ireland. 

Dense second growth, edge of forest and glades in forest from 800 m. to 2400 m. 



220 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Erythrura papuana Hartert 

Erythrura trichroa papuana Hartert, 1900, Novit. Zool., 7, p. 7. — Arfak Moun- 
tains. 

Range. — Mountains of the Vogelkop (Arfak, Tamrau) and mountains of south- 
eastern New Guinea. 

Edge of forest and forest glades at 800 m. and 2000 m. 

Genus NEOCHMIA Gray 

Neochmia evangelinae evangelinae D'Albertis and Salvadori 
Neochmia evangelinae D'Albertis and Salvadori, 1879, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 
14, p. 89.— Fly River (160 miles). 
Range. — South New Guinea on the Fly River and Oriomo River (Dogwa). 

Genus LONCHURA * Sykes 

Lonchura leucosticta (D'Albertis and Salvadori) 
Munia leucosticta D'Albertis and Salvadori, 1879, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 14, 
p. 88.— Fly River (300 miles). 

Range. — South New Guinea from the Fly River to the Noord River. 
Grassland near the edge of the forest. 

Lonchura tristissima tristissima (Wallace) 
Munia tristissima Wallace, 1865, Proc. Zool. Soc. London, p. 479. — Vogelkop. 
Range. — Vogelkop. 

Lonchura tristissima hypomelaena Stresemann and Paludan 
Lonchura tristissima hypomelaena Stresemann and Paludan, 1934, Ornith. 
Monatsber., 42, p. 43.— Mt. Kunupi (1200 m.). 
Range. — Weyland Mountains. 

Lonchura tristissima calaminoros (Reichenow) 

Munia calaminoros Reichenow, 1916, Ornith. Monatsber., 24, p. 169. — Augus- 
tahafen, German New Guinea. 

Range. — Southern slopes of Nassau and Oranje Mountains, east to Noord 
River (subsp. ?); northern New Guinea between Mamberano and Hydrographer 
Mountains ; Karkar. 

Edge of forest, second growth and glades in forest up to 1400 m. 

Lonchura vana (Hartert) 
Munia vana Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 42. — Kofo, Anggi gidji, Arfak 
Mountains (2000 m.). 
Range. — Known only from the grasslands around the Anggi Lakes. 

Lonchura caniceps caniceps (Salvadori) 
Munia caniceps Salvadori, 1876, Ann. Mus. Civ. Genova, 9, p. 38. — Naiabui, 
Hall Sound. 



1 Lonchura Sykes (1832) antedates Munia (1836), Donacola (1842) and Uro- 
loncha (1851). 






PLOCEIDAE 



221 



Range.— Lowlands along the south coast of southeast New Guinea, from Yule 
Island and Hall Sound eastward at least to Port Moresby. 
Grassland from the coast up to 100 m. 

Lonchura caniceps scratchleyana (Sharpe) 
Muma scratchleyana Sharpe, 1898, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 7, p. 60.— Mt. Albert 
Edward. 

Range.— Midmountain grasslands of southeast New Guinea from 1000 m. to 
1800 m. Known from the Auga, Vanapa, Angabunga and Aroa valleys. 

Lonchura caniceps kumusii (Hartert) 
Muma caniceps kumusii Hartert, 1911, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 27, p. 47.— Kumusi 
River. 
Range. — North coast of southeast New Guinea (lowlands). 

Lonchura nevermanni Stresemann 

Lonchura nevermanni Stresemann, 1934, Ornith. Monatsber., 42, p. 101. — 
Merauke. 

Range. — South New Guinea between Frederik-Hendrik Island and the middle 
Fly River. 

Savanna and lowland marshes. 

Lonchura grandis grandis (Sharpe) 

Munia grandis Sharpe, 1882, Journ. Linn. Soc. London, Zool., 16, p. 319. — 
Taburi, Astrolabe Mountains. 

Range. — Southeast New Guinea, westward on the south coast to Hall Sound, 
on the north coast to the upper Watut River (Biolowat). 

Lonchura grandis ernesti (Stresemann) 
Munia grandis ernesti Stresemann, 1921, Anz. Ornith. Ges. Bayern, 1, p. 33. — 
Seerosensee, lower Sepik valley. 
Range. — Astrolabe Bay, Ramu and Sepik valleys. 

Lonchura grandis destructa (Hartert) 
Munia grandis destructa Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 42. — I far, Sentani 
Lake, north New Guinea. 

Range. — Known only from the type locality. 

Lonchura grandis heurni Hartert 
Lonchura grandis heurni Hartert, 1932, Nova Guinea, 15 (Zool.), p. 477. — 
Bataviabivak, Mamberano River. 
Range. — Known only from the type locality. 

Lonchura stygia Stresemann 
Lonchura stygia Stresemann, 1934, Ornith. Monatsber., 42, p. 102.— Mandum, 
upper Bian River, south New Guinea. 

Range. — South New Guinea between Bian River and middle Fly River. 
Grasslands and lowland marshes. 

Lonchura spectabilis mayri (Hartert) 

Munia spectabilis mayri Hartert, 1930, Novit. Zool., 36, p. 42. — I far, Sentani 
Lake. 

Range. — Known from the Sentani Lake (75 m.), from the Saru waged Moun- 
tains (at 2800 m.), and from Wau, Bulolo River (1200 m.). 

Grasslands. 



222 LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 

Lonchura castaneothorax nigriceps (Ramsay) 

Donacola nigriceps Ramsay, 1877, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 1 (1876), 
p. 392. — Port Moresby. 

Range. — Southeast New Guinea, westward on the south coast to Hall Sound, 
on the north coast to the Kumusi River; (subsp.) Goodenough Island. 

Grasslands near sea level. 

Lonchura castaneothorax sharpii (Madarasz) 

Donacicola sharpii Madarasz, 1894, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 3, p. 47. — Bongu, 
Astrolabe Bay. 

Range. — North New Guinea from Astrolabe Bay to Humboldt Bay and Vulcan 
(Manam) Island. 

Lonchura castaneothorax uropygialis Stresemann and Paludan 
Lonchura castaneothorax uropygialis Stresemann and Paludan, 1934, Ornith. 
Monatsber., 42, p. 43. — Lower Menoo River, head of Geelvink Bay. 
Range. — Known only from the type locality. 

Lonchura teerinki Rand 

Lonchura teerinki Rand, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1072, p. 14. — Bele River 
(2200 m.), 18 km. north of Lake Habbema. 

Range. — Grand Valley (Balim and Bele Rivers), northern slope of Mount 
Wilhelmina, Oranje Mountains. 

Midmountain grasslands from 1600 m. to 2300 m. 

Lonchura montana Junge 
Lonchura montana Junge, 1939, Nova Guinea, (N.S.) 3, p. 67. — Oranje Moun- 
tains (4150 m.). 
Range. — Oranje Mountains. 
Alpine grasslands at 4150 m. 

Lonchura monticola (De Vis) 
Munia monticola De Vis, 1897, Ibis, p. 387. — Mt. Scratchley. 
Munia nigritorquis Sharpe, 1898, Bull. Brit. Orn. Club, 7, p. 60. — Mt. Albert 
Edward. 
Range. — Highest mountains of southeastern New Guinea. 
Tree-line and alpine grasslands from 2800 m. to 3900 m. 

Genus OREOSTRUTHUS De Vis 

Oreostruthus fuliginosus fuliginosus (De Vis) 
Oreospiza fuliginosa De Vis, 1897, Ibis, p. 389. — Mt. Scratchley. 
Range. — High mountains of southeastern New Guinea (Wharton Range, Mount 
Scratchley, Mount Knutsford, Winterheight). 
Upper tree limit and edge of alpine grassland from 2800 m. to 3700 m. 

Oreostruthus fuliginosus pallidus Rand 
Oreostruthus fuliginosus pallidus Rand, 1940, Amer. Mus. Novit., No. 1072, p. 
14. — Lake Habbema (3225 m.), Snow Mountains. 
Range. — Northern slopes of Oranje Mountains. 



INDEX TO IMPORTANT LOCALITIES IN THE PAPUAN 
REGION AT WHICH BIRDS HAVE BEEN COLLECTED 

Detailed maps of collecting stations of ornithological expeditions made during 
recent years are the following : 

Map (a) Vogelkop — Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 91 (1939), separate 

map. 
Map (b) Weyland Mountains and Geelvink Bay. — Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin, 

21 (1936), p. 168, text-figure. 
Map (c) Snow Mountains and south New Guinea. — Ibis, Suppl. 2 (1915), 

map B. 
Map (d) Noord River and Oranje Range. — Nova Guinea, (N.S.) 1 (1937), 

pp. 185, 187, text-figure. 
Map (e) Oranje Mountains (Snow Mts.) (north slope). — Amer. Mus. 

Novit., No. 1072 (1940), p. 2. 
Map (f) Fly River and Gulf of Papua. — Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 77 

(1940), Art. 7 (p. 380), separate map. 
Map (g) Wharton Range and Central Division, southeastern New Guinea.— 

Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 68 (1935), plate 28. 
Map (h) Huon Gulf and Herzog Mountains. — Proc. New England Zool. Club, 

14 (1935), p. 21, text-figure. 

In the subsequent list of localities, repeated reference is made to these 8 maps. 
They can be found in easily accessible publications and are usually attached to 
papers which are used constantly by workers on New Guinea birds. The most 
important localities are indicated on the map which is reproduced at the rear of 
the book. Such names are printed in italics. To all the other localities of the 
list explanations are added which orient them in respect to these chief localities of 
the attached map. 

1 mile = 1.6 kilometers. Amphlett group, 15 miles northeast of 

Aicora River = Gira River, 10 miles a„j„: r_. * a x i w*_ / x 

west of the Mambare River ^ f ° 0t ° f . Arfak Mts. (map a) 

Aiduma Island, Triton Bay (map b) 7*^ *"'"' near Ha " S ° Und 

St. Aignan Island = Misima Island A ■ T i a r i *«■ 

Aitape district, north New Guinea Anggl L T akes ' T A f rfs * Mts. (map a) 

Ajawi Island, 30 miles northwest of Ansus, Japen Island 

Bi a k Arau district, Kraetke Mountains 

Mt. Albert Edward, Wharton Range Ar f ak Mountains, Vogelkop 

(map g) Aroa River, 40 miles east of Hall Sound 

Alcester Island, 30 miles southwest of ( ma P S) 

Woodlark Island Aru Islands 

Alkmaar, Xoord River (map d) Astrolabe Bay, northeast New Guinea 

Amberbaken ( = Amberbaki ) , north Astrolabe Mountains, between Port 

coast of Vogelkop (map a) Moresby and Rigo 

Ambernoh River = Mamberano River Auga River, upper Angabunga (mapg) 

Amberpon = Rumberpon Island (map Augusta River = Sepik River 

a) Avera, upper Aroa River 

223 



224 



LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 



Awaiama Bay, 60 miles southeast of 
head of Goodenough Bay 

Babooni (3000 ft.), foothills of Owen 

Stanley Mountains 
Bailalla (Vailalla) River, 15 miles east 

of the Purari River 
Balim River, Oranje Mountains (mape) 
Banahai, Huon Peninsula 
Baniara, Goodenough Bay 
Barkai Island, Aru Islands (map c) 
Baroka, Bioto Creek, Hall Sound (map 

g) 
Bartle Bay, 35 miles east of head of 

Goodenough Bay 
Batanta, western Papuan Islands 
Batavia bivak, Mamberano River, 12 

miles below the mouth of the Iden- 

burg River 
Mt. Batchelor, Owen Stanley Range 
Bele River, Oranje Mountains (map e) 
Bella Vista, Central Division of Papua 

(map g) 
Berau Peninsula = Vogelkop 
Berlinhafen == Aitape 
Bernhard Camp, Idenburg River (map 

e) 
Bet Island, Torres Straits 
Biak Island, Geelvink Bay 
Bian River, 30 miles west of Merauke 

(map c) 
Bihagi, Mambare River 
Binaturi River, west of Daru (map f) 
Biolowat (Bulowat), Watut River dis- 
trict (map h) 
Bioto Creek, Hall Sound (map g) 
Black River, upper Palmer (Fly) River 

(map f) 
Bofu district, east of Collingwood Bay 
Boirave, Orangerie Bay 
Bondey, Wandammen district, Geelvink 

Bay 
Bongu, eastern part of Astrolabe Bay 
Mt. Bonkourangen, Vogelkop (map a) 
Bonvouloir group, Louisiade Archipelago 
Bramble Haven, south of Conflict group 
Braunschweighafen (Pajawa), 25 miles 

northwest of Morobe 
Brown River, near Port Moresby (map 

g) 
Bubui River, near Finschhafen 
Bugi (Buji), south New Guinea (map 

f) 



Bulolo River, tributary of upper Watut 

River (map h) 
Buna, Holnicote Bay 
Bussum, near Finschhafen 
Butaueng, near Finschhafen 

Calvados group, west of Tagula 

Mt. Cameron, Owen Stanley Range 

Chads Bay = Awaiama Bay, west of 
East Cape 

Charles Louis Mts., western part of 
Nassau Range (map c) 

China Straits, between Samarai and 
New Guinea 

Chogeri (= Sogeri), inland of Port 
Moresby, apparently at the head- 
waters of the Laloki River 

Chogueri district = Sogeri district 

Cloudy Bay, Eastern Division of Papua 

Collingivood Bay, Northeastern Division 
of Papua 

Conflict group, 30 miles south of the 
Bonvouloir group 

Cornwallis Island, apparently some- 
where near Milne Bay 

Courtance Island = Coutance Island, 
west of Cloudy Bay 

Cyclops Mountains, northern Dutch 
New Guinea 

Czinyagi, Astrolabe Bay 

D'Albertis Junction, upper Fly River 

(map f) 
Dallmannshafen (=Wewak), 90 miles 

east of Aitape 
Dampier Island = Karkar Island 
Daru Island, Western Division of Papua 

(map f) 
Lake Daviumbu, middle Fly River (map 

f) 
Dawong, Herzog Mts. (map h) 
Deboyne Islands, 10 miles southwest of 

Misima 
Delena, Hall Sound (map g) 
Deliverance Island, Torres Straits 
Mt. Derimapa, Weyland Mountains 

(map b) 
Deva Deva, near Mafulu (map g) 
Digul River, south New Guinea (map 

c) 
Dinner Island = Samarai 
Discovery Bay, 7 miles southeast of 

head of Milne Bay 



INDEX OF GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES 



225 



Dobo (Dobbo). Am Islands (map c) 
Dobu Island, between Fergusson and 

Normanby 
Dogwa (Dagwa), Oriomo River (map 

f) 
Doini (Blanchard) Island. 5 miles south- 
east of Samarai 
Dom Island = Sorong Island 
Doormanpaad, south of the Idenburg 

River (map e) 
Dorei (= Dorey) Harbour = Manok- 

wari (map a) 
Dorei Hum, northwest coast of Yogel- 

kop (map a) 
Dourga River = Princess Marianne 

Straits 
Duchateau Island, 45 miles south of 

Misima 
Dugumenu Island, Marshall Bennett Is. 
Dungeness Island, Torres Straits 

Eafa district, Owen Stanley Range 

East Cape, northeast of Milne Bay 

East Island, Bonvouloir group 

Edie Creek, Watut drainage (map h) 

Efman Island, near Sorong 

Egum Islands, 50 miles southwest of 

Woodlark 
Eilanden River, south New Guinea 

(map c) 
Eitape = Aitape 
D'Entrccastcaux Archipelago 
Mt. Epa, about 5 miles inland on Hall 

Sound 
Erima, Astrolabe Bay 
Etappenberg, 15 miles southwest of 

Hunsteinspitze 
Ethel River, Hall Sound (map g) 
Etna Bay, southwest Xew Guinea (map 

b) 

Fak-Fak, Onin Peninsula 
Fane, near Mafulu (map g) 
fergusson Island, D'Entrecasteaux Ar- 
* fl chipelago 

Fig Tree Point, Collingwood Bay 
Finisterre Mountains, Huon Peninsula 
Finsch coast, Aitape district 
Finschhafen, Huon Gulf 
Fir Tree Point = Fig Tree Point 
Fly River, south Xew Guinea 
Ercderik Hendrik Island, south Xew 
Guinea 



Friedrich Wilhelms Hafen = Madang, 
Astrolabe Bay 

Gagi, western Papuan Islands 

Gaima, mouth of the Fly River (map 

«) 

Galley Reach, Redscar Bay, 30 miles 
northwest of Port Moresby (map g) 
Gawa Island, Marshall Bennett Is. 
Mt. Gayata, Richardson Range, Owen 

Stanley Mountains 
Gebe Island, western Papuan Islands 
Gebroeders Mountains, Weyland Moun- 
tains (map b) 
Geelvink Bay 
Gemien (= Gam) Island, off the south 

coast of Waigeu 
Gogol River = upper Ramu River 
Goldie River, southeast branch of the 

Laloki River 
Mt. Goliath, Oranje Range (map c) 
Goodenough Bay, southeast New Guinea 
Goodenough Island, D'Entrecasteaux 
Archipelago 

Lake Habbema, Oranje Mountains 

(map e) 
Haidana, Collingwood Bay 
Hall Sound, Central Division of Papua 

(map g) 
Hastings Island, Bonvouloir group 
Hatam, Arfak Mountains (map a) 
Heath Island (=Rogeia), 2 miles 

southwest of Samarai 
Heldsbach coast, near Finschhafen 
Hellwig Mountains, upper Noord River 

(map d) 
Herzog Mountains, between the Bulolo 

River and Huon Gulf 
Hoi, Humboldt Bay 
Hollandia, near Humboldt Bay 
Holnicote Bay, Northern Division of 

Papua 
Hompua, Saruwaged Mountains (map 

h) 
Hubrecht Mountains, Oranje Range 

(map d) 
Hufeisengebirge, back of Astrolabe 

Mountains 
Humboldt Bay, north New Guinea 
Hunsteinspitze, middle Sepik (map c) 
Huon Gulf, northeast New Guinea 
Hydrographer Mountains, Northeastern 

Division of Papua 



226 



LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 



Idenburg River, eastern branch of the 

Mamberano River (map e) 
I far (Ifaar), Sentani Lake 
Iwaka River, branch of the Kamura, 18 

miles east of the Mimika River (map 

c) 

Jagei River = upper Ramu River 
Jakema (Jakama), Huon Peninsula 
Jamna Island = Yamna Island 
Lake Jamur (Yamur), south of Geel- 

vink Bay (map c) 
Japen Island ( = Jobi), Geelvink Bay 
Jaur district, southwest coast of Geel- 
vink Bay 
Joannet Island (= Pana Tinani), 2 

miles northwest of Tagula 
Jobi Island — Japen Island 
St. Josephs River = Angabunga River 
Junzaing, Saruwaged Mountains 

Kafu, east of Aitape, opposite Tarawai 

Island 
Kaileuna Island, Trobriand Islands 
Kairiru Island, between Aitape and 

Sepik 
Kajan Mountains, Oranje Mountains 

(map d) 
Kampong Baru, 20 miles east of Serui, 

Japen Island 
Kamura River, 14 miles east of the 

Mimika River (map c) 
Kapa Kapa, near Rigo 
Kapare River, western tributary of the 

Mimika River (map c) 
Kapaur, Onin Peninsula 
Karau, 20 miles west of the mouth of 

the Sepik River 
Karkar (== Dampier) Island, off north- 
ern New Guinea 
Karons, foot of Tamrau Mountains 
Katau River (= Binaturi River), 15 

miles west of the Oriomo River (map 

f) 
Kaukas, Onin Peninsula 
Kavijaaw = Kofiau 
Kemp Welch River, 15 miles east of 

Rigo 
Killerton Island, 20 miles east of head 

of Milne Bay 
Kiriwina Island, Trobriand Islands 
Kitava Island, Trobriand Islands 
Khvai Island, mouth of the Fly River 

(map f) 



Mt. Knutsford, Wharton Range (map 

g) 
Kobroor (Kobrur) Island, Aru Islands 

(map c) 
Kofiau (=Koffiao), western Papuan 

Islands 
Kofo, Anggi Gidji, Arfak Mountains 
Konstantinhafen, head of Astrolabe Bay 
Korido, Biak Island 
Koruba Region, MacClay Coast, Huon 

Peninsula 
Kotoi district, Owen Stanley Range 
Kraetke Mountains, east of the head- 
waters of the Ramu River 
Kubuna, 18 miles west of Mafulu (map 

g) 
Kulungtufu, Saruwaged Mountains 
Kumamba Islands, 60 miles east of the 

mouth of the Mamberano River 
Kumusi River, 30 miles southeast of 

the Mambare River 
Mt. Kunupi, Weyland Mountains (map 

b) 
Kuper Mountains, southern half of 

Herzog Mountains 
Kurudu Island, east of Japen 

Lakahia Island, Etna Bay 

Lake Daviumbu, Lake Sentani, etc., see 

Daviumbu, Sentani, etc. 
Laloki River, near Port Moresby (map 

g) 
Mt. Lehuma, Arfak Mountains (south 

of Anggi Lakes) 
Lobo Bay — Triton Bay (map b) 
Loewelala, western Vogelkop (map a) 
Lolebu, near Finschhafen 
Lordberg, 20 miles south of Hunstein- 

spitze 
Lorentz River = Noord River 
Louisiade Archipelago 
Lutor, Aru Islands 

Mabaduan, 35 miles west of Daru (map 

f) 
MacClay Coast, north coast of ti ns 

Huon Peninsula 
Madang, Astrolabe Bay 
Macanderberg, upper Sepik 
Mafoor — Numfor Island 
Mafulu, Central Division of Papua 

(map g) 
Mailu, 25 miles west of Orangerie Bay 
Mallalo, near Salamoa, Huon Gulf* 



INDEX OF GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES 



227 



Main, middle Sepik River 

Mambare River, Northern Division of 

Papua 
Mamberano River, north New Guinea 
Mambrioe = ? Mamheriok Peninsula, 

head of Geelvink Bay 
Manam, island off north New Guinea 
Mandum, Bian River. Merauke district 
Mt. Maneao, inland of Collingwood Bay 
Afcmokwari, Yogelkop (map a) 
Mansema, Yogelkop (map a) 
Mansinam, near Manokwari (map a) 
Mt. Maori = Mt. Moari 
Mapia Island, 120 miles north of 

Manokwari 
Marai Island, near Ansus, Japen 
Marienberg, lower Sepik River (25 

miles up) 
Markham River (map h) 
Marshall Bennett Islands, 35 miles west 

of Woodlark 
Matsika, 10 miles west of Mafulu (map 

g) 
Matterer Bay, near Tana Mera 
Mefoor Island = Numfor Island 
Mega River, Vogelkop (map a) 
Mekeo, Owen Stanley Range 
Menoo River, upper Wanggar River 

(map b) 
Meos (= Island), see also Mios 
Meos Korwar = Meos Pondi, 20 miles 

northwest of Biak Island 
Meos Num (Miosnom), Geelvink Bay 
Merauke, south New Guinea 
Milne Bay 

Mimika River, foot of Nassau Range 
Mios Kairu = Ajawi Island, 30 miles 

northwest of Biak 
Miosnom Island = Meos Num 
Mt. Misim, Herzog Mountains (maph) 
Misima (= St. Aignan), Louisiade Ar- 
chipelago 
Misol, western Papuan Islands 
Misori = Biak Island, Geelvink Bay 
Mt. Moari, Arfak Mountains (map a) 
.*fomi, west coast of Geelvink Bay at 
the foot of Arfak Mountains, near 
Wariap (map a) 
Mon, Yule Island 
Mongi-Busu, Saruwaged Mountains 

(map h) 
Mopa, opposite Frederik Hendrik Is- 
land 



Mt. Morait, 8 miles east of Sorong 
( map a) 

Morehead River, 85 miles east of Me- 
rauke (map f) 

Port Moresby, Central Division of 
Papua 

Mori = Mt. Moari 

Morobe, south of Huon Gulf (map h) 

Moroka, near headwaters of the Laloki 
River 

Murray Pass, Wharton Range (map g) 

Musgrave Range, Owen Stanley Range 

Mysore Island = Biak Island 

Naiabui, Hall Sound 

Napan, Geelvink Bay (map b) 

Nassau Mountains, western part of 

Snow Mountains 
Neneba, north slope of Mt. Scratchley 

at the headwaters of the Mambare 

River 
Nicura, Hall Sound 
Noisaroe, probably near the head of 

Geelvink Bay 
Noord River (= Lorentz River), south 

New Guinea (map d) 
Normanby Island, D'Entrecasteaux Ar- 
chipelago 
Numfor Island (— Mafor), Geelvink 

Bay 

Ogeramnang, Saruwaged Mountains 

(map h) 
Onin Peninsula, southwest New Guinea 
Ononge, 15 miles east of Mafulu (map 

g) 
Orangerie Bay, Eastern Division of 

Papua 
Oranje Range, eastern part of Snow 

Mountains 
Oriomo River, opposite Daru (map f) 
Owen Stanley Mountains, southeastern 

New Guinea 
Owgarra, upper Angabunga River 

Palmer Junction, upper Fly River (map 

f) 
Palmer River, upper Fly River (mapf) 
Panasesa, Conflict group, Louisiade Ar- 
chipelago 
Pani-pom-pom, Deboyne group, Louisi- 
ade Archipelago 
Parimau, Mimika River (map c) 
Passim, southwest coast of Geelvink 
Bav 



228 



LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 



Pauwi, near mouth of the Mamberano 

River 
Pecan Island, near Misol 
Penzara, 100 miles west of Daru (map 

f) 

Peripatusberg, upper Sepik River 
Pig Island, Louisiade Archipelago 
Popa == Kofiau 
Potsdamhafen, east of the mouth of the 

Ramu River, opposite Manam Island 
Princess Marianne Straits, east of Fred- 

erik Hendrik Island (map c) 
Profi, Arfak Mountains 
Pulu (malay) = Island 
Pulu Babi, Aru Islands 
Pulu Karang, Aru Islands (map c) 
Pulu Suangi, Aru Islands (map c) 
Purari River, Gulf of Papua 
Putat, Arfak Mountains 

Ramoi River, Vogelkop (map a) 
Ramu River, north New Guinea 
Rawak — Luwak, off Waigeu 
Rawlinson Mountains, part of the Saru- 

waged Range, Huon Peninsula 
Redscar Bay, 30 miles west of Port 

Moresby (map g) 
van Rees Gebergte, at the lower Mam- 
berano River 
Renard Islands, 12 miles southeast of 

Misima 
Richardson Range, Owen Stanley Range 
Rigo, Central Division of Papua 
Rogeia = Heath Island 
Port Romiiy, 25 miles west of the 

mouth of the Purari River 
Ron Island, north end of the Wandam- 

men Peninsula 
Rona, inland from Port Moresby 
Rossel Island, Louisiade Archipelago 
Round Island, near Tagula 
Rubi, head of Geelvink Bay (map b) 
Rumberpon — Amberpon Island (map 

a) 

Sagewin Island, off Salawati 
Sainkedoek, Vogelkop (map a) 
Salamoa (=Salamaua), 65 miles north- 
west of Morobe (map h) 
Salawati, western Papuan Islands 
Samarai, off easternmost New Guinea 
Saonek Island, off Waigeu 
Saparako, Huon Gulf 
Sariba Island, 2 miles northeast of 
Samarai 



Saruzvaged Mountains, Huon Peninsula 
Sattelberg, Huon Peninsula, near Finsch- 

hafen 
Schildpad Islands, near Misol 
Schraderberg, between Hagen Moun- 
tains and the mouth of the Sepik 
Mt. Scratchley, Wharton Range (map 

Seerosensee, Sepik River, near Malu 

Sekru, Onin Peninsula 

Seleh (=Tandjong Sele), west coast 

of Vogelkop (map a) 
Seleo Island, off Aitape 
Lake Sentani, near Humboldt Bay 
Sepik River 
Serui (Seroei), south coast of Japen 

Island 
Setekwa River, 10 miles east of the 

Utakwa River (map c) 
Sevia, Saruwaged Mountains, Huon 

Peninsula (map h) 
Silbatabata, Aru Islands (map c) 
Simbang, near Finschhafen, Huon Gulf 
Siriwo River, head of Geelvink Bay 

(map b) 
Siwi, Arfak Mountains (map a) 
Skru = Sekru 
Snake River, tributary of the Bulolo 

River, Herzog Mountains (map h) 
Snow Mountains (Nassau and Oranje 

Ranges) 
Soek Island = Biak Island, Geelvink 

Bay 
Sogere (= Sogeri) district, upper La- 

loki River 
Sorong, small island near west coast 

of Vogelkop (map a) 
Sorong district, coastal district of Vo- 
gelkop, opposite Sorong Island 
Cape South, 27 miles west of Samarai 
Stephansort, Astrolabe Bay 
Sturt Island, lower Fly River (map f) 
Suau Island, opposite Cape South 
Mt. Suckling, between Cloudy Bay and 

Collingwood Bay 
Sudest Island — Tagula, Louisiade Ar,-t 

chipelago 
Suku, upper Vanapa Valley 
Mt. Sumuri, Weyland Mountains (map 

b) 
Surprise Creek, Watut River (map h) 

Taburi district, Central Division of 
Papua 






i\l)i:x OF GEOGRAPHICAL NAMES 



229 



Mt. Tafa, near Wharton Range (map 

Tagula (= Sudest), Louisiade Archi- 
pelago 

Takar, opposite Yamna Island 

Tanii River, 15 miles east of Humboldt 
Bay 

Tamrau Mountains, Vogelkop 

Tana Mera Bay, west of the Cyclops 
Mountains 

Tarara, Wassikussa River, 90 miles 
west of Daru (map f) 

Tarawai Island (Tendanje, Bertrand Is- 
land), 15 miles west of Kairiru 

Tarfia, Matterer (= Demta) Bay, west 
of Tana Mera 

Taua (Tana), mouth of the Mamberano 
River 

Teba = Fcba, lower Mamberano River 

Terangan = Trangan, Aru Islands 

Teste Island, 30 miles southeast of Sa- 
marai 

Timbunke, Sepik valley, at 143° 30' E. 

Tjobonda, Arfak Mountains 

Tor River, 18 miles west of Takar 

Torres Straits 

Traitors Islands, between Biak and 
Japen 

Trangan Island, Aru Islands (map c) 

Treub Mountains, Oranje Range (map 

Triton Bay, southwest New Guinea 

(map b) 
Trobriand Islands 

Uria River, southern tributary of upper 

Ramu River 
D'Urville Island = Kairiru 
Utakwa River, foot of Nassau Range 

(map c) 
Utanata River, 30 miles west of the 

Mimika River (map c) 

Vanapa River, west of Port Moresby 
(map g) 

Vanumai, east of Hall Sound (map g) 

Mt. Victoria, Wharton Range (map g) 

Yiena Island = Yeina Island 

Yikaiku, Angabunga River 

Vogelkop (= Berau Peninsula), north- 
west New Guinea 

Vulcan Island = Manam 

Waigeu, western Papuan Islands 



Wamal, Princess Marianne Sti 
Wamea, Amphlett group 

Wammer (Wamma), Aru Islands (map 

c) 
Wanambai (Wanumbai), Kobroor Is- 
land, Aru Islands (map c) 
Wandammen, west coast of Geelvink 

Bay 
Wang gar River, head of Geelvink Bay 

(map b) 
Warbusi, west coast of Geelvink Bay, 

near Momi (map a) 
Waria River, Morobe district 
Warmendi, Arfak Mountains 
Waropen district, southeast coast of 

Geelvink Bay 
Warrior Island, Torres Straits 
Warsembo, west coast of Geelvink Bay, 

south of Rumberpon Island 
Wa Samson River, Vogelkop (map a) 
Wassi Kussa River, west of Daru, south 

New Guinea (map f) 
Wataikwa River, 12 miles east of the 

Mimika River (map c) 
Watut River, southern tributary of 

Markham River (map h) 
Wau, Bulolo River (map h) 
Wendoe Mer River, Merauke district 
IVeyland Mountains (map b) 
Wharton Range, southeast New Guinea 

(map g) 
Wichman Mountains, Oranje Range 

(map d) 
Mt. Wilhelmina, Oranje Mountains 

(map d) (map e) 
Windesi, west coast of Geelvink Bay 

(map b) 
Mt. Winterheight, Wharton Range 

(map g) 
Wokan (Wokam), Aru Islands (map 

c) 
Wonapi, Japen Island, Geelvink Bay 
Mt. Wondiwoi, Wandammen Peninsula 
Woodlark Island 
Wuroi, Oriomo River (map f) 

Yamna Island, off the north coast of 

New Guinea, near Takar 
Yarru Island = Daru Island 
Yeina Island, 5 miles north of Tagula 
Yule Island, Hall Sound (map g) 

Zakaheme, Saruwaged Mountains, Huon 
Peninsula 



INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES 



aberrans, Trichoglossus, 54 
Acanthiza, 121 
Accipiter, 14 
Acrocephalus, 116 
Actitis, 31 

acuminata, Erolia, 33 
acuminatus, Totanus, 33 
adamsoni, Coracina, 103 
adjacens, Drymodes, 110 
adolphinae, Myzomela, 194 
adsimilis, Corvus, 166 
adsimilis, Dicrurus, 166 
aedificans, Amblyornis, 184 
Aegotheles, 80 
Aeluroedus, 185 
Aepypodius, 21 
aethereus, Phaeton, 5 
aethiops, Poecilodryas, 106 
aethiops, Saxicola, 106 
Aethomyias, 118 
affinis, Aegotheles, 80 
affinis, Gerygone, 124 
affinis, Megapodius, 20 
affinis, Melilestes, 195 
affinis, Milvus, 14 
affinis, Myiolestes, 153 
affinis, Pachycephala, 148, 149 
affinis, Toxorhamphus, 195 
aicora, Meliphaga, 205 
aida, Malurus, 114 
aignani, Zosterops, 219 
Ailuroedus, 185 
ajax, Cinclosoma, 110 
ajax, Eupetes, 110 
alaris, Cinclosoma, 111 
alaris, Gallicolumba, 49 
alaris, Megaloprepia, 42 
alba, Crocethia, 33 
alba, Gygis, 37 
alba, Neositta, 187 
alba, Tyto, 77 
alberti, Hypotaenidia, 23 
alberti, Pachycephala, 151 
alberti, Pteridophora, 179 
alberti, Rallus, 23 
albertisii, Aegotheles, 81 
albertisii, Drepanephorus, 170 



albertisii, Drepanornis, 170 
albertisii, Goura, 52 
albertisii, Gymnophaps, 45 
albescens, Pristorhamphus, 215 
albescens, Tringa, 33 
albicans, Epimachus, 171 
albicans, Falcinellus, 171 
albicauda, Rhipidura, 129 
albidior, Peneothello, 144 
albidior, Poecilodryas, 144 
albifacies, Poecilodryas, 141 
albifacies, Tregellasia, 141 
albifrons, Henicophaps, 49 
albifrons, Machaerirhynchus, 138 
albifrons, Neositta, 187 
albifrons, Sittella, 187 
albifrons, Sterna, 36 
albigula, Crateroscelis, 109 
albigula, Machaerirhynchus, 138 
albigula, Myzomela, 193 
albigula, Phylloscopus, 126 
albigularis, Pachycephala, 146 
albigularis, Pachycephalopsis, 146 
albigularis, Phylloscopus, 126 
albispecularis, Heteromyias, 145 
albispecularis, Pachycephala, 145 
albiventris, Monarcha, 135 
albiventris, Zosterops, 217 
alboauricularis, Lichmera, 203 
alboauricularis, Stigmatops, 203 
albogularis, Caprimulgus, 82 
albogularis, Conopophila, 192 
albogularis, Melithreptus, 191 
albolaxatus, Caprimulgus, 82 
albolimbata, Rhipidura, 130 
albolimbatus, Megalurus, 117 
albolimbatus, Poodytes, 117 
albomaculata, Ninox, 78 
albonotata, Megalestes, 143 
albonotata, Meliphaga, 207 
albonotata, Poecilodryas, 143 
albonotata, Ptilotis, 207 
albopunctatum, Dicaeum, 213 
alboscapulatus, Malurus, 114 
albotaeniata, Amaurodryas, 142 
albotaeniata, Poecilodryas, 142 
alboundata, Astrapia, 172 



230 



INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAM IS 



231 



albus, Cosmerodius, 9 

Alcedo, 86 

alcinus. Machaerhamphus, 13 

Alcyone, 86 

alecto, Ara, 64 

alecto, Monarcha. 132 

alecto, Proboscigcr, 64 

alexandrinus. Charadrius. 29 

aliena, Mirafra, 97 

Alisterus, 67 

Alphachlamydera, 185 

alpinus, Megalurus, 117 

alpinus, Xeopsittacus, 60 

alter, Manucodia, 168 

altijugus, Casuarius. 2 

amabilis, Cyclopsittacus, 61 

amabilis, Eupetes, 112 

amabilis, Lorius, 55 

amabilis, Opopsitta, 61 

Amalocichla, 107 

Amaurornis, 26 

Amblyornis, 183 

amboinense, Edoliosoma, 100 

amboinensis, Alisterus, 67 

amboinensis, Macropygia, 46 

ambusta, Rhipidura, 127 

amethystina, Loria. 179 

ampla, Paradisaea, 179 

anaethetus, Sterna, 36 

anais, Gracula, 163 

anais. Melanopyrrhus, 163 

anais, Sericulus, 163 

analoga, Meliphaga, 206 

analoga, Ptilotis, 206 

analogus, Rhectes, 157 

Anas, 12 

Androphilus. 110 

Androphobus, 110 

angustifrons, Coracina, 104 

angustifrons, Graucalus, 104 

Anhinga, 7 

Anous, 37 

Anseranas, 11 

anthophilus. Melipotes, 197 

Anthus, 105 

Anurophasis, 21 

Aplonis. 161 

Aplornis. 161 

apoda, Paradisaea, 177 

approximans, Circus, 18 

approximans, Pachycephalia, 146 

approximans, Pachycephalopsis. 146 

Aprosmictus, 67 

Apus, 83 



Aquila, 17 
aquila, Fregata, 7 
archboldi, Aegotheles, 81 
archboldi, Eurostopodus, 83 
archboldi, Lyncornis, 83 
archboldi, Petroica, 141 
archboldi, Sauromarptis, 90 
Archboldia, 183 
arcuata, Anas, 11 
arcuata, Dendrocygna, 11 
Ardea, 7 

ardens, Xanthomelus, 184 
Ardetta, 10 
Arenaria, 32 
arfaki, Oreocharis, 216 
arfaki, Oreopsittacus, 59 
arfaki, Parus, 216 
arfaki, Strix, 77 
arfaki, Trichoglossus, 59 
arfaki, Tyto, 77 
arfakiana, Gerygone, 119, 121 
arfakiana, Melanocharis, 213 
arfakiana, Sericornis, 119 
arfakianum, Dicaeum, 213 
arfakianus, Aepypodius, 21 
arfakianus. Ailuroedus, 186 
arfakianus, Cacomantis. 72 
arfakianus, Sericornis, 121 
arfakianus, Talegallus, 21 
argentauris, Lichmera. 203 
argentauris, Ptilotis, 203 
argus, Caprimulgus, 83 
ariel, Atagen, 7 
ariel, Fregata, 7 
armiti. Heteromyias, 145 
armiti, Poecilodryas, 145 
Arses, 136 
Artamus, 161 
arthuri, Pitohui, 159 
aru, Ducula, 43 
aruense, Edolisoma, 101 
aruensis, Ardea, 8 
aruensis, Arses, 136 
aruensis, Caprimulgus, 82 
aruensis, Casuarius, 2 
aruensis, Centropus, 76 
aruensis, Eclectus. 65 
aruensis, GeofFroyus. 66 
aruensis, Gerygone, 123 
aruensis, Halcyon, 91 
aruensis, Kakatoe. 65 
aruensis, Larius, 65 
aruensis, Megapodras, 19 
aruensis, Meliphaga, 204 



232 



INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES 



aruensis, Mino, 163 
aruensis, Monarcha, 136 
aruensis, Myiolestes, 154 
aruensis, Myzomela, 193 . 
aruensis, Nesocentor, 76 
aruensis, Ninox, 79 
aruensis, Noctua, 79 
aruensis, Opopsitta, 62 
aruensis, Otidiphaps, 51 
aruensis, Philemon, 211 
aruensis, Pitohui, 157 
aruensis, Pitta, 95 
aruensis, Psittacula, 62 
aruensis, Psittacus, 66 
aruensis, Ptilotis, 204 
aruensis, Rectes, 157 
aruensis, Sauromarptis, 89 
aruensis, Sericornis, 119 
aruensis, Tropidorhynchus, 211 
arundinaceus, Acrocephalus, 116 
asiatica, Eupoda, 30 
asiaticus, Xenorhynchus, 10 
aspasia, Chalcostetha, 189 
aspasia, Cinnyris, 189 
assimilis, Alcyone, 86 
assimilis, Cuculus, 71 
assimilis, Dicrurus, 166 
assimilis, Megapodius, 19 
assimilis, Ninox, 78 
assimilis, Puffinus, 5 
astigmaticus, Ailuroedus, 186 
Astrapia, 171 
Astrapimachus, 181 
astrapioides, Epimachus, 181 
Astrarchia, 172 
astrolabae, Eurostopodus, 83 
astrolabiensis, Carpophaga, 44 
Astur, see Accipiter, 14 
Atagen, 7 

ater, Manucodia, 167 
ater, Melipotes, 197 
ater, Phonygama, 167 
ater, Psittacus, 52 
aterrimus, Probosciger, 64 
aterrimus, Psittacus. 64 
atra, Chalcopsitta, 52 
atra, Fulica, 27 
atra, Myiagra, 137 
atra, Pachycephala, 153 
atra, Rhipidura, 130 
atrata, Charmosyna, 57 
atratus, Epimachus, 171 
atratus, Falcinellus, 171 
atricapilla, Heteromyias, 145 



atricapilla, Peneothello, 144 
atricapilla, Pitta, 96 
atricapilla, Poecilodryas, 144 
atriceps, Melipotes, 197 
atripennis, Rhipidura, 131 
atrovirens, Campephaga, 98 
atrovirens, Lalage, 98 
atthis, Alcedo, 86 
audax, Uroaetus, 17 
audax, Vultur, 17 
auga, Meliphaga, 204 
augustaevictoriae, Paradisaea, 177 
aurantia, Carpophaga, 44 
aurantia, Ducula, 44 
aurantiacus, Casuarius, 3 
aurantiacus, Monarcha, 135 
aurantiifrons, Loriculus, 70 
aurantiifrons, Ptilinopus, 41 
aurea, Coracias, 184 
aurea, Pachycephala, 149 
aureigula, Zosterops, 218 
aureus, Xanthomelus, 184 
auriceps, Cinnyris, 188 
auricularis, Microeca, 142 
auricularis, Rhipidura, 131 
auricularis, Tregellasia, 142 
auriculata, Ptilotis, 204 
auripennis, Seleucides, 175 
aurora, Loboparadisea, 180 
australis, Acrocephalus, 116 
australis, Anthus, 105 
australis, Calamoherpe, 116 
australis, Choriotis, 27 
australis, Mycteria, 10 
australis, Nyroca, 13 
australis, Otis, 27 
australis, Xenorhynchus, 10 
Aviceda, 13 

axillaris, Coracina, 102 
axillaris, Graucalus, 102 
axillaris, Monarcha, 132 
axillaris, Neneba, 215 
axillaris, Pachycephalopsis, 145 
azurea, Alcyone, 86 

bakeri, Xanthomelus, 184 
balim, Macropygia, 46 
balim, Malurus, 115 
balim, Pachycephala, 147 
balim. Pachycephalopsis, 146 
bangsi, Sterna, 35 
bartoni, Microeca, 139 
bartoni, Pachycephala, 148 
baru, Collocalia, 85 



INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES 



233 



baru. Falco, 19 
basalis, Chalcites. 73 
basalis. Cuculus, 73 
batantae, Arses, 136 
batantae, Myiolcstes, 153 
batantae, Pinarolestes, 153 
batavorum, Loriculus. 70 
batesi, Melidectes, 198 
batesi. Melirrhophetes, 198 
Bathmisyrma, 132 
baueri, Limosa, 31 
Baza, see Aviceda, 13 
beccarii, Casuarius, 3 
beccarii, Chalcophaps, 49 
beccarii. Drymodes, 110 
beccarii, Gallicolumba, 49 
beccarii, Goura, 52 
beccarii, Micropsitta, 63 
beccarii, Nasiterna, 63 
beccarii, Otus, 78 
beccarii, Scops, 78 
beccarii, Sericornis. 119 
becki. Meliphaga, 206 
becki, Pterodroma, 5 
belensis, Saxicola, 106 
belfordi, Melidectes, 198 
belfordi. Melirrhophetes, 198 
bella, Alcyone, 87 
bella, Charmosyna, 57 
bella, Charmosynopsis, 57 
bellus, Ptilinopus, 39 
bengalensis, Thalasseus, 36 
bennettii, Aegotheles, 80 
bennetti, Casuarius, 1 
bensbachi, Janthothorax, 182 
bergii, Thalasseus, 36 
berigora, Ieracidea, 19 
berlepschi, Parotia, 173 
bernsteinii, Centropus, 76 
bernsteini, Chalcopsitta, 52 
bernsteini, Edoliisoma, 100 
bernsteini, Monarcha, 135 
bernsteinii, Sterna, 36 
biaki, Larius, 66 
bicarunculatus, Casuarius, 2 
bicolor, Columba, 43 
bicolor, Ducula, 43 
bicolor, Melanocharis, 214 
bihagi, Cacomantis, 72 
bimaculata, Gerygone, 125 
bimaculatus, Myiolestes, 144 
bimaculatus, Peneothello, 144 
biroi, Ptilopus, 39 
bistriatus, Casuarius, 2 



bivittata, Petroica, 140 
blainvillii, Eurylaimus, 127 
blainvillii, Peltops, 127 
blissi, Crateroscelis, 109 
blythi, Cyclopsitta, 60 
blythi, Psittaculirostris, 60 
bonapartii, Todopsis, 115 
boyeri, Campephaga, 102 
boyeri, Coracina, 102 
brachypus, Hypotaenidia, 23 
brachyrhyncha, Rhipidura, 129 
brachyura, Poecilodryas, 142 
brachyurus, Caprimulgus, 80 
brachyurus, Leucophantes, 142 
bracteatus, Dicrurus, 166 
brassi, Melidectes, 199 
brassi, Philemon, 210 
brehmii, Monarcha, 135 
brehmii, Psittacella, 68 
brevicauda, Amalocichla, 107 
brevicauda, Aplonis, 162 
brevicauda, Drymoedus, 107 
brevicauda, Macruropsar, 162 
brevicauda, Paradigalla, 170 
brevipennis, Philemon, 211 
brevipennis, Pitohui, 158 
brevipennis, Rhectes, 158 
brevipes, Heteroscelus, 32 
brevipes, Totanus, 32 
brevirostris, Drymodes, 110 
brevirostris, Syma, 87 
brevis, Reinwardtoena, 47 
brooki, Trichoglossus, 55 
Bruchigavia, 35 
bruijnii, Aepypodius, 21 
bruijnii, Drepanornis, 170 
bruijni, Grallina, 164 
bruijnii, Micropsitta, 64 
bruijnii, Nasiterna, 64 
bruijni, Pomareopsis, 164 
bruijnii, Talegallus, 21 
brunnea, Colluricincla, 155 
brunnea, Eopsaltria, 150 
brunnea, Gerygone, 121 
brunnea, Ifrita, 114 
brunnea, Pachycephala, 150 
brunneicauda, Zosterops, 217 
brunneicaudus, Pitohui, 157 
brunneicaudus. Rhectes. 157 
brunneiceps, Pitohui, 157 
brunneiceps, Rectes, 157 
brunneipectus, Gerygone. 124 
brunneipectus, Pseudogerygone, 124 
brunneiventris, Brachypteryx, 108 



234 



INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES 



brunneiventris, Megapodius, 20 
brunneivertex, Pitohui, 156 
bruyni, Craspedophora, 182 
Bubulcus, 8 

buccoides, Ailuroedus, 186 
buccoides, Kitta, 186 
Budytes, 105 
Bulweria, 5 
bulwerii, Bulweria, 5 
biirgersi, Accipiter, 15 
biirgersi, Astur, 15 
biirgersi, Chaetura, 84 
biirgersi, Eupetes, 111 
biirgersi, Geoffroyus, 67 
biirgersi, Pitohui, 160 
biirgersi, Psittacella, 68 
biirgersi, Pteridophora, 179 
biirgersi, Sericornis, 121 
Butastur, 17 
Butorides, 8 

Cacatoes, 65 
Cacatua, 65 
Cacomantis, 71 

caeruleiceps, Trichoglossus, 55 
caeruleogrisea, Campephaga, 102 
caeruleogrisea, Coracina, 102 
caerulescens, Eupetes, 111 
cahni, Melidectes, 199 
calaminoros, Lonchura, 220 
calaminoros, Munia, 220 
Calamoherpe, 116 
caledonicus, Nycticorax, 9 
Caleya, 153 
Calidris, 33 
calidus, Falco, 18 
calidus, Pomatorhinus, 113 
calidus, Pomatostomus, 113 
Caliechthrus, 75 
callopterus, Alisterus, 68 
callopterus, Aprosmictus, 68 
Caloenas, 51 
Calornis, 161 
Campochaera, 98 
Candida, Gygis, 37 
Candida, Sterna, 37 
candidior, Xanthotis, 202 
canescens, Merula, 107 
canescens, Philemonopsis, 210 
canescens, Turdus, 107 
caniceps, Lonchura, 220 
caniceps, Munia, 220 
caniceps, Poecilodryas, 149 
canorus, Cuculus, 70 



cantans, Sericornis, 119 

cantoroides, Aplonis, 161 

cantoroides, Calornis, 161 

cantoroides, Cuculus, 70 

Capella, 32 

capitalis, Crateroscelis, 108 

caprata, Saxicola, 106 

Caprimulgus, 82 

captata, Melanocharis, 215 

Carbo, 6 

carbo, Phalacrocorax, 6 

carbonaria, Chibia, 166 

carbonarius, Dicrurus, 166 

carolae, Parotia, 172 

carolinae, Macgregoria, 169 

carolinae, Tanysiptera, 92 

Carpophaga, 42 

carpophagus, Melipotes, 197 

carunculata, Paradigalla, 170 

Casmerodius, 9 

caspica, Motacilla, 104 

caspicus, Parus, 104 

cassicus, Cracticus, 164 

cassicus, Ramphastos, 164 

castaneiventris, Cacomantis, 72 

castaneiventris, Cuculus, 72 

castaneiventris, Eulabeornis, 26 

castaneothorax, Lonchura, 222 

castaneothorax, Rhipidura, 130 

castaneoventris, Eulabeornis, 26 

castanonotus, Eupetes, 111 

Casuarius, 1 

casuarius, Casuarius, 2 

caudacuta, Chaetura, 83 

caudacuta, Hirundo, 83 

caudata, Petroica, 140 

Ceblepyris, 98-101 

cenchroides, Falco, 19 

centrale, Dicaeum, 212 

centralis, Eupetes, 112 

centralis, Heteromyias, 145 

Centropus, 76 

cervicalis, Cyclopsittacus, 61 

cervicalis, Otidiphaps, 50 

cervicalis, Psittaculirostris, 61 

cervinicauda, Drepanornis, 170 

cerviniventris, Alphachlamydera, 185 

cerviniventris, Chlamydera, 185 

cerviniventris, Pitohui, 158 

cerviniventris, Rectes, 158 

cervinus, Acrocephalus, 116 

Ceyx, 87 

Chaetorhynchus, 166 

Chaetura, 83 



INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES 



235 



Chalcites, 73 

chafconota, Carpophaga, 45 
chakonota, Ducula, 45 
Chalcophaps, 48 

Chalcopsitta. 52 
Chalcopsittacus. 5 J 
Chalcostetha, 188 
chalcothorax, Parotia. 173 
chalybata, Paradisea. 168 
chalybatus, Manucodia, 168 
chalybeocephalus, Monarcha, 132 
chalybcocephalus, Muscicapa, 132 
chalybeus, Centropus, 76 
chalybeus, Nesocentor, 76 
Charadrius, 29 
Charmosyna, 56 
Charmosynopsis, 56 
Cheniscus, 12 
Chenorhamphus, 116 
Chibia = Dicrurus, 166 
chimaera, Casuarius, 2 
chinensis, Excalfactoria, 22 
chivae, Cacomantis, 71 
Chlamydera, 185 
Chlamydodera, 185 
Chlidonias, 35 
chloreus, Melilestes, 195 
chloris, Alcedo, 91 
chloris, Halcyon, 91 
chloris, Melanocharis, 214 
chloris, Stigmatops, 203 
chloris, Zosterops, 217 
chlorocephala, Chalcostetha, 188 
chlorocephala, Cinnyris, 188 
chlorogenys, Trichoglossus, 54 
chlorolaema, Xanthotis, 200 
chloronota, Gerygone, 123 
chloroptera, Chalcopsitta, 53 
chloroptera, Melanocharis, 214 
chloropterus, Alisterus, 68 
chloropterus, Aprosmictus, 68 
chloropterus, Chalcopsittacus, 53 
chlorornynchus, Puffinus, 4 
chloroxantha, Micropsitta, 63 
Choriotis, 27 
christianae, Cinnyris, 189 
chrysenia, Parotia, 173 
chrysochlora, Chalcophaps, 48 
chrysochlora, Columba, 48 
Chrysococcyx, 73 
chrysocome, Neneba, 215 
chrysogaster, Gerygone, 122 
chrysogenys, Oreornis, 200 
chrysolaema, Zosterops, 218 



chrysomela, Monarcha, 135 
chrysopterus, Diphyllodes, 175 
chrysotis, Philedon, 201 
chrysotis, Ptilotis, 202 
chrysotis, Xanthotis, 201 
Cicinnurus, 176 
Cinclosoma, 110 
cinerascens, Cacomantis, 72 
cinerascens, Gerygone, 125 
cinerascens, Monarcha, 133 
cinerascens, Toxorhamphus, 195 
cinerea, Erythra, 24 
cinerea, Gerygone, 122 
cinerea, Goura, 51 
cinerea, Motacilla, 104 
cinerea, Poecilodryas, 143 
cinerea, Ptilotis, 209 
cinerea, Scolopax, 31 
cinereiceps, Gerygone, 123 
cinereiceps, Macropygia, 47 
cinereiceps, Pseudogerygone, 123 
cinereifrons, Meliphaga, 206 
cinereus, Artamus, 161 
cinereus, Poliolimnas, 24 
cinereus, Pycnopygius, 209 
cinereus, Xenus, 31 
cinnamomea, Rhipidura, 130 
Cinnyris, 188 
Circus, 18 

cirrhocephalus, Accipiter, 16 
cirrhocephalus, Astur, 16 
Cisticola, 118 

citreogularis, Philemon, 211 
citreola, Meliphaga, 207 
clara, Eulacestoma, 160 
clara, Poecilodryas, 142 
clarus, Pitohui, 159 
clarus, Rhectes, 159 
claudii, Casuarius, 1 
claudii, Cicinnurus, 176 
Climacteris, 188 
Clytoceyx, 89 
Clytomyias, 116 
Cnemophilus, 183 
cobana, Ethelornis, 124 
cobana, Gerygone, 124 
coccineifrons, Cicinnurus, 177 
coccinei irons, Cyclopsittacus, 62 
cochrani, Cjnnyris, 188 
collaris, Melirrhophetes, 198 
collaris, Pachycephala, 148 
collaris, Psittacella, 69 
Collocalia, 84 
Colluricincla, 155 



236 



INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES 



colona, Halcyon, 91 
Columba, 46 
comata, Goura, 52 
comrii, Manucodia, 168 
concinna, Carpophaga, 43 
concinna, Ducula, 43 
concinna, Rhipidura, 131 
confirmata, Hemiprocne, 86 
conigravi, Podargus, 79 
connectens, Lophorina, 174 
connectens, Syma, 87 
connivens, Ninox, 78 
Conopophila, 192 
conspicillata, Gerygone, 124 
conspicillata, Microeca, 124 
conspicillata, Pseudogerygone, 124 
conspicillatus, Pelecanus, 5 
Coracina, 102 
Coriphilus, 56 
Cornelia, Cinnyris, 189 
Cornelia, Hermotimia, 189 
corniculatus, Philemon, 211 
cornix, Graucalus, 104 
coromanda, Cancroma, 8 
coromandeliana, Anas, 12 
coromandelianus, Cheniscus, 12 
coromandus, Bubulcus, 8 
coronata, Columba, 51 
coronata, Goura, 51 
coronata, Ifrita, 114 
coronata, Todopsis, 115 
coronulatus, Ptilinopus, 38 
correcta, Poecilodryas, 143 
Corvus, 167 
Cosmerodius, 9 
Cracticus, 164 
Craspedophora, 174 
crassirostris, Ailuroedus, 185 
crassirostris, Chalcites, 74 
crassirostris, Eurystomus, 94 
crassirostris, Lamprococcyx, 74 
crassirostris, Rhamphocharis, 216 
crassirostris, Tringa, 33 
Crateroscelis, 108 
crissalis, Zosterops, 219 
cristata, Columba, 51 
cristata, Goura, 51 
cristata, Rectes, 159 
cristata, Sterna, 36 
cristatus, Aegotheles, 80 
cristatus, Pitohui, 159 
cristatus, Thalasseus, 36 
Crocethia, 33 
crockettorum, Meliphaga, 207 



crookshanki, Zosterops, 217 
cruentata, Myzomela, 194 
Cryptigata — Phylloscopus, 126 
cryptoleucus, Peneothello, 144 
cryptoleucus, Poecilodryas, 144 
Cryptolopha = Phylloscopus, 126 
cryptorhynchus, Cicinnurus, 176 
Cuculus, 70 
cuicui, Microeca, 140 
cuicui, Zosterops, 140 
cunctata, Macropygia, 47 
curonicus, Charadrius, 29 
cuvieri, Talegalla, 20 
cyana, Poecilodryas, 144 
Cyanalcyon, 90 
cyanauchen, Lorius, 56 
cyanauchen, Psittacus, 56 
cyanicarpus, Geoffroyus, 66 
cyanocephala, Todopsis, 115 
cyanocephalus, Todus, 115 
cyanogenia, Eos, 53 
cyanogrammus, Trichoglossus, 54 
cyanoleuca, Myiagra, 137 
cyanoleucus, Platyrhynchos, 137 
Cyanophrys, Sauromarptis, 90 
cyanopsis, Poecilodryas, 144 
cyanopus, Numenius, 30 
cyanotis, Entomyzon, 192 
cyanus, Myiolestes, 144 
cyanus, Peneothello, 144 
Cyclopsittacus, 60-61 
cyclopum, Charmosyna, 57 
cyclopum, Pachycephala, 149 
cyclopum, Phylloscopus, 126 
cyclopum, Sericornis, 119 
Cyrtostomus = Cinnyris, 188 

Dacelo, 89 
dactylatra, Sula, 6 
dammermani, Ptiloprora, 208 
danae, Tanysiptera, 93 
Daphoenositta, 187 
Dasyptilus, 65 
dauma, Oreocincla, 107 
decipiens, Pitohui, 156 
decipiens, Rectes, 156 
decollatus, Megapodius, 20 
decora, Paradisaea, 178 
decorus, Ptilinopus, 38 
deficiens, Crateroscelis, 109 
dejecta, Chibia, 166 
dejectus, Dicrurus, 166 
delicatula, Zosterops, 218 
Demigretta, 9 



INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES 



237 



Dendrocygna, 11 
desmarestii. Cyclopsitta, 60 
desmarestii. Psittaculirostris, 60 
desmarestii. Psittacus, 
despectus, Myiolestes, 154 
despectus, Pinarolestes, 154 
destructa, Lonchura, 221 
destructa. Mania, 221 
devisi, Rhipidura, 129 
devittatus, Lorius, 55 
Dicaeum, 212 
dichroa, Monarcha. 134 
dichrous, Pitohui, 158 
dichrous, Rhectes, 158 
Dicrurus, 166 
didima, Coracina. 103 
diminuta, Cisticola, 118 
dimorpha, Athene, 79 
dimorpha, Uroglaux, 79 
diophthalma, Opopsitta, 62 
diophthalma, Psittacula, 62 
diops, Ptilotis, 200 
Diphyllodes, 175 
discolor, Colluricincla, 155 
discolor, Myiolestes, 155 
dissimilis, Pinarolestes, 155 
distincta, Alcyone, 86 
divaga, Monarcha, 166 
diversum, Dicaeum, 212 
doggetti, Casuarius. 3 
dogwa, Accipiter, 16 
dogwa, Malurus, 115 
dogwa, Synoicus, 22 
dohertyi. Gerygone, 122 
dohertyi, Pitohui, 156 
dohertyi, Todopsis, 115 
Domicella, 55 
dominica, Pluvialis, 29 
Donacola = Lonchura, 220 
doreya, Macropygia, 46 
doriae, Megatriorchis, 16 
dorsalis, Alisterus, 67 
dorsalis, Geoflfroyus, 66 
dorsalis, Orthonyx, 113 
dorsalis, Pachycephala, 152 
dorsalis, Psittacus, 67 
dorsalis. Pycnopygius, 209 
dougallii, Sterna. 35 
Drepanephorus, 170 
Drepanornis, 170 
dryas. Rallicula. 25 
Drymaoedus, 110 
Drymodes, 110 
Drymoedus, 110 



dubia, Pachycephala, 150 
dubius, Aegotheles, 81 
dubius, Charadrius, 29 
dubius, Ixobrychus, 10 
ducalis, Astrapia, 172 
Ducula, 42 

duivenbodei, Chalcopsitta, 53 
duivenbodei, Craspedophora, 182 
duivenbodei, Paradisaea, 182 
duivenbodei, Parotia, 182 
duivenbodei, Paryphephorus, 182 
dumasi, Poecilodryas, 142 
dumetorum, Cuculus, 72 
dumontii, Mino, 163 
duperryii. Megapodius, 19 
Dupetor, 10 
duyvenbodei, Chalcopsittacus, 53 

Eafa, 216 

Eclectus, 65 

Edolisoma, 99 

edwardsi, Casuarius, 1 

edwardsii, Cyclopsittacus, 61 

edwardsii, Psittaculirostris, 61 

Egretta, 9 

elegans, Lyncornis, 83 

elisabeth, Cyanalcyon, 90 

elisabeth, Halcyon, 90 

ellioti, Astrapimachus, 181 

ellioti, Epimachus, 181 

ellioti, Philemon, 211 

ellioti, Tanysiptera, 93 

emilii, Melidectes, 200 

Entomyza, 192 

Entomyzon, 192 

Eopsaltria, 142 

Eos, 53 

Epimachus, 170 

episcopalis, Rhipidura, 128 

eques, Cinnyris, 193 

eques, Myzomela, 193 

eremita, Megapodius, 20 

ernesti, Falco, 18 

ernesti, Lonchura, 221 

ernesti, Monarcha, 132 

ernesti, Munia, 221 

ernesti, Pachycephalopsis, 145 

Erolia, 33 

erwini, Collocalia, 84 

erythrocephala, Myzomela. 193, 194 

erythrogaster, Pitta, 95 

Erythropitta, see Pitta, 95 

erythropleura, Ptiloprora, 208 

erythropleura, Ptilotis, 208 



238 



INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES 






erythropterus, Aprosmictus, 67 
erythrothorax, Dicaeum, 212 
erythrothorax, Lorius, 56 
Erythrura, 219 
Esacus, 34 

esculenta, Collocalia, 84 
esculenta, Hirundo, 84 
Ethelornis, 124 
etorques, Urospizias, 15 
eudiabolus, Accipiter, 15 
Eudynamis, 75 
Eugerygone, 125 
Eulabeornis, 26 
Eulacestoma, 160 
Eupetes, 111 
Eupoda, 30 
Eurostopodus, 82 
Eurystomus, 94 
Euthyrhynchus, 190 
Eutolmaetus, 17 
Eutrygon, 50 

evangelinae, Neochmia, 220 
Excalfactoria, 22 
excelsa, Collocalia, 85 
excitus, Cacomantis, 72 
exiguus, Anthus, 105 
exilis, Cisticola, 118 
eytoni, Dendrocygna, 11 

facialis, Ailuroedus, 185 
facialis, Meliphaga, 206 
Falcinellus = Epimachus, 170 
Falcinellus, see Plegadis, 11 
falcinellus, Limicola, 33 
falcinellus, Plegadis, 11 
Falco, 18 

fallax, Glycichaera, 191 
fallax, Monarcha, 132 
fallax, Rhipidura, 132 
fasciatus, Accipiter, 15 
fasciolata, Locustella, 116 
fastosus, Epimachus, 170 
fastosus, Promerops, 170 
feminina, Astrapia, 172 
feminina, Lophorina, 174 
fenicheli, Arses, 137 
fergussonis, Melilestes, 196 
fergussonis, Pachycephala, 148 
fergussonis, Toxorhamphus, 196 
ferrugineus, Myiolestes, 154 
ferrugineus, Pitohui, 158 
ferrugineus, Rhectes, 158 
ferrugineus, Sericornis, 118 
festetichi, Cyclopsittacus, 62 



finschi, Paradisaea, 178 
finschii, Pitta, 95 
finschi, Ptilinopus, 39 
finschi, Ptilotis, 210 
finschi, Pycnopygius, 210 
flabelliformis, Cacomantis, 72 
flammea, Strix, 77 
flava, Motacilla, 105 
flavescens, Meliphaga, 204 
flaviceps, Campochaera, 98 
fiavicollis, Dupetor, 10 
flavida, Meliphaga, 207 
flavifrons, Amblyornis, 184 
flavigaster, Microeca, 139 
flavigula, Euthyrhynchus, 190 
flavirictus, Meliphaga, 207 
flavirictus, Ptilotis, 207 
flaviventer, Machaerirhynchus, 138 
flavi venter, Myzantha, 201 
flaviventer, Ptilotis, 201 
flaviventer, Xanthotis, 202 
flaviventris, Melilestes, 195 
flaviventris, Toxorhamphus, 195 
flavocinctus, Oriolus, 164 
flavogrisea, Pachycare, 146 
flavogrisea, Pachycephala, 146 
flavovirescens, Microeca, 140 
flavus, Toxorhamphus, 196 
fluviatilis, Chlidonias, 35 
fluviatilis, Hydrochelidon, 35 
foersteri, Casuarius, 2 
foersteri, Melidectes, 199 
foersteri, Melirrhophetes, 199 
forbesi, Myzomela, 195 
forbesi, Rallicula, 25 
forsteri, Bruchigavia, 35 
forsteri, Larus, 35 
fortior, Cacomantis, 71 
fortis, Myiolestes, 155 
fortis, Pachycephala, 155 
frankii, Gallinula, 26 
frater, Monarcha, 134 
fraterculus, Henicopernis, 14 
Fregata, 7 
Fregetta, 5 
frenata, Cinnyris, 190 
frenata, Nectarinia, 190 
freycinet, Megapodius, 19-20 
frontalis, Daphoenositta, 187 
frontalis, Hirundo, 97 
frontalis, Oreopsittacus, 59 
frontalis, Zosterops, 217 
frontata, Gallinula, 27 
fuciphaga, Collocalia, 84 



INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES 



239 



falgidus, Banksianns, 65 

fulgidus, Pstttrichas, 

Fulica. 27 

fuliginosa, Oreospiza. 222 

fuliginosa, Rhipidura, 129 

fuliginosus, Oreostruthus, 222 

fulva, Pluvialis. 29 
fulvigula, Euthyrhynchus, 190 
fulvigula, Timeliopsis, 190 
fulvipectoris, Sericornis, 108 
fulviventris, Plectorhyncha, 190 
fulviventris, Timeliopsis. 190 
fulvocinerea, Ptilotis, 210 
fulvus. Charadrius, 29 
fumata, Myzomela, 192 
fumata, Ptilotis. 192 
fumigatus. Melipotes, 197 
fumosa, Rhipidura, 127 
fusca, Acanthochoera, 197 
fusca, Gerygone, 124, 125 
fusca, Zosterops, 124 
fuscata. Eos, 54 
fuscata, Pseudeos, 54 
fuscata, Sterna, 36 
fuscescens, Monarcha. 133 
fuscicapilla, Timeliopsis, 191 
fuscicapilla, Zosterops, 217 
fuscicapillus, Corvus. 167 
fuscifrons, Cyclopsittacus, 62 
fuscifrons, Opopsitta, 62 
fuscior, Parotia, 173 
fuscirostris, Talegallus, 21 
fusciventris, Xanthotis, 201 
fuscovirescens, Calornis, 162 
fuscus, Aplonis, 162 
fuscus, Melidectes, 197 

gagiensis, Pachycephala, 150 
galatea, Tanysiptera. 92 
galei, Tyto, 77 
galerita, Cacatua, 65 
Gallicolumba, 49 
gallinacea, Irediparra. 27 
Gallinago, 32 
Gallinula, 27 

gamblei, Pachycephala, 153 
garzetta, Egretta, 9 
gaudichaud. Dacelo, 89 
gaudichaud. Sauromarptis, 89 
Gavia, see Podiceps, 4 
geelvinkiana, Carpophaga, 42 
geelvinkiana, Ducula, 42 
geelvinkiana. Micropsitta. 63 
geelvinkiana, Xasiterna, 63 



geelvinkianum, Dicaeum, 212 
geelvinkianus, Megapodius, 20 
geelvinkianus, Monarcha, 133 
geelvinkianus, Ptilinopus, 40 
geisleri, Drepanornis, 170 
geislerorum, Ailuroedus, 187 
geislerorum, Eupetes, 112 
Gelochelidon, 35 
geminus, Ptilinopus, 38 
Geocichla, 107 
geoffroyi, Charadrius, 29 
geoffroyi, Geoffroyus, 66 
Geoffroyus, 66 
Geopelia, 48 

germana, Meliphaga, 204 
germana, Ptilotis. 204 
germanorum, Meliphaga, 205 
germanus, Amblyornis, 184 
Gerygone, 122 
gestroi, Ptilinopus, 41 
gibberifrons, Anas, 12 
gigantea, Melampitta, 108 
gigantea, Mellopitta, 108 
gigas, Aegotheles, 81 
girrenera, Haliaetus, 14 
girrenera, Haliastur, 14 
giulianettii, Gerygone, 126 
giulianettii, Phylloscopus, 126 
giulianettii, Xanthotis, 201 
Glareola, 35 
glareola, Tringa, 31 
Globicera, 42 
Glycichaera, 191 
Glyciphila, 192 
godmani, Cyclopsittacus, 61 
godmani, Psittaculirostris, 61 
goldiei, Cinclosoma, 111 
goldiei, Eupetes, 111 
goldiei, Macropygia, 47 
goldiei, Psitteuteles. 55 
goldiei, Trichoglossus, 55 
goldii, Ninox, 78 
goliath, Probosciger, 64 
goliath, Psittacus, 64 
goliathi, Melipotes, 197 
goliathina, Charmosyna, 57 
goodenoviensis, Ninox, 78 
goodfellowi, Casuarius, 1 
goodfellowi, Cicinnurus, 182 
goodfellowi, Erythrura, 219 
goodfellowi. Pitta, 96 
goodsoni, Edolisoma, 99 
goodsoni. Myiolcstes, 154 
goodsoni, Pinarolestes, 154 



240 



INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES 






goodsoni, Sericornis, 121 
gouldi, Ardetta, 10 
gouldi, Circus, 18 
gouldi, Dupetor, 10 
gouldi, Monarcha, 135 
Goura, 51 

gracilis, Meliphaga, 206 
gracilis, Ptilotis, 206 
grallaria, Fregetta, 5 
grandis, Casuarius, 2 
grandis, Lonchura, 221 
grandis, Munia, 221 
grandis, Oreopsittacus, 59 
granti, Aethomyias, 118 
granti, Collocalia, 85 
granti, Meliphaga, 205 
granti, Mimeta, 164 
granti, Paradisaea, 177 
granti, Ptiloprora, 207 
granti, Sericornis, 118 
Graucalus, 102 
grayi, Chenorhamphus, 116 
grayi, Eulabeornis, 25 
grayi, Sauropatis, 91 
grayi, Todopsis, 116 
gregalis Geopelia, 48 
gregaria, Zosterops, 218 
grisea, Coracina, 104 
griseicauda, Rhipidura, 128 
griseiceps, Microeca, 139 
griseiceps, Pachycephala, 150 
griseiceps, Sittella, 187 
griseigula, Euthyrhynchus, 190 
griseigula, Timeliopsis, 190 
griseigularis, Entomiza, 192 
griseinucha, Macropygia, 46 
griseirostris, Melidectes, 198 
griseirostris, Melirrhophetes, 198 
griseisticta, Hemichelidon, 139 
griseisticta, Muscicapa, 139 
griseiventris, Poecilodryas, 143 
griseoceps, Microeca, 139 
griseogularis, Monarcha, 134 
griseotincta, Reinwardtoena, 47 
griseotincta, Zosterops, 219 
grisescens, Microdynamis, 75 
Grus, 23 

guilielmi, Paradisaea, 178 
guineensis, Gerygone, 122 
guisei, Ptiloprora, 208 
guisei, Ptilotis, 208 
gularis, Calornis, 162 
gularis, Rhipidura, 131 
gulielmitertii, Diphyllodes, 182 



gulielmitertii, Opopsitta, 61 
gulielmitertii, Psittacula, 61 
gulielmitertii, Rhipidornis, 182 
gurneyi, Aquila, 17 
gurneyi, Spizaetus, 17 
guttata, Aethomyias, 118 
guttata, Dendrocygna, 11 
guttaticollis, Ailuroedus, 186 
guttatus, Caprimulgus, 83 
guttatus, Eurostopodus, 83 
guttatus, Sericornis, 118 
guttula, Monarcha, 134 
guttula, Muscicapa, 134 
gutturalis, Anthus, 105 
gutturalis, Hirundo, 97 
Gygis, 37 
Gymnocorax, 167 
Gymnocorvus, 167 
Gymnocrex, 26 
Gymnophaps, 45 
gymnops, Melipotes, 197 
Gymnorhina, 165 
gymnorhynchus, Cicinnurus, 176 

habenichti, Pitta, 95 
haematodus, Psittacus, 54 
haematodus, Trichoglossus, 54 
Haematopus, 28 
hagenbecki, Casuarius, 2 
Halcyon, 90 
Haliaeetus, 17 
haliaetus, Pandion, 18 
Haliastur, 14 

Halietor = Phalacrocorax, 6 
halmaheira, Columba, 46 
halmaheira, Janthaenas, 46 
hamlini, Phylloscopus, 126 
hardwickii, Capella, 32 
hardwickii, Scolopax, 32 
harmonica, Colluricincla, 155 
Harpyopsis, 17 
harterti, Arses, 136 
harterti, Entomyzon, 192 
harterti, Falco, 18 
harterti, Machaerirhynchus, 138 
harterti, Megalurus, 117 
harterti, Melanorectes, 160 
harterti, Micropsitta, 64 
harterti, Pitohui, 160 
harterti, Psittacella, 68 
hattamensis, Pachycephala, 145 
hattamensis, Pachycephalopsis, 145 
hebetior, Pitta, 96 
hecki, Casuarius, 2 






INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES 



241 



hedleyi, Entomyzon, 192 
heinrothi, Puffinus, 5 
helenae, Parotia, 173 
helios, Astrapia, 171 
heliosyla, Ardea, 9 
heliosylus, Zonerodius, 9 
helviventris, Gallicolumba, 49 
helviventris, Ptilopus, 49 
Hemichelidon, 139 
Hemiprocne, 85 
Henicopernis, 14 
Henicophaps, 49 
henkei, Arses, 136 
henrici, Rhipidura, 128 
hercules, Cracticus, 165 
hermani, Poecilodryas, 142 
Hermotimia — Cinnyris, 188 
Heteractitis, see Heteroscelus, 32 
Heteromyias, 145 
Heteroptilorhis, 182 
Heteroscelus, 32 
heterurus, Monarcha, 135 
heurni, Lonchura, 221 
heurni, Pitohui, 159 
heurni, Poecilodryas, 141 
heurni, Tregellasia, 141 
Hieraaetus, 17 
Hieracidea, 19 
hilli, Nycticorax, 9 
Himantopus, 33 
himantopus, Himantopus, 33 
Hirundapus, 84 
hirundinacea, Collocalia, 84 
hirundinaceum, Dicaeum, 213 
Hirundo, 97 
hirundo, Sterna, 35 
hispidoides, Alcedo, 86 
hoedtii, Ninox, 78 
hoedtii, Noctua, 78 
hoeveni, Gymnocrex, 26 
hoeveni, Rallus, 26 
holerythra, Rectes, 159 
holerythrus, Pitohui, 159 
horsbrughi, Turnix, 22 
horsfieldi, Cuculus, 70 
humeralis, Athene, 79 
humeralis, Geopelia, 48 
humeralis, Ibis, 11 
humeralis, Ninox, 79 
humeralis, Ptilinopus, 38 
hunsteini, Diphyllodes, 175 
hunsteini, Pachycephala, 146 
hunsteini, Pachycephalopsis, 146 
hunsteini, Phonygammus, 169 



hunti, Paradisornis, 178 
huonensis, Goura, 52 
huonensis, Megapodius, 20 

huonensis, Meliphaga, 205 
huonensis, Psittacella, 70 
huonensis, Ptilinopus, 38 
hybrida, Chlidonias, 35 
hybridus, Myiolestes, 155 
hybridus, Pinarolestes, 155 
Hydralector, see Irediparra, 27 
hydrocharis, Tanysiptera, 91 
Hydrochelidon, 35 
Hydrocorax, 6 
Hylochelidon, 97 
hyperpontia, Sauropatis, 91 
hyperythra, Pachycephala, 151 
hyperythra, Rhipidura, 130 
Hypocharmosyna, 56 
hypoinochrous, Lorius, 55 
hypoleuca, Collocalia, 84 
hypoleuca, Coracina, 104 
hypoleuca, Pachycephala, 152 
hypoleuca, Petroica, 142 
hypoleuca, Poecilodryas, 142 
hypoleuca, Zosterops, 217 
hypoleucos, Actitis, 31 
hypoleucos, Tringa, 31 
hypoleucus, Graucalus, 104 
hypomelaena, Lonchura, 220 
hypopolia, Pachycephalopsis, 146 
Hypotaenidia, see Rallus, 23 
hypoxantha, Gerygone, 124 

Ibis, 10 

ibis, Bubulcus, 8 
idenburgi, Butorides, 8 
idenburgi, Cinnyris, 190 
idenburgi, Myiolestes, 155 
idenburgi, Pachycephalopsis, 146 
idenburgi, Sericornis, 120 
Ieracidea, 19 
Ifrita, 113 

ignicolle, Dicaeum, 213 
ignota, Paradisea, 175 
ignotus, Seleucides, 175 
iliolophus, Melilestes, 196 
iliolophus, Toxorhamphus, 195 
imitator, Sericornis, 119 
immaculata, Egretta, 9 
imperator, Clytoceyx, 89 
incana, Scolopax, 32 
incanus, Heteroscelus, 32 
incerta, Amalocichla, 107 
incerta, Campephaga, 101 



242 



INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES 



incertum, Edolisoma, 101 
incertus, Eupetes, 107 
incertus, Pitohui, 158 
incinctus, Halcyon, 90 
incondita, Eos, 54 
incondita, Pseudeos, 54 
inconspicua, Gerygone, 123 
indica, Chalcophaps, 48 
indica, Columba, 48 
indicus, Butastur, 17 
indicus, Caprimulgus, 82 
indicus, Falco, 17 
indistincta, Lichmera, 203 
indistincta, Stigmatops, 203 
indus, Haliastur, 14 
inepta, Megacrex, 26 
inexpectata, Climacteris, 188 
inexpectata, Loria, 179 
infaustus, Cacomantis, 71 
infuscata, Myzomela, 193 
innominata, Pachycephala, 148 
inornata, Aplonis, 163 
inornata, Calornis, 163 
inornata, Muscicapa, 133 
inornatus, Amblyornis, 183 
inornatus, Monarcha, 133 
inornatus, Ptilorhynchus, 183 
inornatus, Tropidorhynchus, 210 
inquieta, Seisura, 132 
inseparabilis, Cyclopsittacus, 62 
inseparabilis, Opopsitta, 62 
insignis, Aegotheles, 81 
insignis, Chalcopsitta, 52 
insignis, Clytomyias, 116 
insperata, Gerygone, 125 
insularis, Arses, 137 
insularis, Halcyon, 91 
insularis, Monarcha, 137 
insularis, Otidiphaps, 51 
insulsus, Rallus, 23 
intensa, Tanysiptera, 93 
intensus, Casuarius, 2 
intercedens, Craspedophora, 174 
intercedens, Ptilorhis, 174 
intermedia, Cacatua, 64 
intermedia, Coracina, 103 
intermedia, Cyclopsitta, 60 
intermedia, Dacelo, 89 
intermedia, Egretta, 9 
intermedia, Meliphaga, 204 
intermedia, Paradigalla, 170 
intermedia, Paradisaea, 177 
intermedia, Platalea, 11 
intermedius, Casuarius, 2 



intermedius, Chalcopsittacus, 53 
intermedius, Diphyllodes, 175 
intermedius, Oreopsittacus, 59 
intermedius, Podargus, 79 
intermedius, Probosciger, 64 
intermedius, Trichoglossus, 54 
intermixta, Psittacella, 68 
interposita, Megaloprepia, 42 
interpres, Arenaria, 32 
interpres, Tringa, 32 
inversus, Drepanornis, 170 
iozonus, Ptilinopus, 38 
Irediparra, 27 
isabella, Glareola, 34 
isabella, Stiltia, 34 
isidori, Pomatorhinus, 113 
isidori, Pomatostomus, 113 
ispida, Alcedo, 86 
Ixobrychus, 10 
ixoides, Ptilotis, 210 
ixoides, Pycnopygius, 210 

jamesii, Phonygammus, 169 
jamrachi, Casuarius, 1 
Janthaenas, 46 
Janthothorax, 182 
javanica, Butorides, 8 
javanica, Mirafra, 96 
jobiense, Dicaeum, 212 
jobiensis, Aeluroedus, 186 
jobiensis, Ailuroedus, 186 
jobiensis, Carpophaga, 44 
jobiensis, Centropus, 76 
jobiensis, Chalcostetha, 189 
jobiensis, Diphyllodes, 175 
jobiensis, Domicella, 56 
jobiensis, Ducula, 44 
jobiensis, Gallicolumba, 50 
jobiensis, Geoffroyus, 66 
jobiensis, Lorius, 56 
jobiensis, Manucodia, 168 
jobiensis, Megapodius, 20 
jobiensis, Melidora, 88 
jobiensis, Pachycephala, 150 
jobiensis, Paradisaea, 178 
jobiensis, Philemon, 211 
jobiensis, Phlegoenas, 50 
jobiensis, Pionias, 66 
jobiensis, Pitohui, 156 
jobiensis, Ptilinopus, 39 
jobiensis, Rectes, 156 
jobiensis, Sericornis, 119 
jobiensis, Talegalla, 21 
jobiensis, Tropidorhynchus, 211 



INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES 



243 






johannae, Gallicolumba, 50 
johannae, Phlogoenas, 50 
joiceyi, Melidectes, 198 
joiceyi. Mclirrhophctes, 198 
josefinae, Charmosyna, 57 
joscfinae, Trichoglossus, 57 
josephinae, Charmosyna, 57 
jotaka, Caprimulgus, 82 
jugular is, Cinnyris, 190 
jungei, Rliyticeros, 94 

Kakatoe, 65 

kaporensis, Ptilinopus, 41 
karu, Lalage, 98 
kaupi, Casuarius, 3 
keiensis, Micropsitta, 63 
keiensis, Nasiterna, 63 
keraudrenii, Barita, 169 
keraudrenii. Phonygammus, 169 
kerstingi, Macropygia, 46 
keysseri, Casuarius, 2 
keysseri, Sericornis, 120 
keysseri, Turdus, 107 
kingwalip, Xanthotis, 201 
kinneari, Melidectes, 198 
kirhocephalus, Lanius, 156 
kirhocephalus, Pitohui, 156 
klossi, Pachycephala, 148 
klossi, Rallicula, 24 
kodonophonos, Pitohui, 159 
kordensis, Monarcha, 135 
kordensis, Rhipidura, 131 
kordoana, Charmosyna, 58 
kordoanus, Trichoglossus, 58 
kowaldi, Ifrita, 113 
kowaldi, Todopsis, 113 
krakari, Charmosyna, 58 
krakari, Hypocharmosyna, 58 
krakari, Macropygia, 47 
kubaryi, Sauromarptis. 89 
kubuna, Rhipidura. 129 
kuehni, Coracina, 103 
kuehni, Pitta. 95 
kuehni, Xanthotis, 202 
kumusii, Lonchura. 221 
kumusii, Munia, 221 
kumusi, Rhipidura, 129 
kumusii. Xanthotis. 201 
kunupi, Monarcha. 134 
kwalamkwalam, Cacatoes, 65 

lacrimans, Ptilotis, 201 
lacustris, Rallus, 23 
laeta, Alcyone, 87 



laeta, Microeca, 139 
laeta, Zosterops, 140 
laetior, Alcyone, 87 
laetiscapa, Rhipidura, 129 
laglaizei, Casuarius, 3 
Lalage, 98 
Lamprococcyx, 73 
Lamprothorax, 182 
Lamprotornis, 162 
Lanius, 160 
lapponica, Limosa, 31 
Larius, 65 
Larus, 35 

lateralis, Casuarius, 3 
latipennis, Lophorina, 174 
lauterbachi, Arses, 136 
lauterbachi, Chlamydera, 185 
lawesi, Parotia, 173 
leachii, Dacelo, 89 
lehunti, Lophorina, 174 
lepidota, Xanthotis, 203 
lepidus, Ceyx, 87 
Leptotodus, 122 
lepturus, Phaeton, 5 
leschenaultii, Charadrius, 29 
lessonii, Alcyone, 86 
lessoni, Xanthotis, 201 
leucocephalus, Himantopus, 33 
leucogaster, Falco, 17 
leucogaster, Haliaeetus, 17 
leucogaster, Pachycephala, 152 
leucogaster, Sula, 6 
leucolophus, Caliechthrus, 75 
leucolophus, Cuculus, 75 
leucomela, Lalage. 98 
leucomelas, Procellaria, 4 
leucomelas, Puffinus, 4 
leucopareia, Eutrygon, 50 
leucopareia, Trugon, 50 
leucophaea, Microeca, 139 
Leucophantes = Poecilodryas, 142 
leucophrys, Poliolimnas, 24 
leucophrys, Porzana, 24 
leucophrys, Rhipidura, 131 
leucops, Leucophantes, 141 
leucops, Microeca, 142 
leucops, Poecilodryas. 141 
leucops, Tregellasia, 141 
leucoptera, Campephaga, 98 
leucoptera, Lalage, 98 
leucoptera, Pterodroma. 5 
leucopygialis, Artamus, 161 
leucorhynchus, Artamus. 161 
leucorhynchus, Pitohui, 158 



244 



INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES 






leucorhynchus, Rectes, 158 
leucorodia, Platalea, 11 
leucosomus, Accipiter, 15 
leucosomus, Astur, 15 
leucospila, Corethrura, 25 
leucospila, Rallicula, 25 
leucostephes, Melidectes, 198 
leucostephes, Melirrhophetes, 198 
leucosticta, Lonchura, 220 
leucosticta, Munia, 220 
leucostictus, Eupetes, 112 
leucostigma, Pachycephala, 147 
lencostigma, Rhagologus, 147 
leucothorax, Gerygone, 122 
leucothorax, Rhipidura, 128 
leucura, Eopsaltria, 143 
lcucura, Poecilodryas, 143 
leucurus, Quoyornis, 143 
lewisii, Ptilopus, 40 
l'herminieri, Puffinus, 5 
Lichmera, 203 
limarius, Rallus, 24 
Limicola, 33 
Limosa, 30 
limosa, Limosa, 30 
Hneata, Coracina, 102 
lineatus, Ceblepyris, 102 
littleri, Butorides, 8 
lobata, Pseudastrapia, 181 
lobata, Tringa, 34 
lobatus, Phalaropus, 34 
Lobibyx, 28 

Lobipes, see Phalaropus, 34 
Lobivanellus, 28 
Loboparadisea, 179 
Loborhamphus, 181 
Lobospingus, 219 
lochmia, Pachycephala, 152 
Locustella, 116 
Lonchura, 220 
longicauda, Coracina, 104 
longicauda, Falco, 14 
longicauda, Graucalus, 104 
longicauda, Henicopernis, 14 
longicauda, Melanocharis, 214 
longicauda, Talegalla, 21 
longicaudus, Talegallus, 21 
longicristatus, Amblyornis, 183 
longimembris, Tyto, 77 
longipennis, Falco, 19 
longipennis, Sterna, 35 
longirostris, Haematopus ; 28 
longirostris, Meliphaga, 206 
longirostris, Myzomela, 195 



longirostris, Ptilotis, 206 
longirostris, Rallus, 24 
longirostris, Zosterops, 219 
Lophorina, 173 
lophotis, Xanthotis, 202 
Lophyrus, 52 
loralis, Poecilodryas, 140 
lorentzi, Malurus, 115 
lorentzi, Pachycephala, 149 
lorentzi, Psittacella, 69 
lorentzi, Ptiloprora, 209 
lorentzi, Ptilotis, 209 
lorentzi, Rhipidura, 130 
lori, Domicella, 56 
Loria, 179 

loriae, Aegotheles, 80 
loriae, Casuarius, 1 
loriae, Eupetes, 113 
loriae, Loria, 179 
loriae, Pitta, 95 
Loriculus, 70 
Lorius, 55 
lory, Lorius, 56 
lory, Psittacus, 56 
louisiadensis, Coracina, 104 
louisiadensis, Cracticus, 165 
louisiadensis, Graucalus, 104 
louisiadensis, Myzomela, 194 
louisiadensis, Rhipidura, 128 
lucida, Myiagra, 133 
lucidus, Chalcites, 73 
lucidus, Cuculus, 73 
lucidus, Monarcha, 133 
lucifer, Melidectes, 198 
lugubris, Melampitta, 108 
lugubris, Mellopitta, 108 
lugubris, Pachycephala, 152 
lunatus, Melithreptus, 191 
lunulatus, Falco, 19 
luptoni, Paradisaea, 183 
Lyncornis, 82 
lyrogyrus. Cicinnurus, 182 

macgillivrayi, Megapodius, 20 
macgregorii, Cnemophilus, 183 
macgregori, Xanthomelus, 183 
Macgregoria, 169 
macgregoriae, Amblyornis, 184 
Machaerhamphus, 13 
Machaerirhynchus, 138 
macilwraithi, Cyclopsittacus, 62 
mackinlayi, Macropygia, 47 
macklotii, Pitta, 95 
macleayanae, Epimachus, 171 






INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES 



245 



macleayii. Halcyon, 90 
macnicolli. Taeniaparadisea, 172 
macrocercus, Eupetes, 111 
Macrocorax, 167 
macrolophus, Plyctolophus, 65 
Macropteryx, 85 
Macropygia, 46 
macrorhina, Melidora. 88 
macrorhinus, Dacelo, 88 
macrotarsa, Gelochelidon, 35 
macrotarsa, Sterna, 35 
Macruropsar, 162 
macrurus, Caprimulgus, 82 
macrurus, Megalurus, 117 
macrurus, Sphenoeacus, 117 
maculata, Eafa, 216 
maculata. Melipotes, 197 
maculiceps, Pristorhamphus, 215 
maculiceps, Sarganura, 215 
maculipectus, Rhipidura, 128 
maculosa, Turnix, 22 
madagascariensis, Numenius, 30 
madagascariensis, Scolopax, 30 
madaraszi. Myiolestes, 154 
madaraszi, Pinarolestes, 154 
madaraszi, Psittacella, 69 
madaraszi, Ptilotis, 202 
madaraszi, Xanthotis, 202 
maeandrinus, Myiolestes, 155 
maeandrinus, Pinarolestes, 155 
maforense, Dicaeum, 212 
maforensis, Campephaga, 102 
maforensis, Chalcostetha, 189 
maforensis, Cinnyris, 189 
maforensis, Coracina, 102 
maforensis, Eclectus, 66 
maforensis, Gerygone, 126 
maforensis, Larius, 66 
maforensis, Macropygia, 46 
maforensis, Nasiterna, 63 
maforensis, Phylloscopus, 126 
mafulu, Malurus, 115 
mafulu, Synoicus, 22 
magna, Aplonis, 162 
magnifica, Craspedophora, 174 
magnifica, Megaloprepia, 42 
magnifica, Paradisea, 175 
magnificus, Diphyllodes, 175 
magnificus, Falcinellus, 174 
magnirostris, Esacus, 34 
magnirostris, Ethelornis, 124 
magnirostris, Gerygone, 124 
magnirostris, Oedicnemus, 34 
magnirostris, Oriolus, 164 



magnirostris, Sericornis, 119 
magnus, Lamprotornis, 162 
magnus, Macruropsar, 162 
major, Aegotheles, 80 
major, Lorius, 56 
major, Neopsittacus, 60 
major, Oreopsittacus, 59 
major, Psittacella, 69 
malayanus, Chalcites, 73 
maldivarum, Glareola, 35 
Malurus, 114 
mamberana, Chaetura, 84 
manadensis, Monarcha, 134 
manadensis, Muscicapa, 134 
manam, Centropus, 76 
manayoensis, Rhipidura, 130 
mantoui, Craspedophora, 182 
mantoui, Heteroptilorhis, 182 
Manucodia, 167 
manumudari, Monarcha, 133 
Mareca, see Anas, 12 
margarethae, Tanysiptera, 92 
maria, Paradisaea, 182 
mariae, Cnemophilus, 179 
marmorata, Ptilotis, 209 
marmoratus, Pycnopygius, 209 
maxima, Collocalia, 84 
maximus, Artamus, 161 
maximus, Toxorhamphus, 196 
mayeri, Astrapia, 172 
mayeri, Xanthotis, 201 
mayri, Amblyornis, 183 
mayri, Collocalia, 84 
mayri, Eupetes, 112 
mayri, Lonchura, 221 
mayri, Megalurus, 117 
mayri, Munia, 221 
mayri, Poecilodryas, 141 
mayri, Ptiloprora, 208 
mayri, Rallicula, 25 
mayri, Rallus, 23 
mayri, Tregellasia, 141 
mayri, Trugon, 50 
Mearnsia, 84 
medius, Neopsittacus, 60 
meeki. Anthreptes, 191 
meeki, Caprimulgus, 82 
meeki, Cyclopsitta, 61 
meeki, Edolisoma, 99 
meeki, Loriculus, 70 
meeki, Macropygia, 47 
meeki, Myzomela, 192 
meeki, Oedistoma, 191 
meeki, Pachycephala, 152 



246 



INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES 



meeki, Parotia, 172 
meeki, Pitohui, 160 
meeki, Pitta, 96 
meeki, Podargus, 80 
meeki, Pristorhamphus, 215 
meeki, Sericornis, 121 
meeki, Strix, 77 
meeki, Syma, 88 
meeki, Tyto, 77 
meeki, Zosterops, 218 
meekiana, Coracina, 104 
meekiana, Ptiloprora, 207 
meekiana, Ptilotis, 207 
mefoorana, Pitta, 96 
Megacrex, 26 
megala, Aviceda, 13 
megala, Baza, 13 
megala, Capella, 32 
megala, Gallinago, 32 
Megalestes, 143 
Megaloprepia, 42 
megalorhynchus, Psittacus, 67 
megalorhynchus, Tanygnathus, 67 
Megalurus, 117 
Megapodius, 19 
megarhyncha, Muscicapa, 153 
megarhyncha, Syma, 88 
megarhynchus, Corvus, 167 
megarhynchus, Cuculus, 74 
megarhynchus, Melilestes, 196 
megarhynchus, Myiolestes, 153 
megarhynchus, Pinarolestes, 153 
megarhynchus, Ptilotis, 196 
megarhynchus, Rhamphomantis, 74 
Megastrix, 77 
Megatriorchis, 16 
meisei, Gerygone, 123 
melaleuca, Muscipeta, 131 
melaleuca, Rhipidura, 131 
Melampitta, 108 
melan, Edolisoma, 99 
melanaria, Merula, 106 
melanauchen, Sterna, 36 
melanocephalus, Ailuroedus, 185 
Melanocharis, 213 
melanochlamys, Accipiter, 16 
melanochlamys, Astur, 16 
melanochlamys, Urospizias, 16 
melanogenia, Opopsitta, 62 
melanogenia, Psittacula, 62 
melanogenys, Poecilodryas, 141 
melanogenys, Tregellasia, 141 
melanolaema, Oreornis, 200 
melanolaema, Xanthotis, 200 



melanoleuca, Paradisea, 175 
melanoleucos, Hydrocorax, 6 
melanoleucos, Phalacrocorax, 6 
melanolora, Campephaga, 103 
melanolora, Coracina, 103 
melanonotus, Monarcha, 135 
melanopogon, Caprimulgus, 82 
melanops, Coracina, 103 
melanops, Corvus, 103 
melanopsis, Monarcha, 134 
melanopsis, Muscicapa, 134 
melanopterus, Monarcha, 135 
melanopterus, Porphyrio, 27 
melanopus, Pterodroma, 5 
Melanopyrrhus, 163 
Melanorectes, 160 
melanorhynchus, Myiolestes, 155 
melanothorax, Gerygone, 123 
melanotis, Ailuroedus, 185 
melanotis, Ptilonorhynchus, 185 
melanuroides, Limosa, 30 
melas, Lanius, 99 
Melidectes, 197 
Melidora, 88 
Melilestes, 196 
Meliphaga, 203 
Melipotes, 197 
Melirrhophetes, 198 
Melithreptus, 191 
Mellopitta, 108 
melvillensis, Ducula, 44 
melvillensis, Myristicivora, 44 
melvillensis, Pandion, 18 
menbeki, Centropus, 76 
mentalis, Cracticus, 165 
meridionalis, Climacteris, 188 
meridionalis, Pitohui, 157 
meridionalis, Rectes, 157 
Merops, 93 

mertoni, Graucalus, 104 
Merula, 106 

Mesophoyx = Egretta, 9 
metallica, Aplonis, 162 
metallicus, Lamprotornis, 162 
meyerii, Chalcites, 74 
meyerii, Chrysococcyx, 74 
meyerii, Edolisoma, 101 
meyeri, Epimachus, 171 
meyeri, Euthyrhynchus, 191 
meyeri, Falcinellus, 171 
meyeri, Myzomela, 194 
meyeri, Pachycephala, 149 
meyeri, Philemon, 210 
meyeri, Philemonopsis, 210 



INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES 



247 



meyeri, Pitohui, 157 
meyeri, Rhipidura, 130 
meyeri, Tanysiptera, 92 
meyeri, Timeliopsis, 191 

meyeri, Xanthotis, 202 

meyerianus, Accipiter, 14 

meyerianus, Astur, 14 

Microdynamis, 74 

Microeca, 139 

Microglossias, 64 

Micropsitta, 63 

micropteryx, Trichoglossus, 54 

microrhyncha, Lalage, 98 

migrans, Milvus, 14 

miles, Lobibyx, 28 

miles, Tringa, 28 

Milvus, 14 

Mimeta = Oriolus, 163 

mimika, Quoyornis, 143 

mimika, Setosura, 128 

mimikae, Conopophila, 192 

mimikae, Gerygone, 124 

mimikae, Meliphaga, 205 

mimikae, Myiagra, 137 

mimikae, Pseudogerygone, 124 

mimikae, Ptilotis, 205 

mimoides, Rhipidura, 131 

minima, Chalcophaps, 48 

minima, Erythra, 24 

minima, Eudynamis, 75 

minimus, Henicopernis, 14 

minimus, Ptilinopus, 40 

Mi no, 163 

minor, Fregata, 7 

minor, Geoffroyus, 67 

minor, Goura, 51 

minor, Lophorina, 174 

minor, Macropygia, 47 

minor, Paradisaea, 178 

minor, Peltops, 127 

minor, Poecilodryas, 142 

minor, Tanysiptera, 92 

minor, Zosterops, 218 

minus, Edolisoma, 101 

minutus, Anous, 37 

minutus, Ixobrychus, 10 

minutus, Numenius, 30 

miosnomensis, Pachycephala, 150 

miquelii, Ptilinopus, 39 

mira, Tanysiptera, 93 

mirabilis, Janthothorax, 182 

mirabilis, Paradisea, 182 

Mirafra, 96 

miranda, Daphoenositta, 187 



misimae, Pachycephala, 148 
Misocalius, 73 
misoliensis, Ailuroedus, 186 
misoliensis, Myiolestes, 153 
misoliensis, Pinarolestes, 153 
misoriensis, Accipiter, 15 
misoriensis, Chalcites, 74 
misoriensis, Lamprococcyx, 74 
misoriensis, Micropsitta, 63 
misoriensis, Nasiterna, 63 
misoriensis, Phylloscopus, 127 
misoriensis, Urospizias, 15 
misulae, Accipiter, 15 
mitratus, Casuarius, 3 
mixta, Paradisaea, 183 
mixtus, Melidectes, 199 
modesta, Ardea, 9 
modesta, Glyciphila, 192 
modesta, Pachycephala, 151 
modesta, Poecilodryas, 151 
modesta, Psittacella, 69 
modestus, Cosmerodius, 9 
modestus, Ramsayornis, 192 
molestus, Ailuroedus, 187 
molucca, Ibis, 10 
moluccana, Porzana, 26 
moluccanus, Amaurornis, 26 
moluccus, Threskiornis, 10 
monacha, Alcippe, 109 
monacha, Crateroscelis, 109 
monacha, Pachycephala, 152 
Monachella, 140 
Monarcha, 132 
mongolus, Charadrius, 29 
monorthonyx, Anurophasis, 21 
montana, Crateroscelis, 109 
montana, Edoliisoma, 101 
montana, Lonchura, 222 
montana, Meliphaga, 204 
montana, Ptilotis, 204 
montana, Rhipidura, 129 
montana, Timeliopsis, 190 
montanum, Edolisoma, 101 
montanus, Peltops, 127 
monticola, Lonchura, 222 
monticola, Munia, 222 
monticola, Pitohui, 158 
monticola, Sericornis, 120 
monticola, Synoicus, 22 
montium, Paramythia, 216 
montona, Campephaga, 101 
moretoni, Malurus, 114 
morio, Edolisoma, 101 
moroka, Pachycephala, 151 






248 



INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES 



morphnoides, Hieraaetus, 17 
moszkowskii, Alisterus, 68 
moszkowskii, Aprosmictus, 68 
moszkowskii, Edolisoma, 100 
Motacilla, 104 
miilleri, Carpophaga, 44 
mullerii, Columba, 44 
miillerii, Ducula, 44 
mullerii, Edolisoma, 100 
miilleri, Mimeta, 164 
miilleri, Oriolus, 164 
miilleri, Rhipidura, 130 
miilleriana, Monachella, 140 
miilleriana, Muscicapa, 140 
multicolor, Casuarius, 3 
multistriata, Charmosyna, 58 
multistriata, Charmosynopsis, 58 
Munia = Lonchura, 220 
murina, Acanthiza, 121 
murina, Crateroscelis, 108 
murina, Gerygone, 121 
murinus, Brachypteryx, 108 
muscalis, Cinclosoma, 110 
muscalis, Megalurus, 117 
muschenbrocki, Neopsittacus, 60 
Muscicapa, 139 
Musciparus, 114 
musgravii, Amblyornis, 184 
musschenbroekii, Nanodes, 59 
musschenbroekii, Neopsittacus, 59 
musschenbroekii, Ptilopus, 40 
Myiagra, 137 
Myiolestes, 153 
Myristicivora, 43 
myristicivora, Columba, 43 
myristicivora, Ducula, 42 
mysolensis, Aplonis, 162 
mysolensis, Calornis, 162 
mysorensis, Chalcostetha, 189 
mysorensis, Cinnyris, 189 
mysorensis, Geoffroyus, 67 
mysorensis, Pionias, 67 
mysorensis, Todopsis, 115 
mysorensis, Zosterops, 217 
mysoriense, Dicaeum, 212 
mystacalis, Caprimulgus, 82 
mystacalis, Eurostopodus, 82 
mystacea, Aplonis, 162 
mystacea, Calornis, 162 
mystacea, Hemiprocne, 85 
mystaceus, Cypselus, 85 
Myzomela, 192 

naimii, Malurus, 114 



naina, Columba, 40 
nais, Tanysiptera, 92 
nana, Seisura, 132 
nanus, Cyclopsittacus, 62 
nanus, Ptilinopus, 40 
Nasiterna, 63 
nebularia, Scolopax, 31 
nebularia, Tringa, 31 
Nectarinia == Cineyris, 188 
neglecta, Gerygone, 123 
neglectum, Edolisoma, 101 
nehrkorni, Edolisoma, 101 
Neneba, 215 
Neochmia, 220 
Neoparadisea, 182 
Neopsittacus, 59 
neos, Myiolestes, 154 
Neositta, 187 
Nesocentor, 76 
Nettapus, see Cheniscus, 12 
neumanni, Eupetes, 112 
neumanni, Gallinula, 27 
neumanni, Phonygammus, 169 
nevermanni, Lonchura, 221 
nicobarica, Caloenas, 51 
nicobarica, Columba, 51 
niedda, Lophorina, 174 
niger, Dicaeum, 214 
nigra, Astrapia, 171 
nigra, Melanocharis, 214 
nigra, Paradisea, 171 
nigrescens, Pitohui, 159 
nigrescens, Rectes, 159 
nigricans, Centropus, 76 
nigricans, Hirundo, 97 
nigricans, Hylochelidon, 97 
nigricans, Petrochelidon, 97 
nigricans, Polophilus, 76 
nigriceps, Donacola, 222 
nigriceps, Drymodes, 110 
nigriceps, Lonchura, 222 
nigriceps, Poecilodryas, 141 
nigriceps, Tregellasia, 141 
nigricrissus, Eupetes, 112 
nigrifrons, Aethomyias, 118 
nigrifrons, Cyclopsittacus, 61 
nigrifrons, Opopsitta, 61 
nigrifrons, Rhipidura, 135 
nigripectus, Machaerirhynchus, 138 
nigripectus, Macheirhynchus, 138 
nigripectus, Pitohui, 157 
nigripectus, Symmorphus, 164 
nigripes, Ardea, 9 
nigripes, Egretta, 9 



INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES 



249 



nigrirostris, Macropygia, 47 
nigrirostris, Monarcha, 133 
nigriscapularis, Cinnyris, 189 
nigriscapularis, Hermotimia, 189 
nigrita, Myzomela, 194 
nigritergum, Ptilotis, 209 
nigritorquis, Munia, 222 
nigriventris, Poecilodryas, 145 
nigrivertex, Rhipidura. 127 
nigrocyanea, Halcyon, 90 
nigrogularis, Trichoglossus, 55 
nigromentalis, Rhipidura, 131 
nigroorbitalis, Poecilodryas, 141 
nigroorbitalis, Tregellasia, 141 
nigropectus, Eulacestoma, 160 
nigrorufa, Crateroscelis, 109 
nigrorufa, Sencornis, 109 
nilotica, Gelochelidon, 35 
Ninox, 78 

nisoria, Glyciphila, 193 
nitens, Collocalia, 84 
nitida, Myiagra, 137 
nitida, Poecilodryas, 136 
nitidum, Dicaeum, 213 
nitidus, Monarcha, 133, 136 
nitidus, Piezorhynchus, 133 
niveifrons, Pachycephala, 152 
nobilis, Loborhamphus, 182 
nobilis, Otidiphaps, 50 
Noctua, 78 

notata, Gerygone, 122 
Notophoyx, 8 
nouhuysi, Melidectes, 198 
nouhuysi, Melirrhophetes, 198 
nouhuysi, Sericornis, 120 
nova, Alphachlamydera, 185 
nova, Rhipidura, 129 
novaeguinae, Irediparra, 27 
novaeguinae, Parra, 27 
novaeguineae, Astur, 15 
novaeguineae, Budytes, 104 
novaeguineae, Chaetura, 84 
novaeguineae, Cinnyris, 195 
novaeguineae, Corvus, 100 
novaeguineae, Fulica, 27 
novaeguineae, Harpyopsis, 17 
novaeguineae, Hieracidea, 19 
novaeguineae, Ieracidea, 19 
novaeguineae, Melilestes, 195 
novaeguineae, Orthonyx, 113 
novaeguineae, Paradisaea, 177 
novaeguineae, Philemon, 211 
novaeguineae, Pitta, 96 
novaeguineae, Ptilopus, 41 



novaeguineae, Toxorhamphus, 195 
novaeguineae, Tropidorhynchus, 211 
novaeguineae, Zosterops, 218 
novaeguineensis, Piezorhynchus, 132 
novaeguineensis, Setosura, 127 
novaehollandiae, Accipiter, 15 
novaehollandiae, Ardea, 8 
novaehollandiae, Astur, 15 
novaehollandiae, Bruchigavia, 35 
novaehollandiae, Coracina, 103 
novaehollandiae, Hydralector, 28 
novaehollandiae, Irediparra, 28 
novaehollandiae, Larus, 35 
novaehollandiae, Notophoyx, 8 
novaehollandiae, Phalacrocorax, 6 
novaehollandiae, Podiceps, 4 
novaehollandiae, Scythrops, 75 
novaehollandiae, Turdus, 103 
novaehollandiae, Tyto, 77 
novaepomeraniae, Myiagra, 137 
novaeseelandiae, Ninox, 78 
novaezealandiae, Limosa, 31 
novus, Machaerirhynchus, 138 
novus, Rhagologus, 147 
nuchalis, Melidectes, 199 
Numenius, 30 
nupta, Lichmera, 203 
nupta, Myiagra, 137 
nupta, Stigmatops, 203 
Xycticorax, 9 
nymanni, Myzomela, 193 
nympha, Tanysiptera, 93 
Nyroca, 13 

oblita, Pitta, 95 
obscura, Myzomela, 192 
obscura, Ptilotis, 200 
obscura, Rectes, 155 
obscuratus, Cacomantis, 71 
obscuratus, Centropus, 77 
obscurior, Lalage, 99 
obscurior, Pachycephala, 149 
obscurus, Myiolestes, 155 
obscurus, Oreornis, 200 
obscurus, Pitohui, 156 
obscurus, Rhagologus, 147 
occidentalis, Amalocichla, 107 
occidentalis, Cyclopsittacus, 60 
occidentalis, Eupetes, 111 
occidentalis, Melidectes, 197 
occidentalis, Microeca, 140 
occidentalis, Psittaculirostris, 60 
occidentalis, Ptiloprora, 208 
occidentis, Talegalla, 21 



250 



INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES 



occipitalis, Casuarius, 3 
oceanicus, Oceanites, 5 
Oceanites, 5 
ocellatus, Podargus, 79 
ochracea, Syma, 88 
ochrogaster, Alcyone, 86 
ochromelas, Melidectes, 198 
ochromelas, Melirrhophetes, 198 
ocularis, Glyciphila, 203 
ocularis, Lichmera, 203 
Oedistoma, 191 
olivacea, Gerygone, 125 
olivacea, Lichmera, 203 
olivacea, Sericornis, 121 
olivaceum, Paramythia, 216 
olivaceus, Amaurornis, 26 
olivaceus, Cyrtostomus, 190 
olivaceus, Sericornis, 121 
olivascentior, Amalocichla, 107 
olivascentior, Xanthotis, 200 
olympia, Cinnyris, 188 
onerosa, Gerygone, 125 
oorti, Ailuroedus, 186 
oorti, Clytomyias, 116 
oorti, Probosciger, 64 
oorti, Sericornis, 120 
Opopsitta, 61 
optatus, Cuculus, 70 
oreas, Rhipidura, 131 
Oreocharis, 216 
Oreocincla, 107 
oreophila, Zosterops, 219 
oreophilus, Cacomantis, 71 
Oreopsittacus, 59 
Oreornis, 200 
Oreospiza, 222 
Oreostruthus, 222 
orientalis, Arses, 136 
orientalis, Carpophaga, 45 
orientalis, Eudynamis, 75 
orientalis, Eurystomus, 94 
orientalis, Gallicolumba, 49 
orientalis, Geoffroyus, 66 
orientalis, Gracula, 163 
orientalis, Manucodia, 168 
orientalis, Melanocharis, 214 
orientalis, Melanopyrrhus, 163 
orientalis, Meliphaga, 205 
orientalis, Nasiterna, 64 
orientalis, Ptilopus, 40 
orientalis, Ptilotis, 205 
Oriolus, 163 
oriomo, Coracina, 104 
ornata, Charmosyna, 58 



ornata, Psittacella, 69 
ornatus, Melirrhophetes, 200 
ornatus, Merops, 93 
ornatus, Ptilinopus, 41 
orru, Corvus, 167 
Orthonyx, 113 
Orthorhamphus, 34 
osculans, Chalcites, 73 
osculans, Misocalius, 73 
ostralegus, Haematopus, 28 
Otidiphaps, 50 
Otis, 27 
Otus, 78 

Pachycare, 146 
Pachycephala, 147 
Pachycephalopsis, 145 
pachydemas, Poecilodryas, 160 
Pachyptila, 4 
pacifica, Coracias, 94 
pacifica, Ducula, 42 
pacifica, Hirundo, 83 
pacificus, Apus, 83 
pacificus, Eurystomus, 94 
pacificus, Puffinus, 4 
pallescens, Lalage, 99 
pallida, Columba, 71 
pallida, Crateroscelis, 108 
pallida, Gerygone, 125 
pallida, Glycichaera, 191 
pallida, Megacrex, 26 
pallida, Melanocharis, 214 
pallida, Psittacella, 69 
pallidimas, Accipiter, 15 
pallidior, Charmosyna, 59 
pallidior, Charmosynopsis, 59 
pallidior, Myzomela, 193 
pallidipes, Zosterops, 219 
pallidogularis, Zosterops, 218 
pallidus, Cuculus, 71 
pallidus, Oreostruthus, 222 
pallidus, Pitohui, 158 
palliolatus, Cuculus, 73 
palmeri, Myiolestes, 154 
palpebrosa, Gerygone, 123 
palpebrosa, Zosterops, 217 
Pandion, 18 
papou, Charmosyna, 56 
papou, Psittacus, 56 
papua, Anhinga, 7 
papua, Aprosmictus, 67 
papua, Geopelia, 48 
papua, Hylochelidon, 97 
papuana, Erythrura, 220 



INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES 



251 



papuana, Gymnorhina, 165 
papuana, Microeca, 140 
papuana, Myiagra, 137 
papuanus, Accipiter, 16 
papuanus, Astur, 16 
papuanus, Casuarius, 1 
papuanus, Charadrius, 29 
papuanus, Falco, 18 
papuanus, Machaerhamphus, 13 
papuensis, Acanthiza, 121 
papuensis, Archboldia, 183 
papuensis, Artamus, 161 
papuensis, Butorides, 8 
papuensis, Caprimulgus, 83 
papuensis, Chaetorhynchus, 166 
papuensis, Collocalia, 85 
papuensis, Coracina, 103 
papuensis, Corvus, 103 
papuensis, Eurostopodus, 83 
papuensis, Excalfactoria, 22 
papuensis, Geocichla, 107 
papuensis, Merula, 106 
papuensis, Neositta, 187 
papuensis, Oreocincla, 107 
papuensis, Philemon, 211 
papuensis, Podargus, 79 
papuensis, Psittacus, 57 
papuensis, Sericornis, 121 
papuensis, Sitta, 187 
papuensis, Turdus, 106 
papuensis, Tyto, 77 
par, Eupetes, 111 
Paradigalla, 170 
Paradisaea, 177 
Paradisornis, 178 
Paramythia, 216 
Parotia, 172 
Parra, 27 

parva, Eudynamis, 74 
parva, Microdynamis, 74 
Paryphephorus, 182 
patruelis, Ptilopus, 39 
pectorale, Dicaeum, 212 
pectoralis, Columba, 40 
pectoralis, Crateroscelis, 109 
pectoralis, Larius, 65 
pectoralis, Muscicapa, 149 
pectoralis, Pachycephala, 147 
pectoralis, Poecilodryas, 149 
pectoralis, Psittacus, 65 
pectoralis, Ptilinopus, 40 
pectoralis, Rallus, 23 
pelagica, Alcedo, 86 
Pelecanus, 5 



pelewensis, Anas, 12 
Peltops, 127 
Pcneothello, 143 
peninsularis, Crateroscelis, 109 
perconfusa, Megastrix, 77 
peregrina, Ibis, 11 
peregrinus, Falco, 18 
peregrinus, Plegadis, 11 
periophthalmicus, Monarcha, 134 
perlata, Columba, 41 
perlatus, Ptilinopus, 41 
perneglecta, Pachycephala, 150 
personata, Sula, 6 
personatus, Geoffroyus, 67 
personatus, Lobivanellus, 28 
perspicillatus, Sericornis, 120 
perstriata, Ptiloprora, 209 
perstriata, Ptilotis, 209 
pesqueti, Dasyptilus, 65 
Petrochelidon, 97 
Petroica, 140 

phaeocephalus, Rhectes, 157 
phaeopus, Numenius, 30 
Phaeton, 5 

phaionotum, Pachycephala, 151 
phaionotus, Myiolestes, 151 
Phalacrocorax, 6 
Phalaropus, 34 
phasiana, Rhipidura, 129 
phasianinus, Centropus, 76 
Philemon, 210 
philemon, Xanthotis, 202 
Philemonopsis, 210 
philipi, Casuarius, 3 
philippensis, Eulabeornis, 23 
philippensis, Rallus, 23 
philippinus, Merops, 94 
phillipii, Pterodroma, 5 
Phlegoenas, see Gallicolumba, 49 
Phlogoenas, see Gallicolumba, 49 
Phonygama, 169 
Phonygammus, 169 
Phylloscopus, 126 
picata, Ardea, 8 
picata, Notophoyx, 8 
picata, Rhipidura, 132 
picta, Psittacella, 69 
picticollis, Casuarius, 1 
Piezorhynchus = Monarcha, 132 
pileata, Sterna, 37 
pileatus, Anous, 37 
pileatus, Chenorhamphus, 116 
Pinarolestes, 153 
pinon, Carpophaga, 44 



252 



INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES 



pinon, Columba, 44 
pinon, Ducula, 44 
Pionias, 66 
piperata, Ptilotis, 216 
piperata, Rhamphocharis, 216 
pistrinaria, Ducula, 43 
Pitohui, 156 
Pitta, 95 

placens, Climacteris, 188 
placens, Eopsaltria, 142 
placens, Poecilodryas, 142 
placentis, Charmosyna, 58 
placentis, Charmosynopsis, 59 
placentis, Psittacus, 58 
placida, Geopelia, 48 
placida, Gerygone, 123 
plagosus, Chalcites, 73 
plagosus, Cuculus, 73 
Platalea, 11 
Platyrhynchos, 137 
Plegadis, 11 
plicatus, Rhyticeros, 94 
plotus, Pelecanus, 6 
plotus, Sula, 6 
plumbea, Ceblepyris, 100 
plumbea, Ptiloprora, 207 
plumbea, Ptilotis, 207 
plumbeicollis, Ptilinopus, 42 
plumbeiventris, Gymnocrex, 26 
plumbeiventris, Rallus, 26 
plumbeus, Synoecus, 22 
plumbeus, Synoicus, 22 
plumifera, Egretta, 9 
plumiferus, Aegotheles, 80 
plumiferus, Herodias, 9 
pluto, Myzomela, 194 
Pluvialis, 29 
Podargus, 79 
Podiceps, 4 

poecilocercus, Thelazomenus, 74 
Poecilodryas, 142 
poeciluroides, Lamprococcyx, 73 
poecilurus, Chalcites, 73 
poecilurus, Chrysococcyx, 73 
poikilosternos, Xanthotis, 202 
poliocephala, Gerygone, 126 
poliocephala, Glycichaera, 191 
poliocephala, Microeca, 139 
poliocephala, Phylloscopus, 126 
poliocephalus, Accipiter. 16 
Poliocephalus, see Podiceps, 4 
poliocephalus, Turdus, 106 
Poliolimnas, 24 
polionota, Cisticola, 118 



poliopsa, Edolisoma, 100 
polioptera, Melilestes, 196 
poliopterus, Toxorhamphus, 196 
poliosoma, Pachycephala, 146 
poliosoma, Pachycephalopsis, 146 
poliura, Megaloprepia, 42 
poliurus, Lamprococcyx, 73 
Polophilus, 76 
polychlorus, Eclectus, 65 
polycryptus, Accipiter, 15 
polygramma, Ptilotis, 202 
polygramma, Xanthotis, 202 
polygrammica, Campephaga, 98 
polygrammica, Lalage, 98 
polyphonus, Melidectes, 200 
Pomareopsis, 164 
Pomatorhinus, 113 
Pomatostomus, 113 
pontifex, Sericornis, 120 
Poodytes, 117 
Porphyrio, 27 
porphyrio, Porphyrio, 27 
Porzana, 24 
postrema, Ducula, 43 
praecipua, Ptilotis, 209 
praedicta, Ptiloprora, 209 
praerepta, Monarcha, 136 
prasina, Neneba, 215 
prasinonota, Pachycephala, 153 
prasinorrhous, Ptilinopus, 39 
Pratincola, see Glareola, 35 
primitiva, Myzomela, 193 
Prion = Pachyptila, 4 
prionurus, Cacomantis, 72 
prionurus, Cuculus, 72 
Pristorhamphus, 215 
Probosciger, 64 
Procellaria, 4 
propinqua, Chibia, 166 
propinquus, Centropus, 77 
propinquus, Dicrurus, 166 
proteus, Pitohui, 157 
proxima, Gerygone, 124 
proxima, Ptilotis, 210 
proximus, Pycnopygius, 210 
Pseudastrapia, 181 
Pseudeos, 54 

Pseudogerygone = Gerygone, 122 
pseudohumeralis, Ptilinopus, 38 
pseudoparotia, Lophorina, 174 
Pseudopitta, 107 
pseudovestita, Collocalia, 84 
pseutes, Syma, 87 
Psittacella, 68 



NDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES 



253 



Psittaculirostris, 60 
Psitteutdes, 55 

Psittrichas, 65 

Pteridophora, 179 

Pterodroma, 5 

Ptilinopus, 37 

Ptiloprora, 207 

Ptilopus, 37 

Ptilorhis, 174 

ptilorhis, Loborhamphus, 181 

Ptilorrhoa, 111 

pucherani, Geoffroyus, 66 

pucherani, Pionias, 66 

puella, Columba, 42 

puella, Megaloprepia, 42 

Puffinus, 4 

pulchella, Charmosyna, 57 

pulchella, Charmosynopsis, 58 

pulchella, Columba, 37 

pulchellus, Cheniscus, 13 

pulchellus, Nettapus, 13 

pulchellus, Ptilinopus, 37 

pulcher, Aegotheles, 81 

pulcher, Eupetes, 111 

pulchra, Macgregoria, 169 

pulchra, Paradisaea, 178 

pulchrius, Dicaeum, 213 

pullicauda, Neopsittacus, 60 

pulverulenta, Poecilodryas, 143 

pulverulentus, Myiolestes, 143 

pumilus, Podargus, 79 

punctata, Microeca, 140 

punctatus, Megalurus, 117 

purpuratus, Cyclopsittacus, 61 

purpuratus, Ptilinopus, 37 

purpureoviolacea, Phonygama, 169 

purpureoviolaceus, Phonygammus, 169 

pusilla, Alcyone, 86 

pusilla, Ceyx, 86 

pusilla, Nasiterna, 63 

pusilla, Ninox, 78 

pusilla, Sericornis, 121 

pusio, Micropsitta, 63 

pusio, Nasiterna, 63 

Pycnopygius, 209 

pygmaea, Nasiterna, 63 

pygmaeum, Oedistoma, 191 

pygmaeus, Psittacus, 63 

pyrrhophanus, Cacomantis, 72 

pyrrhotis, Ptilotis, 202 

quadricolor, Cyanalcyon, 90 
quadricolor, Halcyon, 90 
quadrigeminus, Ptilinopus, 38 



quadrimaculatus, Peneothello, 144 

(|uadrimaculatus, Poecilodryas, 144 
querquedula, Anas, 12 
quoyi, Barita, 165 
quoyi, Cracticus, 165 
Quoyornis, 143 

radjah, Anas, 12 
radjah, Tadorna, 12 
raggiana, Paradisaea, 177 
Rallicula, 24 
Rallina, 25 
Rallus, 23 
Ramsayornis, 192 
ramuensis, Gerygone, 124 
ramuensis, Opopsitta, 61 
randi, Sericornis, 119 
rawlinsonii, Janthoenas, 46 
recondita, Chlamydera, 185 
Rectes, 156 
reductus, Rallus, 24 
regia, Paradisea, 176 
regia, Platalea, 11 
regina, Ptilinopus, 37 
regius, Cicinnurus, 176 
reichenowi, Edolisoma, 100 
reichenowi, Pachycephala, 151 
reichenowi, Piezorhynchus, 132 
reinwardt, Megapodius, 19 
reinwardtii, Baza, 13 
reinvvardtii, Macropygia, 47 
Reinwardtoena, 47 
reinwardtsi, Reinwardtoena, 47 
respublica, Diphyllodes, 176 
respublica, Lophorina, 176 
respublica, Schlegelia, 176 
rex, Cicinnurus, 176 
rex, Clytoceyx, 89 
rex, Paradisaea, 176 
Rhagologus, 147 
Rhamphocharis, 216 
Rhamphomantis, 74 
Rhectes = Pitohui, 156 
Rhipidornis, 182 
Rhipidura, 127 

rhodinolaema, Carpophaga, 43 
rhodinolaema, Ducula, 43 
rhododendri, Anthus, 105 
Rhyticeros, 94 
richardi, Anthus, 105 
richardsoni, Porzana, 24 
riedelii, Tanysiptera, 92 
ripleyi, Crateroscelis, 110 
rivoli, Ptilinopus, 39 



254 



INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES 



robertsoni, Melanopyrrhus, 163 
robertsoni, Mino, 163 
robusta, Crateroscelis, 109 
robusta, Gerygone, 109 
robusta, Pachycephala, 148 
rogersi, Anas, 12 
rogersi, Casuarius, 1 
rollesi, Rhamphomantis, 74 
roratus, Eclectus, 66 
roratus, Larius, 65 
rosaalba, Strepera, 165 
roseigularis, Casuarius, 1 
rosenbergii, Myzomela, 195 
rosenbergii, Pitta, 96 
rosenbergi, Rhipidura, 127 
rosenbergii, Scolopax, 32 
rosenbergii, Trichoglossus, 54 
rosseli, Dicaeum, 213 
rosseliana, Gerygone, 125 
rosseliana, Ninox, 78 
rosseliana, Pachycephala, 148 
rosseliana, Tanysiptera, 92 
rosselianus, Accipiter, 16 
rosselianus, Lorius, 55 
rosselianus, Monarcha, 134 
rostrata, Melampitta, 108 
rostrata, Mellopitta, 108 
rostratum, Edolisoma, 100 
rothschildi, Astrapia, 172 
rothschildi, Casuarius, 3 
rothschildi, Charmosyna, 58 
rothschildi, Charmosynopsis, 58 
rothschildi, Diphyllodes, 175 
rothschildi, Heteromyias, 145 
rothschildi, Micropsitta, 63 
rothschildi, Tanysiptera, 93 
rothschildi, Zosterops, 218 
rubecula, Myiagra, 137 
rubecula, Todus, 137 
rubicunda, Ardea, 23 
rubicunda, Grus, 23 
rubiensis, Carpophaga, 44 
rubiensis, Ducula, 44 
rubiensis, Lorius, 56 
rubiensis, Manucodia, 168 
rubiensis, Monarcha, 132 
rubiensis, Pachycephala, 150 
rubiensis, Pitohui, 156 
rubiensis, Ptilotis, 201 
rubiensis, Rhectes, 156 
rubiensis, Tanysiptera, 92 
rubiensis, Tchitrea, 132 
rubiensis, Xanthotis, 201 
rubra, Eugerygone, 125 



rubra, Paradisaea, 178 
rubra, Pseudogerygone, 125 
rubra, Rallicula, 24 
rubricatus, Cacomantis, 72 
rubricauda, Phaeton, 5 
rubrifrons, Chalcopsitta, 53 
rubrigulare, Dicaeum, 213 
rubrigularis, Charmosyna, 58 
rubrigularis, Hypocharmosyna, 58 
rubripes, Sula, 6 
rubrobrunnea, Myzomela, 193 
rubrocoronatum, Dicaeum, 213 
rubrocucullata, Myzomela, 192 
rubronotata, Charmosyna, 58 
rubronotatus, Coriphilus, 58 
rudolphi, Paradisaea, 178 
rudolphi, Paradisornis, 178 
rufa, Anhinga, 7 
rufa, Macropygia, 47 
rufa, Ninox, 79 
rufa, Rhipidura, 129 
rufescens, Aegotheles, 81 
rufescens, Gerygone, 120, 121 
rufescens, Sericornis, 120, 121 
ruficapillus, Charadrius, 29 
ruficollis, Buceros, 94 
ruficollis, Chalcites, 73 
ruficollis, Erolia, 33 
ruficollis, Gerygone, 125 
ruficollis, Lamprococcyx, 73 
ruficollis, Myiagra, 137 
ruficollis, Podiceps, 4 
ruficollis, Rhyticeros, 94 
ruficollis, Trynga, 33 
ruficrissa, Gallinula, 26 
ruficrissum, Amaurornis, 26 
rufidorsa, Rhipidura, 129 
rufifrons, Muscicapa, 129 
rufifrons, Rhipidura, 128 
rufifrons, Zosterops, 217 
rufigaster, Columba, 45 
rufigaster, Ducula, 45 
rufigula, Gallicolumba, 49 
rufigula, Peristera, 49 
rufinucha, Pachycephala, 152 
rufitergum, Tadorna, 12 
rufiventer, Cuculus, 75 
rufiventer, Eudynamis, 75 
rufiventris, Carpophaga, 45 
rufiventris, Pachycephala, 152 
rufiventris, Rhipidura, 130, 131 
rufobrunnea, Crateroscelis, 108 
rufocrissalis, Melidectes, 199 
rufocrissalis, Melirrhophetes, 199 



INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES 



255 



rufolateralis, Monarcha, 133 
rufolateralis, Piezorhynchus, 133 
rufotinctus. Casuarius, 3 
rufuni, Bathmisyrma, 132 
russata, Chrysococcyx, 74 
russatus, Chalcites, 74 
rustica. Hirundo, 97 
rnysi, Neoparadisea, 182 
Rynchaenas, 49 

sacra, Ardea, 9 
sacra, Dcmigretta, 9 
sagittatus. Oriolus, 164 
salomonis, Megaloprepia, 42 
salvadorii, Aegotheles, 81 
salvadorii, Carpophaga, 45 
salvadorii, Casuarius, 2 
salvadorii, Cinnyris, 189 
salvadorii, Corvus, 167 
salvadorii, Cyclopsittacus, 61 
salvadorii, Ducula, 45 
salvadorii, Lorius, 56 
salvadorii, Merops, 94 
salvadorii, Microglossus, 64 
salvadorii, Nasiterna, 63 
salvadorii, Oreornis, 200 
salvadorii, Pachycephala, 151 
salvadorii, Paradisaea, 177 
salvadorii, Pitohui, 156 
salvadorii, Poecilodryas, 141, 144 
salvadorii, Psittaculirostris, 61 
salvadorii, Ptilinopus, 40 
salvadorii, Ptilotis, 200 
salvadorii, Sericornis, 109 
salvadorii, Sphecotheres, 164 
salvadoriana, Tanysiptera, 93 
Salvadorina, 12 
sancta, Halcyon, 91 
sanfordi, Crateroscelis, 109 
sanfordi, Rhamphomantis, 74 
Sarganura. 215 
saruwagedi, Peneothello, 143 
saruwagedi, Poecilodryas, 143 
saturata, Hypotaenidia, 24 
saturata, Rhipidura, 128 
saturata, Scolopax, 32 
saturatior, Eugerygone, 126 
saturatior, Ptilotis, 201 
saturatior, Synoicus, 22 
saturatior, Xanthotis, 201 
saturatus, Cuculus, 70 
saturatus, Eupetes, 111 
saturatus, Machaerirhynchus, 138 
saturatus, Rallus, 24 



Sauromarptis, 89 
Sauropatis, 90 

saurophaga, Halcyon, 91 
Saxicola, 106 

saxicolina, Monachclla, 140 
schach, Lanius, 160 
schalowiana, Ifrita, 114 
scheepmakeri, Goura, 52 
schillmolleri, Caprimulgus, 82 
schistacea, Meliornis, 207 
schistaccus, Pitohui, 160 
schistaceus, Rhectes, 160 
schistacinus, Accipiter, 16 
schistacinus, Astur, 16 
schisticeps, Campephaga, 100 
schisticeps, Edolisoma, 100 
schlegeli, Henicophaps, 49 
schlegelii, Pachycephala, 149 
schlegeli, Rynchaenas, 49 
Schlegelia, 176 
scintillata, Chalcopsitta, 53 
sciurorum, Myiagra, 137 
sclaterii, Casuarius, 2 
sclaterii, Goura, 51 
sclateri, Myzomela, 194 
sclateriana, Amalocichla, 107 
scolopacea, Eudynamis, 75 
Scolopax, 32 
Scops, 78 

scratchleyana, Lonchura, 221 
scratchleyana, Munia, 221 
Scythrops, 75 
sefilata, Paradisea, 172 
sefilata, Parotia, 172 
Seisura, 132 
Seleucides, 175 
sellamontis, Syma, 88 
semipalmata, Anas, 11 
semipalmata, Anseranas, 11 
senex, Corvus, 167 
senex, Pitohui, 157 
separata, Carpophaga, 43 
separata, Ducula, 43 
sepik, Meliphaga, 205 
sepikiana, Charmosyna, 57 
sepikiana, Mirafra, 97 
sepikiana, Pachycephala, 151 
septentrionalis, Clytoceyx, 89 
septentrionalis, Diphyllodes, 175 
septentrionalis, Gallicolumba, 49 
septentrionalis, Megaloprepia, 42 
septentrionalis, Toxorhamphus, 196 
septentrionalis, Xanthotis, 203 
sericea, Cinnyris, 188 



256 



INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES 



sericea, Loboparadisea, 179 
Sericornis, 118 
serrata, Sterna, 36 
setekwa, Dicaeum, 212 
setekwa, Meliphaga, 204 
setosa, Rhipidura, 131 
Setosura = Rhipidura, 127 
severus, Falco, 18 
sexpennis, Paradisea, 172 
sharpei, Edoliisoma, 101 
sharpei, Eulabeornis, 26 
sharpei, Meliphaga, 204 
sharpei, Pachycephala, 151 
sharpei, Ptilotis, 204 
sharpei, Zosterops, 217 
sharpii, Donacicola, 222 
sharpii, Lonchura, 222 
shawmayeri, Casuarius, 2 
sibilans, Eupetes, 112 
sibirica, Limicola, 33 
sibisibina, Ptilotis, 201 
sigillata, Poecilodryas, 143 
sigillatus, Peneothello, 143 
sigillifer, Lobospingus, 219 
sigillifera, Erythrura, 219 
similis, Cicinnurus, 176 
similis, Ptilotis, 206 
simillima, Motacilla, 105 
simillima, Pitta, 96 
simillimum, Dicaeum, 212 
simplex, Geoffroyus, 67 
simplex, Pachycephala, 150 
simplex, Pionias, 67 
simplex, Ptilotis, 210 
sinensis, Ardea, 10 
sinensis, Ixobrychus, 10 
sinensis, Sterna, 36 
sintillatus, Psittacus, 53 
Sittella, 187 
sloetii, Campephaga, 98 
sloetii, Campochaera, 98 
smaragdina, Ducula, 45 
socialis, Neopsittacus, 60 
solitarius, Ceyx, 87 
soloensis, Accipiter, 16 
soloensis, Falco, 16 
solomonensis, Ptilinopus, 40 
sonoroides, Meliphaga, 204 
sonoroides, Ptilotis, 204 
sordida, Halcyon, 91 
sordida, Pitta, 96 
soror, Pachycephala, 148 
sororcula, Pachycephala, 149 
sororia, Paradisea, 177 



spaldingi, Cracticus, 165 
speciosus, Diphyllodes, 175 
speciosus, Falcinellus, 171 
speciosus, Ptilinopus, 40 
spectabilis, Chalcopsitta, 52 
spectabilis, Lonchura, 221 
spectabilis, Munia, 221 
Sphecotheres, 164 
sphenurus, Haliastur, 14 
sphenurus, Milvus, 14 
sphenurus, Puffinus, 4 
sphinx, Lophorina, 174 
spilodera, Aethomyias, 118 
spilodera, Entomophila, 118 
spilodera, Sericornis, 118 
spilogaster, Ptilotis, 202 
spilogaster, Xanthotis, 202 
Spiloglaux, 78 
spilonotus, Circus, 18 
spilorrhoa, Carpophaga, 43 
spilorrhoa, Ducula, 43 
spilothorax, Circus, 18 
spilura, Collocalia, 84 
spinicauda, Pachycephala, 147 
spinicaudus, Pteruthius, 147 
spinturnix, Cicinnurus, 176 
Spizaetus, 17 

splendidissima, Astrapia, 171 
splendidus, Chrysococcyx, 74 
squalida, Pachycephala, 150 
squamata, Eos, 53 
squamata, Rhipidura, 128 
squamatus, Psittacus, 53 
Squatarola, 28 
squatarola, Squatarola, 28 
squatarola, Tringa, 28 
stagnatilis, Tringa, 31 
steini, Climacteris, 188 
steini, Collocalia, 85 
steini, Crateroscelis, 109 
steini, Meliphaga, 205 
steini, Monarcha, 133 
steini, Myzomela, 194 
steini, Poecilodryas, 142 
steini, Rallicula, 25 
stellae, Charmosyna, 57 
stellatus, Dicrurus, 166 
stenolophus, Microglossus, 65 
stenolophus, Probosciger, 65 
stenozona, Aviceda, 13 
stenozona, Baza, 13 
stephani, Chalcophaps, 48 
stephani, Graucalus, 103 
stephaniae, Astrapia, 172 



INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES 



257 



stephaniae, Astrarchia, 172 
Sterna, 35 

stevensi, Climacteris, 188 
stevcnsi, Meliphaga, 206 
stictilaema. Gerygone, 118 
stictoccphalus, Pycnonotus, 209 
stictocephalus, Pycnopygius, 209 
stictolaema, Cyanalcyon, 90 
stictolaema, Halcyon, 90 
Stigmatops, 203 
Stiltia, 34 
stolidus, Anous, 37 
stonii, Ailuroedus, 186 
stramineipectus, Pitohui, 156 
strenua, Campephaga, 102 
strenua, Coracina, 102 
strenua, Pachycephala, 146 
strepitans, Pomatorhinus, 113 
strepitans, Pomatostomus, 113 
streptophora, Rhipidura, 128 
stresemanni, Alisterus, 68 
stresemanni, Epimachus, 171 
stresemanni, Lanius, 160 
stresemanni, Megalurus, 117 
stresemanni, Melidectes, 199 
stresemanni, Melilestes, 196 
stresemanni, Micropsitta, 64 
stresemanni, Sericornis, 120 
striata, Geopelia, 48 
striativentris, Melanocharis, 215 
striativentris, Neneba, 215 
striatus, Butorides, 8 
striatus, Falcinellus, 171 
striatus, Oriolus, 164 
striatus, Rallus, 23 
strictipennis, Threskiornis, 10 
Strix, 77 

strophium, Ptilinopus, 39 
stygia, Lonchura, 221 
suavissima, Cyclopsitta, 62 
suavissima, Opopsitta, 62 
subalaris. Amblyornis, 184 
subalaris, Coracina, 102 
subalaris, Graucalus, 102 
subalter, Manucodia, 168 
subaurantia, Pachycare, 147 
subcaudalis, Aeluroedus, 186 
subcollaris, Psittacella. 69 
subcristata, Aviceda, 13 
subcristata, Baza, 13 
subcyanea, Poecilodryas, 144 
subcyaneus, Peneothello, 144 
subcyanocephala, Eudynamis, 75 
subflavidior, Pachycephala, 150 



subfrenata, Ptilotis, 200 
subfrenata, Xanthotis, 201 
subfrenatus, Oreornis, 200 
subintermedia, Paradisea, 177 
subpallida, Pachycare, 147 
subplacens, Charmosyna, 59 
subplacens, Trichoglossus, 59 
subrubra, Rallicula, 25 
substriatus, Oriolus, 164 
subtuberosus, Philemon, 211 
sudestensis, Eopsaltria, 151 
sudestensis, Pachycephala, 151 
sudestiensis, Geoffroyus, 66 
sueurii, Lalage, 98 
suffusus, Casuarius, 3 
Sula, 6 
sula, Sula, 6 
sulcirostris, Carbo, 6 
sulcirostris, Phalacrocorax, 6 
sumatrana, Ardea, 7 
sumatrana, Sterna, 36 
superba, Columba, 37 
superba, Lophorina, 173 
superba, Paradisea, 173 
superbus, Ptilinopus, 37 
superciliaris, Drymodes, 110 
superciliosa, Anas, 12 
superflua, Dacelo, 89 
superfluus, Myiolestes, 154 
superfluus, Pinarolestes, 154 
susannae, Paradisea, 178 
Sylbeocyclus — Podiceps, 4 
sylvia, Poecilodryas, 144 
sylvia, Sericornis, 191 
sylvia, Tanysiptera, 93 
Syma, 87 
Synoecus, 22 
Synoicus, 22 

syringanuchalis, Chalcopsitta, 53 
szalayi, Mimeta, 163 
szalayi, Oriolus, 163 

tabuensis, Porzana, 24 
tabuensis, Rallus, 24 
tachycrypta, Colluricincla, 155 
Tadorna, 12 
Taeniaparadisea, 172 
tagulae, Collocalia, 85 
tagulana, Gerygone, 125 
tagulanum, Edolisoma, 100 
tagulanus, Philemon, 211 
tahitica, Hirundo, 97 
taitensis, Cuculus, 75 
taitensis, Urodynamis, 75 



258 



INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES 



Talegalla, 20 

Talegallus, see Talegalla, 20 
Tanygnathus, 67 
Tanysiptera, 91 
tappenbecki, Colluricincla, 154 
tappenbecki, Malurus, 114 
tappenbecki, Musciparus, 114 
tappenbecki, Myiolestes, 154 
tarara, Ducula, 44 
tarara, Gerygone, 123 
tarara, Microeca, 139 
tarrali, Ducula, 42 
tarrali, Globicera, 42 
tatei, Aegotheles, 81 
teerinki, Lonchura, 222 
telescophthalmus, Arses, 136 
telescophthalmus, Muscicapa, 136 
temminckii, Orthonyx, 113 
temporalis, Pomatorhinus, 113 
temporalis, Pomatostomus, 113 
tenebricosa, Megastrix, 77 
tenebricosa, Strix, 77 
tenebricosa, Tyto, 77 
tenebrosa, Gallinula, 27 
tenebrosa, Pachycephala, 153 
tentelare, Syma, 87 
tenuifrons, Zosterops, 218 
tenuirostre, Edolisoma, 100 
tenuirostris, Calidris, 33 
tenuirostris, Puffinus, 5 
tenuirostris, Totanus, 33 
tenuis, Leptotodus, 122 
Terekia, 31 

terraereginae, Microeca, 139 
terrestris, Trugon, 50 
terricolor, Ninox, 78 
Thalasseus, 36 
Thelazomenus, 74 
theomacha, Ninox, 78 
theomacha, Spiloglaux, 78 
thierfelderi, Centropus, 76 
thomsoni, Manucodia, 169 
threnothorax, Rhipidura, 127 
threnothorax, Setosura, 127 
Threskiornis, 10 
tibialis, Pitohui, 158 
tibialis, Rectes, 158 
tibicen, Gymnorhina, 165 
Timeliopsis, 190 
timoriensis, Megalurus, 117 
Todopsis, 115 

tommasonis, Edolisoma, 99 
toriu, Halcyon, 90 
torotoro, Syma, 87 



torquatus, Melidectes, 199 
torquatus, Rallus, 24 
torra, Herodias, 9 
torresii, Thalasseus, 36 
Totanus, see Tringa, 31 
toxopeusi, Neositta, 187 
Toxorhamphus, 195 
tranquilla, Geopelia, 48 
Tregellasia, 141 
tricarunculatus, Casuarius, 2 
Trichoglossus, 54 
trichroa, Erythrura, 219 
tricolor, Ceblepyris, 98 
tricolor, Eulabeornis, 25 
tricolor, Lalage, 98 
tricolor, Podiceps, 4 
tricolor, Rallina, 25 
tricolor, Rhipidura, 131 
trigeminus, Ptilinopus, 38 
Tringa, 31 
tristis, Corvus, 167 
tristis, Gymnocorvus, 167 
tristissima, Lonchura, 220 
tristissima, Munia, 220 
triton, Cacatua, 65 
trivirgatus, Monarcha, 135 
trivirgatus, Phylloscopus, 126 
trobriandi, Cacatua, 65 
trobriandi, Lalage, 99 
trobriandi, Manucodia, 168 
trobriandi, Myiolestes, 155 
trobriandi, Pachycephala, 155 
trochiloides, Acanthiza, 127 
trochiloides, Phylloscopus, 127 
trochiloides, Sericornis, 127 
Tropidorhynchus, 210 
Trugon, 50 

tunneyi, Cracticus, 165 
Turdus, 106 
Turnix, 22 
turtur, Pachyptila, 4 
turtur, Procellaria, 4 
tymbonomus, Cacomantis, 72 
tymbonomus, Cuculus, 72 
tyro, Dacelo, 90 
tyro, Sauromarptis, 90 
Tyto, 77 

ultramontanus, Dicrurus, 166 
umbrinus, Melanorhectes, 153 
umbrosa, Melanocharis, 214 
umbrosa, Ptiloprora, 208 
unappendiculatus, Casuarius, 3 
unicolor, Melanocharis, 214 



INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES 



259 



unicus, Pycnopygius, 210 
uniformis, Chlamydera, 185 
Uroaetus, 17 
Urocharis, 213 
Urodynamis, 75 
Uroglaux, 79 

Uroloncha = Lonchura, 220 
uropygialis, Ducula, 45 
uropygialis, Eupetes, 111 
uropygialis, Lonchura, 222 
uropygialis, Pitohui, 157 
uropygialis, Rectes, 157 
Urospizias, see Accipiter, 14-16 
utakwensis, Edoliisoma, 101 
utakwensis, Ptilotis, 200 

vagans, Arachnothera, 197 
vagans, Melilestes, 197 
valia, Cinnyris, 190 
valia, Cyrtostomus, 190 
vana, Lonchura, 220 
vana, Munia, 220 
vanikorensis, Collocalia, 85 
variegatus, Numenius, 30 
variegatus, Tantalus, 30 
variolosus, Cacomantis, 71 
variolosus, Cuculus, 71 
venustus, Artamus, 161 
vereda, Eupoda, 30 
veredus. Charadrius, 30 
versicolor, Meliphaga, 203 
versicolor, Pitta, 96 
versicolor, Ptilotis, 203 
versteegi, Turdus, 106 
versteri, Pristorhamphus, 215 
vicaria, Paecilodryas, 144 
vicarius, Peneothello, 144 
vicina, Cinnyris, 189 
vicina, Meliphaga, 206 
vicina, Ptilotis, 206 
vicinus, Ptilinopus, 40 
victoria, Goura, 52 
victoria, Lophyrus, 52 
victoriana, Orthonyx. 113 
vidua, Rhipidura, 131 
vieilloti, Sphecotheres, 164 
violaceum, Dicaeum, 213 
violaceus, Mino, 163 
violicollis, Casuarius, 3 
virago, Cyclopsittacus, 62 
virago, Opopsitta, 62 
virago, Pristorhamphus, 215 
virescens, Meliphaga. 203 
virescens, Sylvia, 122 



virgata. Crateroscelis, 120 
virgatus, Sericornis, 120 
viridescens, Calornis, 162 
viridescens, Rhamphocharis, 216 
viridiceps, Neopsittacus, 60 
viridicrissalis, Lorius, 56 
viridiflava, Microeca, 140 
viridigaster, Oreopsittacus, 59 
viridipectus, Micropsitta, 63 
viridipectus, Nasiterna, 63 
viridipectus, Pachycephala, 149 
viridis, Androphilus, 110 
viridis, Androphobus, 110 
viridis, Monachella, 141 
viridis, Ptilinopus, 40 
visi, Ptilotis, 201 
visi, Xanthotis, 201 
vitiensis, Columba, 46 
vittatum, Edolisoma, 100 
volitans, Rhipidura, 131 
volitans, Turdus, 131 
vulcani, Tanysiptera, 92 
vulpes, Rhipidura, 130 

wahnesi, Charmosyna, 57 
wahnesi, Gerygone, 123 
wahnesi, Parotia, 173 
wahnesi, Pseudogerygone, 123 
waigeuense, Edolisoma, 99 
waigeuensis, Aviceda, 13 
waigeuensis, Collocalia, 85 
waigeuensis, Pachycephala, 150 
waigiouensis, Eurystomus, 94 
waigiounensis, Pitta, 96 
waigiuensis, Cryptolopha, 123 
waigiuensis, Melidora, 88 
waigiuensis, Salvadorina, 12 
waigoui, Cuculus, 70 
wallaceana, Alcyone, 86 
wallacei, Eos, 53 
wallacii, Aegotheles, 80 
wallacii, Ptilinopus, 41 
wallacii, Todopsis, 115 
wandamensis, Pitohui, 159 
weiskei, Cacomantis, 72 
weiskei, Eutolmaetus, 17 
weiskei, Hieraaetus, 17 
weiskei, Syma, 88 
wellsi, Syma, 88 
westermanni, Carpophaga, 44 
westermanni, Casuarius, 1 
weylandi, Sericornis, 119 
whiteheadi, Collocalia, 85 
whitei, Tephras, 191 



260 



INDEX OF SCIENTIFIC NAMES 



wiedenfeldi, Aegotheles, 80 
wiedenfeldi, Alisterus, 68 
wilhelminae, Alisterus, 68 
wilhelminae, Aprosmictus, 68 
wilhelminae, Charmosyna, 58 
wilhelminae, Lamprothorax, 182 
wilhelminae, Trichoglossus, 58 
wilsoni, Paradisea, 176 
wollastoni, Anthus, 105 
wondiwoi, Aegotheles, 81 
wondiwoi, Sericornis, 119 
woodlarkensis, Piezorhynchus, 133 
wuroi, Myiolestes, 154 
wuroi, Sericornis, 118 
wuroi, Zosterops, 219 

xanthogenys, Machaerirhynchus, 138 
Xanthomelus, 184 



xanthoptera, Diphyllodes, 175 
Xanthotis, 201 
Xenorhynchus, 10 
Xenus, 31 

yorki, Caprimulgus, 82 
yorki, Eulabeornis, 23 
yorki, Melithreptus, 192 
yorki, Rallus, 23 
ypsilophorus, Synoicus, 22 

zimmeri, Microeca, 139 
zoeae, Carpophaga, 45 
zoeae, Columba, 45 
zoeae, Ducula, 45 
Zonerodius, 9 
zonurus, Ptilinopus, 41 
Zosterops, 217 






WAIGEU 



E. MAYR, LIST OF NEW GUINEA BIRDS 



OUTLINE MAP OF THE 

NEW GUINEA REGION 

SHOWING PRINCIPAL GEOGRAPHICAL FEATURES 
OF INTEREST TO THE ORNITHOLOGIST 

PREPARED IN 
AMERICAN /"UISEU/A OF NATURAL HISTORY 
1941 




The dotted outlines, lettered A-H, show 
the areas variously covered by the re- 
cently published special maps a-h, listed 
on page 223 (q.v.)- 



cape/Iyork 



260 

wiedenf 

wiedenf 

wilhelm 

wilhelm 

wilhelm 

wilhelm 

wilhelm 

wilsoni, 

wollastc 

wondiw 

wondiw 

woodlai 

wuroi, 

wuroi, 

wuroi, .' 

xanthog 
Xantho 



I 



! 






LIST 

OF 

NEW GUINEA BIRDS 



A SYSTEMATIC AND FAUNAL LIST 

OF THE BIRDS OF NEW GUINEA 

AND ADJACENT ISLANDS 



By 
ERNST MAYR 



ASSOCIATE CURATOR. WHITNEY-ROTHSCHILD COLLECTIONS 



THE AMERICAN MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY 
NEW YORK, N. Y. 

1941 



rW\ 







AMNH LIBRARY 



100108321